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may be avoided or performed by others, according to the duty of their places a.
8. That in what is commanded to others, we are bound, according to our places and callings, to be helpful to them b; and to take heed of partaking with others in what is forbidden theme
Q. 100. What special things are we to consider in the ten commandments.
4. We are to consider, in the ten commandments, the preface, the substance of the commandments themselves, and several reasons annexed to sume of them, the more to enforce them.
Q. 101. What is the preface to the ten commandments ?
A. The preface to the ten commandments is contained in these words, I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondaged Wherein God manifesteth his sovereigntv, as being JEHOVAH, the eternal, immutable, and almighty God e; having his being in and of himself', and giving being to all his words 8 and works b; and that he is a God in covenant, as
a Exod. xx. 10. But the seventh 7. And thou shalt teach them diligento day is the sabbath of the Lord thy ly unto thy children, and shalt talk of God: in it thou shalt not do any work, them when thou sittest in thine house, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, and when thou walkest by the way, thy man-servant, nor thy maid-ser- and when thou liest down, and when vant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger thou risest up. that is within thy gates. Lev. xix. b 2 Cor. i. 24. Not for that we 17. Thou shalt not hate thy brother have dominion over your faith, but in thine heart : thou shalt in any wise are helpers of your joy : for by faith rebuke thy neighbour, and not suffer ye stand. sin upon him. Gen. xviii. 19. For I c1 Tim. v. 22. Lay hands suddenly know him, that he will command his on no man, neither be partaker of children and his household after him,, other men's sins : keep thyself pure. and they shall keep the way of the Eph. v. 11. And have no fellowship Lord, to do justice and judgment: with the unfruitful works of darkness, that the Lord may bring upon Abra- but rather reprove them. ham that which he hath spoken of 101. d. Exod. xx. 2. him. Josh. xxiv. 15. And if it seem e Isa. sliv. 6. Thus saith the Lord, evil unto you to serve the Lord, the King of Israel, and his Redeemer choose you this day whom ye will the Lord of hosts, I am the first, and serve ; whether the gods which your I am the last, and besides me there is fathers served, that were on the other no god. side of the flood, or the gods of the f Exod. ii. 14. And God said unto Amorites, in whose land ye dwell: Moses, I'AM THAT I AM: and but as for me and my house, we will he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the serve the Lord. Deut vi. 6. And children of Israel, I M hath sent these words, which I command thee me unto you. this day, shall be in thine heart: Ver. & Exod. vi. 3. And I appeared un
with Israel of old, so with all his people i ; who, as he brought them out of their bondage in Egypt, so he delivereth us from our spiritual thraldom k ; and that therefore we are bound to take him for our God alone, and to keep all his commandments
Q. 102. What is the sum of the four commandments which contain our duty to God?
A. The sum of the four commandments containing our duty to God, is, to love the Lord our God with all our heart, and with all our soul, and with all our strength, and with all our miod m.
Q. 103. Which is the first commandment ?
A. The first cominandment is, Thou shak have no other gods before 'me n.
Q. 104. What are the duties required in the first commandment?
A. The duties required in the first commandment are, the knowing and acknowledging of God to be the only true God, and our Godo; and to worship and glorify him acto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto in all manner of conversation; Ver. Jacob, by the name of God Almighty, 16. Because it is written, Be ye holy, but by my name JEHOVAH was I for I am holy. Ver. 17. And if ye not known to them.
call on the Father, who without reb Acts xvii. 24. God, that made spect of persons judgeth according to the world, and all things therein, see every man's work, pass the time of ing that he is Lord of heaven and your sojourning here in fear Ver. earth, dwelleth not in temples made 18. Forasmuch as ye know that ye with hands : Ver. 28. For in him we were not redeemed with corruptible live, and move, and have our being; things, as silver and gold, from your as certain also of your own poets have vain conversation received by tradisaid, For we are also his offspring. tion from your fathers. Lev, xviii.
i Gen. xvii. 7. And I will establish 30. Therefore shall ye keep mine ormy covenant between me and thee, dinance, that ye commit not any one and thy seed after thee, in their gene- of these aboninable customs, which rations, for an everlasting covenant ; were committed before you, and that to be a God unto thee, and to thy ye defile not yourselves therein: I am seed after thee. Compared with Rom. the Lord your God. Lev. xix. 37. iii. 29. Is he the God of the Jews on Therefore shall ye observe all my stat. ly? is he not also of the Gentiles? utes, and all my judgments, and do Yes, of the Gentiles also.
them: I am the Lord k Luke i. 74 That he would grant 102 m Luke x.21And he answer. unto us, that we, being delivered out ing, said Thou shalt love the Lord of the hands of our enemies, might thy God with all thy heart, and with serve him without fear, Ver 75. In all thy soul, and with all thy strength, holiness and righteousness before him, and with all thy mind; and thy neighall the days of our life.
