Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

any time.

Govinn waren sie nicht zufrieden. 3. Das Unglüd dieser Familie war To Könige und Fürsten pflegen mit sechs Pferden spazieren zu fahren. 11. Ale groß, daß fie sogar fremte Leute um Unterstüßung baten. 4. Ich werde er hätte entfliehen können, versagten ihm seine Kräfte. 12. Das Holz wird kibft mit einer Begleitung nicht abreisen. 5. Der Mond giebt uns nicht To zum Bauen verwendet. 13. Er hat den größten Theil seiner Jugend auf nd Hicht, als die Sonne, selbst wenn er am Hellsten scheint. 6. Was Ihr wissenschaftliche Studien verwendet. 14. Reisen durch das Rheinthal find Freund auch fein mag. Sie werden eß nicht erhalten. 7. Wer dieses junge angenehmer zu Fuß als zu Pferde. 15. Johann führt seine Schwester durch ariulein auch sein mag, fie ist sehr unhöflich. 8. So liftig sie auch sein den Part (pazieren, während ihr Vater spazieren reitet. mogen, itten sie sich doch zuweilen. 9. So groß auch meine Armuth sein

EXERCISE 124 (Vol. II., page 315). mag, merte ich toch nicht muthloß w

den. 10. Was die Neuigkeit auch fan mag, theile fie mir mit. 11. Was ihm auch für Vortheile dargeboten 1. The physician has advised me to go out as little as possible. 2. berdea, er will fie nicht annehmen. 12. Wað er auch für Fehler begangen Emily works as little as possible, in order to preserve the delicacy of

her hands. 3. Children should be unemployed as little as possible at haben mag, ich werde ihm verzeihen. 13. Selbst in der Hiße der Schlacht, kad unter dem Donner der Kanonen, ritt der Feldherr ruhig hin und her. Ferdinand is now very little at home. 6. On my last journey I had

4. He speaks so little, in order to excite no attention. 5. 14. So groß auch mein Unglüd sein mag, Niemand soll es erfahren. 15.

very little luggage with me. 7. Will you have some meat ?

8. Yes, Selbit ter König muf dem Gefeße gehorchen. 16. Selbst mein Gegner but only very little. 9. There remains nothing else for him but to rries meine Tapferfeit.

beg or to work. 10. There remains nothing else, you must act now. EXERCISE 120 (Vol. II., page 283).

11. Of all his property, there remained nothing else for him but a spot

of land. 12. Of all the flowers, this rose only remained. 13. Of the 1. He who is careful in bis youth, need not have cares in his old

whole regiment, he only remained. 14. I cannot get rid of these sor25€. 2. Study thyself, not only in the society of strangers, but also

rowful thoughts. 15. In order to get rid of our false friends, we must

lend them money. 16. Grant him his request, in order to get rid of shea thou art alone, that thou mayest know thyself. 3. He who

him. does not always study himself, never acquires self-knowledge. 4. The

17. Now the sport.commenced afresh. 18. The plaster of the

wall breaks off. ancient Germans used generally to sacrifice to their gods in old groves

19. When the war re-commenced, he took the field doak. 5. Good children take care of their parents in their old age.

with a great army. 20. The gun went off as he was going to take it. d. My iriends are accustomed to drink water in the morning. 7. He

EXERCISE 125 (Vol. II., page 315). tales rest morning and evening. 8. We are accustomed to drink coffee instead of tea. 9. To take care of his health is his greatest con- 1. Der Arzt rieth meiner Schwester, so viel als möglich zu Hause zu blei. cern. 10. He is accustomed to work in the morning, and read in the ben. 2. Ein Lehrer sollte seine Schüler so wenig als möglich unbeschäftigt afternoon, 11. He who fosters idleness, fosters sin also. 12. Cherish lassen. 3. Der Redner sprach mit großer Begeisterung, um die Aufmerksamvirtue and not wickedness. 13. He is not accustomed to rise before feit seiner Zuhörer zu steigern. 4. Die meisten Neijenden nehmen so wenig eight o'clock, 14. It is not the custom to say in America as in Ger. Gepäc als möglich mit sich. 5. Wollen Sie Aepfel haben? 6. Ich banke many, "I wish you a good appetite." 15. Man often troubles himself about his subsistence more than is necessary.

