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I believe I sighed deeply at this observation of Barry's sphere of mortal activity, and calmly leave to the immediate no withstanding the comic phraseology in which it was ex- disposal of Omnipotence. -Foster's Ěssays. pressed.
“ And would it be too much liberty to ask you,” said Barny, “ to drink a cup of tea, and to taste a slice of my good woman's bread and butter? And happy the day we see you
KISSING OFF SAILORS. eating it, and only wish we could serve you in any way what- An Irish Guineaman had been fallen in with by one of our
cruisers, and the commander of his majesty's sloop the HumI verily believe the generous fellow forgot at this instant mingbird made a selection of thirty or forty stout Hibernians that he had redeemed my watch and wife's trinkets. He to fill up his own complement, and hand over the surplus to would not let me thank him as much as I wished, but kept the admiral. Short-sighted mortals we all are, and captains pressing upon me fresh offers of service. When he found 1 of men-of-war are not exempted from human imperfection. was going to leave America, he asked what vessel we should How much also drops between the cup and the lip! There go in. I was really afraid to tell him, lest he should attempt chanced to be on board of the same trader two very pretty to pay for my passage But for this he had, as I afterwards Irish girls, of the better sort of bourgeoise, who were going found, too much delicacy of sentiment. He discovered, by to join their friends at Philadelphia. The name of the one questioning the captains, in what ship we were to sail ; and was Judy, and of the other Maria. No sooner were the poor when we went on board, we found him and his sons there to Irishmen informed of their change of destination, than they take leave of us, which they did in the most affectionate man- set up a howl loud enough to make the scaly monsters of the ner ; and after they were gone, we found in the state cabin, deep seek their dark caverns. They rent the hearts of the directed to me, every thing that could be useful or agreeable poor-hearted girls ; and when the thorough-bass of the males to us, as sea stores for a long voyage.--Incident in a Tale en- was joined by the sopranos and trebles of the women and chiltitled “ To-morrow,” by Miss Edgeworth.
dren, it would have made Orpheus himself turn round and gaze.
“Oh, Miss Judy! oh, Miss Maria! would you be so cruel DECISION OF CHARACTER: HOWARD THE PHILANTHRO- as to see us poor crathurs dragged away to a man-of-war, PIST.-In decision of character no man ever exceeded, or and not for to go and spake a word for us ? A word to the ever will exceed, the late illustrious Howard. The energy captain from your own purty mouths, and no doubt he would of his determination was so great, that if, instead of being let us off.” habitual, it had been shown only for a short time on particu- The young ladies, though doubting the powers of their own lar occasions, it would have appeared a vehement impetu- fascinations, resolved to make the experiment. So, begging osity; but by being unintermitted it had an equability of the lieutenant of the sloop to give them a passage on board manner which scarcely appeared to exceed the tone of a calm to speak with his captain, they added a small matter of finery constancy, it was so totally the reverse of any thing like turbu- to their dress, and skipped into the boat like a couple of mounlence or agitation. It was the calmness of an intensity kept tain kids, caring neither for the exposure of ancles nor the uniform by the nature of the human mind forbidding it to be spray of the salt water, which, though it took the curls out of more, and by the character of the individual forbidding it to their hair, added a bloom to their cheeks, which perhaps conbe less. The habitual passion of his mind was a measure of tributed in no small degree to the success of their project. feeling almost equal to the temporary extremes and parox- There is something in the sight of a petticoat at sea that never ysms of common minds; as a great river, in its customary state, fails to put a man into a good humour, provided he be rightly is equal to a small or moderate one when swollen to a tor- constructed. When they got on board the man-of-war, they rent. The moment of finishing his plans in deliberation, and were received by the captain.. commencing them in action, was the same. I wonder what " And pray, young ladies," said he, “what may have promust have been the amount of that bribe in emolument or cured me the honour of this visit ?". pleasure that would have detained him a week inactive after “ It was to beg a favour of your honour,” said Judy. their final adjustment. The law which carries water down a “ And his honour will grant it too,” said Maria, “ for I like the declivity was not more unconquerable and invariable than look of him.” the determination of his feelings towards the main object. Flattered by this shot of Maria’s, the captain said that The importance of this object held his faculties in a state of nothing ever gave him more pleasure than to oblige the ladies ; excitement which was too rigid to be affected by lighter in- and if the favour they intended to ask was not utterly incomterests, and on which therefore the beauties of nature and of patible with his duty, that he would grant it. art had no power. He had no leisure feeling which he could “ Well, then,” said Judy, “ will your honour give me back spare to be diverted among the innumerable varieties of the Pat Flannagan, that you have pressed just now ?" extensive scenes which he traversed: all his subordinate feel- The captain shook his head. ings lost their separate existence and operation by falling “ He's no sailor, your honour, but a poor bog.trotter ; and into the grand one. There have not been wanting trivial he will never do you any good.”. minds to mark this as a fault in his character. But the mere The captain again shook his head. “ Ask me anything men of taste ought to be silent respecting such a man as else,” said he," and I will give it you. Howard: he is above their sphere of judgment. The invi- “Well, then," said Maria, “give us Phelim O'Shaughnessy.” sible spirits who fulfil their commission of philanthropy The captain was equally inflexible. among mortals do not care about pictures, statues, and sump- “ Come, come, your honour,” said Judy, tuous buildings; and no more did he, when the time in which stand upon trifles now-a-days. I'll give you a kiss if you give he must have inspected and admired them would have been me back Pat Flannagan. taken from the work to which he had consecrated his life. His “ And I another," said Maria, “ for Phelim.” labours implied an inconceivable severity of conviction that The captain had one seated on each side of him; his head he had one thing to do, and that he who would do some great turned like a dog-vane in a gale of wind. He did not know thing in this short life must apply himself to the work with which to begin with ; the most ineffable good humour danced such a concentration of his forces as, to idle spectators who in his eyes ; and the ladies saw at once the day was their own. live only to amuse themselves, looks like insanity. His at- Such is the power of beauty, that this lord of the ocean was tention was so strongly and tenaciously fixed on his object, sain to strike to it. Judy laid a kiss on his right cheek ; that even at the greatest distance, as the Egyptian pyramids Maria matched it on his left ; and the captain was the happiest to travellers, it appeared to him with a luminous distinct- of mortals. “Well, then," said he, “ you have your wish; ness as if it had been nigh, and beguiled the toilsome take your two men, for I am in a hurry to make sail.". length of labour and enterprise by which he was “ Is it sail ye are after makin'? and do ye mane to take all reach it.
It was so conspicuous before him that not a step these poor crathurs away wid you ? No, faith ; another deviated from the direction, and every movement and every kiss and another man.”. day was an approximation. As his method referred every I am not going to relate how many kisses these lovely girls thing he did and thought to the end, and as his exertions did bestowed on the envied captain. If such are captains' pernot relax for a moment, he made the trial, so seldom made, quisites, who would not be a captain ? Suffice it to say, they what the utmost effect is, which may be granted to the last got the whole of their countrymen released, and returned on possible efforts of a human agent; and, therefore, what he board in triumph. did not accomplish he might conclude to be placed beyond the Lord Brougham used to say that he always laughed at
we must not
THE COUNTY OF MAYO.
the settlement of pin-money, as ladies were generally either CAMEO-CUtting.– This art is of great antiquity, and is kicked out of it, or kissed out of it; but his lordship, in the whole pursued with most success in Rome, where there are several course of his legal practice, never saw a captain of a man
nan- very eminent artists now living. Cameos are of two descripof-war kissed out of forty men by two pretty Irish girls. tions, those cut in stone, or pietra dura, and those cut in After this, who would not shout “ Erin go bragh !"
shell. Of the first, the value depends on the stone, as well as
in the excellence of the work. The stones most prized now are ANCIENT IRISH LITERATURE.
the oriental onyx and the sardonyx, the former black and white Number 5.
