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employed in Napoli, Hydra, and other at the source of the River Erasinos, near towns, in masonry, carpentry, and simi- Argos. The journey from this lake to lar occupations. The women here, as in Agios Georgios is not very interesting. many other parts of the East, wear a A fertile plain, on which Phlius was profusion of ornaments. The language situated, precedes the last-mentioned of Canticles, i. 10, is literally applicable village. Agios Georgios contains about to them.
300 houses. In the Monastery of Agios Georgios,
Napoli, near Phonia, I found an opportunity of April 23--I arrived in Napoli soon after proclaiming the Truth to some Monks mid-day. The road for about two hours and others: a serious impression appeared ascends and descends gentle hills; and, to be made. There are about thirty afterwards, for four hours, crosses the Caloyers in this Monastery. At Phonia fine Plain of Argos. On the way, one of or rather the Kalybia of Phonia, I am the muleteers told me a story which respending the night. In this village there minded me of David's approaching the are 400 houses: it is a bustling place. encampment of King Saul in the night, .
April 22, 1828-Our route led us along and carrying off the spear and cruse of the Lake of Phonia. This collection of water (1 Sam. xxvi, 12). The narrator waters is rather a singular phænomenon. entered the Turkish camp in the night, Before the commencement of the Revo and took off a fine horse, and, from the lution there was but the semblance of a very bolster of the sleeping Turk, a lake, the waters escaping through a musket, yataghan, and two pistols : such cavity in the earth; but, in the year events are not unfrequent in Greek and 1821, this cavity was, in all probability, Turkish warfare. The fig-tree is now in choked up, as the waters since that the state to which our Saviour alludes, time have been continually overspread- in His prophecy concerning the destrucing the plain, and at present compose a tion of Jerusalem-its branch is tender, lake not much less than Derwent-Water. and putteth forth leaves ; hence we know There is little doubt that they will still that summer is nigh (Matt. xxiv. 32). continue to increase, and indeed rise to April 25-During my tour, I continually the same level at which they have ar. distributed the Malta Publications; and rived on some former occasions : two to-day I have put in circulation 1000 years will, probably, bring them to the Tracts, by selling them at a low price traces of the water-mark mentioned by three paras a-piece: they will speedily Pausanias, which are still visible. The be dispersed through the Morea. A country people consider this event as supply of Scriptures, which I expected, miraculous ; and relate, that the same is not arrived. occurrence took place when the Turks April 30-Tzounes, who has just been conquered the Morea from the Vene- appointed Governor of Upper Messenia, tians. As it is, they have been great called, and informed me that the other day sufferers by the inundation, as they he had been President at the Assembly have lost their fine vineyards and corn of the District of Argos, convened for the land; and perhaps, in time, may lose election of Demogerontes. He had caused even some of their houses. The moun
a prayer, in the modern language, adtains around the Lake are beautifully dressed to the Deity, and without a clothed with forests, and capped with single allusion to the mediation of Saints,
to be publicly read at the opening of the After leaving this scene behind us, Assembly: I heard it repeated, and was we descended into another plain, at the much delighted to perceive such an aufurther extremity of which we reached spicious beginning of reformation in the Lake of Stymphalus, now called Public Prayer. Zaracca. On the road we noticed the May 1-Tomaras informs me that a large ruins of a Khan: these houses of re number of the Turkish Women, who were freshment were formerly common in the taken captives in the war, have been bapMorea, being, at a convenient distance tized and married. He supposes that in between towns, lodging-places for way Syra there may be fifty of this description. faring men (Jeremiah ix. 2); but they May 3-I had intended to sail this have all been destroyed. In the Lake evening for Syra; but so great an alarm of Zaracca we observed the Kataba everywhere prevails in consequence of thron, into which the waters are precipi the breaking out of the plague at Hydra, tated: they emerge twenty miles distant that I cannot depart without the prospect
of a long quarantine: hence I deem it I was interested at finding here a small advisable to defer my voyage.
