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feelings of thatman who cannot partake with us in this exultation are not to be envied. The successful operatiou of the Gospel, whoever be the iustruments, creates joy *: the augels of God; and every real Christian upon earth, in some degree, partakes of this angelic delight. We rejoice to see that, by the instrumentality of Christian Missionaries of different denominations, the human character, which was once in the lowest degradation, is raised and dignified. We rejoice to see man raised
from misery, and brought to the enjoyment of .*. We rejoice to see the gradual downfall of Satan's empire, and the rapid establishment of that of the Redeemer. Such are the effects produced by the united efforts of Christians of different denominations; effects which, under the divine blessing, will continue to be the result of their pious labours, “till the earth shall be filled with the knowledge of the glory of the Lord, as the waters cover the sea.”
LABRADoR.—Mr. Knight's Journal of his visit from Newfoundland to the Esquimaux of this coast was in part given in the last Number; the following are extracts in continuation :
Aug. 6th.-Some of the Indians came down to the place where I resided, willing to embrace every opportunity during my short stay among them. I went on shore and conversed with them. .The female who assisted Brother H. the last summer, rendered me her services on this occasion, as interpreter. We commenced and closed our interview with prayer to God for his blessing. 7th.-This morning, at eleven o'clock, we had public service. I read prayers, and addressed a congregation of about sixty, half of , whom could understand me. After the dismission of this service I held conversation with the Indians, the female above-mentioned assisting me. Between three and four o'clock we resumed similar services. - We had present between ninety and a hundred, of Indian and Europeans about an equal number. I felt much enlargement of heart while I addressed them. The female who interprets knows the English language but imperfectly, and stands nearly in need of as much instruction as the Indians themselves. She, however, I am fully persuaded, did her best. I have promised then to stay three weeks longer in the Bay, and they have promised me to come as often as they can.
To-day my much-esteemed friend, Mr. Cousins, left this place for Hopedale. Having heard that a family were residing at a place called Mullen's Cove, I went to find them out. This family consists of a man and two children which he had by an Indian. I conversed with the old man for some time, prayed with him, and did not leave him before I had obtained the promise that he
would attend divine service at Cullingham's Tickle. Almost all the Indians left me on Monday, promising that they would be down again iu the course of the week. On the evening of Monday, as two boats' crews were present, weather bound, I called the whole of the people together, and held divine service. On Tuesday morning 1 did the same, and continued this practice during the whole of my stay there. 9th–I had been expecting the Indians to-day, but the wind blew so high that they could not come. I am pleased to witness the readiuess with which the people come together. Our company at morning and evening service amounts at no time to less than twenty-seven : one of these is a Catholic, yet he attends as regularly as the rest. I find our meetings seasons of much edification, and comfort. Twice a day I sing with them, expound a passage of the word of God, and pray, and hold conversations with such of the Indians as may be present. 13th-To-day a party of Indians, twelve in number, came to me. I assembled all the people, and held public service, first explaining a portion of Scripture to the Englishmen and settlers, and then conversing with the Indians. They appeared to be very much pleased, and promised to come over again on Sunday. 14th-Being the Lord's Day, I read, as usual, the prayers of the church. First I preached to the Euglish, who amounted to no more than twelve, and afterwards conversed with the Indians, who were about thirty. I felt my mind much supported at this morning service. In the evening I had about thirty Eu. ropeans, and the same number of Indians. I felt much liberty in addressing them from Acts xvii.30, 31. 15th–1 called the people together, sung, and prayed with them, and at might resumed similar services, together with an exposition of a passage of Holy Writ. 16th.-A family of Indians called to see me, consisting of nine. We assembled together twenty-two . Indians, and about as many Europeans, and found the worship of God a delightful exercise. I conversed with the Indians. They are very desirous that a Missionary should be sent amongst them. I asked them if that should be the case, whether or not they would assist him in building a house to live in 2 They assented. I then asked them if they would live as near together as they possibly could, that he might instruct them : They replied, ,, Yes.” I then asked them, if they would attend to his advice? This they #. promised. I intimated to them, that the Missionary would instruct their children, and requested them to say whether or not they wished their children to learn the English language, and, if so, whether they would leave their children under the Missionary's care, with one or two of their females to take care of the children, while the rest were hunting and fishing for their mutual support. To all these questions they gave me satisfactory replies. These Indians were detained here several days from contrary winds, during which time I availed myself of every opportunity to converse with them. The female who assisted me in my conversations with the poor Esquimaux applied to me several times, within a few days, to converse on the state of her own mind. She professes to be convinced of the necessity of salvation, and seems very desirous to obtain it. I was much pleased with her simplicity, and apparent earnestness to know the way of God more perfectly. 