16. The ant takes Ihnen, mein Herr, ich habe ganz genug. 7. Auguft ift ießt sehr viel zu care of its food in the summer against the winter. 17. The German Hause

, daher können wir zu ihm geben. 8. Es bleibt ihm nichts übrig, als emperor, Maximilian I., took care to restore the internal tranquillity sich seinem Schidsale zu unterwerfen. 9. Es blieb mir nichts Anderes übrig. a Germany directly on his accession to the government.

als vor dem Feinde zu flieben. 10. Bon all seiner Habe blich nichts übrig,

als ein Garten. 11. Ich fann meinen Schnupfen nicht los werden. 12. EXERCISE 121 (Vol. II., page 283).

Gewähre die Bitte dieses falichen Freundes, dann wirst du ihn lo$ werden. 1. Nehmt Guch vor denen in Acht, welche glatte Worte, böse Geranfen 13. Wer hat den Fuß dieses Tisches abgebrochen? 14. Die Mago brachy Da ein faljdes Herz baben. 2. Er sorgt mehr für seinen Geist als für ihn ab, als sie das Zimmer reinigte. 15. Friedrich der Große zo3 an der fenzen Körper. 3. Wir pflegen, anstatt tes Kaffees, Thee zu trinken.

4. Spiße seiner Armee in den Strieg. 16. Das gewehr ging los, sonst würde Dk Griechen vflegten schon lange vor Christi Geburt der Kunst und Wissen er den Hasen geschossen haben. jsoft 5. Gr pflegt um sechs Uht aufzustehen. 6. Id, werde dieses Buch

EXERCISE 126 (Vol. II., page 340). in lot nebmen, bis Sie wiederkommen. 7. Er pflegt seiner Gesundheit. 8. Habe aßt auf dich, nicht nur in Gesellschaft, sondern auch wenn du 1. The French conquered Spain by force of arms. 2. The avalanches allein bist. 9. Gute Kinder geben Acht auf das, was ihre Gítern ihnen in Switzerland often fall into the valleys with tremendous force. 3. jagen. 10. Wir müssen uns vor unfern Feindeu in Acht nehmen. 11.

They forcibly drag away the inhabitants of this country. 4. He could do

nothing with all his power. 5. The Greeks defended themselves against Ter Hamster sorgt im Sommer für seine Nahrung auf den Wi

the Persians with all their might. 6. The weaker man must necessaEXERCISE 122 (Vol. II., page 315).

rily obey the stronger. 7. Almost all Asia obeyed the will of the

Romans. 8. In order to prolong his life, he was necessarily obliged to 1. Those who go walking too often, at last accustom themselves to work, 9. Themistocles was forced to seek an asylum at the Persian idenesz. 2. To take a walk half an hour after dinner is very condu- court. 10. My friend confidentially entrusted me with an important cire to health 3. In Italy many drive out with mules. 4. One gene- secret yesterday evening. 11. After school was over, the children rally nees more gentlemen walking, than riding on horseback. 5. The played under the trees of the garden. 12. All present dressed accordTators (literally, guests under cure) at Wiesbaden often ride on mules ing to the fashion of 1789. 13. On account of his official duties, he had upon the top of the Taunus mountains. 6. Journeys on foot are often little leisure left for pleasure. 14. Schiller could now devote himself more agreeable than in a coach or on horseback. 7. The Laplanders at his leisure to literary pursuits at Mannheim. 15. I have inadverrile in gledges, and make use of reindeer instead of horses. 8. He tently taken another umbrella. 16. Errors arise through misunderearcely took his eyes off his relations, whom he had not seen for so standings and oversights. 17. Fortunately he could prove himself loeg a time, and rejoiced at their communications. 9. Most of the right by means of his passport. 18. Fortunately I had discovered the cficers have interceded with the general for this young soldier. 10. I danger, yet at the right time. 19. Fortunately I met him in the applied to my friends in my troubles ; but wherever I turned, I saw street. 20. Fortunately no human life has been lost at this great cononly indifferent looks. 11. He stole my watch and some other articles flagration. 21. In jest, a person may take many liberties. 22. He without my observing it. 12. He who prides himself on his know- alluded to this scene in a jocular way. 23. I am particularly fond of ledge, thereby proves that he knows less than he boasts and wishes to the French language. 24. He was allowed to enter the prince's room make others believe. 13. I hope you will not suppose I offended you without special permission. purposely? 14. God forbid ! I never did or would believe anything so