production of Asopius, which might be Kiveri.
called the Modern-Greek Reader : it is May 5, 1828-I left Napoli yesterday a collection of moral pieces, of a very evening with Mr.Finlay, a Scotch Gentle interesting nature. One of the stories man; and came to Argos. Just before particularly attracted my attention, as it leaving Napoli, my man, Peter; arrived shews that a method of administering from Spezzie; having sold books there to justice similar to that usually styled the value of 125 piastres. I started with the judgment of Solomon " still prevails Mr. Finlay soon after sun-rise. We passed in the East (1 Kings iii. 16-28). I shall the Fountain of the Erasinos, now called relate the anecdote, not exactly as it ocKephallaria, and the Lernwan Marsh. I curs in the text, but with the addition of observe that the peasants in Greece not names and other circumstances, as I have only still carry their wine to market in learned them from a native of Joannina. skins, but also their milk. Such, in all Two Christians were on a journey from probability, was the bottle of milk which Salonica to Joannina : one of them, find. Jael opened for Sisera (Judges iv. 19). ing himself in want of money, resorted Two bottles of wine (1 Sam. xxv. 18) ap to his friend's benevolence, and obtained pear to an English reader but a trifling
from him the loan of a considerable sum: present for David and his numerous com the latter demanded no security for the panions; but two skins of wine, which re-payment of his money; but relied on they doubtless were, are something much a verbal promise, that he should be remore considerable, being a load for an ass imbursed on arrival at the journey's end. or a mule, as I have often witnessed. After reaching Joannina, the borrower
General Jarvis, an American Gentle- proved so ungrateful and unjust, as not man in the Greek Service, who had very only to refuse the payment of his debt, hospitably received us last night, accom but actually to disclaim all knowledge of panied us as far as the Mills.” He the eircumstance. What can the creditor informs me, that in the Province of Maina do? He appeals to the judgment of it is a common practice to plow with an Ali Pacha : he states the wrong which ox and an ass together, a practice forbid. had been done him: but, as he is unable den by the Law of Moses (Deut. xxii, 10). to bring forward any document or any At the distance of thirty minutes from the witness in proof of his allegation, the Mills, is Kiveri, a village of twenty accused denies the whole. Was there houses : on the way, are rice-grounds nothing at the place,” says Ali Pacha, of considerable extent. The well-known” which could prove a witness of the practice of keeping the rice-grounds transaction-not even stones or trees ?” under water renders applicable to them, Yes,” replied the accuser,
there even more than to corn-lands, the ex was a large plane-tree.' Go, then, pression of Eccles. xi. 1. Cast thy bread rejoined the judge, bring hither a upon the waters; for thou shalt find it branch from the plane-tree, and let the after many days.
other remain here till your return." He Astros.
