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(2) Tire the weakest of the 22. Do not care 80 much flock.
whether the people receive your 16. Never pass over one point doctrine, as whether you and it while you have any thing mate are acceptable to the Lord. rial to say of it, provided it be 23. Do not conceive that your on a spiritual point.
zeal or earnesiness can prevail 17. Let your doctrine, and the with the people ; but the force constant stream of your preach- of spiritual reason, the evidence ing, be about the chiefest spirit- of Scripture, and the power of ual things, and let small contro- the Holy Ghost. versies and external duties come 24. Do not think the hearers in by the bye.
can receive as you conceive, and • 18. Beware of forms ; neither so make your own conception the be tied to any one method. ? rule of dealing the bread of life ;
19. Be always on that subject, so shall yoù only please yourself, which is next your heart ; and and be admired but not underbe not too thrifty and careful stood by others. what to say next, for God will 25. Let there be something in provide ; it will be offensive like every sermon to draw poor sine kept manna, if reserved through ners to Jesus Christ. distrust till the next day.
26. Take heed that your 20. Be sure to extricate care comparisons be not ridiculous, fully, any godly point you speak and yet be not shy of homely of, out of the notions and terms ones. of divinity ; else it will freeze 27. Study every Scripture inevitably in your mouth and you are to speak of beforehand, their ears.
lest you overburden invention, or 21. Let there not be disfigur- presume too much upon your ing of faces, nor snuffing in the own parts. nose, nor hemming in the 28. Take care to free truth of throat, nor any antic gesture, extravagancies, of needless dipretending devotion, made grav gressions, needless heads and ity; which will make you seem enumerations. a loathsome Pharisee, or a dis- 29. Shun apologies, for they tracted man broke loose out of are always offensive. Bedlam.
Review of New Publications.
Au Historical View of Heresies, ter, and to exhibit a concise view,
und Vindication of the Primi- of the origin, spirit, and moral tive Faith. By Asa MFAR- tendency of Heresy; and clearly LAND, A. M. minister of the to mark the point of difference gospel in Concord, New Hamp- between that scheme of doctrine, shire. George Hough, Cold called orthodox,
those cord. 1806. Pp. 274 12mo... schemes, which under various
A LEADING object of this trear names, differ essentially fro12 tise is to state the general charac- it.
The work is divided into ten atonement, and by a vital union chapters. In the first is stated with Christ.” p. 11. “ general principles by which Our author makes a distincs heresy may be known." Under tion between error in judgment this head, the author justly re- and heresy. 'p. 11. > A man marks that every system of reli- whose heart may not be opposed gion, which has appeared in the to the spirit of the gospel, may world, has had some distinguish- yet, through wrong instruction, ing characteristic, and rests on embrace essential error, Such its own peculiar and distinct a person he does not consider as foundation; and that “Christiani- an heretic, ty rests on this truth, that God The object of the second chap: has manifested himself to the ter is to shew that “alt Heresies world by Jesus Christ, his only are known by the same general begotten Son.?? p. 9.
character, though they have ap. . In this scheme Christ appears peared under different names. in the character of a Mediator "The one source of all heresy or and Saviour, which implies, that dangerous error, our author con he has opened a consistent way ceives, “is a heart which is not for divine, gracious communica- reconciled to the gospel terms of tions to sinners. From “ the na- salvation :" [p. 14, 15.] Hence ture of this mediatorial work of a disposition to reject, or to evade Jesus Christ, it is necessary that the force of the essential & pecuwe receive and treat him as liar doctrines of the gospel, com, Godi over ally-as no created monly called the orthodox faith, being can perform more than the forms a common and distinguish: duty which he personally owes ing feature in the character of all to God. A proper atonement heretics. for sin rests on the supreme - The orthodor faith, and the Deity of the Saviour." p. 10. doctrines of grace, our author - The gospel is stated to be a considers as of synonymous immanifestation of the divine pur- port. “These doctrines are ex, pose to save sinners through faith hibited, in order, in the thirty, in Christ. As this faith is the nine articles of the Church of gift of God, and the immediate England, and in the Westmin effect of his operation, it is with ster Confession of Faith... These the greatest propriety called a were the Doctrines of the Re. dispensation of grace. “If this be formation." p. 15. “That manthe spirit of the Christian dis- kind have destroyed themselves, pensation, it is manifest, that and that their salvation is wholly whatever takes away that from of God," is considered by our the gospel, which is peculiar to author as constituting the sum of it, or which makes it any other the orthodox scheme. p. 16. than a dispensation of grace, is They, therefore, whos embrace Herrey. He is an heretic, in and propagate opinions, which the Scripture sense of the word, counteract the spirit and tendenwho adheres to those opinions, cy of this truth, are considerey. which 'encourage bim to hope for as justly chargeable with heresd, salvation in any other way, than The point where heretics take through the merit of a perfect their departure from the ortho: dox plan, he considers to be the influence to renew boliness in denial that salvation is wholly men;" and that, they “ were of God.??
