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trict of Barking, the insertion of “ The contrary spirit which is
which in your much-read pages will now, unhappily, abroad, will be
not only be useful to many of your clearly seen under the two following
readers by exhibiting to them the important heads ;- Public-houses,
actual state of the law and the fact, and the general observance of the
but also, I would trust, by the Divine Lord's day.
blessing provoke others to similar Public Houses. - By law, 'AU
good works, and labours of love, in persons selling beer, ale, &c. are
their respective neighbourhoods. liable to different penalties and

The Address is as follows. punishments for disorderly conduct

“We earnestly desire your atten- committed in their houses,—to retion to an important subject, which, main drinking or tippling in an alefrom neglect orother causes, requires house is punishable—and a heavy some notice and interference :-we penalty is laid on any person who allude to the profanation of the keeps any common place of bowling, Lord's day.

quoiting, carding, or any unlawful “No reflecting person can con- mode of gambling. The publican trast the manner in which the is bound by his licence, not to perLord's day is now too generally mit drunkenness or tippling'-not profaned, with that holy reverence to suffer any gaming --Dot to 'per. which ought to distinguish it, with- mit cock-fighting....or any such out feeling, very deeply, the incon- amusements'-not to entertain or sistency there is between our pro- suffer men or women of bad fame, fession as Christians, and our practice or dissolute boys or girls to asas members of society. The office semble in his house-not to open we are entrusted with calls upon us his house, during the hours of divine for a continual watchfulness over service on Sundays-nor to keep the moral and spiritual state of this open his house during late hours of neighbourhood ; and though doubt the night. Upon which it may be less there are many in it who walk observed generally, that there are in the fear of God, yet a closer in- at present, very few, if any public. spection into the habits of the gene- houses in this neighbourhood, which rality, shews a degree of wickedness do not violate in some material which gives us, and must give every point, these necessary regulations. serious Christian, very painful re- General Observance of the Lord's flections. The object we desire by day. — The law enjoins that no this address is, that the godly prac- drover, horse-courser, waggoner, tices of our forefathers should be butcher, higgler, or any of their restored, and adhered to by us their servants, shall travel on the Lord's successors in the faith. And lest day or any part thereof;—that, no any should misunderstand our de- butcher shall kill or sell any victual sign, we desire throughout the fol. on the Lord's day (under a special lowing observations to be guided penalty); and that no goods whatstrictly by the words of the law. ever shall be exposed to sale,-no

“ The general spirit of the laws person shall exercise their ordinary under which we have the happiness callings,-and no workman, lato live, is this,--that · All persons bourer or other, shall exercise any shall on every Lord's day, apply worldly labour on the Lord's day. themselves to the observance of the Selling milk before nine o'clock and the duties of piety and after four ; baking between the religion, publicly and privately...... hours of nine and one, and selling that no persons whatsoever shall ex- some kinds of fish are excepted. ercise their ordinary callings on that “ In opposition to these excellent day, or on any part thereof (works laws, we observe, that drovers with of necessity and charity only except their cattle, dealers, &c. do coned),' on pain of various penalties. stantly profane and disturb the


quiet of the Lord's day, in those Let it not be said we are over-scruvillages which lie on the high roads pulous: the evil has been, and still to London. Butchers do frequently is, a growing and increasing one. kill meat on the Sunday morning : Each abuse in itself may appear their trade is carried on openly till small, but the aggregate presents a a late hour, and privately through high degree of criminality. As the the whole of that day. Blacksmiths case now stands, with a general pro(disregarding the law which limits fession of a Christian observance of them to works only of necessity and the Lord's day, numbers openly alcharity) regularly adopt the Lord's low themselves every liberty which day morning, for arranging a great is right in their own eyes. part of the business of the ensuing “The object of this address is, week-as direct a violation of the to induce you to assist, as far as law of this country and of Almighty your proper weight and influence God as any existing.

extend, in discountenancing and “Barbers also extend their busi- checking these evils. Much may ness through much of the day.- be done in this good cause, by exThe business of baking, within ample, by friendly advice and muthe prescribed hours, is of great tual co-operation. We beseech you utility towards a due observation of to think upon, and act in, this mat

he Lord day ; but opening the ter under a conviction, that for the shop to sell bread, flour, meal, &c. wilful omission of a positive duty, as (a practice much followed), is forbid- well as known violation of a sacred den under the same penalties as in law, we are answerable to the Judge other shops.-Shops in general are of all the earth, who hath commandopen, and trade is carried on, nomi- ed us to keep holy the Sabbath-day. nally till TEN o'clock, but really at “ We call especially on all

hour a customer chooses to call. churchwardens, and all civil and -Fruit, cake, and similar shops, are parochial officers, to do that which, professedly open through the whole by the engagement of a solemn oath, day.-Labourers and workmen are they are bound to do. But we also often much, and unnecessarily em- call upon you, and every inhabitant ployed; and the result of this (with of our villages, to lend your aid. the above evils) is, that, too com- Improvement, to be general, must monly, their observation of the begin in private families. Every Lord's day does not commence un person must be careful that no oftil more than half that day is ex- fence is given by himself. pired. A DAY set apart for rest and “ Let us only call to mind the religious duties, is reduced to a very inconsistency which exists between few hours ! Paying wages on the our devotions and our conduct. Sunday morning, or at such an hour We call the Lord's day · holy' and on the Saturday night as almost to "blessed.' Is holiness consistent with compel the labourer to lay out his such profanation? Can a blessing earnings the next morning, is a be expected when there is so much practice of most pernicious and disobedience? We pray, Thy will reprehensible nature, though unno- be done in earth. Shall we tacitly ticed by the laws.