instantly departed; and forthwith the PaThe road from Kiveri to Astros leads, cha began to amuse the company around for the most part, over uninteresting hills, with the relation of such stories as are near the sea-shore : the whole distance frequent in the East. After some time, from Argos to Astros is six hours. The he perceived the attention of the accused neighbouring Village of Agiannes is the deeply engaged in the entertaining narrachief centre of population, in the vicinity tives : he therefore suddenly addressed of Astros : it contains 250 families, and himself to him, with the words“ Well, is distant from thence three hours-and-a- fellow! has the other not yet returned ?" half. Astros itself is at present little -“Returned !” he replies, “the dimore than the scala, or landing-place. stance, please your Highness, is by no In sight are the Kalybia of Prastos and means small.' Ah, you wretch !" Karakovouni. Before the Revolution, says Ali Pacha, you know the place, there existed at Agiannes a School of then, where you received the money; but Mutual Instruction and of Ancient of the money itself you have no recollecGreek : it was founded by Demetrius tion!” He instantly gives orders that Kartzotes; and possesses a library which, 'the culprit be well bastinadoed, and that for Greece, is considerable, and contains he refund the money to its rightful owner. most of the Greek Classics and Fathers. At Astros we were hospitably entertain
ed, in the house, or rather Castle, of Za- dence. Thus the whole population of phyropulos; but the Master was absent, Karakovouni spend their summer on this and his brother did the honours. A wish elevated situation ; but, on the approach was expressed, to hear me preach on some of winter, they remove to their village, Sunday or Feast-day; and I hope that, on which, as usual, is called the Kalybia another occasion, I may have that favour. (Cottages), and which is situated on the The Castle here proved impregnable to edge of the plain. I found one Priest here, the desultory warfare of Ibrahim's troops: but no School. An hour from hence is the only sixty-four men were in the place Monastery of Orthokosta, in which is a for some days, but, afterwards, they re Manuscript of Methodius of Patara, proceived re-inforcements from Napoli. On phesying the Greek Revolution, and subsethe hill are some old Cyclopian walls, of a quent plague, famine, and other remarkavery rude description. A Priest informed ble events : such is the information which me, that, the same morning, he had bap- is here given me. I have heard much tized a Turkish Boy. The sea was the more frequently of the Prophecies of Abaptistry.
gathangelos : in them the Greeks repose May 6,1828—In consequence of the em- much faith; and I have heard indeed so barrassments thrown in the way of travel many extraordinary things concerning lers by the report of plague, I had judged it them, that I regret my want of time and expedient to return to-day to Argos, and opportunity to examine them. accordingly proceeded for an hour-and-a
Lenidi. half in that direction; but, on the way, May 7—From Karakovouni to Lenidi my feelings reproached me so strongly for is a distance of about 4 hours, 53 minutes. abandoning Mr. Finlay, that I could not It is situated in a deep hollow, between rest till I had turned my horse's head and stupendous precipices; is beautifully gone in quest of him. As I knew that he adorned with olives; and is asserted to intended to visit the Monastery of Lukos, contain 1000 houses and five churches. and Agios Andreas, I proceeded to the May 8 - Visited the School of Theodoroad leading from the latter place to Ka- sius, and was much pleased with it: there rakovouni, and there awaited his arrival.
are forty scholars; and the Master, having How often have I to regret a want of at- been educated at Haivali, is a man of tention to the wishes and happiness of information: it is the best Ancient-Greek others ! May God forgive my selfishness, School which I have seen in the Morea. and enable me to attend daily to the com I am sorry to say, that there is not at mandment, Thou shult love thy neighbour present any Lancasterian School at Leas thyself! A kind and obliging deport- nidi. Prastos and. Lenidi belong to the ment often preaches more effectually than same persons; Prastos being the summer, long sermons.
Lenidi the winter residence. But, as the On the Plain of Astros, I observe that Arabs have burned Prastos, at present wine-presses are still to be met with in the the inhabitants spend even their summer vineyards. More frequently the grapes at Lenidi. The heat would be almost are pressed out at home. Thus in our insufferable at Lenidi, were it not that Lord's Parable (Matt. xxi. 33): The house during the day a fine inbat continually holder planted a vineyard, and dug a wine- blows from the sea; and during the night
The villages which border a land-breeze blows down the glen, in an the plains have been utterly destroyed opposite direction. by the Arabs. How applicable to the The district which I am now visiting is Morea is the language of the Prophet, usually called Tzakonia; and is remarkYour country is desolate ; your cities are able for having a dialect peculiar to itself. burned with fire ; your lund, strangers de- This language is spoken in Lenidi, Kasvour it in your presence; and it is desolate, tanitza, and Sitina, by a population of as overthrown by strangers (Isaiah i. 7)! 6000 or 7000 persons : the Modern Greek Karakovouni.
