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stronger,

to strike & ft - nal blow.

2. Wat thou suffer them to do it ?

Stand we still this day and see it. Shall thy work a ruin be?

See what thy right arm can do. Shall thy foes exulting show it,

To thy praise and glory be it, And thy saints their triumph see?

Meet it is it should be so. O forbid it, Lord, we pray thee!

Thine the power and thine the graco 14 Come, according to thy word ;

Thine to kill and make alive. When thou workest who shall stay thee ? At

thy feet, O Lord, our place is, Who shall stay thine arm, O Lord ?

There in earnest pray'r to strive.
There to urge our suit and press thee,

Till we see the answer giv'n;
Then with holy joy to bless thee,

Lord of Earth and Lord of Heav'n!
Hear us, ther, our Saviour, hear us,

Let thine arın uplifted be,
And thy promise, let it cheer us,

Till the fruit of pray't we scc.

246

Review of Books.

John Snow.

The History of the Revival and Pro. tiquity, however hoary, will not be permitted

GRESS of INDEPENDENCY in ENGLAND, to lend any sanction to error; the want of since the period of the Reformation ; with antiquity will not be allowed to rob any an Introduction, containing an Account principle of authority, if found in the Divine of the Development of the Principles of word. The merely human teacher, be he

Independency in the Age of Christ and pope or priest, council or synod, will be his Apostles, and of the gradual departure placed on a level with every other teacher of the Church into antichristian Error, not inspired. The so-called catholicity of until the time of the Reformation. By the church, in sentiments that are true, will Joseph FLETCHER, editor of “Select be no more esteemed a proof of their truth, Works, and Memoir of the late Dr. than the same catholicity in sentiments that Fletcher," author of “Six Views of In. are false. These things, which are to be fidelity," &c. Foolscap 8vo. pp. 304. believed and practised in the name of ChrisPrice 1s. 6d.

tianity, are irrespective of human opinions, single or accumulated, of one age or of

another. The only authority to which we From the period when Mr. Fletcher an- dare submit our conscience, and to whose nounced his purpose of becoming the his-bidding we are willing to yield our souls, torian of Congregational, or Independent, is that which exhibits Divine credentials. Church Principles,” we have been looking When the stupendous alternative of final forward with more than ordinary interest to bliss or woe depends upon the complexion the appearance of his first volume. The

of our faith and practice, who or what will responsibility attaching to such an under- step for one moment between us and the taking in these times, is great beyond ex- authority that speaks IN THE NAME OF pression ; our author, too, though well God?" trained, is but young in years ; and thou- Our author, we think, estimates aright sands of acute minds are watching all the the position which the question of church literary and ecclesiastical movements of government occupies in relation to the Nonconformists with a severe and scrutiniz. Christian scheme: “Let it be understood, ing eye. We have now seen and read Mr. then," observes Mr. F., " that these prinFletcher's first volume, and we say at once, ciples (that is, of church organization,) that there may be no mistake, that our form only a portion of Christianity, as anxieties are greatly relieved. The reputa- revealed from heaven,—that portion which is tion of the author and of the Independents intended to subserve the spiritual and pracare in safe keeping; and posterity, we doubt tical uses of the remainder. They constitute not, will feel and acknowledge the debt of a shield for the defence of the liberties of obligation under which they have been laid Christian men, and at the same time, a by this vigorous effort of a youthful and vehicle for the diffusion of Christian doctrine. enterprising pen.

In themselves, and by themselves, apart The plan adopted by the writer appears from other principles, they are of little or to us to be equally judicious and effective, no consideratiou. When there is no vital so far, at least, as it is laid open in the piety in an individual, the principle of per. present volume. We have, in Book First, sonal independeney has nothing to defend the development of the principles of Inde- worthy of the name. When the spirit of pendency in the age of Christ and his vital godliness does not animate a proapostles. Here, after some most pertinent fessedly Christian congregation, the prinpreliminary explanations, we are led on to ciple of congregational independency will the contemplation of " Individual Indepen- not become a substitute for it, will not dency,” “Congregational Independency," tend to edification, will not evangelize, "Independency considered Internally," "Ex- will not effect any manner of work. When ternally," and in its aggregate form ; and the churches or congregations are not those then it is cleared from various misconcep- of "the faithful,” the principle of aggregate tions. The scriptural defence of Congre- independency will not by itself supply the gationalism, in this part of the volume, we defect, or conduce to union, sympathy, reckon to be very able and satisfactory; it and co-operation. These principles are re. is calm, logical, catholic; but withal emi. vealed as those by which Christian men are nently fitted to lay open the mind of the to be shielded and benefited in all the Spirit.

operations of genuine piety. It is taken for " In the following work,” observes the granted that other principles also are in author, "an attempt will be made to place operation, which these are intended only to human history in its true position. An. | subserve."

