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anxiously turned towards the fort of things, and to warn him to guard of Phillour, some twenty-four miles the bridge of boats across the Sutlej off, on the banks of the Sutlej.* To with some of the 9th Irregular Cathrow into it a small force of Euro- valry, in case the Sepoys attempted peans, and thus rescue it from the to seize or destroy it. hands of the native guard who now Such were the precautions taken at held it, was the first care. It was Jullundhur for securing Phillour: the at once decided to send off a small measures adopted for the security of body that night, who, by a forced Jullundhur itself, and the peace of march, might take the guard by sur- the town and district, were equally prise, and forestall any of their mutin- prompt and vigorous. The cantonment ous designs, without having raised at that time contained one troop (1st any suspicion of the movement. At troop of 1st Brigade) of Horse Artilsunset that evening 150 men of the lery, under Major Olpherts (Major 8th under Major Baines, two horse- J. Brind commanding the 'Artilartillery guns, with spare men and lery division); H. M.'s 8th Foot, horses, under Lieutenants Sankey under Colonel Longfield, Colonel and Dobbin, and a small detachment Hartley acting as brigadier; the 6th of the 2d Punjab Cavalry under Light Cavalry, under Major N. D. Lieutenant Probyn (which regiment Barton; the 36th N. I., under Caphappened to be passing through Jul- tain S. B. Faddy; and the 61st N. I. lundhur), were despatched, and en- under Major J. C. Innes. The Cavtered the fort at Phillour before day- alry lines were at the extreme right light the next inorning, having of cantonments; next to them cane marched the twenty-four miles with the Artillery, with the 36th N. I. comout a single halt. The guns and caval- pleting the line ; and the European ry, which had only been sent as escort barracks at right angles forming the on the road, and with a view to being left flank, while the lines of the 61st used for the recovery of the fort in N. I. were on the opposite side of the event of its having been seized the station. The first step taken by the Sepoys, were at once sent was to send 100 men of H. M.'s Sth back with fifty of the Europeans to to the Artillery lines, for the greater guard the guns, 100 having been left protection of the guns; and when to hold the fort ; and Lieutenant the additional guns from Phillour Dobbin, with some spare gunners came in, two of them were sent down and horses, also remained to work a to the European barracks. The office couple of guns“ in the open,” if ne- of the electric telegraph was removed cessary; four additional 6-pounders from the 61st lines, and carried into were also taken out of the fort-stores, one of the Artillery barracks. The and were carried back to Jullundhur. guns were disposed in perfect readi
Earlier in the day, a measure scarce- ness at a moment's notice. Two of ly less important for the safety of Phil- them were pointed so as to command lour had been adopted. Mr Brown, the Cavalry parade, two more to the superintendent of telegraphs in sweep that of the 36th N. I., while that district, started off in an express the rest remained in position on their mail-cart, carrying with him com- own ground.t A party of mounted plete apparatus for opening a signal- artillerymen patrolled the station at ling-office inside the fort. A mes- night. Major J. Brind, who undersenger was also despatched to Loo- took to act as permanent station diana to apprise Mr G. Ricketts, the field-officer, was indefatigable, visitDeputy Commissioner, of the state ing the different parts of the station
* Of the great value and importance of this fort an account will be given in speaking of it subsequently.
+ Against this arrangement of the guns an appeal was made by the Sepoys through their officers, as reflecting on their stanchness ; but Major Olpherts par. ried the charge, by observing that some of the guns pointed also to the Artillery barracks, and their position remained unaltered. Horses were traced to two of the limbers of the guns all night, and were kept harnessed during the day in their lines.
at all hours of the day and night. the first discovery of this, and of the Major Olpherts and his subalterns tidings from Julsundhur, the Rajah passed the night at their guns, and at once broke up his camp, and during the day one officer and half marched straight into Jullundhur. In the men were always on duty. Colo- the mean time two guns and some 500 nel Hartley and his staff slept at the men had come in from Kupoorthulla, Artillery orderly-room. The ladies and had been posted by Captain Farand families belonging to the 8th rington over the different public Queen's moved down for the night buildings, the treasury, jail, &c., so to one of the barracks vacated for as to act in any sudden emergency. them, and the other ladies and fami- The Rajah had no sooner reached lies of the station were accommo- Jullundhur, than he made over to dated in the Artillery schoolroom Captain Farrington all the troops and library.*
that had been attending him, and Such were the chief measures by by every means in his power strengthwhich the peace of the station was ened the hands of Government. secured. They were enough to As much mention will be made of show the Sepoys how little they were the unwavering, unflinching course trusted, and what awaited them if pursued by this Rajah in a late they rose.
