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these shall avail, not in the Old Testament which he factory. I knew not how to find fault with anything has received and believed in ; no where save in the he said or did, all seemed right but all was dull; oh, superstitions and traditions of the Rabbies; and in the most oppressively dull. If he tried to be sprightly, for last awful hour when ali earthly things vanish from the such natures will have their frisky moods, the heaviness view, the unbappy Israelite feels, like many of another of his gambols made one yawn. It was just at the time faith, who have rested their hopes on the saine unstable that I began to decide on the fact that Stanley was too foundation, he feels in its full plainness the vanity of coinmon-place to be always an agreeable companion, the works of man to save him. Could we but watch that I made tuo new acquaintances the restlessness of the spirit hovering on the verge of One Saturday morning on my coming into the countthe unseen world without a hope in One who is mightying-house a note was put into my hands by the porter, to save, no fears that it is not our duty would prevent who told me that Mr. Maxwell had hiinself called with our seeking to offer to him a Saviour to comfort his | it, and that he should expect me to join him, if convenient, sinking spirit, a Saviour to redeein,
at his oflice in Old Brond Street, at two o'clock. I
carried the note at once to Mr. Arnold, for it contained THE MERCHANT'S CLERK,
an invitation for me to accompany Mr. Maxwell to his house at Hampstead. I know all about it, cousin John,
was Mr. Arnold's pleasant reply. Mr. Maxwell joined van O PART VII.
us at breakfast this morning, and as there is little for 7935leil siif .
you to do this morning, shut up your book: in an The winter passed away without my going again to hour's time, and go back to your lodgings, and pack up the theatre. Business was very brisk and we were a couple of shirts and a night cap, and take care to be often detained at the counting house till late at night. at his door in Old Broad-street, as the clock strikes two, Stanley and I were glad to hasten home to our warm and you will find my worthy friend, John Maxwell, comfortable lodging, where we sat till bed time con- ready to start, and to give you, as he says in his pole, versing and reading together, after our frugal supper a seat in his coach. And now I thiuk of it lad, perhaps had been sent up to us. On one of these evenings we I can help you to something which you will find very agreed to read history together, and laid down a course handy when you have to pay thiese short visits. Here, which we followed up, with few interruptions for many come with me, he added, opening the door and leadiny months. Stanley entertained a sincere esteem for me, the way to his dressing room. You are the youngest, and his quiet determined steadiness was for sometime so stoop down and open that cupboard, and he pointed a safeguard to me, from many dangers which I was to one of the doors of a range of mahogany cupboards scarcely aware of, but my very ignorance protected me. beneath the long and well filled bookcase, which ex
Towards the end of the summer I went down to pay tended along one side of the room. There, he said, aunt and mother a visit at Tilford. At their request pull out that little valise, it will just do for you, and Stanley accompanied me. I felt myself a person of let me sit, here's the key for you. Now do you want some importance, as I knew that iny person and dress anything else. By the by, have you a bible sul were considerably improved. To my astonishment, prayer book ? Yes, so I supposeđ. Well, you will however, no one seemed surprised but myself. Nay, want them there, for you will have plenty of praying my aunt told me, I had grown something of a fop, and and psalmsinging. I inet the significant glance whien that she supposed I thought myself a very fiue gentle accompanied these words with a sinile. But as I was man. My sister alone seemed to approve the change, going away, Mr. Arnold called me back. “Stop, young though she did not say so, I had not been inany days man," he said, "I was wrong to treat with anything like at home, however, before I returned to my old country ridicule the religious practices of Mr. Maxwell's bouse.