19th-To-day the Indians, having the wind fair, availed themselves of it, and took their departure further down the Bay to catch fish. I was much pleased to see the manner in which they manifested their affection towards me. They came in a body to take their leave of me; even the children, of four and five years old, seemed to be as desirous as the rest of expressing their affection. But they had not sufficient courage to take me by the haud as the elder ones had done; and, to see what effect it would produce, I did not for some time offer it to them. But they
would not go away, hung down their
faces were soon dimpled with smiles,
and thus I took leave of them, 20th-To-day I visited the opposite shore. Here were several families of Indians. I went into their wigwams, and sat down among them, with which they seemed to be well pleased. 21st.—This being the Sabbath-day, I held divine service at the usual hour, and felt much liberty in addressing my congregation. In the afternoon I preached, and baptized a child belonging to a Canadian, a Roman Catholic. I had but very few Indians today. This did not arise from any indifference on their part, but from a circumstance over which they had no
control; and, indeed, one which proved.
was sorry to find that the poor people :
could not succeed in their purpose. had much to do to-day in keeping the Indians from breaking the Sabbath. The curlew came in great plenty, and pitched close to their wigwams. An old Indian female was soon in pursuit of them with her gun, and was just about to fire, when I called to her to desist. She said she had nothing to eat. I replied, Rather than I would see you break the Sabbath, I will give you your breakfast. She then returned to her wigwam, and I sent her food sufficient for the day. In the evening the Indians met together, amounting to twelve, and nine half-Indians. Having two of the Indians present who could sing, I requested them to indulge me with a hymn. They sun most sweetly. I prayed with them, an requested their attendance in the morning. With this they promised to comply. And here I cannot avoid mentioning a fact which must be very encouraging to all who desire the spiritual instruction of the poor Esquimaux, and which, degraded as they are, furnishes a lesson of reproof to thousands who call themselves Christians. An Indian, his wife, and two children, were present. They had come forty miles, professing their object to be religious instruction. They remained all the time I was there. May God make them wise to salvation : 26th.-This morning I met the In
dians according to promise; and sung, conversed, and prayed with them. I now gave such advice as I thought would act as a check-upon those in this Bay who wish to keep the poor Esquimaux in their presentstate of mental, spiritual, and temporal wretchedness, that they may the more easily and successfully impose upon them. It ought not to be concealed, that such are to be found. But to the honour of England, they do not come from thence. During my stay the poor Indians have often been prevented from coming to get instruction. One company were denied the use of a boat, though they wanted it only for the purpose of attending divine service; but rather than be de-, prived of instruction they hired one. Others came without the knowledge and against the orders of those who would have hindered them, and esforts have been made to make those poor creatures suspect our motives in coming among them. Such conduct as this should be proclaimed from the housetop. On my leaving this morning, the poor Indians came, and in the most affectionate manner bade me farewell. Others were on a small island, and as soon as they saw me in my boat they pushed off their flat, and came to shake hands with me on the water. 27th.-We left Cullingham's Tickle, for the purpose of being at Tub-Island the ensuing Sabbath. We had not, however, gone far before we took the wind a-head, and were under the necessity of bearing away for Mullen's Cove. I was gladly received by Captain
Squires, who conducts the fishing establishment in that place belonging to
Messrs. Codner and Tracey of Newfoundland. 28th.-I visited the Tickle again today, for the purpose of holding prayers. I had a small but mixed congregation. It amounted in number to, thirty-two. Here were thirteen heathens ; eight who had pagan mothers and European fathers, professors of Christianity ; one Baptist; two Catholics; four Episcopalians, and four Methodists. I returned on Sunday evening to Mullen's Cove, to wait the first opportunity for leaving the Bay. 30th.-We sailed to-day for TubIsland. The wind was fair, the weather fine, and the tide favourable, so that we were not long on our voyage. On the way we put into Cuff-Harbour: Mr. Langley, seeing me on my passage, had kindly provided a dinner. Here I baptized a child, belonging to two halfIndians, and then proceeded to TubIsland. Mr.Craze was glad to see me,
