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stone under his head for a pillow, and was asleep, he dreamed that a ladder stood upon the earth, the top of which reached to heaven, and the angels of God were ascending and descending upon it. And, behold! the Lord stood above, and said, “I am the Lord God of Abraham thy father, and the God of Isaac: the land whereon thou liest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed; and thy seed shall be as the dust of the earth, and thou shalt spread abroad to the west, and to the east, and to the north, and to the south: and in thee and in thy seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed. And, behold, I am with thee, and will keep thee in all places whither thou goest, and will bring thee again into this land; for I will not leave thee, until I have done that which I have spoken to thee of."

When Jacob awoke, he said, “Surely, the Lord is in this place; and I knew it not.” And he was afraid, and said, “How dreadful is this place! this is none other but the house of God, and this is the gate of heaven.” And he took the stone that he had put for his pillow, and set it up for a memorial, and he called the name of the place “Bethel ;" that is, “the house of God.” a

After a long journey, Jacob came to Haran, where Laban dwelt; and, as formerly Eliezer had met with Rebekah, so he met with the beautiful Rachel by the wells of water. He loved her, and served Laban seven years for her. But Laban deceived Jacob, and gave him Leah, instead of Rachel, for his wife, and told him that he must serve seven years more for the other. Jacob had twelve sons, who were the fathers of the twelve tribes of Israel. Their names were Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Ashur, Issachar, Zebulon, Joseph, and Benjamin.

a Gen. xxviii. 10--19.


After his fourteen years' service was ended, Jacob remained six years longer with Laban; and God blessed him, so that he became very rich in menservants and in maidservants, and in camels and asses, and oxen and sheep. On account of these riches, Laban became envious of his sonin-law. And Jacob sent for his two wives to come to him in the field, and he went away with his flocks and his property without saying any thing to Laban. When Laban found, on the third day after, that Jacob had fled, he pursued after him, and after seven days' journey he overtook him. But God appeared to Laban in a dream, and said to him, “ Take heed that thou speak not to Jacob otherwise than kindly.”b Then Laban made a covenant with Jacob on Mount Gilead, and they took leave of one another in peace.

b Luther's version.

Jacob sent messengers to Esau, to inform him of his arrival. And Esau came out to meet him, with four hundred men. Then Jacob was greatly afraid, and divided the people that were with him, and the flocks, and herds, and the camels, into two bands; and said, “If Esau come to the one company, and smite it, then the other company which is left shall escape.” And Jacob prayed, saying, "O God of my father Abraham, and God of my father Isaac, the Lord which saidst unto me, Return unto thy country, and to thy kindred, and I will deal well with thee: I am not worthy of the least of all the mercies, and of all the truth, which thou has showed unto thy servant : for with staff I passed over this Jordan ; and now I am become two bands. Deliver



pray thee, from the hand of my brother, from the band of Esau : for I fear him, lest he will come and smite me, and the mother with the children. And thou saidst, I will surely do thee good, and make thy seed as the sand of the sea, which cannot be numbered for multitude.” And he chose the finest out of his flocks and herds for a present for his brother Esau. And he told the servants who took them, to say to Esau, when he asked whose they were,

“ These be thy servant Jacob's; it is a present sent unto my lord Esau.”

Then he led his company over the brook Jabbok, and in the night he was left alone. And there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day. And when the day broke, the man


c Gen. xxxii. 3-12.

said to him, “Let me go, for the day breaketh. And Jacob said, “I will not let thee go, except thou bless me.” Then said the man, “ Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel” (that is, a prevailer over God); “for thou hast contended with God and with men, and hast prevailed.”d

Jacob saw his brother Esau coming, and bowed himself to the earth seven times. And Esau ran to meet him, and fell on his neck and wept. And Jacob's wives and children bowed themselves down before Esau. The present Esau would not at first receive; but Jacob constrained him to do so. Then Esau went his way, and Jacob came again to the land of Canaan.

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Among the sons of Jacob who were born in Padan-aram, the youngest was Joseph, the son of Rachel : the twelfth, Benjamin, was born in Canaan. And Israel loved Joseph more than his other sons, and gave

him a beautiful coat. Therefore his brethren envied him, and hated him; so that they could not speak peaceably to him. And Joseph had a dream. He dreamed that they were all binding sheaves in the field, and his brothers' sheaves made obeisance to his sheaf. When he told them this dream, they hated him the more. And another time he said to them, “I have dreamed a dream more; and, behold, the sun,

and the moon, and the eleven stars, made obeisance unto me. And his father rebuked him for this, and said,

d Gen. xxxii. 24-28.

“Shall I and thy mother and thy brethren indeed come to bow down ourselves to thee to the earth?” a But his father observed all these sayings.

Jacob sent him one day to visit his brethren, who were feeding their flocks at a place distant several days' journey from Hebron, where Jacob dwelt. He found them at Dothan. When they saw him coming, they said one to another, “ Behold, this


dreamer cometh. Let us slay him, and we shall see what will become of his dreams.” But Reuben, the eldest of the brethren, said, “Shed no blood,

a Gen. xxxvii. 3-11.

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