is also well understood by them, but, The distance from Astros to this place amongst themselves, they speak Tzakois four hours. The number of houses niat. The little observation, which I had is 120, but many of them are vacant: time to make, inclines me to believe that during the Revolution, 120 men have it is nothing more than a dialect of the perished: the number of families now Hellenic, under a different form of corresident is 80. Here, as in many other ruption : some Ancient-Greek words are parts of the Morea, it is usual to have used, which are not to be met with in Roboth a
summer and a winter resi- maïc: others are employed in both dia
press in it.
lects, but with a different pronunciation; parts, in order to glean: I see the young and some words are used, the derivation women, in particular, returning from of which I have not had opportunity to their employment, with large quantities investigate. Colonel Leake has given a upon their backs. Here, then, we find Vocabulary of this language in his Re a custom prevailing similar to that in which searches,
Ruth was engaged (ii. 3). May 11,1828 : Sunday_This morning, May 17-I have interchanged visits I preached in the principal Church, to a with the Bishop of Tripolitza. He and large Congregation, from the words, Be ye the Bishop of Andrussa are the only two reconciled to God. In the evening, two per who survived the severe imprisonment sons called upon me, one of whom ap which six Prelates suffered at Tripolitza, peared to have been very seriously im- in the beginning of the Revolution. Bepressed under the morning's sermon. I side them, twelve Priests were imprisoned, thank God for such appearances of suc of whom only four survived. Who can
It is such instances as this which conceive the horrors of Turkish imprisonafford me satisfaction; not the compli- ment ? I have had a partial view of it ments which some others employ. I had at Constantinople, in the case of our poor much conversation with Theodosius; and Jewish Converts. spoke to him very plainly on the guilty There are men here who have an art fear of those persons who, though knowing somewhat similar to that for which Egypt better, still leave their country in igno- has long been famous : they handle and rance. I asked him, if his conscience did carry in their bosom not only the other not reprove him for such conduct? He species of serpents, but even vipers ; replied, "No." To me it is surprising, and gain money by selling a medicine, how many enlightened Greeks can feel which, as they pretend, is a preservative at ease in the habitual conformity to against the serpent's bite. practices and doctrines which they know May 24 - During the last week to be erroneous.
alarms of plague have been renewed ; Astros.
and it has made its appearance at Cheli, May 12-On my return to Astros, four or five hours distant. Not only one of the muleteers, a Turkish Youth, in- has all ingress from the country been, formed me that there are about thirty in consequence, cut off; but the shops Turkish Slaves at Lenidi: he expressed have been closed, and even the Schools & wish to become a Christian, but I found and Churches. Serious apprehensions him totally ignorant of the nature of our are also entertained of the renewal of warReligion, Were I a rich man, what de- fare on the part of Ibrahim Pacha. · A. light should I have in taking with me midst all the confusion of war and pestisuch young men, and providing for them lence, may the Cause of Christ make proa Christian Education. At Astros I found gress! an opportunity of speaking on Religion The Greeks have the superstitious as was little short of a regular sermon: idea, that the plague, or rather the but I fear that I spoke too severely. Of cause of the plague, is a supernatural what importance it is, that affection be Female, who walks about at night, robed always blended with seriousness!
in black, enters the houses, and notes the Argos.
victims who are destined to destruction : May 13— Returned to Argos. In My man quotes the authority of persons Greece, the shepherds count their flocks, who pretend to have seen her. Without by admitting them one by one into a pen imputing to the Inspired Writer any such This is the custom to which Jeremiah al ridiculous conception, is it impossible ludes (xxxiii. 13): In the cities of the that the expression in Psalm xci. 6. may mountains góc. shall the flocks pass again have been borrowed from such a notion ? under the hand of him that telleth them. The pestilence that walketh in darkness. General Jarvis informs me that Ibrahim May 26 - The Greeks have carried Pacha counted the Greeks, who sur their antipathy to the Turks to such a rendered to him at Navarino, in the same pitch, that they have destroyed all the manner.