countenance this open violation of “ If we lay these things together, it? We call this day, a day of restwe cannot but feel that many but assuredly, neither temporal rest among us have gone, and are still can be enjoyed in this life, nor will going, far in iniquity. It is no "the rest which remaineth for the pleasure to expose our disgrace; but people of God' follow hereafter, upit is a duty to endeavour to awaken on any systematic violation of the all to a sense of their actual condi- Lord's day. tion, and to excite them to restore “We conclude, with again bethe purer practices of ancient times. seeching you, to aid in restoring the CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 304.

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better observance of this sacred day, suggested by the circumstance of both by your own domestic arrange the present communication. ments, and by a due use of the in- You have then, Mr. Editor, I fluence you may possess over others. think, one of these minor duties to By no other means can you more perform towards me—that is, if I effectually consult the temporal and have not hitherto written any thing spiritual interests of yourselves and unchristian or impertinent; I mean, of all connected with you. When to see what I have further to say. we look around on the multitudes The conductor of a periodical work, waiting with ourselves for the com- I conceive, is, generally speaking, ing of that Almighty Lord to whom in some degree bound to look at we must give account, and reflect every respectful communication. that many, scarcely knowing what There may be many exceptions they do, may, through our negli- and limitations ; but these you are gence (Ezek. iii, 17, 21), involve better able to state than I am, and themselves in deeper guilt, by con- they will come more properly from tinuing to profane and violate the your pen, should you favour us with Lord's day, we feel compelled to a paper on the duties of corresponrecommend this subject to your dents. In the mean time, I will serious and immediate attention. advert to only one limitation; and “ We are, your faithful will freely own that I am under an

servants and pastors, obligation corresponding to the (Signed) H. C. Jones, Westham; duty which I suppose to be im

I. W. Burford, Westham; R. Col. posed upon you. In whatever delett, Little Ilford ; G. I. Brookes, gree your are bound to read, so far Eastham; 0. Lodge, Barking; am I bound to be readable. By W. Gilly, Wanstead; G. R. Gray, this I only mean to write legibly, Woodford; W. Wilson, Waltham- for as to writing in a fine style, it stow ; M. Terrington, Waltham- is more than you can expect from stow; B. Nicholls, Walthamstow; every body; and after all, who is to C. H. Laprimaudaye, Leyton; G. settle the matter of fact, if you and Hughes, Leyton ; J. C. Wigram, your correspondent should disagree Leyton."

as to this quality of his perfomance ?

But really the matter of legibility

appears to me to deserve more atTothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. tention than is now commonly be

stowed upon it, and in former days It has often struck me, that it would it received more. The biographer be a public service if yourself, Mr. of Bishop Smyth (one of the most Editor, or some of your correspon- learned prelates of our church, and dents, would give a series of papers one of the translators of the Bible,) on what I have been accustomed to does not think it beneath him to call “ minor morals;" I mean those record his lordship’s “ dexterous imperfect obligations, if I may so use of his pen, wherein he came call them, which most persons not short even of professors themreadily admit to be obligations, but selves in that faculty ;” and these are too apt to violate because they “ professors” seem to have been are imperfect. A moment's reflec- no inconsiderable persons even in tion will bring to the mind of my much later times. In fact, bad readers a variety of things, which, writing among educated people is, though not subjects of ethical, I think, in some sort a new fashion; moral, or religious instruction, are for I seldom see a manuscript nevertheless acknowledged as pro- fifty years old, that is not more per to be done, or avoided. To legible than many which daily illustrate my meaning, I will give come before me. I have met with an instance; selecting a simple one, men who were fascinating and instructive in conversation, in the than the Lord Chancellor, some of pulpit, at the bar, or in print, but whose neat legible writing now lies who were, in manuscript, scarcely before me. The excuse only shews legible; and who, however they that he does not take advantage of might edify mankind by other the great opportunities which he means, sadly perplex all about has for learning to write well. I them with their unnatural crypto- myself have been writing almost grams. To hear them speak or to ever since I was born ; and though read their books was delightful; but I have no reason to boast of my of their letters one could only say, penmanship, yet I am sure that it Has quidem pol, credo, nisi Sibylla legerit has been all that time improving, Interpretari alium potesse neminem. and it would be strange indeed, if

