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« Spirit of our God.' The poor Sinner comes unto the Throne of Grace, on that Occasion, a guilty, felf-condemned, and Law.condemned Creatare: Ezra ix. 15. 'O Lord God of Israel, be

hold, we are before thee in our trespasses : for ( we cannot stand before thee, because of this." Rom. iii. 19. forecited. verf. 23. 24. 'All have sin. ned, and come short of the glory of God: Being

justified freely by his Grace, through the redemp. tion that is in Jesus Christ.' A Law.condemned Sinner can be justified by a holy God there, by an Act of free Grace.

Our Justification is an AE7 of God's free Grace : And by God's free Grace is meant, his free Favour and Good-will. Howbeit, it is an Act of free Grace, not in respect of Christ, but in respect of us, Rom. iii. 23. 14. above cited. It is pure. ly an Act of free Grace to us, insomuch that we are justified before we have done any good Work at all : Rom. iv. 5. "To him that worketh

not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness.'

The Parts of the Act of our Justification, paffed by God the righteous Judge, are two; namely, his pardoning all our Sins, and his accepting us as righteous in his Sight.

Pardon of Sin is the freeing of the Sinner from the Guilt of his Sin : Matth vi. 12. ' And forgive

us our debts, as we forgive our debtors.' The Guilt of Sin that lies upon us, till such Time as we are justified, is the Guilt of revenging Wrath, Fohn iii. 18. forecited. verf. 36. He that believeth

not the Son, shall not see life; but the wrath of • God abideth on him. The Pardon, then, given to a Sinner in Justification, is the freeing him from


the Guilt of the revenging Wrath of God, formera ly lying on him: Job xxxiii. 22. Yea, his soul i draweth near unto


and his life to the destroyers.' vers. 24. Deliver him from go

ing down to the pit, I have found a ransom.' John y. 24. ' Verily verily I say unto you, He that ' heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent

me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come in* to condemnation ; but is passed from death unto

life. And the Sinner once justified, can never fall under the Guilt of revenging Wrath again : Rom. viii.'i. 33. 34. John v. 24. If. liv. 9. forecited. Now, in our Justification God pardons us all our Sins, past and present : Mic. vii. 19. ' Thou

wilt cast all their fins into the depths of the sea.' Col. ii. 13. ' And you being dead in your fins, and “the uncircumcision of your flesh, hath he quick

ened together with him, having forgiven you all trespaffes. Rom. iv. 7. ' Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose fins are cover

And the State we are put into, with respect to'after Sins, is, that God will not impute • them, as to the Guilt of revenging Wrath : Rom. iv. 6. Even as David allo deseribeth the blessed. (ness of the man unto whom God imputeth righte. sousness without works. verf. 8. Blesed is the

man to whom the Lord will not impute sin.' The procuring Cause of the direct Pardon of the one, and of the not-imputing of the other, is the Righteoufness of Christ upon us : Rom. iii. 22.

righteousness of God is by faith of Jesus Christ, anto all, and upon all them that believe; for - there is no difference. Compared with Gal. iii.

• Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us.' The Guilt




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which the Justified do incur by their after Sins, is the Guilt of fatherly Anger : Pfal. lxxxix. 30. 31. 32. 33. .' If his children forsake my law, and

walk not in my judgments; if they break my * ftatutes, and keep not my commandments :

then will I visit their transgression with the rod, and their iniquity with Iripes. Nevertheless, my loving-kindness will I not utterly take from him, nor suffer


faithfulness to fail.' Acceptance with God in Justification, is not the Acceptance of our Works, but of our Persons : Eph. i. 6. He hath made us accepted in the be

loved. Compared with Rom. iii. 28. There• fore we conclude, that a man is justified by faith,

without the deeds of the law. No Work of ours can ever be accepted of God, in point of Justification : Gal. ii, 16. Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith • of Jesus Christ : Even we have believed in Jesus.

Christ; that we might be justified by the faith

of Christ, and not by the works of the law : for 6

by the works of the law shall no fierh be justi

fied. Nor can any Work of ours be accepted in any case, till once we are justified: Heb. xi. 6.

Without faith it is impossible to please God : for

he that cometh to God, must believe that he is, s and that he is a rewarder of them that diligent

ly seek him.' Gen. iv. 4. 5. ' And the Lord had • respect unto Abel, and to his offering : but un.

to Cain, and to his offering, he had not respect.' Compared with Heb. xi. 4. By faith Abel Offer. ed unto God a more excellent facrifice than • Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was

righteous, God testifying of his gifts.' God's Acceptance of our Persons in Justification, is his



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aceepting us unto eternal Life, adjudging it to us : Rom. v. 17. They which receive abundance of

grace, and of the gift of righteousness, shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ. verf. 18. • By the rigteousnefs of one, the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life. Tit. ii. 7.

That being justified by his grace, we should be made " heirs according to the hope of eternal life.' Hab. ii. 4. The juft shall live by his faith.' He ac, cepteth us unto eternal Life, as Persons righteous in his Sight, Rom. v. 17. 18. above cited. verf. 19. By the obedience of one, shall many be made.

righteous.'vers. 21. Grace reigns through righte. "ousness unto eternal life, by Jesus Christ our • Lord.' Gal. iii. 11. But that no man is justified

by the law in the fight of God, it is evident : for, « The just shall live by faith. Compared with verf. 12. And the law is not of faith ; but, The

that doth them, shall live in them. By the Righteous in God's Sight, is meant Persons truly righteous in Law, in the View of his piercing Eye: Gen. vii. 1. 'And the Lord said unto Noah, --Thee • have I feen righteous before me in this generastion.' 2 Cor. V. 21. "God hath made Christ to

be fin for us, who knew no sin juthat we might

be made the righteousness of God in him. And they are Persons truly righteous in Law, who have a Righteoufness fully answering the Demands of the Law for Righteousness: Phil. iii. 9. And

be found in bim, not having mine own righte"ousness, which is of the law, but that which is " through the faith of Christ, the righteousness (which is of God by faith. Rom. viii. 3.4. For • what the law could not do, in that it was weak

through the filelh, God sending his own Son, in



" the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin condemned <lin in the flesh: that the righteousness of the law ' might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the • Aesh, but after the Spirit.'

As to what we are justified for ; we are justified only for the Righteousness of Christ imputed to us, and received by Faith alone. One coming unto the Throne of Grace, a Law-condemned Sinner, is capable of being justified there, pardoned and accepted, as truly righteous, inasmuch as uniting us with Christ there, Christ's Righteousness is his, and upon him that Moment: Phil. ii. 9. forecited. Rom. ii. 22. The righteousness of God is by faith * in Jesus Christ unto all, and upon all them that * believe ; for there is no difference.'

That for which God justifies us, is not any thing wrought in us, or done by us : Tit. iii. 5.

Not by works of righteousness, which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing s'of the Holy Ghost.' Eph. i. 7. “In whom we have

redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of

fins, according to the riches of his grace.' But it is the Righteousness of Christ imputed to us : Phil.

< And to make all men see what is the fel"lowship of the mystery, which from the begin"ning of the world hath been hid in God, who

created all things by Jesus Christ.'Compared with Rom. iv. 6. Even as David also defcribeth the « blessedness of the man unto whom the Lord im

puteth righteousness without works. And it is his Righteousness only, without any Mixture of Righteousness inherent in us : 'Rom: v. 18. 19.

fore. cited. The Righteousness of Christ for which we are justified, is not bis eflential Righteousness, which


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