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ceive that there must have been a first-formed created man, as certainly as there has since been a succession of generated men; and that it is most consistent with the notion of an intel. ligent agent, and therefore most philosophical, to suppose that he created that first man with the perfection of mind and body which most conduced to the end for which he formed him'and the same argument is equally applicable to all other first created animals, and every first created individual of the vegetable kingdom, As, therefore, in two parts out of three of the tripartite system of matter, we have ample ground to conclude, • That the first formations must have been produced in their full perfection, perfect bone and perfect wood,' we must infer, from every principle of sound analogy, that in the third part, • where the first formations were as essential to the structure of the globe, as in the two former to the structure of their respective systems, the first formations were likewise produced in their full perfection, perfect rockmand we have seen that sensible phenomena can have no authority whatever in this question.'
“ The fatuity of the analogies by which the mineral geology attempts to support its darling chaos, and the absurdity of inferring, from the slow progress of generated beings to maturity, the slow progress of the earth from a state of confusion to its present form, is next forcibly demonstrated, and Deluc's trash about mountains and pyramids ridiculed as it deserves to be.
Equally absurd is the attempt to find secondary causes for first-formed, created things. Of this class are the speculations concerning the agents by which the mineral geology supposes primitive rocks to have been held in solution. To prove the legitimate relation between cause and effect, either the cause must be known in the course of actual operation, or the effect in the course of actual production ; and who ever knew a granite rock in course of actual production, or a menstruum exhibiting a cause capable of producing it? Secondary causes can only effect secondary productions. Created bone and wood were not produced by secondary causes- yet we know that
The Mineral and Mosaic Geologies,
there are secondary causes which produce bone and wood, but we know of no secondary cause that produces granite—and the reason appears to be obvious ; for the animal creation (from the perishable nature of the individuals that compose it) was to subsist by succession to the first-formed individuals, and therefore laws for securing that succession were necessary : but the mineral creation was to subsist permanently in its firstformed individuals, therefore no laws for their multiplication were necessary.
And from this consideration alone accrues a very powerful moral evidence that the first mineral formations which are still permanent, were formed by no other mode than that (viz. creation) which formed the first animals, wh.ch have been succeeded by generation.'
“The Crystalline texture and hardness of granite rocks, whence they derive their solidity and durability; their immense height, to which is owing the accumulation of supplies for the rivers which irrigate the globe, together with their lengthened and inclined forms to determine the direction of those rivers, are so many proofs of unchangeable arrangement which adapts them to the end for which they were formed'--and how is it possible,' exclaims our author, to contemplate all this, without rendering immediately to God the things which are God's ?'”
(To be continued.)
P. S. In this department, we hope to be furnished by Dr. Carey, with a monthly Botanical notice of whatever may be peculiarly interesting in the garden. We
e trust, too, that the time is not far distant, when we shall have it in our power to record any particular astronomical phenomena that may oecur. We again beg. the assistance of our friends.
SERAMPORE.-Death of a Native Christian.-On December 8th, Jumoona, the wife of our brother Gorachund, was carried off by the fatal cholera. She was young, but a christian who adorned the gospel of God her Saviour, and herloss is felt exceedingly in the pious little circle in which she moved. Those who were well acquainted with her, whether Heathens or Christians, say that she possessed a most amiable disposition, and was seldom or never heard to use a harsh por unkind expression. She had commenced reading several months, and of late had made considerable progress. Being naturally shy, it was difficult to get her to converse on religious subjects; and this, her natural disposition, with her extreme weakness, prevented our obtaining more information respecting her religious feelings when laid on the bed of death ; but the little we were able to gather from her, was such as denoted inward peace, and assured us that she died in the faith of Christ. The evening she was taken ill, her friends brought her youngest child to her; on which she requested them to take it away, saying, the child was no longer hers. “ No," said she, “ 'tis no longer mine. Why do you wish to engage my affections with eartbly things? I am going to my heavenly Father, to my home, to the mansion which he has prepared for me.” The following morning when a friend called to see her, the first word she said was, “ pray for me, I am a great sinner, and am now justJy suffering the desert of my sins." Her friend said, all sinners ; but Christ died for us, and will not forsake us.” she answered, “He is all my hope~ I cleave to him at this trying bour, and would not be without him for worlds." Sometime after this, she was asked, in what state she felt her mind. Quite comfort. able,” was her reply. “Jesus is precious, very precious to my soul.” A little boy, her eldest brother's son, (whom she had reared and been a mother to after its own had died) stood at the head of her bed cr«ing. On hearing him she called him to her, and being too weak to sit up, she threw her arms round his neck, and addressing him by the most endearing names, begged him not to weep, assuring him that God would take care of him. The scene was so affecting as, to melt all near her into tears, which when she perceived, she said, why do you shed tears over me—there are no tears in my eyes ; see bow dry they are ; for what cause have I for sorrow? am
“ Yes," Serampore-Calcutta.