ways. No circumstance worth mentioning occurred in all the circle of my friends, and that circle is very - during our stay in the conntry, and with some little re- large, I cannot name a friend whom I value and gret, I left the fresh and beautiful country for the respect as I do John Maxwell, for plain manly consi:smoky streets of London in hot weather. The Arnolds, teney, for genuine truth, and for 'hearty unaffected
I mean the female part of the family, had left town kindness I know not his equal. You may look as mar7 dnring my absence for Ramsgate. Who does not rowly as you will into his own 'ways and the ways of
know, that has been obliged to pass the summer in his household, and you will find as I have fouvd, that London, what a dull and weary time it is! For my part if he aimis high, his life has always the same luiglı I must own that for the few first years of my residence direction. He carries out into temper and active
in London, I used to grow low spirited as soon as the hot duties the profession he makes. He does not merely - summer came on, which I had enjoyed so heartily in the put up a sail, but he carries ballast. His wife too, Gout country. SMD
-bless her! is just what John Maxwell's wife ought të I received frequent invitations from Chilling worth, 1 be. but something had always prevented my passing an The clock of the Royal Exchange wanted a quarter evening at his lodgings. I did not feel much esteem to two when I entered Old Broad Street, and I had for him, but I began to find him a far pleasanter com- not been long pacing up and dowo before : Mr. panion than Stanley, Stanley wearied me with his cor- Maxwell's door, when a plain, but handsomte .coacli, rect, and methodical ways, and with his common place drawn by two very strong fine horses came somewhat conversation. There was no want of head, but a want slowly into the street. I saw the coachman take out of mind about him which made his society most unsatis his watch as he approaclied Mr. Maxwell's house, but he did not stop; he passed along to the end of New up a plain but ferveut prayer, and I thought I had Broad Street, and there turned, and then came back, never heard such sweet singing as when that whole and having thus passed and repassed several times, family stood up to sing a fine but very solemn hymn. almost as the clock struck two he drew up before the My time passedd so agreeably, that I felt lieavy at heart door. At the same time Mr. Maxwell and two young when I found myself returning to town on Monday men come out. I was waiting with iny little valise in morning. Murray accompanied me to the counting iny hand. Mir. Maxwell smiled when he saw me, and house. Mr. Maxwell told me that he should put him shook me lieartily by the hand, and then introduced ine under my care, as he had an engagement which preto his two sons. And in another minute the footman had vented his going with us. I could not help reinarking opened the coach door, let down the steps, taken my 'the manly, yet modest ease of my young companion in valise from me, and we were driving off.
a situation altogether new and strange to him. Young Mr. Maxwell had taken a house at Hampstead for a as he was, I suppose a year or two younger than few months in the summer, for the sake of one of his myself, humble as he was, I think I never saw in any younger children, whose health had been in a declining one such decp unaffected humility, he had learned to state, and required a fresh bracing air. I must own respect himself. I have often felt that when a man that with all my respect for the character of Mr. M. and has learned both to know himself and to respect himwth all my personal liking for himself, I felt a kind of self, he had learned much of the secret of true wisdom. mysterious dread come vyer me on entering his house, a When I speak thus of Angus, I do not mean that I dread of their religion. However this dread soon passed came to this conclusion about his character, or that I away. The Maxwells were much like other people, thought so highly of him, or even did him justice at first. in many respects, only there was more of the reality of On the contrary, I often took ofience at his plain kindness and good temper about them. Nothing speaking in what he said, and his godly decision in struck me so much as the manners of the elder children what he did, but I now bear this testimony to his towards their parents, there seemed to be the happiest character and conduct, that of all the men I ever met understanding between them, the most perlect confi. with, young or old, no one seemed to have so clear a dence, the most tender affection. I took a walk with knowledge of the difference between right and wrong some of the party after dimer, but Mr. Maxwell did on every subject, and no one was ever so resolute to do not accompany us, he expected the arrival of a young the right, and to have nothing to do with the wrong. relation from Scotland that evening, and wished to be A very opposite character was he whose acquaintance at home to welcome liin. He was, I afterwards found, I also made about this time. a poor relation, alınost friendless, and an orphan; but he was received from that evening as a son into the bosom of that excellent family. Mr. Maxwell then
On seeing a Bee fall from a lime branch into the River, and carried told me, as he introduced us to one another, that he hoped
doun the stream. Angus Murray anul I would be good friends, as we were likely to pass some years together. I particularly Illfated insect, it is thine to know, wished you to meet for the first time, he added, under The cup of pleasure is the pledge of woe; iny root, and I hope you may both feel inclined to
Thine is the mournful lot too late to find, come to us often, and to look upon us all as old friends.
That brief enjoyment leaves a sting behind.