EXERCISE 127 (Vol. II., page 340). 15. I hope you will not remain at home during this beau. tiful weather. 16. Oh, no! I have no inclination to spend such a beau- 1. Die Ginwohner Holstein's vertbeitigten sich mit all ihrer Macht gegen tini day within the four walls of my room.

17. There are several die Dänen. who have applied for this office, viz., the following.

2. Wilhelm der Gruberer unterjochte England mit Beipali der

18. I cannot help Waffen. 3. Diese tipfern Soldaten bahnten sich ihren Weg mit furchts teling you that this treatment does not please me. banking you very heartily. 20. When I wished to shoot at the wol barer Gewalt durch die Reihen der Feinde. 4. Man hinterte ihn gewaltsam my gun nigsed fire.

an der Flucht. 5. Lieben Sie die deutsche Srradhe? 6. Ja, ich liebe sie, EXERCISE 123 (Vol. II., page 315).

aber vorzugsweise liebe ich die italienische Sprache. 7. Jeßt ist er besonders

mit der deutschen und spanischen Sprache beschäftigt. 8. Glüdlicher Weise 1. Er konnte nicht umhin, seinen Tabel auszusprechen. 2. Bewahre fand ich meinen Freund zu Hause. 9. Er ist genöthigt, den Befehlen seiner 5a5, Herr, por Sünde. 3. Ich fonnte nicht um hin, das Unrecht, welches Vorgesepten zu gehorchen. 10. Die meisten Leute Fleiden sich nach der franzö. id celitten gatte. zu vergeben. 4. Indem er dieses fagte. sant er ohnmådtig fischen Mode. 11. Id nahm unwissentlich den Hut cines Andern. 12. zietet. 5. Wie werden langsam nach dem Barte reiten. 6.Die Königin Glüdlicher Weise entredte mein Freund die Gefahr, welche ihm drohte. 13. teist gestern fpazieten. 7. Dieser Kaufmann thut groß mit seinen Reich: Scherzweise sagte er mir manche Wabrheit. 14. lInter vier Nugen fönnen thumaern. 8. Der Araber reitet mit unglaublicher Schnelle. 9. Wenn die Sie manche Beleidigun en jagen. 15. Die Firsten Deutschlands verfahren alten Metter in den Krieg ritten, so waren ihre Pferde gepanzert. 10. eigenmächtig im Regieren ihrer Lander.

tred of you.

some

LESSONS IN BOTANY.-XXXII. (Althæa cannabina), a native of various parts of Central Europe,

which has purple flowers, and the stem of which yields a good SECTION LXXXV.-MALVACEÆ, OR MALLOW.WORTS.

substitute for hemp. Such are a few of the species of this Characteristics : Calyx free; valvate in æstivation ; petals natural order now familiar in gardens.' hypogynous, ordinarily joined together into a staminiferous

SECTION LXXXVI.-GERANIACEÆ, OR CRANESBILLS. tube ; contorted in æstivation ; stamens indefinite, monadelphous, with uni-locular anthers ; seed dicotyledonous; embryo curved ; Characteristics : Calyx free; petals hypogynous or imper. leaves alternate, stipulate.

fectly perigynous, in number equal to the sepals or fewer ; Stem herbaceous or ligneous, usually supplied with radiating equal in the Geranium, reduced to four or two in the Pelar. hairs ; flowers complete, regular, axillary, solitary, or fasciculate, gonium ; contorted in æstivation, caduceous ; stamens ordinarily or in a cyme; pollen in large grains, globular, hispid ; carpels double in number to the petals; bi-serial ; all fertile (Geranium) ordinarily numerous,

or partly sterile (Erodium, times five; three or four ova

Fig. 243; Pelargonium, Fig. ries verticillate around a pro

244), filaments partially monalongation of the floral axis,

delphous; carpels five, applied sometimes agglomerated into a

to the prolongation of the capitulum, either free or par

axis, and constituting a fivetially coherent. Ovules in.