and, during my stay, treated me in a manner which has left a strong-impression of esteem on my mind towards him. The weather was now fine, so that curing the fish engaged the whole of the time. As I could not perform divineservice publicly during the week, I determined to spend a Sabbath here. September 4th.--To-day was the Sabbath. I performed divine service twice in Tub-Harbour. Mr. Langley, and the greater part of the Cuff-Harbour people with him, attended the service. I felt much comfort in addressing them from Psalm xcvi. 8, in the morning ; and in the evening from, “And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in His name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.” In the morning my congregation amounted to about fifty, and in the evening to sixty. They were very attentive. Having made such extracts from my journal as I deem in any measure relevant to the purpose of my visit, it may be perhaps necessary that I should say something relative to the propriety of establishing a Mission in EsquimauxBay, in a more direct and regular form. I am persuaded that should a Missionary be sent, the Esquimaux population there willincrease. Those without the Bayof Sandwich will be induced to settle in Esquimaux-Bay on that account. ” One family, the first I fell in with at Batteau, has already gone there: Some will doubtless beinclined to come. from the northward. A Missionary establishment will be an attraction. By the presence and influence of the Missionary, murders will become of rare occurrence; and by enforcing habits of cleanliness and industry, deaths will be less frequent from starvation and disease. But the Missionary's labours will not be confined to the Esquimaux, though these are his principal object. In the Bay of Esquimaux there are of settlers and fishers, during the summer season, probably 200, and almost all of these may receive at least occasional visits from the Missionary. During the summer season the Missionary may profitably share his labours with the visitors, settlers, and Indians of Sandwich-Bay, who, taken together, will amount to at least 500. At Handy-Harbour, Pack's Harbour, Dumpling - Harbour, and PartridgeHarbour, a congregation of from sixty to eighty may be raised on the Sabbathday; and on such days as may be unfavourable for fishing, all the Protestauts present will be able to attend. To this Bay no less than fourteen families, belonging to our congregation at Brigus, go to prosecute the fishery, and ily whom a visit from the Missionary would be gratefully received. This would be the means of removing in some measure what we have long had eccasion to deplore, the want of religious ordinances during the summer, among a considerable portion of the people of our charge. Of the poor Esquimaux it may indeed be said, that they are without God, and without any hope in the world,—even of his existence they have no determinate notion. Those of them who have mingled with the ludians who had visited Hopedale, have some vague idea of the Divine Being, but of any correct notion of his nature and
attributes they are totally destitute. Of
an evil being they have some idea, and this, to say the best of it, is very crude.
Finding that they were in the habit of leaving their implements of labour at the graves of the deceased, I endeavoured to ascertain the reason why this was done, thinking that, like many other tribes of Indians, they designed them to be of use in some separate state. But as far as I could understand them, they think that the deceased will appear again in this world, and pursue their old occupations. But I found it very difficult to discover their meaning. Thus much I clearly understood, that they-suppose the dead to be constantly flying about in the air. They have no forms of religion whatever. . Murder has been very frequent among them, and even to the present often takes place. They believe, that for an Indian to kill an Indian is no crime; but for an Indian to kill a European is not right. I fell in with one man who had killed three females; and you cannot persuade him that in so doing he has acted wrong. But he will, in all probability, find fulfilled in his own experience the truth of that scripture, “With what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you again;" one of the Indians having determined to take his life before the winter be over. He thinks that, by so doing, he will be acting right; nor can he, in his present state of darkness, be convinced of the contrary.
To other vices, the Esquimaux add an excessive love of ardent spirits. Such is their fondness for this injurious superfluity of life, that it stands foremost on their list of wants. Buy from one of these unfortunate beings any article, and ask what he wishes in payment, and he will say rum. Their game, clothing, implements of labour, labour itself, anything, and every thing dis
sable, that they possess, they will [. for rum; nor do they even consider the comparative value of what they sell with what they take. A quart of rum frequently purchases twenty times its value. Conjugal affection among the Esquimaux does not, in my opinion, operate very powerfully under the most favourable circumstances; but I was much pleased, in several instances, to witness the strongest marks of maternal affection and solicitude in the conduct of some of the Esquimaux mothers towards their children. In fact, I never saw in civilized life stronger indicatious of attachment. But I cannot say so much on the behalf of Esquimaux fathers.