Ilfated insect, has the honey dew Angus is to become what you are, a clerk in Mr. Arnold's
Proved thy temptation and thy pioson too? Counting House, and will, if it please God, accom
Is it for this the sweetest wild flowers grow pany you thither on Monday morning. I must own Where treach'rous rivers darkly roll below? that the very first sight of Augus Murray, the first And do those flowers their brightest hues display, sound of his voice, inade me think well of him. There
To lead thee on thy fair but tatal way? ; was a fire and a sweetness, and yet an ingenuousness
Ab! is it thus the snare is gilded o’er
The nectared draught is turned to hellebore ? about his sunburnt countenance, such as I had seldom
Illfated insect, since the morning sun or ever seen before. He was tall and rather slight, but
Beamed on thy task of industry begun; his frame was evidently strong and muscular froin When like the gepius of the suuny hour, healthy exercise. Ile was dressed in very deep Was seen thay rapid fiight from tower to flower; mourning, for his father had died suddenly, only a few
llow changed thy lot and all thy honied dream Weeks before he lett Scotland. I confess with shame,
Floats with thyself along the silent stream. that until I became Mr. Maxwell's guest I had never
And thou linhappy siuner dost thou see been the inmate of a house where family prayer was
Naught in that insect that resembles thee? offered up. So strange did the practice at first ap
In those vain struggles does there not appear, pear to me, and so careless was I even to give it com.
A mimic picture of thy own career? mon consideration, that I looked upon it as a methodis Thine was the beaming morn, the sony prime, tical observance, and thought that it was only to be And thine the paths of pleasure and of crime. met with in the families of the over-religious, or I ought There on the stream of passion wildly hurled,
Dupe of a tempting, but a treacherous world, rather to say the ultra religious. Alas, where God is
There may'st thou see tby onward course, and there Not worshipped by a family, God is not really acknow
Tbe bootless writhings of thy own despair; ledged in that family. I was much struck by the
Content to drive where'er thy tyrants please reverent and devout inanner with which Mr. Maxwell
1 he sport of every wave of every breeze, read a short portion of the Holy Bible, and then offered
E, N, S.
The People's Charter, and Old England for Ever.* | then should a Lord or a Gentleman any more than you or FARMER STEADY. Good day Dick Dudgeon, you I be cast down from his own proper station to the level of look tired and sleepy as if you had been up half the night. beggars and gipsies ? Pride and envy are at the bottom of
Dudgeon. I went with Will Grumble to bear the all these wild notions of liberty and equality, and you speeches on Brandon Hill, and it was near two in the will observe the men that propose the levelling system are morning before we got home.
ever striving to climb up themselves. Even when the Farmer." Foolish indeed to walk so far, and stand Chartists stand on a tub or waggon to make speeches out so long in a cold damp night, to hear those fellows they are above the beads of the crowd, and it gratifies the talk seditious trash by the hour. I doubt whether you vanity of tailors and knife-grinders to be followed, and to would have taken the pains to hear a good sermon. And have it mentioned in the newspapers that they spoke at how many might have been at the meeting ?
one place, and were pelted at ajother They fret and Dungeon. Part of the time I dare say near a thousand. fume and talk big like the frog in the fable, that fancied it
Farmer. Aye, including women and children; and for could puff itself up to the size of the ox, with swelling 'effect they will say ten thousand; tis only adding a cy words and wind. So they abuse every body that is greater plier. Old England's loyalty is not at so low au ebb as and wiser and better than themselves, and fancy themthese Democrats would make you believe.
selves to be greater and wiser and better than every body, Dudgeon. The Chartists are the friends of the people. | and every thing they abuse. I saw a little book the other
Farmer. So they tell you; I judge by their conduct. 1 day with these lines in it, which I thought very good :Their meetings by night are to plot deeds of darkness
The truest characters of ignorance, that must end in mischief and misery.
Are vanity and pride and arrogance, Duigron, 'What the People's Charter?