bour as thyself. 11 Pe. i. 15. But as he which 103. n Exod. xx. 3. hath called you is holy, so be ye holy, 104.o 1 Chron. xxviii. 9. And thou,
cordingly, by thinking”, meditating", remembering', highly esteeming , honouring", adoring", choosing, loving ý, desiring?, fearing of him a ; believing him b; trusting Solomon my son, know thou the God Creator in the days of thy youth, of thy father, and serve him with a while the evil days come not, nor the perfect heart and with a willing mind: years draw nigh, when thou shalt say, for the Lord searcheth all hearts, and I have no pleasure in them. understandeth all the imaginations of t Psal. lxxj. 19. Thy righteousness the thoughts: if thou seek him, he also, O God, is very high, who hast will be found of thee; but if thou for- done great things: O God, who is like sake him, he will cast thee off for ever. unto thee? Deut. xxvi. 17. Thou hast avouched u Mal. i. 6. A son honoureth his the Lord this day to be thy God, and father, and a servant his master : if to walk in his ways, and to keep his , then I be a father, where is mine hostatutes, and his commandments, and nour ? and if I be a master, where is his judgments, and to hearken unto my fear? saith the Lord of hosts unto his voice. Isa. xliii. 10. Ye are my you, O priests, that despise my name. witnesses, saith the Lord, and my w Isa. xlv. 23. I have sworn by myservant whom I have chosen ; that self, the word is gone out of my mouth ye may know and believe me, and un in righteousness, and shall not return, derstand that I am he: before me That unto me every knee shall bow, there was no god formed, neither every tongue shall swear. shall there be after me. Jer. xiv. 22. x Josh. xxiv. 15. And if it seem Are there any among the vanities of evil unto you to serve the Lord, choose the Gentiles that can cause rain? or you this day whom ye will serve ; can the heavens give showers ? Art whether the gods which your fathers not thou he, O Lord our God ? there- served, that were on the other side of fore we will wait upon thee; for thou the flood, or the gods of the Amohast made all these things.
rites, in whose land ye dwelt: but as p Psal. xcv. 6. O come, let us wor- for me and my house, we will serve ship and bow down; let us kneel be- the Lord. Ver. 22 And Joshua said fore the Lord our Maker. Ver. 7. unto the people, Ye are witnesses a. For he is our God, and we are the gainst yourselves, that ye have chopeople of his pasture, and the sheep of sen you the Lord, to serve him. And his hand. Matt, iv. 10. Then saith they said, We are witnesses. Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Sa. y Deut. vi. 5. And thou shalt love tan: for it is written, Thou shalt wor the Lord thy God with all thine heart, ship the Lord thy God, and him only and with all thy soul, and with all shalt shou serve. Psal. xxix. 2. Give thy night. unto the Lord the glory due unto his 2 Psal. lxxiii. 25. Whom have I name; worship the Lord in the beau. in heaven but thee? and there is none ty of holiness.
upon earth that I desire besides thee. q Mal. iii. 16. Then they that fear a Isa. viji. 13. Sanctify the Lord of ed the Lord spake often one to ano
hosts himself, and let him be your ther, and the Lord hearkened and fear, and let him be your dread. heard it ; and a book of remembrance b Exod. xiv. 31. And Israel saw was written before him for them that that great work which the Lord did feared the Lord, and that thought up- upon the Egyptians ; and the people on his name.
feared the Lord, and believed the Psal. Ixiii. 6. When I remember Lord, and his servant Moses thee upon my bed, and meditate on c Isa. xxvi 4. Trust ye in the Lord thee in the night-watches.
for ever: for in the Lord JEHOVAH s Eccl. xii. 1. Remember now thy is everlasting strength.
hoping", delighting, rejoicing in him; being zealous for him &; calling upon him, giving all praise and thanks 5, and yielding all obedience and submission to him with the whole mani; being careful in all things to please him, and sorrowful when in any thing he is offended!; and walking humbly with him m.
Q. 105. What are the sins forbidden in the first commandment?
A. The sins forbidden in the first commandment are, Atheism, in denying, or not having a God"; Idolatry, in having or worshipping more gods than one, or any with or instead of the true God; the not having and avouching
d Psal. cxxx. 7. Let Israel hope in keep his commandments, and do those the Lord : for with the Lord there is things that are pleasing in bis sight. mercy, and with him is plenteous re i Jer. xxxi. 18. I have surely heard idemption.
