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icalled the Spirit in the very next verse. r "Ancj the Spirit of the Elohim moved on the face of the waters.
"In the beginning was the Word," the Son, the second of the distinctions in the Godhead, says St. John, "and the Word was with God,^ the Father, "and was God;" partaking of the divine nature in union with thie Father, John, i. 1,
Is man to be created, these divine subsistences consult together: the Elohim says, Let us make man in our image, and after our likeness: and when man is fallen in attempting to be like the Elohim, God says, "Behold, he is become like one of us—to know good and evil."
Light is thrown upon this mysterious language, lyhere David, speaking of the Son manifested in the flesh, introduces Jehovah as saying to the Messiah, "Thou art my son—this day bave I begotten thee." Struck with the awfulness of this decree, or divine declaration, the psalmist cries out, " serve Jehovah with fear, kiss the Son," give him the kiss of adoration by trusting in him as Jehovah-Saviour, kiss bim, "lest ye perish out of the way" of saving faith, if his wrath, the terrible wrath of the Lamb, described Rev. vi. 16. "be kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their trust in him," Psalm ii. 7, 11,12. And to provethat this Son of Jehovah, whom we are to trust in under pain of destruction, is not a mere man (as Dr. P. supposes,) but the proper son of God, we need only compare with the above, these two scriptures: "Trust ye in the Lord Jehovah, for in him is everlasting strength—Cursed is the man that trustefh in man, and whose heart de^arteth from Jehovah;" Isaiah xxv,i. 4. and JeT. xvii. 5.
Agur had a sight of the mystery revealed in the second psalm, when he asks, " Who hath established the earth? What is his name, and what is his Son'6 name ?" Prov xxx, 4. And that this everlasting Son was, at times, the object of the religious addresses of prophets and kings, appears from these words of the psalmist: "All kings shall fall down before him, and all nations shall serve him," Psalm lxxii. 11. "And worship Him all ye Gods," Psalm xcvii. 7. the very passage to which St. Paul alludes, where he writes, "When God bringeth in his first begotten into the world, he saith, Let all the angels of God worship him," Heb. i. 6.
But what was only on particular occasions taught the prophets, was continually held out to view by the apostles. God the Son, or the Son of God, or God manifested in the flesh is the sum of the New Testament. He plainly spoke of God the Father; and with the blood of human nature, which he assumed for our salvation, he publickly sealed this great truth, lam. the son of God: before Abraham was, I am.
He speaks of his eternal Father, as of his proper and natural Father, with whom he shared divine honors before he appeared upon earth. "And now, 0 Father," says he, "glorify thou me," in my complex nature, "with thine own self," at thy right hand," with the glory which I had with thee before the world was," John xvii. 5. Speaking of his appearance as Son of man, he calls himself both "the Son of God," and "the Son of man, whom God the Father hath sealed," John x, 36, and vi. 87, St. Paid seaks the Same language,
Vvhen he mentions "the church in &od the Father, and in the Lord Jesus Christ," 1 Thess. 1. i. If he wishes peace to the Ephesians, it is " front God the Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ," Eph. vi. 23. If he prays that Titus and Timothy may be filled with grace, he looks up to " God the Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour," Titus i 4. St. Jude salutes those who are "sanctified by God the Father, and preserved in Jesus Christ," Jude ver. 1. St. Peter, full of the glorious idea of the Trinity, writes to them that are "elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ," 1 Peter i. 2 In his second epistle, he adds," We were witnesses of his majesty: For he received from God the Father honor and glory, when there came such a voice from the excellent glory, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased," 2 Peter i. 17. And St. John, who declares, " the Son of God is come, the word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, and we beheld his glory, the glory of the only begotten of the Father."—St. John I say, salutes the elect Lady, by wishing her " mercy from God the Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Father," 2 Johni, 3,—John i. 1. 14.— 1 John v. 20.
It is not possible, that an unprejudiced person should read these srciptures, without being struck with this thought, If the gospel teaches us, that there is in the Godhead One, who is called God the Father, it teaches us, at least indirectly, that there is another,^ho may with propriety be called the only begoum-or proper Son of GodT
a Son by nature, and not barely a son by creation as Adam, or by adoption, as St. Paul and St, John, or by the resurrection from the dead, as those saints who came out of their graves when our great High Priest died to overcome death and the grave. And, therefore, unless the gospel sets before us the most strange temptation to idolatry, (the bare supposition of which is not to be allowed for a moment,) there is in the Godhead a Son, who was in the beginning with God the Father, and who was as truly God with Him, as Isaac the proper son of the man Abraham, was truly man, like his father.
This will appear beyond all doubt, if the reader ■weighs the following scriptural remarks upon our Lord's sonship.
1. Some are the created sons of God, whether they are supernaturally formed out of nothing as as angels, or of pre-existent matter as our first parents: 2. Others are the reputed sons of God, as all those who profess to serve him with filial reverence: 3. Others are the titular sons of God, as all those to whom a share of God's supreme authority has been delegated: 4. Others are (in. ©ne sense) the adopted sons of God, as St. John, and all those who receiving by faith the proper Son, and being led by the spirit, receive the initial adoption—namely, the redemption of their souls: And 5. Others, (as Enoch, Elijah, and the saints who now share in the first resureetion,) being sons of the resureetion, are the adopted sons of God in the full sense of the word; for they have received the (full) adoption,—namely, the redemption of their body, Luke xx. 36. and Rom, viii. 14. 23.
The first and the last of these fiye Uegcees at, sonship, are the mast extraordinary: but neitber is peculiar to our Lord. For, if with respect to his humanity, he was miraculously and supernaturally formed of the substance of his virgin mother, Mary, Adam was thus formed of the substance of our then virgin mother, the earth: And if our Lord burst triumphantly out of the womb of the grave, on the day of his resurection, so had some of the saints done three days before him, when entered as Prince of life into the territories of death: For, when He gave up the ghost, the earth did quake, the rocks rent, the. graves were opened, and many bodies of saints ■which slept arose: And supposing they rose only with him, yet even upon this footing, it could not be said, that, as Son of the resurrection, he is God's only begotten Son, seeing many rose with Jnm, even the multitude of rescued prisoners who graced his triumph, when he ascended upon, high, leading captivity captive. It follows then, that our Lord hath a peculiar and incommunicable Sonship, of which these are some of the. principal characters.
1. Though he is a created Son of God, as well as Adam, with respect to his humanity ; yet, with regard to his superior nature, he is such a Son by whom the Father made the worlds, Heb, i. 2. "The world was made by him:" For " by Him all things were made, and without Him was not any thing made that was made," John i. 3.10. HenceSt.Paul speaking of A dam and ofChrist,says, «' The first man, Adam, was made a living soul; the last Adam a quickening spirit. The first man is of the earth, earthy: but the second man is the Lord from heaven," 1 Cor. xv. 4. 5. 47.