I not going to glory-to heaven ?” Shortly after this a christian neighbour came in to see her, and, finding her so ill, burst into tears. But the dying woman addressed her in the most affectionate manner. Oh my friend,” she said, “we have walked hand in hand many years, we have gone to the house of God together, but my walking with you again on earth is at an end ; I am going to a world of bliss, there to walk in the presence of my heavenly Father." Then turning to her Christian friends who were present, she said, “ pray for me ; for the salvation of my soul and the pardon of my sins. God grant that I may not be deceiving myself. I feel most for my children: when my mother died she left her family to the care of Mr. Ward, but now I am going, I have not him to recommend them to, for he is gone before me.” It was observed that God would take care of them. “ Yes,” she answered, " He will, I do wrong therefore to distrust him.” She was now exhausted, and said little after this; and at one o'clock breathed her soul into the hands of her adored and faithful Redeemer:
She was about twenty years of age, and had been a member of the Church nearly three years.
CALCUTTA,--Sixth Report of the Calcutta Committee of the Church Missionary Society.–We could with much pleasure transcribe a Iarge portion of this Report: but we must satisfy ourselves with a few brief notices of its principal topics. During the past year the number of Missionaries has been increased by the arrival of the Rev. Messrs. Maisch, Reichardt, and Wilson. Messrs. Reichardt and Wilson have remained to strengthen the Mission in Calcutta, and Mr. Maisch has proceeded to the assistance of Mr. Deerr at Burd
In Female Education the exertions of the Committee have been crowned with cheering success. In the former Report the number of schools was stated to be eight; there are now more than twenty. The number of scholars last year was 217; they have now increased to 500. The Marchioness of Hastings not only patronized the schools, but personally visited a number of them a few days before her departure from India, and in the most engaging manner examined the classes, and rewarded those scholars who had made the greatest proficiency. Since her Ladyship’s visit, sea veral gratifying instances of the spread of Female Education amongst the Natives themselves have occurred. A widowed Brahmi. nee applied for instruction, and baring made some progress in
learning, now attends daily at the house of a Brahmun to instruct his two daughters. “Who does not hail such an event,” adds the Report, “ as a hopeful indication of improvements, which, by opening to widows a means of respectable provision, shall assist to quench the flames of the suicidical Suttee ?” The Boys' schools at Calcutta and Kidderpore are now eight in number, and contain 840 scholars, with an average attendance of 777. Beside these, a school is established on the Society's premises at Mirzapore, in which about 40 boys receive daily instruction in English and Bengalee. During the past year, the New Testament has been introduced into all the Bengalee schools, and much religious instruction is imparted. Religious service is conducted by Mr. Jetter, in Bengalee, at several places : and though be bas met with discouragements and disappointment in those who appeared as enquirers, yet one young man, a brahmun, it is hoped has been truly converted to God, and has been received into the Church of Christ.
At Burdwan two more youths have been added to the Church during the past year. In addition to the 14 schools under the care of Mr. Deerr, formerly established; two more have been formed by Mr. Perowne, near to the Mission premises. In these schools the Sacred Scriptures are read as school books, and what is read, commented upon and explained–The English school contains 55 boys, whose progress is very satisfactory. Through the divine blessing upon the patient labour of Mrs. Perowne, five schools for female children have been recently established at this station, containing upwards of one hundred girls.
At Benares, the number of boys in the school founded by the late Joynarain Ghossanl and endowed by his son Kalee-Shunker Ghossaul, is reported to be 141. The New Testament is a favourite book with the scholars. A Chapel has been erected at Secrole for the use of the Native Christians who attend worship in Hindoosthanee. Two were added to their number in May last.
At Chunar two adults, converts from Hindooism, have been added to the church. A number of heathens attend on the Hindoosi’hanee worship on Sabbath afternoon, together with the Native Christians.
Tlie last account received from Agra stated the addition of seven men and three women to the church. It is understood that the health of Abdool Musseeh is so infirm as to oblige him greatly to circumscribe his labours.