As blind men use to bear their noses higher Farmer, Very 'tine words, Dudgeon; I've read and
Than those that have their ears and sight entire. !! often beard my father tell about the “Friends of the But who oppresses and tramples on you, Dudgeon, or on People," that some forty or fifty years ago, tried to make
me? I rent a snug farm from my Lord here, and you a Old England like Young France. The French Demo
smithy and beerbouse. Who is there to make us afraid crats of that day used to talk and write like your Char
or injure us, while we obey the laws ? The law will pro. tists about the tree of Liberty, the Cap of Liberty, aud
tect an Englishman of low degree, in life, limb, and prothe right of all men to be equal. Their Tree of Liberty
perty against the first Nobleman in the land, or the proved to be the gallows; the Cap was put on by the hands
Monarch on the throne. of the executioner; and they made tall men like you equal
Dudgeon. That's something to be sure. 'to sbort, by chopping off their heads with an instrument
Farmer. Aye, it is the very substance of liberty. Discalled a guillotine, which was invented because they put
contented men tempt the ignorant to run after the name such numbers to death, that the old methods of execntion
or shadow of it like a will-o'the-wisp. would not perform the bloody work of slaughter fast
Dudgeon. But although lords and gentlefolks may'pt enough for their wicked purpose. Aye, Dudgeon, you
be able to bort us, why should they be allowed to ride the may well stare with astonishment; but you may read it
high horse as they do; to build fine houses, and keep their all, and much more, in any good history of the horrors of
carriages and horses and servants? ... "spatiu the French revolution. They shut up the Churches;
Farmer. Your eldest boy is a fine steady lad, what do melted the bells to make cannon; abolished Sunday in
yon intend bim to be ? France; murdered their King and Queen; set up a Dudgeon. He's apprenticed to a saddler. NATIONAL CONVENTION --hard task-masters, who ruled
Farmer. Well, there was a journeyman sadaler named the nation by terror and bloodshed, quarrelled, and assas
Richard Birpie, who went to London seeking employment, sipated some of their own body; and then went to war
and rose by his abilities and good conduct to be foreman, to force French liberty and equality upon other nations,
and then a partner. He took to studying the laws, ad with the sword and bayonet, Depend upon it, Dudgeon,
the duties of a magistrate, and at length was appointed these Chartists are chips of the old block. Their Na
head magistrate of Bow-street, with a handsome salary, tional Convention, and national rent, and liberty and
and made Sir Richard Birnie by the King. I dare say equality are just after the French fashion. They are you have often head of him, he died only five or six years not the friends but the enemies of the people of England.
ago. There was a Mayor of London that paved the very Dudgeon. But, Farmer Steady, (as one of the speakers
streets, over which he afterwards rode in a state carsaid last night) we are all oppressed. “Don't the Aris
‘riage. Many a poor lad' taught in a charity school tocracy, said he, trample upon us? Have not the Lords
hay risen to be a rich and respectable merchant. The and gentlefolks, the merchants and manufacturers, and
sons of many a man in bumble station have become Gen. shopkeepers, all the land and money, and the laboaring
erals, Admirals, Bishops, Lord Chancellors. Now if your classes hard work and often poor pay?"
sou Dick should succeed as Sir Richard Birnie did, and Farmer. Are not borses borses, and geese geesc? are
become Sir Richard Dudgeon, or Lord Mayor of London, not the rich rich, and the poor poor? What, man, do you
wonld you tell your Radical friends that the son of a man tbink to alter the order of nature and of Providence?
who is a smith and keeper of a beer-shop, had po right to Does not the Bible tell you that “the poor will nerer
ride the high horse : would you call upon them to bring cease out of the land ?" Somebody nrust work, that's | down your son to his old station by physical force at clear, for the earth is no longer Paradise; and if you and
1 Dudgeon hesitates. I happen to be born among the working class, is that any
Farmer. Rather a puzzling question I see. reason why we should quarrel with God's appointment?
Dudgeon. Well, if my Dick ever gets to the top of his Work we must or else starre, till by our industry we get
trade and is made Sir Richard, it will be by the dint of enough to keep ourselves and our children without work.
bis own deservings. But you can't say as much for lords ing. There are many below and some above us, Dudgeon,
and gentlefolks, most of whom got their rank and fortane I have been placed, or have been able to climb a few steps
because their fathers had the same before them. . higher up the ladder of life than you. There is no reason
Farmer. And so if your wife's uncle, who is said to why you should not strive to get up to me, or above me if
* Among the most violent of the English democrats about the you can honestly. But it would be very unfair to pull
time of the French Revolution were John Frost, an attorney, either of us down by force to the lowest step.. Why,
(who took a present of shoes to the French convention), and Mai
rice Margarot, a knife-grinder, ,, There were also three tailers • The above dialogue is abriged from a tract which we have
who held a meeting and sent forth an address, beginning “ We much pleasure in recommending; it is published by Seeley, &c.