celled bi-ovulate ovary; seed serted into the central angle

dicotyledonous, exalbuminous, of the cells, ascendant or

curved; cotyledons bent or horizontal, curved. The styles

contorted; stem herbaceous are free above. Fruit some

or ligneous; leaves stipolate, times formed of many shells

opposite; the upper ones somecoherent by their margins to

times alternate; flowers coma variable extent; sometimes

plete, regular, or irregular a loculicidal capsule with sep

(Pelargonium), occasionally tiferous valves, sometimes in

solitary, Arranged sometimes dehiscent, dry, or fleshy. The

in a bi-floral cyme; styles cotyledons are bent or mutu

joined into a column, which is ally embedded. Albumen albu

larger than the foral axis ; minous, not very abundant.

ovules ascendant, at first The Malvaceæ abound in the

curved, then demi-reflexed. tropics, their number dimi.

Species of this natural order nishing towards either pole;

are chiefly found in the extratheir chief property depends

tropical regions, more espeon a mucilage which abounds

cially at the Cape of Good in the greater number, whence

Hope; they contain tannic the Malvacece are celebrated

and gallic acids, on which acfor their emollient properties.

count they were formerly emIn certain species there exists,

ployed as astringents in medical in addition to the mucilage, a

practice. The Pelargoniums free acid, generally the oxalic,

contain a volatile oil, which the presence of which causes

imparts to them a very powerthem to be refrigerant, antibi.

ful but at the same time agreelious, and antiscorbutic. The

able odour. The Pelargonium seeds contain a fixed oil. Some

roseum and Pelargonium capispecies possess tenacious fibres,

tatum yield an essence possess others seeds which are covered

ing the odour of roses, which is with a substance resembling

sometimes employed as a mawool.

terial wherewith otto of roses Among the indigenous spe

is adulterated. cies of this tribe the marsh

SECT. LXXXVII.-BALSAMImallow (Althea officinalis, Fig.

NACEÆ, OR BALSAMS. 240) is most common.

Characteristics : Sepals free, The plants of the Cotton

unequal, petaloid ; petals five sub-family (Gossypium, Fig.

hypogynous, unequal; stamena 241), which belongs to this

five; carpels five, united to a natural order, are indigenous

five-celled ovary ; ovules sapeto Asia and America. Many 239. THE INDIAN CRESS (TROPÆOLUM).

rior, pendent, reflexed; capsule species are now cultivated on Section of flower of the tropwolum ; 2, stamen and anther ; 3, lower five-celled, five-valved, dehisa large scale in every part of petal, with a hair-like fringe at base; 4, upper petal ; 5, fruit; 6, cent; seed dicotyledonons, es. the intertropical zone. The

fruit, with one of the lobes taken away, and another bisected to albuminous; embryo, straight; laniferous material which en. show seed.

stem herbaceous, succulent ; velopes the seeds is the sub

flowers axillary. stance cotton. It has been known and used in Egypt from The Balsaminacece are for the most part natives of temperate times of great antiquity, and is now distributed over the whole and tropical Asia. The genus Impatiens, so called on aceoant world. Several remains of Greek literature have been handed of the elasticity of its seed-capsules, which, on being touched, down to us written on cotton. Cotton seeds yield on expression dart out the seeds to a considerable distance, has furnished a fixed oil useful for a variety of purposes.

numerous varieties to horticulture. The common balsam plant, Numerous foreign Malvacece are now cultivated in Europe ; | Impatiens balsamina, is an annual, a native of India, not for example, the Malope trifida, an annual of Northern Africa, rendered double by culture, and furnishing innumerable varieties

. the stem of which rises to the height of about two feet, and The Impatiens repens is a Cingalese species, the representation which bears flowers of a deep-rose colour ; 'the Kitaibelia, a of which is subjoined (Fig. 245). It has only

been recently inbiennial Hungarian plant, having lobed leaves and white troduced into European culture. flowers; the hollyhock, or Althæa rosea, a Chinese plant, the varieties of which are extremely numerous; the tree mallow, or