Ephraim bemoaning himself thus, e Psal. xxxvii. 4. Delight thyself Thou hast chastised me, and I was also in the Lord, and he shall give chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed thee the desires of thine heart. to the yoke: turn thou me, and I shall
f Psal. xxxii. 11. Be glad in the be'turned; for thou art the Lord my Lord, and rejoice, ye righteous ; and God. Psal. cxix. 136. Rivers of waters shout for joy, all ye that are upright run down mine eyes; because they in heart
keep not thy law. & Rom. xii. 11. Not slothful in m Micah vi. 8. He hath shewed business; fervent in spirit; serving the thee, O man, what is good ; and what Lord. Compared with Num. xxv. 11. doth the Lord require of thee, but to Phinehas the son of Eleazar, the son do justly, and to love mercy, and to of Anron the priest, hath turned my walk humbly with thy God? wrath away from the children of I's. 105. n Psal. xiv. 1. The fool hath rael, (while he was zealous for my said in his heart, There is no God : sake among them,) that I consumed they are corrupt, they have done abonot the children of Israel in my jea- minable works, there is none that dolousy,
eth good. Eph. ii. 12. That at that b Phil. iv. 6. Be careful for no- time ye were without Christ, being thing: but in every thing by prayer aliens from the commonwealth of Is. and supplication with thanksgiving; rael, and strangers from the covenants let your requests be made known un of promise, having no hope, and withto God.
out God in the world. i Jer. vii. 23. But this thing com o Jer. ii. 27. Saying to a stock, Thou manded I them, saying, Obey my art my father; and to a stone, Thou voice, and I will be your God, and ye hast brought me forth : for they have shall be my people : and walk ye in all turned their back unto me, and not the ways that I have commanded you, their face: but in the time of their that it may be well unto you. James trouble they will say, Arise, and save iv. 7. Submit yourselves therefore to us. Ver. 28 But where are thy gods God; resist the devil, and he will flee that thou hast made thee? let them
arise, if they can save thee in the time & 1 John iii. 22. And whatsoever of thy trouble : for according to the we ask, we receive of him, because we number of thy cities are thy gods, O
him for God, and our God P; the omission or neglect of any thing due to him, required in this commandment"; ignorance", forgetfulness *, misapprehensions , false opinions unworthy and wicked thoughts of him ; bold and curious searching into his secrets *; all protaneness, hatred of God? ; self-love", self-seeking, and all other inordinate and immoderate setting of our mind, will, or affections upon other things, and taking them off from him in whole or in
Judah. Compared with 1 Thes. j. 9. + Acts xvii, 23. For as I passed by; For they themselves shew of us what and beheld your deyotions, i found an manner of entering in we had unto aliar with this inscription, TO THE you, and how ye turned to God from UNKNOWN GOD. Whom there idols, to serve the living and true God. fore ye ignorantly worship, him des
p Psal. lxxxi. 11. But my people clare I unto you. Ver. 29. Forasmuch would not hearken to my voice; and then as we are the offspring of God, Israel would none of me.
we ought not to think that the God. 2 Isa. xliii. 22. But thou hast not head is like unto gold, or silver, sor called upon me, O Jacob, but thou stone, graven by art and man's device. hast been weary of me, O Israel, Ver. u Isa. xl. 18. To whom then will ye 23. Thou hast not brought me the liken God ? or what likeness wilt ye small cattle of thy burnt-offerings, nei compare unto him! ther hast thou honoured me with thy w Psal. l. 21. These things hast sacrifices. I have not caused thee to thou done, and I kept silence; thou serve with an offering, nor wearied thoughtest that I was altogether such thee with incense. Ver. 24. Thou hast an one as thyself; but I will reprove bought me no sweet cane with money, thee, and set them in order before neither hast thou filled me with the fat thine eyes. of thy sacrifices : but thou hast made · » Deut. xxix. 29. The secret things me to serve with thy sins, thou hast belong unto the Lord our God; but wearied me with thine iniquities. those things which are 'revealed be.
Jer. iv. 22. For my people is fool- long unto us, and to our children for ish, they have not known me; they are ever, that we may dp all the words of sottish children, and they have none this law. understanding; they are wise to do y Tit. i. 16. They profess that evil, but to do good they have not they know God; but in works they knowledge. Hos: iv. 1. Hear the word deny him, being abominable, and disa of the Lord, ye children of Israel : for obedient, and unto every good work the Lord hath a controversy with the reprobate. Heb. xii. 16. Lest there inhabitants of the land, because there be any fornicator, or profane person, is no truth, nor mercy, nor knowledge as Esau, who for one morsel of meat of God in the land. Ver, 6. My peo- sold his birth-right..?"* ple are destroyed for lack of know z Rom. i. 30. Backbiters, haters of ledge: because thou hast rejected God, despiteful, proud, boasters.knowlege, I also will reject thee, that a 2.Tim. iii. 2. For men shall be thou shalt be no priest to me :' seeing lovers of their ownselves, covetous, thou hast forgotten the law of thy boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobe God; I will also forget thy children, dient to parents, unthankful, unholy:
Jer. ii. 32. Can a maid forget her 6 Phil. ii. 21. For all seek their own, ornaments, or a bride her attire? yet not ther things which are Jesus my people have forgotten me days Christ's... without number.