In our author's second book, which is lose sight of great defects in the discovery of devoted to the consideration of the “Gradual real or supposed excellences. But making all departure of the church into antichristian due allowance for a most catholic credulity, error, until the time of the Reformation," often to be detected in the pages of Milner, we have five chapters: 1. The starting point | we cannot but regard his history as an inof post-apostolic history. 2. The first post valuable treasury of most important inforapostolic age; or, the age of independency.mation upon all that pertains to the pre3. The second post-apostolic age; or, the servation of the true faith in seasons of wide age of innovation. 4. The third post-apos-departure from the truth of God. The tolic age; or, the age of subversion. 5. The spirit and piety of the work are beyond all fourth post-apostolic age; or, the age of praise ; and no Christian can rise up from despotism.

the perusal of it without feeling that his There is great boldness in the whole of the heart has been improved, and his devotional Author's plan; but it is the boldness which feelings elevated to a higher pitch. scripture, reason, and fact inspire. The The present edition will be welcomed by Independents have never before had equal all the admirers of the work. In external justice done to them, but we thoroughly attractiveness it far excels all its predecesbelieve that it will be difficult to deprive sors; but this is not its only or its chief them of the position which is here assigned recommendation. It has been carried to them.

through a rigid process of correction ; and We shall have other opportunities of many very serious defects which disfigured noticing this work in its future progress. former editions have been entirely excluded. Meanwhile, we think that the Dissenters These corrections have been mainly confined will act unworthy of themselves if they do to the portion of the work executed by not vigorously promote the circulation of a Joseph Milner; though in that part of it work which ought to be in the hands of the which belongs to Dr. Milner some serious poorest member in all our churches. blunders have been detected and removed.

We welcome this beautiful edition of Milner with unfeigned delight; and doubt

not that it will find its way into many The HISTORY of the CHURCH of CHRIST. libraries and private hands where hitherto By the late Rev. Joseph MILNER, A.M.,

it has been but little known. No pains with Additions and Corrections, by the

bave been spared to render the work late Rev. Isaac Milner, D.D., F.R.S.,

deserving of the patronage which it has so Dean of Carlisle, and President of long and so justly realized. Whatever Queen's College, Cambridge. A New

other church histories we might be disEdition, Revised and Corrected through.

posed to consult for objects never conout. By the Rev. Thomas GRANTHAM,

templated by Milner, we could never conB.D., Řector of Bramberwith Botolph,

sent to part with this admirable record of in the County of Sussex, some time

the depressions and triumphs of the faith Fellow and Tutor of Magdalen College,

once delivered unto the saints. Oxford, and Chaplain to the Rt. Hon. and Rt. Rev. the Lord Bishop of Kildare. 4 Vols. 8vo. Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans.

ONE HUNDRED and TWENTY-NINE LET

TERS from the Rev. John Newton, late Whatever may be the excellences or

Rector of St. Mary Woolnoth, London, defects of Milner's Church History, it has long since taken the position of a standard

Pagnell. Written during a Period of work in the department of sacred literature,

Thirty-two years; from 1773 to 1805. to wbich it belongs. And assuredly it is

12mo, pp. 320. entitled to be regarded as a work of great piety, and of no inconsiderable research ;

Hamilton, Adams, and Co. the laudable object of the author being to We are almost disposed to find fault with thread out the course of the true body of our revered friend, Mr. Bull, for so long the faithful through all the ages of super. holding back this rich and beautiful collecstition and darkness, which succeeded to tion of Newton's letters, in which it will be the bright era of apostolic light and purity. seen that the inmost soul of the author is To some happy extent the excellent and laid open to his friend. The late Mr. Bull, learned authors have accomplished their to whom the letters were addressed, was a purpose ; though it must be admitted that man of very original parts, and associated in the attempts to trace the stream of with a circle of men greatly distinguished in genuine saintship, there has occasionally their day. A correspondence with such a been displayed an exuberance of that charity man from the pen of Newton, whose talent which thinketh no evil, and a tendency to for letter-writing was proverbially remark