storks in the country. On inquiring the May 16 - The barley harvest is now reason, I was informed
The stork is a going forward. As Argos has the great- Turkish bird : it never used to build its est extent of corn-land in the Morea, nest on the house of a Greek, but always at least at present, a great number of on that of a Turk!” The tenderness persons are assembled here from all which the Turks display toward the (RECORD, May, 1830.]
feathered tribe, is indeed a pleasing trait is most decidedly going forward. I say in their character.
not, that many persons have arrived at May 29, 1828-In Greece, horses are that establishment of Christian character employed to tread out the corn, as was which is designated by the term “ Regesometimes the case in Judæa (Isaiah neration;" but I do affirm, that many xxviii. 8): and with regard to them, the have had their minds so far enlightened, law is observed which Moses gave to the and so far interested in this important Jews concerning oxen (Deut. xxv. 4). subject, that, when the door for proclaimHer they find means, in the progress ing the Gospel shall be more widely and of their labour, to partake pretty largely effectually opened, there is a good hope both of the straw and of the grain. I also that more individuals will gladly come see the Greeks frequently winnowing forward, will embrace the wished-for opwith the shovel (Isaiah xxx. 24). The va portunities, and will become willing conrious allusions to harvest and its concomi verts to the true doctrine of Christianity. tant observances, in the Sacred Writings, At present, every one who is interested derive much illustration from the practices in the Cause of Christ contemplates the of these countries.
political aspect of Greece with intense My stay in Argos was of a month's du- interest. He frequently inquires, Wheration. I had hoped, during this inter- ther the New Government will lend val, to be able to aid the circulation of assistance, or otherwise, to the efforts the Scriptures in the various parts of the which are in progress for the benefit of Morea which I had visited; but, unfor- its subjects? Whatever the answer may tunately, the plague had excited such be, convinced I am that our labour has alarm, that Napoli was barred against all not been in vain. If not the great good ingress, and I had no opportunity of which we hope, yet some good will assuobtaining the New Testaments which had redly be the result. Thousands of copies arrived from Syra. I found occasion,
of the New Testament are gone forth; however, to make known the Truth to and other testimonies to the Truth, various individuals; and I rejoice to re both oral and printed, have been given. collect the names of several young men Thus are thousands of voices crying in the who lent an attentive ear to my remarks. wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the I now repeat an observation which I Lord: make straight in the desert a high. made more than two years ago, that way for our God!”(Isaiah xl. 3.) We leave, everywhere I discover some persons to then, our humble efforts to the blessing of whom Religious Truth is a grateful sub- the Most High. ject. On the one hand, they become en Before I left Argos, the plague had adlightened as to the various corruptions of vanced as far as Omer-baka, a village their own communion; and, on the other, only an hour-and-a-half distant: and let they escape from the still more dange- ters from Napoli now inform us that it rous gulf of Infidelity, into which so many has found its way into Argos itself. I find fall headlong. God has bestowed on me much cause for gratitude, that, under these the inexpressible favour to sow the incor. circumstances, I was enabled to reach ruptible seed of Revealed Truth at Argos, Syra. I could not pass by the route of and in various other places ; and I feel Epidaurus and Ægina, as I had intended; strongly persuaded that He will also give for the road was closed: but I found the increase. It is manifest, that, in va means to reach Kalamaki, near Corinth; rious parts of the East, a work of prepa
and there the health-officer was so polite ration for the reception of Christian Truth as to procure me a passage for Syra.
Allepie School Fund are applied to A LETTER has recently been re the support of these Schools, through ceived from Mrs. Norton, wife of the the medium and under the direction Rev. Thomas Norton, the Society's of the Madras Corresponding ComMissionary at Allepie, dated De- mittee. cember the 9th, from which the fol
Deplorable State of the Native Children. lowing particulars relative to the
It has long been my intention to send Schools at that Station have been
you some account of my Female School collected. The Contributions to the and general proceedings here. The ill