period, it may be interesting to The care of the Civil lines, with notice briefly his origin and personal the public buildings, and the peace of character. the town, were in Captain Farring- Rundheer Sing Alloowalla is the ton's hands. His first hope lay in grandson of Futteh Sing (of that ilk), the Rajah of Kupoorthulla, Rund- who held so conspicuous a position
a heer Sing Alloowalla, whose territory among the Sikh sirdars in the earlier lies between Jullundhur and the river years of Runjeet Sing. He it was Beas. The Rajah was at the time with whom the future Maharajah absent on a pilgrimage to Hurdwar; exchanged turbans in token of unbut his Vakeel was quickly with
was quickly with dying friendship, and who, conCaptain Farrington, and ready to jointly with (then) Sirdar Runjeet carry out his wishes, in anticipation Sing, signed the treaty of 1806. of his master's sanction and approval. The friendship between the "turban The Rajah had, however, that very brothers,” so solemnly sealed, saved day arrived at Phillour on his return, the independence of the Alloowalla and here his Vakeel met him with Misl, when all the others were abthe tidings of the Delhi outbreak, and sorbed by the "Lion of the Punjab”
“ the Deputy Commissioner's applica- into the great Sikh kingdom. The tion for aid. No sooner had the son of Futteh Sing, however, fared Rajah arrived at Phillour than sedi- worse. In the intrigues of 1845 he tious emissaries of the 3d N. I., quar- was believed to have played false to tered there, got into his camp, and the English Government; and in began to tamper with his men. On
consequence, with other Rajahs of
* Mrs Fagan (the wife of Captain R. C. Fagan of the Artillery, Engineer officer at Jullundhur) was, it is believed, the single exception; she did not once sleep out of her house. Her calmness and presence of mind on the night of the outbreak will be spoken of hereafter.
* One minor precaution, perhaps not generally known, may be here noticed. The Cavalry lines are, as has been mentioned, on the extreme right, with the Artil. lery lines next to them, separated from each other by a broad roadway, which runs across the station, leading to the Civil lines. It was felt to be by no means an improbable maneuvre that the cavalry, whenever they might rise, would charge the guns in flank. To prevent this was a great object. One suggestion was to cut a deep trench alongside the road, another to set up chevaux-de-frise, but either of these, while shutting out the cavalry, would also have shut in the guns on that side. The following simple plan was adopted : heaps of kunker (small stones of lime formation used for metalling roads in India) were laid at irregular distances on either side the road. Between these heaps the guns could very easily move out, but they presented a formidable obstacle to a charge of cavalry.
Roopur, Ludwa, &c., whose estates was left wholly in the hands of the were partly confiscated, and their Sepoy guard, consisting of one civil powers greatly reduced, he too coinpany of the N. 1. regiment was shorn of territory and authority. quartered in the cantonments. To On the annexation of the Jullundhur occupy it with a European guard Doab by the English in 1846, the was of the first importance. LieuAlloowalla Rajah was deprived of tenant Hildebrand had been deall his possessions south of the spatched from Lahore with a reserve Sutlej, and only allowed to retain company of artillery ; but he was that portion lying along the Beas, of detained at Umritsur to meet the which Kupoorthulla is the capital. necessities of Govindgurh. In the Hence the title of Alloowalla, meanwhile similar provision, though though allowed by courtesy, is al- on a much larger scale, was being most lost in that of Kupoorthulla. made at Jullundhur, The present Rajah is quite a young The Phillour authorities were in man, about six-and-twenty ; he suc- happy ignorance of the impending ceeded his father about five years danger, until the despatch, brought ago. He is one of the finest speci- by Mr Brown of the telegraph demens of a native chief. With the partment, disclosed the critical posimanly bearing and address of a Sikh tion of the fort. Colonel Butler, noble he combines a general intelli- commanding the 3d N. I., took such gence far beyond his class, and a precautions as he could for the deep sympathy with English modes peace of the station, while Lieuof life and thought. To this com- tenant Griffith, the Commissary of bination of interest in the British Ordnance, applied himself to secure Government and influence over his the fort. The telegraphic wire, own people, we mainly owe the peace which passed at a short distance of the town and district of Jul- outside the walls, was brought by lundhur. Most warmly does Captain connecting-wires into Mr Griffith's Farrington acknowledge the value private ottice, and within four hours of his presence and co-operation in of Mr Brown's arrival, the whole the hour of danger.