in parallel layers, the latter cornelian, brown and white ; and The specimen of our ancient Irish Literature which we now
when stones of four or five layers of distinct shades or colours present to our readers, is one of the most popular songs of the can be procured, the value is proportionably raised, provided peasantry of the counties of Mayo and Galway, and is evi. always that the layers he so thin as to be manageable in cutting dently a composition of that most unhappy period of Irish the cameo so as to make the various parts harmonize. For history, the seventeenth century. The original Irish which example, in a head of Minerva, if well wrought out of a stone is the composition of one Thomas Lavelle, has been pub- of four shades, the ground should be dark grey, the face light, lished without a translation, by Mr Hardiman, in bis frish the bust and helmet black, and the crest over the helmet Minstrelsy; but a very able translation of it was published in brownish or grey. Next to such varieties of shades and lay. a review of that work in the University Magazine for June ers, those stones are valuable in which two layers occur of 1834. From that translation the version which we now give black and white of regular breadth. Except on such oriental has been þut slightly altered so as to adapt it to the original stones no good artist will now bestow his time; but, till the melody, which is of very great beauty and pathos, and one beginning of this century, less attention was bestowed on mawhich it is desirable to preserve with English words of appro- be found on German agates, whose colours are generally only
terials, so that beautiful middle-age and modern cameos may priate simplicity of character :
two shades of grey, or a cream and a milk-white, and these not unfrequently cloudy. The best artist in Rome in pietra
dura is the Signor Girometti, who has executed eight cameos On the deck of Patrick Lynch's boat I sit in woful plight,
of various sizes, from 1} to 34 inches in diameter, on picked Through my sighing all the weary day, and weeping all the night.
stones of several layers, the subjects being from the antique. Were it not that full of sorrow from my people forth I go, By the blessed sun, 'tis royally I'd sing thy praise, Mayo:
These form a set of specimens, for which he asks £3,000 sterling. A single cameo of good brooch size, and of two
colours, costs £22. Portraits in stone by those excellent ar. When I dwelt at home in plenty, and my gold did much abound,
tists Diez and Saulini may be had for £10. These cameos In the company of fair young maids the Spanish ale went round
are all wrought by a lathe with pointed instruments of steel, 'Tis a bitter change from those gay days that now I'm forced to go,
and by means of diamond dust. And must leave my bones in Santa Cruz, far from my own Mayo!
Shell cameos are cut from large shells found on the African
and Brazilian coasts, and generally show only two layers, They are altered girls in Irrul now ; 'tis proud they're grown and high, the ground being either a pale coffee-colour or a deep reddishWith the'r hair-bags and their top-knots, for I pass their buckles by- orange ; the latter is most prized. The subject is cut with But it's little now I heed their airs, for God will have it so,
little steel chisels out of the white portion of the shell. A fine That I must depart for foreign lands, and leave my sweet Mayo! shell is worth a guinea in Rome. Copies from the antique,
original designs, and portraits, are executed in the most ex'Tis my grief that Patrick Loughlin is not Earl in Irrul still,
quisite style of finish, and perfect in contour and taste, and And that Brian Duff no longer rules as Lord upon the hill :
it may be said that the Roman artists have attained perfecAnd that Colonel Hugh Mac Grady should be lying dead and low, tion in this beautiful art. Good shell cameos may be had at And I sailing, sailing swiftly from the county of Mayo!
from £l to £5 for heads, £3 to £4 for the finest large brooches, For the satisfaction of our Gaelic readers, we annex the and brooch cost £21. A portrait can be executed for £4 or
a comb costs £10, and a complete set of necklace, ear-rings, original Irish words :
£5, according to workmanship. Condue Waigeó.
Venetian PAVEMENTS.- A most beautiful art may be Ir ar an loingreo Phaidi loingTiś do gnimre an mentioned here in connection with the last, I mean that of dubron
making what are termed Venetian pavements which might ad. Uz osnad ann san oioche is ag riorgol ran ló
vantageously be introduced into this country. The floors of
rooms are finished with this pavement, as it is somewhat Wuna mibejo gur dallað minntleacho is me a bfad incongruously termed, and I shall briefly describe the mode of om ruinntir
operation in making these, but must first observe that they Dar a maireann! ir mait a chaoinfinnsi condae
are usually formed over vaults. In the first place, a founda21haigeo.
tion is laid of lime mixed with pozzolana and small pieces of
broken stone ; this is in fact a sort of concrete, which must An uair a mair mo chairde buo breaj mo chuid oir be well beaten and levelled. When this is perfectly dry, : Dolainn lyonn Spameach gcomhluadar ban og
fine paste, as it is termed by the Italians, must be made of
lime, pozzolana, and sand; a yellow sand is used which tinges Wuna mbeidh rior ol na gcárta, tan olig bheid ro the mixture ; this is carefully spread to a depth of one or two lájoin
inches, according to circumstances. Over this is laid a layer Ni a Sandicrúr a ořácfainn mo įnama fán bhfoo.