SECTION LXXXVIII.-TROPÆOLACEÆ, OR INDIAN CRESSES. Lavatera arborea, a native of Central France, bearing large Characteristics : Calyx five-partite, bi-labiate, petaloid; petals leaves and violet-coloured flowers; and the hemp-leaved

althæa five, unequal, inserted at the base of the calyx; stamens eight,

[graphic]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

hypogynous; ovary three-celled, uni-ovulate ; ovules pendent, yellow flowers of no great, beauty, and belong to an entirely refered; fruit succulent or dry, composed of three shells or different order, namely, that of the Brassicaceae, or Crucifers. samaroidal; seed dicotyledonous ; embryo exalbuminous, straight; stem herbaceous, succulent, diffused or voluble;

SECTION LXXXIX.-LIMNANTHACEÆ. leaves peltate, the inferior leaves opposite and stipulated, Characteristics : Calyx free ; petals inserted upon

an

[graphic][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed]

240. WARSH MALLOW (ALTHÆA OFFICINALIS). 241, COTTON PLANT (GOSSYPIUM). 242. SECTION OF FLOWER OF COTTON PLANT. 243. HERON'S BILL (ERODIUM). 244. STORK'S BILL (PELARGONIUM). 245. CREEPING BALSAM (IMPATIENS REPENS). 246. PINK LIMNANTHES (BIMNANTHES ROSEA).

the superior leaves alternate and without stipules; Aowers almost perigynous disc, three or five; æstivation convolute; axillary.

stamens six or ten ; carpels three or five, coherent, uniThe Tropæolaceæ inhabit the entire of Central America. The ovulate ; ovules erect, reflexed; fruit composed of two or genus Tropæolum (Fig. 239) is cultivated in Europe. The three achænia; seed dicotyledonous, exalbuminous; embryo Tropæolum speciosum, a native of Patagonia, bears a handsome straight. scarlet flower. The Indian cress, with its broad, buckler-like The members of this natural order are indigenous to North leaves and flowers of all shades, from the faintest primrose to a America, generally anruals, growing in marshy places; their rich crimson brown, is often erroneously called nasturtium. leaves soft and glistening, alternate, their flowers regular. Tho The nasturtiums, however, are hardy aquatic plants, bearing Limnanthes rosea (Fig. 246) is a native of California. This

non

a rule

norm

new

nou

noz, noct

I marry

Our Oculus

an eye

oner

omn

or

or

oss

eass

[ocr errors]

par

vivi

[ocr errors]

}

&mall natural order is placed by Lindley with the Tropæolaceæ, Non

not

nonentity, nonage. with which it agrees in many particulars. It differs from it, Norma

enormous, normal. however, in having regular flowers, perigynous stamens, and Novus

novice, innovate, erect ovules.

Nox (noctis) night

equinox, nocturnal. Nubo

nub

connubial Nuptus

married nupt nuptials. LESSONS IN ENGLISH.-XXXIII.

Nudus

naked

nud nudity, denude.

Nuge
LATIN STEMS (continued).

trifles

nug

mugatory. Numerus

a number

numar numeration, innumerable. lr words degenerate, they also improve. As a nation refines, Nuncio

I tell

nunci, nounc annunoiation, renounce. its thoughts refine. What, therefore, was originally material Nutrio I nourish nutri nutriment, nutritious. bocomes intellectual. The intelleetual, too, may pass into the Octo

eight

oct

octagon, octave. moral, and the moral may be elevated into the spiritual.

ocul oculist, ocular. Oleo

I smell

ol most purely spiritual terms were all physical in their origin.

olfactory, redolent. Omnis

all

omni What a wide difference there is between birth and the new birth;

omnipresent, omnibus. Onus (onēris) a burden

onerous, exonerate. between generation and regeneration. Spirit in its original Latin

Opto

I wish

opt

adopt, option. is merely breath or breathing. Heaven, the state of spiritual Opus (opěris) work

oper operose, operation. blessedness, if viewed derivatively, is merely the heaved-up Orbis

a circle

orbi

orbicular, orbit. place, as hell is the covered place; hellyer is still used in some Orno

I deck

ornament, adorn. parts of England for a coverer - that is, a tiler or slater, a

Oro
I beg

oration, orator. house-coverer. And what is virtue? Originally, but the quality Os (oris)

the mouth

oral, adoration, orifice. of vir—that is, a man! And what was that quality ? Valour;

Os (ossis)
a bone

ossify, osseous.
Otium

oti he was emphatically the man who was most brave.

otiose, negotiate. Ovum

an egg Happy, too, is a word which has undergone a favourable

oval, oviform.