the people of England !!!"
be well off, and has no family of his own, should take a Dudgeon. I'd not be apt to complain if all lords and fancy to make a will in your favour, you would not take gentlefolks had come by their land and money as the an acre of his land, nor a farthing of his money, not you; Duke of Wellington did, but they say some of them robbed you would hand it over to the Poor Law Commissioners, the Church, and their weaker neighbours, in by-gone or to the Chancellor of the Exchequer, to reduce the pub. days. lic burdens, like a true levelling patriot! What do you Farmer. In old times things were not always settled say to that Dudgeon ? What no answer. There is no according to law. Might sometimes prevailed against thing like applying the golden rule, “Do unto others as right. That is just the state to which your, physical force you would they should do unto you." A wise Providence men wish to bring us back, now that we are more bonest has ordered the world far better than the Chartists. It is and orderly and peaceable. Many a tradesman drives true the sias of the fatbers are visited on the children. If hard bargains, and don't get his money very honestly. a father is a spend-thrift, a drunkard, or a rogue, be brings - That will all be set right in a better world. But as disgrace and poverty on his family. But then, when he is things are not perfect here, we carinot discover and send honest, upright, and prosperous, why should they not also back every ill got penny to the man who has been wrong. proit by his good name and success. And what greater ed of it, even in our own time. Neither can we find out spur can there be to honest industry than this ? Now if and restore every acre that has parted from its riglit you at the apvil, and I at the plough, can bonestly get owner hundreds of years ago. Those that took it, and land or money for onr wives and children after us, it would those that lost it, have gone to their great account, tobe a cruel, and unjust law that should deprive them ofit, even gether with the witnesses to prove and defend. The law though some of them might not make the very best use of it. has therefore wisely determined not to open up questions
Dudgeon. I must admit there's much truth in what which can't be decided now, for such attempts to unsettle yon say, Farmer Steady.
property would only end in robbery and confusion. Farmer, Well then, don't you see that a good govern. Dudgeon. In one of bis letters Mr. Frost says that 113 ment ought to protect property not only for a man's self, of the Privy Council swallow up as much as half the wages but for his children and his children's children, from one of the working men of Monmouth and Brecon.. generation to another, Don't you see that this is the Farmer. And if the Privy Council were to throw the strongest motive to industry, good conduct, bravery, and money into the sea, it would be a dead loss sure enough. skill in every station, both public and private; that it calls But Mr. Frost know's very well that is one of these Privy ont all the activity of individuals for the common good, Councillors were to spend £200 or £300 a year at his Who would labour and strive, who would expose his life shop, Mr. Frost would make a handsome profit ont of it; tp danger, who would puzzle bis brains in writing books, that the journeyman tailor, the farmer, the woolstapler, or making great discoveries, such as the steam engine, jf the dyer, the clothier, and many more would gain by he could hope for no certain reward, if all, the fruit of bis those purchases. If be means to say that a Privy Counexertions must be taken from him, to be divided, share cillor sbould not spend more than a working man, Mr. and share alike, with lazy rogues and drunken vagabonds, Frost, at least, is at liberty to practise his own rule. If and turbulent agitators and Chartists? The security of sincere in his opinions he will begin to live on 12s. a week, property, whether in the Funds, or land, or bouses, the and give away the rest of his income. But, after all, the reward which labour and good conduct and talents get in Queen, and lords and gentlemen can spend little more ou a free country like ours, is one principal reason why Eng. their own bodies, than you and I. Sure all they eat and land-bas become so very great and prosperous a kingdom. all they wear must be paid for. Their maids, footmen, To meddle with property, and do away with publie bonors butlers, grooms, and gardeners, the workmen that build and rewards, would soon ruin the country. The Radicals their houses, mend their carriages and keep their grounds and Chartists talk about liberty. Why if such brave | in order, get their livelihood by them. Only think, Dudofficers, as Lord Nelson and the Duke of Wellington had geon, what a fortune you would make if you could get apnot fought for us, we should all have been the slaves of the pointed Smith and 'Tinker to her Majesty, and had to shoe Erench. Did they not deserve to be rewarded? They all the horses in tbe royal stud, and to mend the pots and have both done far more for England tban England has pans in the palace kitchen. But if you could pare and keep done for them, though the country has greatly rewarded down all fortunes and incomes to the bare level of what is them. You can't convince me that bis Grace has not as necessary (which is impossible), there would be no such good a right to be called the Duke of Wellington, as you thing as capital. Now, without capital, farms could not have to be called Richard Dudgeon ; that he has not as bę stocked and cultivated, nor those various branches of good a right to his estate of Strathfieldsay, as I have to trade and manufactures carried on, which maintain our my house and garden. And what a man gets for himself population, make our towns prosperous, and give us vast be gets for his children, 'Tis natural, and right, and the resources and strength in peace and war. The land law of the land that it should be so,
would be a wilderness; we should have no public roads, Dudgeon. The Chartists say all men are equal by pa no mails, canals, steam-ressels, and railways, no ships, ture, and, 'tis all owing to bad government that one is so colonies, and commerce. Persons who bave accu'mulated mech above another.
