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In the figure, draw L K parallel to G V, and passing through centre of first branch.

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=

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Then MK= (R + r) X cos. B.

NL - (R+r) X cos. C.
WL=GK.
NL=r+D+GK.
MK=p+GK.

NL – MK= D.
.: (R + r) X cos. C — (R + r) X cos. B=D.
.. (R + r) X cos. C= (R + r) X cos. B + D.
.. Cos. C = (R + r) X cos. B+D : (R+r).

A= (90° — C) — (90° — B)=B — C.

Example.
R=1,433, r = 819, B= 34° 20', D= 94.
Cos. C= (R + r) cos. B+D: (R+r).
R+y=2,252

log. 3.352568
B= 34° 20', cos.

log. 9.916859 (R + r) cos. B= 1,860

3.269427 Add D 94

.

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XLV.

TO PASS A CURVE THROUGH A FIXED POINT, THE ANGLE OF INTERSECTION BEING GIVEN.

B

To

Y

T

R

Given the intersection angle, A, of two tangents, to find the radius, R, of a curve which shall pass through a point, C; the position of said point, with reference to the tangents or the point of intersection, being known.

1. By what data soever point C is located, they may be commuted by simple processes to the form shown in the figure; namely, the ordinate BC and the distance IC to apex. Call the angle BIC a, and complete the triangle I CO.

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A In this triangle, x=

a= 90° = (A + a).

2 Also, CO:10:: sin. x : sin. 2.

R

R But CO=R; IO=

..R:

:: sin. X: sin. 2. cos. | A

'cos. A Hence sin. 2=

The triangle ICO may then be

cos. } A

sin. X

Escample.

A = 400, BC= 32 feet, I B = 80 feet.

Then BC = IB = 32 • 80 0.4 nat. tan. 21° 49'; and IC=BC : nat. sin. 21° 49' : :32 .372 = 86 feet. Also, x = 90° (1 A + a) 900 (41° 49')

= 48° 11'.

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Or, since the sine of any angle is equal to the sine of its supplement, the supplement in this case, 52° 29', may be taken directly from the logarithmic table, from which supplement deducting x, or 48° 11', the remainder is the angle y= 4° 18'.

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2. In the case of a rectangular intersection, the solution is more simple. It is quite plain, from the figure, that

R2 = (R — a)2 + (R — b)?, from which equation,

R=a+b+V2 ab.

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3. Cases of this kind are disposed of with great ease in the field by means of the curve-protractor.

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TO FIND THE RADIUS OF A TURNOUT CURVE, THE FROG

ANGLES, AND THE DISTANCES FROM THE TOE OF SWITCH TO THE FROG POINTS.

1. Draw the figure as in margin, C being the centre of the turnout curve, CK parallel to main track, and OK, IE, LM, perpendicular to it. Call the angle of the frogs at 0, F; that of the intermediate frog at I, 2 F'; the throw of the switch-rail for single turnout, D; its angle with main track, S; the gauge of the track, G; and radius of outer rail, R.

2. Usually the length and throw of switch-rail and the angles of the frogs at O are given. In that case, to find R, F',

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3. The angle HNW, between the line of the switch-rail prolonged and a tangent to turnout curve at frog point 0, NOP NII W = F – S. The angle NOL or NLO, between chord and tangent, half the intersection angle HNW

} (F – S). The angle NOB=NOL+LOB. But NOL is seen to be # (F S), and NOB - F; then LOB= NOB - NOL=F - ] (F – S)=} (F+S). The distance LO, from toe of switch to point of main frog, LB • sin. LOB= (G–D) • sin. (F+S).

4. Again: the angle LCY N L0 => (F– S); LY= LO= }(G – D) • sin. (F ·S). LY • sin. LCY= LC; i.e., ((G D) • sin. $ (F + S)] • sin. * (F – S) = R. 5. R may be found otherwise, as follows:

OK= 0 C cos. KOC=R cos. F; LM=LC cos. CLM = Rcos. S; LM – OK= LB; i.e., R (cos. S cos. F) = (G D). Hence R (G-D) ; (nat. cos. S nat. cos. F). 6. If R be known, to find F. This equation gives nat. cos. F nat. cos. S - |(G-D) • R). 7. To find the angle, 2 F', of the middle frog at I.

ΙΕ IP + PE or O K; i.e., R cos. F=G + A cos. F. Hence nat. cos. F' nat. cos. F +(IG : R).

8. The angle LIV, by similar reasoning to that used in relation to LOB, is found to be =} (F' + S). The distance LI, from toe of switch to point of middle frog, =LV • sin. LIV

(1 G - D) = sin. I (F' + S).
The preceding formulas translate into the following –

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RULES FOR FROGS AND SWITCHES.

9. To find the Angle of Switch-Rail with Main Track. Divide its throw, in decimals, by its length: the quotient will be the natural sine of the angle sought.

10. To find the Distance from Toe of Switch to Point of

Main Frog. Subtract the throw of switch-rail from the gauge of track, both in decimals; call the remainder a. Add together the angle of switch-rail with main track and the angle of the main frog; find the natural sine of half this sum, and call it b. Divide a by b: the quotient will be the distance

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