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it, consequently no right to despise or repel any body till you know for what. Nothing is to me more offen. sive than the distance and incivility with which many young people always meet strangers-explained by themselves to be because they do not know if they shall like them. It might be as well to know some reason why they should not like them, before they refuse them the attention courtesy requires, and simple benevolence would suggest. You have learned as an axiom in your childhood, written from the top to the bottom of your copy books, that men are deceitful—and you thence conclude it safest to begin with trusting nobody till you know them. If by trusting you mean confiding any material interest to their keeping, that you would scarcely be induced to do to a stranger_but if you mean that unsuspicious trust which expects good will and feels it, till it has reason to do otherwise, I can by no means agree with you. You would be like the knight-errants of old, who wandered about full-armed in time of peace, and couched their lance at every harmless traveller they met. Supposing there is in the nature of man such portion of selfishness as induces us to exercise deception on each other when we can serve our own purposes by doing so; yet, if you consider how few persons can get any thing by deceiving you, and how few will take the trouble of deceiving you for nothing, I think you may venture, at least till you are of more consequence in the world, to indulge that unsuspicious openness, so beautiful and natural in youth, that takes for good what seems good, and kindly receives whatever seems kindly meant. You may deceive yourself, it is true-and it may be doubted whether the greater part of the deception we complain of having suffered at the hand of others, be not of our own working. If I present to you a silver coin and you choose to think it gold, the fault is yours, not mine, nor does it follow that my silver was alloy. If you think that every one who evinces pleasure in your society, would of course devote their whole lives to you




every one who commends you, takes you for a perfect being in whom they can never after find a fault --that all who in the common intercourse of society show a disposition to please and serve you in small matters, will on any great occasion sacrifice their own desires to yours, you will be deceived, most probablybut you have not a right to charge them with the deception—they might be honest, nor wish to pass their coin

for more than it was worth—but you chose to take it at an ideal value, and so deceived yourself. Would you thence conclude that congenial society, or honest commendation, or trifling services, are things of no value? Receive it as established truth, that man is a self-indulgent, self-preferring creature, from whom great sacrifices are not to be expected—they will occur sometimes, the beautiful eccentricities of his accustomed course, to be admired, but not counted on: thus you will not subject yourself to unreasonable disappointments. But encourage meantime the belief, I am persuaded not a false one, that the beings surrounding you, and living in such varied connexion with yourself, all peculiar ties apart, do in general mean you well, would rather do you good than harm, and have more pleasure in pleasing than in paining you. The disproof of this that you may have to suffer in the malice, and mischief, and injustice of a few, will be an easy purchase of the confidence, kindness, and urbanity with which you will live amongst them.


When thy father and mother forsake thee, then the Lord shall take

thee up."

Yes, and they may forsake—the friends of youth
Who long have proved their fondness and their truth;
The mother who has watched thine infant sleep,
Smiled when thou smiledst, and wept to see thee weep-

persuaded his allies to retire, except the Thebans, whom he kept against their will, suspecting their fidelity, and the Thespians, who refused to leave him, and with his three hundred Lacedæmonians prepared to die at their post. Xerxes poured a libation to the rising sun and advanced, while others of his troops descended from the mountain to attack them in the other direction: the Persian officers being obliged to stand behind the divisions they commanded, to prevent their men from flying. Numbers were killed by the Greeks, some fell into the sea and were drowned, others were trampled to death by the crowding of their own troops. Four times Xerxes was repulsed, his two brothers and many of his commanders killed-but so surrounded, the Greeks could not escape. Leonidas fell, and all his band, excepting one individual, who escaped to tell the story. Of the Lacedæmonians in this battle, we shall have occasion to speak more particularly in their own history. Xerxes lost 20,000 men: sensible of the alarm and discourage ment the first loss would occasion among his allies, he left about a thousand bodies on the field, and privately buried the remainder: thence proceeding on his march, arrived in Attica four months after he had crossed the Hellespont.

An engagement had taken place between the fleets at sea, on the same day that the battle of Thermopyla was fought. Here the forces were less unequal, and the victory of the Athenian fleet less decisive; but it was sufficient to encourage them against the overwhelming forces of Asia.

The Persians marched towards Athens unopposed, wasting the country with fire and sword. A detachment was sent to plunder the temple of Apollo at Delphos, of the immense wealth accumulated there from the offerings of the pious. If the Greek authors are to be credited, as these invaders approached the temple of Minerva, a violent storm arose, with thunder and lightning and tremendous winds, by which two enormous rocks were

O that my soul more truly rendered thee

The glory due to thy most holy name,
Which thou art ever beaming down on me,

In truth and love unchangeably the same.
As days, and years, and passing seasons roll,

Still, O my God, let thy sweet peace be mine;
And may thy servant, body, spirit, soul,
Devotedly in love and truth be thine.



A Lily, the sweetest, the fairest, the purest,

Was modestly drooping one day o'er its bed
No beam of the morning had kissed its pale cheek,

Or left on its brightness one faint blush of red.
No rude wind had blown o'er its low sheltered dwelling,

Nor passenger slackened his step for its sake-
No summer-bee found it, and nothing had touched,

Save the pure, pearly dew-drop that hung on its cheek.
It chanced that this Lily beheld o'er its head,

A flower of scarlet so brilliant, so gay-
It seemed that the sunbeam that kissed it was cold,

Compared with the flush of the cheek where it lay.
To the full beam of mid-day it opened its flowers,

Nor sought in the foliage, or shelter, or shade; Each gay gilded insect of summer was there,

And blithe on its branches the butterfly played. The pride of the garden, the boast of the bower,

In garments of gladness so brilliantly dressed; Full many a passenger loitered before it,

And rifled a flower to place on his breast.


The Lily beheld it, and whispered “Fair Flower,

“ It grieves me to see thee thus gaily arrayed ; Delighting to flourish where all may behold thee

“ In beauty so proudly, so boldly displayed. “ So high, so unsheltered, so brilliantly clad,

“For ever exposed to the passenger's gaze“ There comes not an eye but it looks on thy flowers,

“There comes not a lip but it speaks of thy praise."

« Content thee, sweet Lily,” that flower replied,

“Some power mysterious has placed us apart;
“ Had we chosen, thou likely hadst blossomed with me,

“ Or I been contented to be what thou art.

“ But wrapt in thy leafits my blossoms would die,

“ And thine on my branches as surely would fade; « The hand that has lent us our colours, fair Lily,

“ Made me for the sunshine, and thee for the shade.”


The Importance of Educating the Infant Poor. By

C. Wilderspin.-Simpkin and Marshall. 4s. 2nd edition, 1824.

We mention this work rather for the opportunity of making some remarks on it, than to recommend it to notice; not doubting but it is already known to our readers. Should it not be so, besides the universal interest now taken in the education of the poor, making it to every one a personal concern, there are hints in this book very useful to all who have to do with children, in any condition. The modest simplicity with which the author gives the results of his experience as well as of his own good sense, in the treatment of these poor children, is worth a great deal of argument and theoretical reasoning. The anecdote of Sir, you stole my whistle,' is worth a volume of systems.

We 'liked also the remarks on punishments.

“Children's dispositions and tempers are as various as their faces; no two are alike; consequently what will do for one child will not do for another; hence the impropriety of having any invariable stated mode of punishment.”

This is exactly true. The same fault may not be the same fault in one child as in another, and certainly the cure for it is not the same in all. We believe a thousand children, or five thousand, might be managed with

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