Pactus transformation. You see its primitive meaning in happen and Pando

having agreed pact compact, pact, paction,

I spread pand, pans expand, expanse. mishap. Hap, originally, was applied to a good or a bad event, Pavsus (passus) spread pass

compass, to pass. signifying occurrence merely. But in this world of goodness, Par

equal

par

parity, imparity. the general tenor of events is such as to promote men's good; Pareo

I appear

apparent. hence to receive its haps is to be happy, and to be exceptional Pareo

I bring forth

par

parent, viviparous. in regard to its hops is to be unhappy :

Vivus (vivi)
alive

vivify, vivid.
Paro

I prepare

par, pair

reparation, repair.
"Such happes which happen in such hapless warres,

Pastus
fed

past

repast, pasty. Make me to tearm them broyles and beastly larres."

pater, patri paternal, patrimony. Gascoigne. Pater

a father

parri

parricide. There are words represented as of recent origin which may Patior

I suffer

pati patient, impatient. claim some age. The word Rationalist owes not its birth to Passus

suffered

pass

passive, passion. the influence of recent German philosophy, but was used under Pauci

fero

pauci paucity. the Commonwealth to designate a sect then new which idolised Pax (pacis) peace

paci pacify, pacific. Pecco

I sin

ресс Nor is the term Christology of German origin, but

iinpeccable, poccadillo,

Pectus seems to have been invented by Dr. Thomas Jackson in the

the breast

pector expectorate.

(pectoris) seventeenth century. The verb to progress is often disallowed

Peculium

private as an Americanism, but it is found in Shakespeare :

} pecul property

peculation. Let me wipe off this honourable dew

Pecunia

money

pecun pecuniary. That silverly doth progress on thy cheeks."

Pello

I drive

pel

expel, impel.
King John," Act. v. Sc. 2.

Pulsus
driven

repulsion, expulsion. Pendo

I hang, weigh pend depond; pendulum, stipend. LATIN STEMS.

Pensus

hung

pens

pensive, compensate. Latin Words. Meanings. Stems,

English Words.

Pene

almost

pen

Peninsula.
Mel (mellis) honey

melli
mellifluous.

Peto
I seek, aim at pet

centripetal, competition. Melior

belter
melior meliorate, amelioration.

Centrum

a centre centr central, centrifugal, Menor mindful memorable, memorial.

Pictus

painted pict depict, picture. Mens (mentis) the intellect ment mental, demontate.

Piscis
a fish

piscatory. Mergo

I plunge
merg immerge, emerge.

Placidus pleasing

placid

placid, placidly. Mersus plur.ged immersion, emersion.

Placo

I appease plac placable, implacable. Metior I measure met mete, moter, meteyard.

The word nonentity recalls the days of the schoolmen, or Mensus

measured men su commensurate, mensuration. monkish philosophers of the Middle Ages, who subtilly, proMille a thousand mill

millennium, millenary. Miror I gaze, von der mir mirror, admire.

foundly, and perseveringly speculated on metaphysical topics, Miser tretched miser miserable, a miser.

striving to invest the dogmas of the Church with a philoMitis

mild

miti
mitigate.

sophical dress and certitude. Entity or being, and nonentity or Mitto

I send

mit

remit, commit, permit. no-being, were among the counters with which they played their Missus

sent
miss missionary, missive.

clever intellectual gamo; which, like most other games, secured Modus

mod
mode, modify.

little else than amusement.
Mola
a millstone mol
emolument, molar.

“Fortune is no real entity, nor physical essence, but a mere relative Moles

mol
demolish, a mole.

signification."--Bentley.
Molestus troublesome molest inolestation.
Mollis

soft

molli
mollify, emollient.

“ With real munition he did fortify
Monco
I warn
admonish.

His heart."-Daniel.
Monitas

warned
monit monitor.