Strong as is their inclination to covet what they see, they are houest almost to a proverb. I am persuaded one might leave any thing within their reach without any reason to fear for its safety, and in this respect they are just the reverse of the mountaineers, who will take all they can. But their honesty is no barrier to their taking the advantage, if they can, in making a bargain, though the traffickers are too subtle in general to give them any opportunity of succeeding. They are very hospitable, but one must be satisfied to take the will for the deed, as no taste but an uncommonly vitiated one could relish an Esquimaux delicacy. Yet among themselves one can most distinctly discover the principle. Should one family be more successful than the rest in hunting or fishing, all others are as welcome as themselves to a part. Nor can their benevolence towards each other be exhausted while the seal, the porpoise, or whatever they may have, be it little or much, can furnish them with the means of showing it. Hence, in all their excursions, they take no food. Should they kill anything, they gladly share it with the first they fall in with; should they catch nothing, they dispense with ceremony, and live on the bounty of their neighbours.
Some of them, to avail themselves of being present at our public services, came twenty, and even thirty miles; and at our family services the poor Indians always manifested a desire to be there, which much pleased me. When present they are remarkably attentive. Their faces naturally wear a serious aspect; but in the presence of any one they revere, this is more especially the case. Their countenances seem to be the index of thoughtfulness, mingled with some anxiety. They are very fond of singing, and the females have good voices, low, but very soft
Oct. 4th. Melkshan Branch: Joseph Butterworth, Esq., M.P., in the Chair. Speakers, the Rev. Messrs. Edmondson, Honywill, Bowes, Baker, Squance, Horner, Hawtrey, Newstead, Lomas, and Hatch. Collection, £18.
Oct. 16th. Wednesbury Branch : the Rev. Joseph Entwisle, President of the Conference, in the Chair. Preachers, the Rev. Messrs. Newton and Lord; other Speakers, the Rev. Messrs. Kelk, Chettle, Ranson, Entwisle, jun. ; and Messrs. Whitehead and Read. Collections +:46.6s.
Jan. 2d, 1826. Macclesfield Juvenile Branch : James Heald, Esq., in the Chair. Preachers, the Rev. Messrs. Robinson and Kirk; other Speakers, the Rev. Messrs. Naylor, Armson, Keeling, Roberts, W. M. Bunting, Fisher, Close, and others. Collection", too. 15s.
Jan. 9th. Manchester North Juvenile Society: John Marsden, Esq., in the Chair. Preacher, the Rev. w. M. Bunting; other Speakers, the Rev. Messrs. G. Marsden, Close, R. Wood, Fowler, Waterhouse, Morgan; and Joshua Rea, Robert Henson, and G. R. Chappell, Esqrs., and others' Collection, £31. This Juvenile Society has raised during the past year, since the division of the Circuit, the sum of £435, 19s. 9d.
Jan. 30th. Manchester South Branch and Juvenile Association : Samuel Stocks, Esq., in the Chair. Preachers, the Rev. R. Watson, and D. M'Allum; other Speakers, the Rev. Messrs. Newton, Marsden, J. Bunting, M*Owan, Chambers, W. M. Bunting, and Dr. Bialloblotsky, Prosessor of Divinity in the University of Gottingen.
Feb. 6th. Stockport Branch: George Heald, Esq., in the Chair, in the Asternoon; and James Heald, Esq., in the Evening. Preachers, the Rev. R. Newton, and R. Watson; other Speakers, the Rev. Messrs. G. Marsden, J. Bunting, W. M. Bunting, R. Wood, Keeling, M*Owan, and Rigg. collections not stated. -
ARRIVALS AND RETuRN of MissionAR1ES. We have with great satisfaction received information that Mr. and Mrs. B. Clough and Mr. Hardy have arrived safely in Ceylon, after a pleasant though rather tedious voyage of five months. We have also heard that Mr. Wilkinson has arrived at Belize, in the Bay of Honduras. Mr. Broadbent has arrived from South Africa, having returned dangerously ill.
Contributions. The amount of contributions received by the General Treasurers of the Wesleyan-Methodist Musionary Society, since the 15th of last month, is, £591, 18s. 9d. Among these are the fol
Edinburgh Auxiliary Society in aid of Missions, by Geo. Yule, Esq. 15 0 "
Wol. W. Third Series, MARCH, 1826. Q