able, could not be expected, in any sense, for her steady, earnest, and successful labours to be common-place. In examining these in this great and good work. She says, with letters, we find that in this impression we nothing short of a moral heroism, consider. have not been mistaken ; for they indicate, ing her many and great sacrifices, “I find in every paragraph, that they were written myself in precisely the situation I would be toa man of deep thought, of masculine piety, in, and have no desire or intention ever to and of steady and ardent friendship. Never leave Ningpo." has Mr. Newton been seen to greater advan- Cordially as the Christian Church in its tage than in these letters. They are truly various sections have responded to the call among the best compositions of the kind we of this Institution, it bas never as yet real. have ever read; full of the marrow of vitalized the support it deserves. We commend godliness ; eminently suited to these times; it earnestly to all the friends of the perishand withal so illuminated by a sprightly ing heathen; we commend it especially to cheerfulness, that the reader, having begun the warm support of the Christian women to peruse them, cannot lay them aside till of England. he has reached the last of them. We believe they will be a blessing to very many; and that our respected friend Mr. Ball will have the Miscellaneous Works of the Right abundant reason to conclude, that he has

Honourable Sir James MACINTOSH. done right in not withholding so precious a

In 3 vols., 8vo. boon from the eye of the public.

Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans.

Altogether, Sir James Macintosh was HISTORY of the Society for PROMOTING

one of the most remarkable men of his age. FEMALE EDUCATION in the East. Esta

His college life, when Robert Hall and he blished in the year 1834. Foolscap

were wont to indulge in many a lofty and 8vo, pp. 300.

refined speculation, gave promise of his

future brilliant career. The class of studies Edward Suter, Cheapside.

to which he addicted himself in early years With deep interest, and with hearty became the favourite pursuit of his subseapproval, have we watched the rise and pro- | quent life; from which he was only diverted gress of this institution, which, in twelve by his prefessional duties in the east, his short years, has accomplished, by God's parliamentary engagements at home, and blessing, an amount of good deserving of the frequent seizures of indisposition by distinct and grateful record. “Few per- which he was painfully exercised, through sons," observes Mr. Noel, in his admirable the greater part of his public life. How preface to this volume, "can read without much his dyspeptic habit interfered with satisfaction the following short history of the close and continuous application to operations of the Society for promoting Female literary pursuits, can only be properly Education in the East, which describes much estimated by those who associated much Christian benevolence, employed wisely to with him, and knew the full amount of save numbers who were equally miserable suffering which he endured. With our and helpless." The originator of this knowledge of facts, we have been greatly society, Mr. Abeel, is now numbered with disposed to call in question the justice of the dead. Miss Carter, one of its most ap- some of his strictures upon himself, as we proved agents, soon “ withered in the burn. have found bim complaining of his indolence, ing valley of the Ganges." Mrs. Dean, his want of settled purpose, and his failure another of its labourers, has sunk in the in accomplishing some of the noblest underbloom of youth. Mademoiselle Talbot“ was takings of his life. How could any man likewise too early carried, amidst the regrets rise superior to the adverse influence of an of her friends, to an Indian grave.” Miss habitually-disturbed state of the animal Thornton still lives, to rejoice in the advanc. fanctions ? Our wonder is not that he did ing work. Miss Grant, of Singapore, can so little, but that he was enabled to accomstill say of her mission : " It is my pleasant plish so much. Irrespective of his valuable work, and my comfort; never did teacher contribution to the history of our country, and pupils love each other more.

there is enough, in the three volumes before The dear China girls are more and more in. us, to place him in the first rank of those teresting to me.

They are dear who have enhanced and adorned the literachildren, and it is most animating to hear ture of Great Britain. them speak, and to see the consistency of We have, first, his “Dissertation on the their conduct with their words ; so that I Progress of Ethical Philosophy, chiefly cannot but feel with intense delight that my during the Seventeenth and Eighteenth labour is not in vain in the Lord.”