“They must have the assistance of some able military man, and Mors (mortis) death morti, mort mortify, immortal.

convenient arms and ammunition for their defence."- Bacon. Mos (moris).

moral, moralist. Multus

many

multi
multiform, multitude.

The word adoration, etymologically considered, signifies a Munitus fortified

munit

munition, ammunition. kissing of the mouth to a visible object of worship-in token Munus(munéris) a gift munor " remunerate.

of reverence and as expressive of worship. Murus

immure, mural.

The term peculation means the making of that your own Muto I change mutable, commute.

which is not your own. Peculation, as derived from peculium, Natus

born

nat
native, natal.

private property, wears a socialist aspect, and seems to say, " la Navis a ship

naval, navigate. Ago

propriété c'est le vol :" that is, “private property I drive

agile, agitate.

ag Necto

I tie, bind

nect
connect, disconnect.

a truly monstrous and anti-social doctrine.
Nexus
a bond
anner, connexion.

“A real circular motion is always accompanied with a centrifugal Nego

I deny

neg
negative, negation,

force, arising from the tendency which a body always has to proceed Nihil

nihil
annihilate, nihility.

in a right line." -Moclaurin, "Account of Newton's Philosophical Diso Nomen(nomipis) a name nomin

nothing

nominal, denominate.

coveries,"

[blocks in formation]

{

} pies

I fold

I cany

I pray

I prove

}

put

ram

genus, kind.

LATIN STEMS.

of the deponent while we say he deposes, not depones; though of Latin Words. Meanings. Stems.

English Words.

old depones was used in England :the common

" And further Sprot deponeth," etc.—“ State Trials." Plebs

plebeian. people

The retina, or eye-net, the immediate seat or rather instruPlenas full plen plonitude, replonish.

ment of vision, is the net-like expansion of the optic nerve, on Pleo

I fill
ply, plot supply, complote, expletive.

which objects are drawn, and from which they are made visible Plico

plic complicated. Ploro I wail

by the mind. plor deplore, implore. Plumbum lead

Reticulated denotes that which is made like net-work. Hence plumb, plum plumber, plummet. Pono

I placs

pon
depone, exponent.

the meaning of reticule or little bag made of net-work, some time Positus placed

pos, posit
impose, position.

since much in use among ladies.
Populus
the people
popul popular.

To ruminate is to pass and repass the food through the rumen Porto

port
portable, export.

or gullet in order to its repeated chewing. Hence the phrase to Poto

I drink

pot
potion, potable.

chew the cud. Metaphorically, to ruminate is to muse, to reflect Præda plunder preda predatory, depredation.

calmly :Pravus

wicked
prav depravity.

As when a traveller, a long day past, Precor

prec

deprecate, imprecate. Prebendo I take hold of. prehend

In painful search of what he cannot find,
apprehend.
Prehensus

At night's approach, content with the next cot,
takon
prehens apprehension.

There ruminates awhile his labour lost.”
Pretium a price preci appreciate.
Probo
prob probable, probation.

In prose we say to ruminate on, that is, to meditate upon Probas

good
prob probity.

He practises a slow meditation, and ruminates on the subject.”Podens

modest (pudentis) pudent impudent.

Watts, “ On the Mind."

Bankrupt, a term of French extraction, properly denotes a Puer a boy

puer puerile. Pugna a fight pugnacious, impugn.

trador or money-dealer whose bank or bench is broken, the last pugn I

condition of commercial destitution :prune, put) Puto in order, amputate, reputation, dis.

A bankrupt is defined a trader who secretes himself, or does cortain think pute.

other acts tending to defraud his creditors."Blaclestone. Putris

rotten
putr putrefaction, putrid.

The terms rustic and rural differ in their application, the first
Quæro
I seek, ask

quir, quer
query, inquire.

being said of persons, the second of things. Rustics are often Quæsitus asked quisit, , question, inquest,

insensible to the loveliness of rural scenes. quest inquisition, requisition, Quassus shaken, agitated cuss discuss, percussion.

COMPOSITION. Quatuor four quat, quadr quateruion, quadrangle.

Form into a sentence each of these with their proper proposiAngulus

a corner angi, angul angle, angular. Queror I complain quer querulous.

tions : Quinque

F. R. five

Words, quinqu quinquennial. Radix (radicis) a root radic radical, eradicate.