of irregularly broken minute pieces of marble of different
colours, and if it is wished, these can be arranged in patterns. Tájo gadajoniše na háite seo ag eirgead go After the paste is completely covered with pieces of marble, mór
men proceed to beat the floor with large and heavy tools made Fa cnotada ir fa hairbag gan traču ar bhúclada for the purpose
; when the whole has been beaten into a com
pact mass, the paste appearing above the pieces of marble, it brog
is left to harden. It is then rubbed smooth with fine grained Da mairfead damsa an jar-uraill do oeanfuinn stones, and is finally brought to a high polish with emery powdíobh cianach
der, marble-dust, and, lastly, boiled oil rubbed on with flannel. Wuna mbeió gur cagair oja tam bhejc a gcian
This makes a durable and very beautiful floor, which in this tajbh Fa bhron.
country would be well adapted for halls, conservatories, and
other buildings. The Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal. Dá mbejo Padrug Lochlainn ina jarla air jar
How destitute of humanity is he, who can pass a coarse umaill go foil
joke upon the emblem of unfèigned sorrow. Brian dubh a chjamain na tighearna ar oumach- Printed and published very Saturday by Gunn and CAMERON, at the Office moir
of the General Advertiser, No. 6, Church Lane, College Green, Dublin.
Agents :-R. GROOMBRIDGE, Panyer Alley, Paternoster Rot, London ; doo dubh mac Sriada 'na choirnel a gCliara Simms and DINHAM, Exchange Street, Manchester ; C. Davies, North Ir ann niu bhejó mo triallra go condue 20haigheo.
John Street, Liverpool; SlOCOMBE & Simus, Leeds, John MENZIES,
The greyhound! the great hound! the graceful of limb!
with and overcome that formidable animal. There are those Rough fellow ! tall fellow ! swift fellow, and slim !
who hold this opinion, and there are likewise those who hold Let them sound through the earth, let them sail o'er the sea, that while a particular breed was used, it was a sort of heavy They will light on none other more ancient than thee !
mastiff-like dog, now extinct. It is the object of the present OLD MS.
paper to show that not only did Ireland possess a peculiar No individual of the canine race has attained an equal amount race of dogs exclusively devoted to wolf-hunting, but that of fame, or excited an equal degree of attention through Eu- those dogs, instead of being of the mastiff kind, resembled rope, not merely in the days of his acknowledged existence the greyhound in form; and instead of being extinct, are still amongst our dogs of chase, but even now, that he is consi- to be met with, although we are compelled to acknowledge dered to be extinct, with that once possessed by the superb that they are very scarce. I myself was once in very gross creature whose picture adorns our title-page, and an account error respecting this dog, for I like many others conceived him of whom forms the subject of the present article. Public opi- to have been a mastiff, and implicitly believed that the dogs of nion has long been divided respecting the precise appearance Lord Altamont, described in the 3d vol. of the Linnæan Transand form of this majestic animal, and so many different ideas actions by Mr Lambert, were the sole surviving, representahave been conceived of him, that many persons have been in- tives of the Irish wolf-dog. An able and talented paper, read duced to come to the conclusion that no particular breed of by Mr A. Haffield of this city, about a year ago, before the dogs was ever kept for wolf-hunting in this country, but that Dublin Natural History Society, served to stagger me in my the appellation of "wolf-dog" was bestowed upon any dog belief, and subsequent careful inquiry and research bave comswift enough to overtake and powerful enough to contend / pleted my conversion. I proceed to lay before my readers the Irish, says,
result of that inquiry, and I feel confident that no individual | Pliny relates a combat in which the Irish wolf-dogs took a part; after reading the evidences which I shall adduce, will con- he calls them “ Canes Graii Hibernici," and describes them as tinue to harbour a doubt respecting the true appearance and much taller than the mastiff. Hollinshed, in speaking of the form of the ancient Irish wolf-dog.