apparatus was in working order ; It remains to tell how the precau- and the first message from Jultions taken at Jullundhur for the lundhur brought the welcome tidings safety of the fort of Phillour were that a strong European force was met and seconded by the authorities hastening to their assistance. To there. It has been already shown keep the fort safe only for that that the safety of this fort was not night was now the great object-with lost sight of, either in the Lahore or the dawn they hoped for succour, Jullundhur councils. The real im- with which they could defy three portance of Phillour consisted not so times the number of natives that much in the vast supplies of mu- could attack them. At sunset the nitions of war which it contained, fort-gate was closed ; all egress per
1 though only a second-class arsenal, emptorily forbidden, lest the susbut in its commanding position, in a picions of the Sepoys in the station military point of view. Standing on should be aroused. A light fieldthe right bank of the Sutlej, in the piece (6-pounder) was brought dowu direct line of the grand trunk-road, and planted inside the fort so as to it is the “key of the Punjab.” To command the gateway, loaded with have lost it at this crisis would have grape, and port-fire burning. Lieubeen indeed a heavy blow, and its tenant Griffith, with the whole of safety became a paramount object. his European subordinates, conIts unguarded condition enhanced ductors, and sergeants, only eight in the danger-not a European ever number, stood at it all night, eagerly slept within its walls! When the watching for the arrival of the lookmagazine officer and his subordi- ed-for
Thus passed the nates, at the close of their day's anxious hours of that night. The work, passed out for their homes in day had not yet dawned when the the adjoining cantonment, the fort Europeans arrived ; the gate was
quickly opened to welcome them; the mutinous regiments of the Punand to the utter dismay of the Sepoy jab! guard, the European soldiers relieved Thus did the morning of the 13th the sentries, and the fort was safe! of May see the forts of Lahore, Within eight-and-forty hours of that Ferozepore, Umritsur, and Phillour, time (as has been since discovered) rescued out of the hands of the Poor-on the morning of the 15th of May beahs! Their mine of treason was --the fort was to have been quietly not to explode till the 15th ; our taken possession of by the 3d N. I., counter-mine was fired two days and to become the rendezvous for all before, and the Punjab was saved !
À FAMILIAR EPISTLE FROM MR JOHN COMPANY TO MR JOIN BULL.
LEADENIALL STREET, January 1858. MY DEAR JOHN,—You are angry you ought to have known before with me—you have said some hard that the storm was coming, and you things of me-you are preparing to ought to have been prepared to meet strike me. “Strike; but hear! it. Brother, brother! I am afraid
There has been a great calamity in that we are neither of us prophets. India. A terrible misfortune has You must forgive me if I sometimes overtaken us. Yes, John, your sons resort to that vulgar figure of speech and brothers, your daughters and known as the “tu quoque.” It does your sisters, have been cruelly mur- not make me really better to prove dered or foully outraged. Atrocities, that you are worse; but
weak which the soul sickens to contemplate, mortals like ourselves, John, are only have been perpetrated by my soldiers. good or bad by comparison ; and as
; Į have never spoken lightly of the you—just as if your hands were not · burden of suffering and sorrow which full enough already—are talking
has descended upon your people. about taking my business out of my Heaven knows how sorely I have hands, and doing it yourself, I may grieved for them. I have seen the just ask you whether you were preblack robes and the pale sorrowing pared for war when you found yourfaces of wives and mothers mourning self compelled to put forth all your for those who are not; and though I strength against Nicholas of Russia ; cannot bring back the dead, I have whether you had the least expectation tried to comfort the living; and I a year before that your old and holy believe that, at least in some cases, ally would behave himself so shamemy efforts have not been vain. Sayfully towards you? Why, it is not what you like of me, John, but do long since you “pampered and petnot say that I have made light of this ted” the padded Autocrat, and were in great trouble. We do not mourn in ecstasies with his “mild eyes sackcloth and ashes nowadays. But his gorgeous race-cups.