alarmed at the appearance of the Post Our author, under this head, Unitarian doctrine, and took deciundertakes to shew, that the doc- sive measures to arrest its protrines of grace all stand ne- gress, as an evil of most pernicessarily connected with “the cious tendency,” p. 78.91.' divinity and perfect atonement of In the sixth and seventh chapJesus Christ.”. p. 22. His ters are brought into view, the proofs of this connexion are in: Arian and Pelagian doctrines, genious, and we think scriptural which are shewn to be a deparand conclusive.
ture from the faith of the primiThe third chapter is divided tive Christians. into two sections. The first . The eighth chapter exhibits a gives:"the scripture character of plain summary of the “ doctrines Christ." The second shews of the reformation :" the ninth, that “the design of the gospel an interesting account of the and epistles of St. John proba- “ revival of the ancient heresies bly was to confute the error of after the reformation,” by the those, who denied the divinity modern Socinians, Arminians, and atonement of Christ.” The Methodists, and Free-will Bapscripture proofs of the supreme tists, whose opinions are shewn Deity of Jesus Christ, in this to be subversive of that scheme chapter, are exhibited in a clear of religion which rests on this and convincing light; and that truth, “ that salvation is wholly the passages adduced e for this of God.” purpose are not misapplied, is The last chapter is designed shewn from the nature of the to shew “in what respect, and gospel, and the design of St. how far those systems of doc, John's epistles to confute those trine, which have been exhibited, who denied this doctrine.. : come within the general descrip
The fourth and fifth chapters tion of heresy." This is an exhibit the faith of the primitive interesting chapter, and deserves Christians, and their conduct to the serious attention of the reaward those who denied the di- der. vinity and atonement of Christ. The author subjoins some From copious extracts, both from juslicious and seasonable reflecChristian and heathen writers, in lions and remarks, resulting the first ages of Christianity, our from the view of religious opin, author satisfactorily proves that ions, given in the preceding the primitive Christians believed work and then closes with an wlrat are denominated the doc, “ Address, 1st. “ To those who frines of grace--that they were adopt the Unitarian system.”
Trinitarians," that "they be- 2d. “To those who have trust lieved in the ruin of mankind by ed in Christ as a divine Saviour, the sin of the first man, and that and are established in the doce the Son of God became incar. trines of grace.”, mate, to deliver sinners from the The subject of this work is deplorable effects of the fall;" – manifestly of great importance. also " in the necessity of divine There is certainly an essential
difference between that system, On the whole, we consider which is founded on the princi- this a valuable and very seasona ple, that Christ is a divine per- ble performance, and we cordially son, and salvation wholly of God; recommend it to the attention of and that which considers him as the public. To expose danger a mere creature, though ever so ous error shows no want of chari, exalted, and salvation, either in ty or candour. In an age of whole or in part, of the creature. prevailing infidelity, when many So different are these systems, openly reject the articles of our that if the former be true, the most holy faith, it yields high latter, by whatever name it is satisfaction to the good man, called, is a practical error, which who “trembles for the ark of his tends to destroy the soul. God," to see a man of piety, tal.