Confide in,

fido, I trust. Ranus a branch

Conform to, ramification.

forma, form. Rasas scraped ras (rax) erase (razor).

Congenial with,
Ratio (rationis) reason

rat
rational, rate.

Congratulate on,

gratulor, I congratulate. Rectus straight Tecti rectilineal, rectify.

Connect with,

necto, I bind.
Linea
a line

line
linear, lineament.

Conscious of,

scio, I lenow.
Rego
I rulo

rog
regal, rogalate.
Consecrate to,

sacer, sacred.
Rectus
ruled

rect
roctor, director.

Consent to,

sentio, I feel, think.
Rete
a net

reti
reticulate, retina.
Consign to,

signum, a sign.
Rideo
I laugh

rid
deride, ridicule.

Consist of, in, with,
Bisus

sto, I stand.
laughed at ris
risible, derisive.

Consistent with,
Bigo
I water

rig
irrigate.
Consult, and consult with,

consul, a counsellor. Bodo

rod
corrode, erode.
Contend with, against,

tendo, I stretch.
Rogus
gnawed
corrosion, erosion.
Contiguous to,

tango, I touch.
Rota
a wheel

rota
rotation, rotary.
Contrast with,

traho, I draw. Rumen(ruminis) the gullet Tumin ruminate.

Contrary to,

contra, opposite. Ruptus broken rupt bankrupt, eruption.

Conversant in, with, about, versor, I am engaged in. Ras (ruris) the country

Convert to, into,
rustic, rural.
TUS, rur

verto, I turn.
Sacer sacri) sacred
sacri, sacer sacrifice, sacerdotal.

Convict of,

vinco, I overcome.
Sal (salis)
salt

sali
saline.

Convince of,
Salio
I leap

sali
salient.
Copy from, after

copie, a transcript.
Saltus
leapt
sault, sult assault, insult.

Corregpond to, with,

respondeo, I answer. Salvus safe

salu
salvation, salvage.
Coveunnt with, for,

venio, I come.
Sanctus
holy

Care of, sanct sanctify, sanctuary.

cura, care.
enough

satis, sati
satisfy, satiate.

To consist of, to consist in, and to consist with, have each a Satur

satur
saturate.

different meaning. To consist of has reference to the materials Scando I climb

scend
ascend, descend.

of which an object is made up; to consist in has reference to Scindo I cloavo scind rescind.

the substance or essence of a thought; to consist with has Scio I lonov

sci

science, prescience. Scribo

reference to the character or dignity of an agent or actor. It I write

scrib

scribe, inscribe. Scriptus written script

consists with the character of a wise man to expound doctrines

scripture, postscript, Serator SI search dili

in which the welfare of his fellow-men consists : that exposition ecrut gently scrutiny, inscrutable.

he makes by words which consist of sounds, or by books which Scurra a scofer scurr scurrility.

consist of letters. The wealth of a nation consists not so much Sectus cut

sect
dissect, sectarian.

in the number as the heart, the intelligence, and the sinews of Sedeo I sit sedentary, preside.

its inhabitants. Sessus seated

sess

session. Semen (semynis) seed

semin disseminate, seminary.
Semi
half

somi
somicircle, semivowel,

LESSONS IN CHEMISTRY.-XXIII. Expletives are words not needed for the sense, bat used merely CHRONIUM-URANIUM - ARSENIC-ANTIMONY. to fill up and round off the sentence. Of course expletives are

CHROMIUM. to be avoided :

SYMBOL, Cr- COMBINING WEIGHT, 52-5.
“While expletives their feeble aid do join,
And ten low words oft creep in one dull line."-Pope.

THE chief ore of this metal is chrome iron-stone, whose compo

sition (FeO,Cr,O2) is similar to that of magnetic iron ore, but The term depone, in law phraseology, is used by the Scotch where the sesquioxide of iron is replaced by the correspondwhere we use depose. The distinction is arbitrary, for we speak | ing oxide of chromium. The metal may be reduced by carbon

Ignano

[ocr errors]

Satis

full

}

sed, sid.

« AnteriorContinuar »