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Mar. fi. 17, When Jesus heard it, he faith unto them, fhejf that are whole, have no need of the Physician, but they that are Jick: I came not to call the Righteous, but Sinners to Repentance.

HE Occasion -©f these words,Serm. was briefly This. Our Lord, Vljf. having called bis Apostle V/VNJ Matthew from the Receipt of Custom, and the Call being immediately obeyed $ hje thereupon M 4 went


Se Rm.went home with the Converted Disciple, VIII. unt0 XImt Disciple's house. And it came f0 pafSi that as Jesus Jat at meat at his house, (ver. 15.) many Publicans and Sin- , ruts, of That Disciple's former acquaintance, having followed them from, the Receipt of Custom, Jet also together with Jesus and his Disciples; our Lord being always ready, . to take every occasion of exhorting Sinners to Repentance, and to give Them every opportunity of receiving such Exhortations. But the conceited Scribes and Pharisees, ver. 16. when they Jaw him eating with Publicans and Sinnets; not considering, according to the Reason and Truth of things, that, not the conversing with Sinners, but the partaking with them in their Sins, or incouraging them therein, is only faulty nay, that conversing with such persons, not only may be innocent, but, when it is in order to their Amendment, very praise-worthy also: The Scribes and Pharisees, I fey, not considering This, but being full of Vanity and Pride, and valuing themselves upon an affecled appearance of peculiar Holiness, in despising and setting themselves above the converfation 2 ," of of those whom in contempt thy calledSErM. Publicans and Sinners; pretended toj won- VIII. der much, when they faw Jesus sitting at{^f^ meat with persons of That character; and asked his Disciples, faying, How is it that he eateth and drinketh with Publicans and Sinners? Jesus, hearing their question, and knowing their Wickedness and Pride of Heart, replies in the words of the Text; They that are Whole, have no need of the Ph)jician, but they that are Sick: I came not to call the RighteoitSj but Sinners to Repentance.

In discoursing upon which words, I mail ijl draw some Observations from the several particular expressions we meet with in the Text 5 and idly, I shall consider the general Doctrine of Repentance, as therein laid down by our Lord.

I, The Observatwis naturally arising from the several particular expressions made use of in the Text, are;

1fl, That Sin is to the Soul, what Disease or Sickness is to the Body: The Whole, and they that are Sick, are here, in our Saviour's phrase, the Righteous and the Sinners. And the Analogy, is very


S E R M. obvious and elegant. For as the natural VI11' Health of the Body, consists in ttis; that every Part and Organ, regularly and duly performs it proper Function; and, when any of These are disordered or perverted in their operations, there, ensues Sickness and Diseases: So likewise, with regard to the Spiritual or Moral State of the Mind and Soul; when every Faculty is employed in its natural and proper manner, and with a just direction to the end it was designed for; when the Understanding judges of things according to Reason and Truth, without partiality and without prejudice; when the Will is in its aclions directed by this judgment of Right, without Obstinacy or Wilfulnefs; and when the Pafwm in their due subordinate station, and the appetites under the Government of Sober intention, serve only to quicken the execution of what Reason directs; then is the Mind of man Sound and Whole; fit for all the operations of a rational creature, fit for the employments of ar" virtuous and religious Life. On the contrary, the Abuse or mifimployment of Any of these Faculties, is the

Disease Disease or Sickness of the Soul, AndSErM. when they are All of them perverted, to- YJJI'. tally and habitually? by a general corrup-^^^ tion and depravation of Manners; then* as the Body, by an incapacity of all its organs for the Uses of natural Use, dies 'and is dislblved j iq the man in his moral capacity, by an habitual neglect and dis-> like of all virtuous Practices, becomes (as the Scripture elegantly expresles it) Pead in Trejpajses and Sins. And as, in Bodily Diseases^ Some are more dangerous, and more likely to prove mortal, than Others; in which fense our Saviour lays concerning Lazarus, This Sickness is not unto Death, ch. xi. of St John's Gojprf, ver. 4; So, in the spiritual fense, the fame Apostle St John, in his ist Epiftle, speaks pf Sins, which, according as there be Any or No Hope of mens recovering from them, either are or are not unto Death -t i Job. v. 16.

2. A Second Observation arising from pur Saviour's manner of expressing himself in the Text, k; that Repentance, is riot an Original and Primary Duty of Religion i but a puty, only of secondary


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