To those who have never been in this art alone much practice led sufficiently engaged in business to to bad execution. Does not the know the delay, the inconvenience, apologist really mean something of and the error which frequently arise this sort—that when a man has from bad writing, (especially in the much of any business to perform, case of those whose circumstances or wishes it to be thought that he require them' to correspond with has, he is privileged to do it carestrangers,) it may not be possible lessly? If he find any thing like to give any very strong view of the this lurking in his private feelings, subject. Thanks to the sagacity let him take it in its naked form of our post-office establishment, few and apply it to his own conscience, letters go wrong; yet I saw one the by which, I doubt not, it will be other day which had been mis- properly answered. carried, because the postmaster of

2. “ But I write only for myself, the town where the writer resides and what I write is not worth any (and who is of course used to his body's reading.You cannot always mode of franking-I hardly dare write for yourself; and the bad habit call it writing,) had very pardonably encouraged in writing for yourself, mistaken a capital G for a capital will infallibly lead to your writing N. Writers indeed generally take illegibly for others. The second care to make the direction plain if part may be very true; but your possible, forgetting that it is of hapless friend may not find it out little use for a man to receive a without a world of trouble; and you letter which he cannot read; and have no right to make him pay so that if, as has been judiciously ob- dearly for such a discovery. served, “ the inside of a letter is the People who write well themcream of the correspondence,” some selves, may talk thus ; but all persons means ought to be taken to prevent are not equally skilful in the use of its being turned sour by the wry their fingers. This is perfectly faces of the reader.

true; and it leads to very singular However, sir, I think all your modes of handwriting, but by no readers will admit that it really is a means necessarily to illegible writing. duty, though a minor one, to write I have the pleasure to know two legibly; and therefore, instead of men, each eminent in his proattempting to prove this, I will, fession, who have always appeared with your leave, address a few words to me peculiarly defective in mato those who make excuses for not nual dexterity; and when they take performing it.

a pen in their hands, they remind 1. I have so much writing to me of a school-boy scoring his get through.That is a sufficient pewter plate with his fork. Yet I reason for not writing German text; scarcely know two men who write but no reason at all for writing ille- more legibly. Let my reader keep gibly. I dare say the apologist has in mind that I am not pleading for not more business on his hands fine writing, but only for legibility,

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The difference is great. I suppose quate sums of money, find it necesthat if all “the wealth of nations sary to employ competent agents to had been offered to Adam Smith, visit their Christian brethren in difhe could not have written so beau- ferent parts of our own country, and tifully as Bishop Smyth ; and yet I to communicate to them in person, can testify that the minute and ex- an account of the progress of the quisite writing of the prelate is pain- Gospel in distant lands. But these ful to the eye, while the square stub-agents cannot travel in England bed character of the political econo- without great experience; and the mist is as legible as five-line pica. expense thus incurred is no small · I am ashamed to see the length deduction from the funds of our to which I have run. I had in. respective societies. Considering tended to say a word on crossed then that religious persons in afletters, or those cryptograms which fuent circumstances, are in this are formed by writing over a sheet highly favoured country to be of paper in every direction; but I met with in every direction, and alam glad to be prevented from en- most in every place, it is evident tering on what is, for some reasons, that ample occasion is afforded for a delicate subject. When you write the exercise of a truly primitive on the duties of correspondents, I hospitality; and it is highly gratifybeg you not to be severe on those ing to see, as we do, this hospitality, who have the misfortune to be in conjunction with brotherly love, prolix, and to believe me

manifested to a very considerable Your respectful reader, extent: for the zealous advocates of SCRIBONIUS LARGUS. the cause of Christ, go where they

will, find, I believe, a hearty welcome on the part of their Christian

brethren; and that even in cases Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. where no previous acquaintance subIt appears that at the first pro- sisted. But may I be allowed to mulgation of the Gospel, the Apo- suggest, whether this very pleasing stles and other preachers of it, whose principle of hospitality and love, pecuniary resources must have been might not be still further brought very small, were “ brought forward into exercise with much saving in on their journey” by the churches, a pecuniary point of view to our or individual Christians, whom they societies ? Why should not our visited. The hospitality and aid Christian travellers ordinarily sleep thus afforded to faithful evange at the houses of their friends, inlists, are in the sacred writings much stead of incurring expense by takcommended and enjoined. In the ing up their abode at public inns? present day, missionaries, when they Might they not also more frequently are in foreign countries, and fall in than at present be * brought on with Protestant and enlightened their way” to a neighbouring point Christians, usually experience à of destination free of expense? The hospitable reception; and the re- agent of Christian charity ought mittance to the missionaries in not to feel the same delicacy in ao foreign countries of money raised cepting offers of this kind, which he by our societies from the church would experience were he travelling at home, bears a resemblance to on his own account ; for m his case what was no doubt common in the the kindness shewn is for the sake of days of the Apostles, and of which the Master in whose cause he is we have a particular instance in the employed, and the pecuniary adcase of the Philippians, who on vantage accrues not to himself, but several occasions sent a supply for to the cause of charity. A material the necessities of St. Paul. But diminution of the home experxses our societies, in order to raise ade- of most of our religious institutions

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