Centuries ;' second, his essay "On the To Miss Aldersey, who is now at Ningpo, Philosophical Genius of Lord Bacon and too much honour, can scarcely be awarded | Mr. Lock;" third, his “Discourse of the

Law of Nature and Nations ;" fourth, his speaking anything strictly common-place. * Life of Sir Thomas More;" fifth, his But the two departments in which the vi. " Refutation of the Claim on behalf of King gour and genius of his mind were displayed Charles I. to the authorship of the EIKON to greater advantage, were metaphysics and BALIAIKH ;" sixth, his ** Memoir of the historical research. His Dissertation on the Affairs of Holland, A.D., 1667–1686 ;'' Progress of Ethical Philosopby, his Review serenth, bis “ Review of the Causes of the of the Causes of the Revolution of 1688, Revolution of 1688;" eighth, his “Ac- and his Fragment of English History, abuncount of the Partition of Poland ;' ninth, dantly verify this statement: and prove, his “ Sketch of the Administration and Fall beyond all contradiction, that he was a proof Shuensee ;' tenth, his “Statement of found thinker, a man of vast knowledge, the Case of Donna Maria da Gloria, as a and a thorough advocate of constitutional Claimant to the Crown of Portugal;" liberty and enlightened government. Our eleventh, his “Character of Charles First, reminiscences of Sir James Macintosh, Marquis Cornwallis ;" twelfth, his “Cha- from personal intercourse, are such as can racter of the Right Hon. George Canning ;" never be effaced from the memory or the thirteenth, his * Preface to à Reprint of heart. His was not the affectation but the the 'Edinburgh Review' of 1755 ;" four- reality of intellectual power. teenth, his “Critique on the Writings of Machiavel ;" fifteenth, his “ Review of Mr. Godwin's • Lives of Edward and John Philips ;'” sixteenth, his “Review of.Ro. A GLIMPSE of HEAVEN ; or, The Home of gers's Poems ;'" seventeenth, his “ Review the Just. A Sermon occasioned by the of Madame de Staël's • De L'Allemagne ;'' death of the Rev. GEORGE Collisox, eighteenth, bis “ Discourses read at the of Hackney; preached in Bethnal Green Opening of the Literary Society of Bom- Meeting, on the 14th February, 1847, by bay;" nineteenth, his " Vindiciæ Galicæ;" Josiah VINEY. twentieth, his “ Speech in Defence of Jean

Jackson and Walford. Peltier, accused of a Libel on the First Consul of France;' twenty-first, his “ Charge The practice of seizing on circumstances delivered to the Grand Jury of the Island of which have a tendency to render the minds Bombay on the 20th July, 1811:” twenty- of a congregation susceptible of impression, second, his “ Speech on the Annexation of is one that no skilful and zealous Christian Genoa to the Kingdom of Sardinia, de minister will overlook. And hence when a livered in the House of Commons, April member, distinguished by his position, 27, 1815 ;' twenty-third, his “ Speech on piety, and uniform consistency, is summoving for a Committee to Inquire into moned from the place of conflict and trial the State of the Criminal Law, delivered on earth, to the “home of the just'' in hea. in the House of Commons, March 2, ven, the event, fraught as it is in itself with 1819;" twenty-fourth, his “ Speech on warning and instruction, and fitted at the Mr. Brougham's motion for an Address to same time to invest the appeals of the pulpit the Crown, with reference to the Trial and with increased solemnity and power, will Condemnation of the Rev. John Smith, of be welcomed and improved by the Christian Demerara, delivered in the House of Com- pastor as an agency, which no human sagamons, June 1, 1824 ;" twenty-fifth, his city could command, lending its aid towards

Speech in presenting a Petition from the the accomplishment of the great work of Merchants of London, for the Recognition the ministry. On this ground we feel that of the Independent States, established in Mr. Viney has acted the part of “a wise the Countries of America, formerly subject master builder," in presenting to his own to Spain, delivered in the House of Com- people, and to the Christian church at mons, June 15, 1824 ;' twenty-sixth, his large, the very admirable discourse now be"Speech on the Civil Government of Canada, fore us. The theme, which he has selected, delivered in the House of Commons, May was peculiarly fitted to the mournful occa2, 1828 ;' twenty-seventh, bis “Speech on sion, and is treated in a manner that cannot moving for Papers relative to the Affairs of fail to render the discourse especially wel. Portugal, delivered in the House of Com- come to those who have set their " affection mons, June 1, 1829;" and, last, his on things above," or are weeping over the "Speech on the Second Reading of the memory of relatives and friends, who have Bill to Amend the Representation of the fallen asleep in Jesus. It is true, there is People of England and Wales, delivered in no parade of the vain philosophy of the the House of Commons, July 4, 1831." day, nor any affectation of the pomp of ela

We cannot look at any one of these arti. borate argument in this discourse ; but discles without feeling that we are in fellow- tinguished as it is by the force of truth, ship with a master-spirit. Sir James and not unfrequently by eloquent and beau. Macintosh was incapable of writing or tiful descriptions of the Home of the Just,''

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