capital and wealth distribute it also, by which all classes Farmer. Downright nonsense! You may as well say are largely benefited; as the clouds above us that collect an apt is equal to an elephant, or a molebill to a mountain. · the rain, shower it down on the fields below and make In the works of creation there's such a difference that them fruitful, scarcely any two are alike, and so it is with men. Are Dudgeon. Here is another letter, signed Jobn Frost, Hottentots and savages that eat raw meat and drink train in which he says, “Is there any dirine authority that one oil equal to Englishmen? Are all Englishmen equal in I man shall command and that another shall obey ? I size and strength and wisdom? Is drunken Bill Grumble shonld like to see this authority. I should like to hear as clever a workman or as sober a man as you are: A whence it is derived. A man who should attempt to pretty figure he would cut in a Judge's gown and wig at utter stuff of this sort, in any intelligent assembly, would the assizes, addressing the gentlemen of the Jury. What
tlemen of the Jury. What I be laughed at." would have become of the British fleet at Trafalgar, or Farmer. If he will consult a far higher authority than our army at Waterloo, if you or I had commanded ? I the thing called the People's Charter; if he will consult believe it is both easier and happier to guide a plough the Charter of our Salvation, he will find there, “the than a kingdom. The nation would go all wrong in such | powers that be are ordained of God; wbosever resisteth hands as yours or mine, and I'd be very loth to trust my I the ordinance of God, and they that resist sball receive to plough to any of her Majesty's Ministers.
themselves damnation." And again ; “Submit yourselves it every ordinance of man, for the Lord's sake, whether | of justice and humanity tare often' been pleaded in Parlia. to be to the KING as supreme, or upto GOVERNORS, as ment, till thcy were heard and granted. The proper bus. iunto them that are sent by him for the punishment of evil ness of the working classes is not to debate and to make doers, and for the praise of them that do well," And lav's; but in large numbers they vote for representatires among the principal offenders to be punished at the day through whom their just and reasonable demands meet with of judgment are mentioned, chiefly those that “ despise attention, and their proper interests are protected, what. government, presumptuolis are they, self-willed, they are erer these Chartists may say to the contrary. Here not afraid to speak eril of dignifies. But as natural again, this Chartist writer says, “ Universal Suffrage can brute beasts made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil alone realise the true end of representation, by giving to of the things that they understand not, and shall utterly each individual bis proper influence in the body politic." porish in their own corruption." That, and much more Just the contrary in my opinion. With a rote for evert to the same effect, is contained in the Bible; and ir man, and Annual Parliaments, we should be electioner Chartists or any other men laugh at these solemn truths ing all the year rouad. London with its 1,200,000 ishnow, they will certainly hare cause to mourn for the bitants would be like a sea of trouble, in constant agitation neglect of them hereafter.