We think the author incorrectents and learning employed in in his distinction between an vindicating the pure doctrines of error in judgment and heresy. Christianity, and displaying them We believe with him, that heresy in contrast with those sentihas its origin in an “evil heartments, which essentially change of unbelief;" but that error in the Christian scheme, and coun. judgment has a different source teract those salutary effects, may be justly questioned. That which the gospel in its purity is a person should be destitute of calculated to produce. sentiment for want of proper means of information, can easily The Shade of Plato; or, a defence be conceived ; but that any one of religion, morality and govern, should embrace error instead of ment. A Poem, in four parts. truth, without any kind or de- By David HITCHCOCK. To gree of evidence, can be account: which is prefixed, a Sketch of ed for only on the principle of the Author's Life. Hudson, evil propensity
Printed at the Balance Press. The style of this work corres- 1805. " ponds with the design of the HAVING read the introductor author, which is to enlighten ry sketch of the author, the and establish the minds of the reader will not expect to find in honest but unlearned, in the this poem the choicest beauties great truths of our religion, and of language. The poetry, it to guard them against the perni- must be confessed, is not of the cious and prevalent errors of the most elevated kind. The figures day. It is plain, familiar, and are not all expressive of refined commonly correct. The plan
taste, and the versification is of the work is judicious, the sometimes unharmonious. But arrangement of the several parts though in these respects the natural, and the principles advo. Shade of Plato will not rank rated, in our opinion, scriptural. with the Pleasures of ImaginaThe facts stated are supported by tion, the Deserted Village, or proper evidence, and the reason the Essay on Man, it is by no ing grounded on these facts, in- means destitute of merit. It has telligible, and in general conclu- many excellencies, but of a dif: sive: The closing addresses are ferent kind. The author discov. serious, pertinent and useful. ers some knowledge of heathen
mythology, to which he has sev- ed with so much zeal and emphaeral allusions, and a good ac- sis by a heathen philosopher ; quaintance with the nature and and were in doubt, whether to history of man. But his princi- attribute it to an oversight in the pal aim is to illustrate the truths, author, or to an undue use of poand inculcate the duties of mo- etic licence. But, on further rerality and religion. On these .flection, neither of these supposubjects his knowledge appears sitions appeared necessary. The to be extensive, and his senti- human mind being supposed caments correct. These are the pable of endless progression in topics, he professes to have been knowledge and virtue, it requires most interested in and devoted to no stretch of imagination to confrom early life. He developes ceive, nor of credulity to admit, the origin of several foibles and that the venerable shade, sublivices, greatly prevalent in socie- mated and improved by inter ty; describes their ruinous ten- course with immortals for more dency; and points out the means than two thousand years, must of correcting them. He incul- possess other stores of knowlcates contentment, and resigna- edge, than those which it receivtion to Providence, by showing, ed from Pythagoras, or commuthat the evils, incident to man in nicated to Aristotle, while inhabthis world, are necessary for the iting its ancient tenement of clay. trial of his virtue, and, if rightly We are glad to see proposals regarded, will augment rather for a second edition of this pothan diminish the sum of human em. We think it calculated to happiness in the present state. do good. Though it may not
This poem is presented, as the stand on the shelves of the critsubstance of what passed in a ic or the virtuoso, it will find its visionary scene of its author with way to a numerous class of readthe spectre of a venerable Gre- ers, among whom it will be neician. We were at first surprised ther less useful nor acceptable at finding the Christian religion for the plainness and simplicity culogized, illustrated and enforc- of its appearance.
1806. Dear Sir,
UNITED STATES. also considerable attention in CornBTRACT OF A LETTER FROM MID
wall, under the preaching of the Rev. PLZBURY, VERMONT, July 30, Mr. Bushnell. The Lord has done
much for us in this part of the country, and to him be the glory. There
is more than usual attention to religYou may have heard of an atten. ion at this time, in the towns of New tion to religion in this, and some of Haven, Weybridge, Salisbury, and the neighbouring towns. There has Shoreham. "The attention has also in been an awakening in Middlebury some degree reached the college. about a year, and 94 persons hare, in We may hope that God will uphold consequence, been added to the his cause, notwithstanding the woful church. The attention still continues apostacy of many. What reason have
some parts of the town. There is we to be thankful that we may trust