You “did we go about our work, for work not think he would ha' done it,” must be done, with heavy hearts; and John. I know you did not. Well, are not the less stricken because we there is no harm in confessing that do not lift up our voices in loud I did not think that my Sepoys lamentation after the manner of a would have done it. If I had Greek chorus.
thought it, you may be sure I Yes, John, you may make the most should have prepared myself better of it-paint it in its blackest colours for the crisis. I repeat that we are --proclaim it in the strongest words neither of us prophets. But if I did
-no fear that I will gainsay you. not know in 1856 that my Sepoy No one ought to know, no one does army would in 1857 be all in a blaze of know, so well as I, the full extent mutiny, I am certain that they did not of the calamity. “True,” you say; know it a jot better themselves. You “but it is little use to know it now; know the story of the gentleman who
reared and kept a tame tiger. He against your selfishness, and declared fed it well with mild diet--with milk- that I could not trust my native and-bread and biscuits, but no flesh : army, you would have jeered at my he treated it kindly, gave the beast a weak nerves, at my hypochondriac warm place on his rug, and it licked fears, and declared that there was his hand as a cat would, and was long no danger, except in my own diseased every bit as gentle. One day, you imagination. Nay, John, you would know, the master had cut his finger, have told me (for you wanted your and had put a piece of sticking-plas- own soldiers then) that if I could ter over the wound ; and when the not defend the country with my animal licked his hand as usual, the Sepoys, it had better be abandoned adhesive plaster was removed, the altogether, for that you could never wound opened, and the beast tasted divert the strength of your army blood. Forthwith it set up a growl from its proper uses—the defence of of terrible significance—the savage Great Britain, and the maintenance instincts of the flesh-eater had been of her position in Europe. It always suddenly awakened; all past kind- has been so. You have lent me your ness was forgotten; the gentle, tract- troops freely, when I have not wanted able, domestic habits of the faithful them any more than yourself, and you affectionate companion and servant have taken them away from me when ceased on the instant with that first you have wanted them, without cartaste of blood, and the master soon laying what I might suffer by their loss. a lifeless and mangled corpse on his This is your custom, John. Now, I own hearth-rug. He never thought say, is it fair—is it honest, to ask the beast would have done it. The why, when my Sepoys first set up beast never thought of doing it. He their tiger-cry, and sprang upon their was a good beast up to the very hour officers, I had not a large body of in which he turned round and slew your troops at my disposal to crush his benefactor. Yes, John; and my the mutiny in the bud? If I was Sepoys, though, during the year which weak at that time in European troops, has just ended, they have earned for brother, who made me so, I should themselves so terrible a notoriety, like to know ? were really not the traitors and mis- Then you ask me why I had not creants which you now know them to posted the Europeans at my disbe, before they had tasted the blood of posal in their proper places? You Adjutant Baugh at Barrackpore. They know the story, John, of your brother were wayward and petulant at times Paddy's blanket-how that the said like children; but if I had told you blanket, heing too small to cover him a year ago that they were about to from shoulder to heel, he cut a piece rise up and murder their officers, to off the top, and sewed it on to the say nothing of other incredible bar- bottom when his feet were cold ; and barities, and that therefore it was when the draft came to his back, he necessary to send a vast European reversed the process, but did not force to India, to fortify all the mend matters, you may
be sure. Now, large towns,, to put a stop to I might have cut a piece off the top, all works of domestic improvement, and sewed it on to the bottom, but to send all officers engaged in the the blanket would not have covered great work of administration back to me from Peshawur to Pegu any bettheir regiments-in short, if I had ter for this process. Still, it must be prepared myself to stand a siege admitted that you hit a blot, when from my own native army, it is easy you ask why there were no European to guess, John, that you would have troops in Delhi, which contained our called me a timid old fool, and asked principal arsenals and magazines. why I was making so much stir Well, “John, I must make a clean about nothing. Nay, if when, for breast of it, and admit that there your own purposes, you weakened ought to have been European troops my European force, sending to me in Delhi, and that I ought to have to bring regiments from India for insisted on having competent soldiers your Russian war, on the plea that I at the head of my armies, to see that did not want them, I had protested the troops were properly distributed.