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From Esther, Chap. iv.

When Mordecai perceived all that was done, Mordecai rent his clothes, and put on sackcloth with ashes,, and went out in the midst of the city, and cried with a loud and a bitter cry.

And came even before the king's gate: for none might enter into the king's gate clothed with sack"cloth. ..

And in every province whithersoever the king's commandment and his decree came, there was great mourning among the Jews, and fasting and weeping, and wailing; and many lay in sackcloth and ashes.

So Esther's maids and her chamberlains came and told it her. Then was the queen exceedingly grieved; and she sent raiment to clothe Mordecai, and" to take away his sackcloth from him: but he received it not.

Then called Esther for Hatach, one of the king's chamberlains, whom he had appointed to attend upon Tier, and gave him a commandment'to Mordecai, to 'know what it was, and why it was.

So Hatach went forth to Mordecai Unto the street of ."the city, which was before the king's gate.'

And Mordecai told him of all that had happened • unto him, and of the sum of the money that Haman had promised to pay to the king's'treasirries for the Jews, to destroy them:

Also he gave him the copy of the writing of the decree that was given at Shushan to destroy them, to shew it unto Esther, and to declare it unto her and to } .': \ charge charge her that she should go in unto the king to make supplication unto him, and to make request before him for her people.

And Hatach came and told Esther the words of Mordecai.

Again Esther spake unto Hatach, and gave hint commandment unto Mordecai.

All the king's servants, and the people of the king's provinces, do know, that whosoever, whether man or woman, shall come unto the king into the inner court who is not called, there is one law of his to put him to death, except such to whom the king shall hold out the golden sceptre, that he may live: but I have not been called to come in unto the king these thirty days.

And they told to Mordecai Esther's words.

Then Mordecai commanded to answer Esther, Think not with thyself that thou shalt escape in the king's house more than all the Jews. v

For if thou altogether boldest thy peace at this time then shall there enlargement and deliverance arise to the Jews from another place; but thou and thy father,'* house shall be destroyed: and who knoweth whether thou art come to the kingdom for such a time as this?

- Then Esther bade them return Mordecai this answer.

- Go, gather together all the Jews that are present jn Shushan, and fast ye for me, and neither eat n,or drink three days, night or day: I also and my maidens', will fast likewise; and so will I go in unto the king, which

!' is not according to the law: and if I perish,'! pepjsh. • So Mordecai went his way, and did according to,iiH •that Esther had commanded him. I,-j


The author of the book of Esther in the Apocrypha gives the following account of the behaviour of.Mor-, decai and Esther on this afflicting occasion. u

Then Mordecai thought upon all the works of the Lord, and made his prayer unto him saying, 0 Lord, Lord, the king Almighty •• for the world is in Thy pover, and if Thou hast appointed to sore Israel, that is no nan can gainsay Thee. For thou hast made heaven and earth and all the wondrous things under thi heaven. Thou art Lord of all things, and there is »a man that can resist Thee, which art the Lord. Thou knowest all things, and Thou knowest, Lord, that it was neither in contempt nor pride, nor for any desire of glory, that I did not bow down to proud Haman. For J could hare been content with good-will for the sakation of Israel, to kiss the soles of his feet. But I did this that I might not prefer the glory of man above the glorj ofGox): neither will I worship any but Thee, 0 God, neither will I do it in pride. And now, 0 Lord God, and King, spare thy people : for their eyes are npun us to bring us to nought: yea, they desire to destr.iy thf. inheritance that hath been Thine from the, beginnings. Despise not the portion which thou hast delivered mil of Egypt for Thine own self. Hear my prayer^ audit. merciful unto Thine inheritance: turn our sorrouiuti joy, that we may liijf, O Lord, and praise Thy .name: and destroy not the mouths of them that praise Thee,, Of Lord. . 3 . ..j.i < . \» . . .«. ,i \i, iiitn »a -A ;v«

Queen Esther also, being in fear of deaths resorted-.

unto the Loud.": .<.iav, r .„..' ....i. ,,<...,.-}< »«•& \ *\

.. And laid away her glorious apparel, and put on tha;

garments of anguish. and mourning: and, instead.lot

precious:ointments, she ooycied her'.huad..^ithsshev


and .she humbkd her body greatly, and all tfie places •f her joy she filled with her torn hair.

And she prayed unto the Lord God of Israel, saying, O Lord, Thou only art our King: help me, desolate, woman, who have helper but thee; For my danger is in mine hand. From my youth up I have heard, in the tribe of my family, That thou. 0 Lord, tookest Israel from among all people, and our fathers from all their predecessors, for a perpetual inheritance, and thou liast performed whatsoever Thou didst promise them.. And now we hare sinned before Thee: therefore hast Thou given us into the hands of our enemies, because wfe worshipped their gods: O Lord, thou art righteous, Nevertheless, it satisfieth them not, that we are in bitter captivity: but they hare stricken hand with their idols. That they will abolish the thing that Thou with Thy mouth hast ordained, and destroy Thine inheritance, and stop the mouth of them that praise Thee, and quench the glory of Thy house, and of Thine altar, and open the mouths of the heal hen to set forth the praises of the idols r andta-.magnify a fleshly king for ever. 0 Lord, give not Thy sceptre unto them that be nothing, and let them not laugh at our fall; but turn their device upon, themselves, and make him an example that hath began this .against vs. Remember, 0 Lord, make Thyself known in time of. our affliction, aud give me boldness, Q. King af the nations, und Lord of all power. Give me eloquent speech in my month before the lion: turn his heart to hate him that fighteth against its, that there, may be an end of him, and of all that are like-minded tohifc?i BAb-dilifer. us with thine hand, and help Die that am desolate, and have no other helper but thee.. "Phou-lfHinvcst all Things, 0. Loud, Thou, knowest that I hate .Che glory of the unrighteous;. Thou knojeest viy n^cctiityyfor^Jabkofi thv sigmof mu high, vslate wJdck is Upon my head in the days wherein I shew myself,- unft that 1 wear it not when I am in private by myself. And that thine handmaid hath not eaten at Hainan's table, and that I hare not greatly esteemed the king's feast", nor drunk the tame of the drink-offerings. Neither had thine handmaid any joy, since the day that I was brought hither to this present, but in Thee, 0 Lord God of Abraham. 0 Thou mighty God above all, hear the voice of the forlorn, and deliver us out of the hands of the mischievous, and deliver me one of my fear.

The melancholy occasion justified the violence of Mordecai's grief; for supposing that by means of the queen he could have used interest to secure his own life, how could he have sustained, without the utmost distress of mind, the thoughts of the miserable end to which thousands of those with whom he was united in faith were condemned?

Mordecai's expostulations, in his last message to the queen, shew, that he had a strong faith in the power of God,and an earnest expectation that the Lord would, In remembrance of his promises to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, extend HTs compassion to their afflicted race, in this time of extreme datiger. lie considered the advancement of Esther to the crown as the work of PnoVidf.xce, that she might be an instrument of good to her people; and therefore urged her to take an unprecedented measure, trusting to the Divine blessing on her pious endeavours. The laws of Persia forbad her approach to Ahasuerus; but the Divine law required that she should omit no means for serving her God, and her country.

As soon as Esther was convinced that it was her duf T to exert her influence with the king, she resolved to hazard her life, rather than neglect it. But knowing

• • that

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