Is a thing right or wrong because multitudes are for or Dudgeon. But the leaders of the Chartists say they against it? On the contrary the Bible warns us against are well acquainted with the science of gorernment, and following the multitude to do evil, and against the brocil the only just principles of government are Universal road that leadeth to destruction. At present if a man Suffrage, No property Qualification, Equal Representa wishes to have a vote it is a reason for him to be indes. tion, and Vote by Ballot, There is more about it here.-- trious, by which he may soon get property crough to (Taking out some numbers of a paper.)
entitled him to vote. And don't you think the right si Farmer. Leallers of the Chartists! why, according to election will be better and more independently exercised their own principles they ought to be all equals. But by those who have so far prospered in the world as to Democracy has its rulers and demagogues, who govern bare a stake in the country, than by those that are living the multitude, and please them with the vajn idea that all from band to montb, and have nothing to lose ? Surely, the while they are governing themselres. Let me sec med wlio have some property of their OWL to manage, tfrese papers. So these are some of the publications by and who contribute'most towards the public burdeus have wbich the Leaders of the Chartists are trying to deceive the best right, and are best able, to elect the managers of the people and stir them up to discontent and violence, the national property and affairs. No doubt there are which will make them dissa lisfied, and uplaply, and some men without property who would give an honestar will bring all who follow their advice into heary trouble. and better rote than some who have property, for there Here is an advertisement from one of them offering him. are exceptions to most rules. But the question is, il, u self as a Candidate for a Seat in Parliament at the next allowing crery body to vote and be elected, whether they Election. Just as I said, self interest and ambition hard hare Property or not, such a Parliament would be chos at work under the name and disguise of " friendsbip for as would be able to gov: in the Country befter. Now! the people," to be sure. Now for the politics of this am rery sure that the happiness, and the liberty, and would-be member of parliament. (Reads) “ Those who security of all classes, and of the whole kingdom, are possess political power will ever legislate for their own increased by a Property Qualification both for Clectors benefit." Mark that well. That is the maxim of a mock and Representatives. patriot. But pray take him at his word, and never let Dudgeon. But if a Property Qualification were not him or any of his brother Chartists get the political power required, the working classes, from their great numbers, alier which they are grasping. For they tell you plainly would carry all before them, and appoint a Parliament of they will use it FOR THEIR OWN BENEFIT." (Farmer. their own choosing. Steady reads again.) “I do not claim Universal Sufrage Farmer. And such a Parliament vould not represent for the people upon their abstract right alone. There is all classes, but only one class. It would therefore mis. the broad question of utility to be called; and, inasmuch represent the nation. The Chartist writer says, all classes as every section or class of which a nation is composed should be represented; but he knows rery well bat if will each strive, under any government, for the advance. they could get Universal Suffrage it wonld have the same ment of its own peculiar iuterest --it follows that all cffect as a law prerenting every man who had property classes and sections should be placed upon an equal above a certain value from voting; for Universa! Sutra footing under the government, whatever its form may be." would make numbers every thing, and property of no Aye, and our Constitution has provided a Parliament, in weight whatever, in deciding Elections. And what kind which there are Members of the Government, Officers of of a Parliament would be chosen by the multitude ? They the Army and Navy, Lawyers, Landlords, Merchants, are soon stirred up to violence; that was prored eight Bankers, Manufacturers, persons in and out of trade, able years ago at the Bristol Riots, which did so much harm to attend to foreign, naral, and military affairs, questions to the town and neighbourhood. But it is quite impossi. affecting the various branches of trade, farming, and other ble for the multitude to keep a steady watch orer pablic domestic concerns. They represent and are elected by affairs. They must go and attend to their own business; all classes of the community. This Radical writer tries to therefore they very soon give up the power they hare persuade you that the Parliament is useless, and does not gained into any hands that are strong enough to seize it. represent the nation, because it does not contain a large But the Agitators and Demagogues, men like the speech. proportion of uneducated and working men. But by making and fighting Members of the National Coprénbeing Members of Parliament they would cease to be tion of Frauce, who have made use of the People's pamë, working men and become law-making men. Though and the People's strength to gain power and property for many Members of Parliament bave risen from the work. themselves, watch the time when they may seize upon ing class, they cannot remain in it and be Members of power and property and enslave the people. The Cbar. Parliament also. B:11 have the working classes and the tists and their Convention are kecping a sharp look ogt poor no representatives and no friends in Parliament? for that time, which I hope will nerer come. But if it llad not the poor African slave's warni and successful should come, they wonld' act npon that fine maximi or friends in Willerforre, and Pitt, and Fox, and many principle of their's which I read before. I will read it others? Is not Lord Ashley, a nobleman, with many again for it ought not to be forgotten.' 6 Those trbo other members, now zealously endeavouring to improve possess political power will crer legislate for their own the condition of the factory children? Yes, the claims I benefit."-Aye, and for the People's oppression and ibr