“ They are not without wolves, and greyhounds We are informed by such disjointed scraps of Celtic verse to hunt them.” Évelyn, speaking of the bear-garden, says, as Time, that merciless destroyer, has suffered to come down, * The bull-dogs did exceeding well, but the Irish wolf-dogaer. though in a mutilated form, to our days, that in the times of ceeded, which was a tall greyhound, a stately creature, and old, when Fionn Mac Cumhaill, popularly styled Fin Mac Cool, beat a cruel mastiff.” wielded the sceptre of power and of justice, we possessed a Llewellyn, Prince of Wales, was presented by King John prodigious and courageous dog used for hunting the deer and with a specimen of this kind of dog, “the greyhound, the the wild boar, with, though last not least, the grim and sa- greathound, the graceful of limb;" and most of my readers vage wolf which ravaged the folds and slaughtered the herds are familiar with that beautiful poem, the “Grave of the Greyof our ancestors. We learn from the same source that these hound.”. These animals were in those days permitted to be dogs were also frequently employed as auxiliaries in war, and kept only by princes and chiefs; and in the Welch laws of that they were “ mighty'in combat, their breasts like plates the ninth century we find heavy penalties laid down for the of brass, and greatly to be feared.” We might adduce the maiming or injuring of the Irish greyhound, or, as it was songs of Ossian, but that we fear to draw upon ourselves the styled in the code alluded to, “ Canis Graius Hibernicus ;" envious rancour of some snarling critic. We cannot, however, and a value was set upon them, equal to more than double avoid observing, that the epithets“ hairy-footed,” “white- that set on the ordinary greyhound. breasted,” and “bounding," are singularly characteristic of Moryson, secretary to Lord Deputy Mountjoy, says, “The some of the striking peculiarities of the dog in question, and Irish men and greyhounds are of great stature."
Lombard strangely coincide with the descriptions furnished by other says that the finest hunting dogs in Europe were produced in writers respecting him ; so that M.Pherson must at all events Ireland: “Greyhounds useful to take the stag, wild boar, or have been at the pains of considerable research if he actually wolf.” Pennant describes these dogs as scarce, and as being forged the beautiful poems which he put forth to the world led to the chase in leather slips or thongs, and calls them the under Ossian's name. The word “Bran,” the name given to “ Irish greyhound." Ray describes him as the “greatest Fingal's noble hound, employed by others than Ossian, or I dog" he had ever seen. Buffon says he saw an “ Irish grey. should not mention it, is Celtic, and signifies “mountain hound” which measured five feet in height when in a sitting torrent,” implying that impetuosity of course and headlong posture, and says that all other sorts of greyhounds are decourage so characteristic of the subject of my paper. I have scended from him, and that in Scotland it is called the Highsaid that many assert the Irish wolf-dog to be no longer in land greyhound, that it is very large, deep chested, and existence. I have ventured a denial of this, and refer to the covered with long rough hair. wolf-dog or deer-dog of the Highlands of Scotland as his Scottish noblemen were not always content with such actual and faithful living representative. Perhaps I am wrong specimens of this dog as their own country produced, but frein saying " representative.” I hold that the Irish wolf-dog quently sent for them to Ireland, conceiving doubtless that they and the Highland deer-dog are one and the same; and I now would be found better and purer in their native land. The fol. proceed to cite a few authorities in support of my positions. lowing is a copy of a letter addressed by Deputy Falkland
The venerable Bede, as well as the Scotch historian John to the Earl of Cork in 1623 :Major, informs us that Scotland was originally peopled from “ MY LORD, Ireland under the conduct of Reuda, and adds, that even in his I have lately received letters from my Lord Duke of Bucown days half Scotland spoke the Irish language as their mother cleuch and others of my noble friends, who have entreated tongue; and many of my readers are doubtless aware that even me to send them some greyhound dogs and bitches out of this at this present time the Gaelic and the Erse are so much alike kingdom, of the largest sort, which I perceive they intend to that a Connaught man finds no difficulty in comprehending present unto divers princes and other noble persons; and if and conversing with a Highlander, and I myself have read you can possibly, let them be white, which is the colour most the Gaelic Bible with an Irish dictionary. Scotland also was in request here. Expecting your answer by the bearer, I called by the early writers Scotia Minor, and Ireland Scotia commit you to the protection of the Almighty, and am Major. The colonization, therefore, of Scotland from Ire
Your lordship's attached friend, land, admits of little doubt. As the Irish wolf-dog was at that
FALKLAND." time in the enjoyment of his most extended fame, it was not Smith, in the second edition of his History of Waterford, to be expected that the colonists would omit taking with them says, “The Irish greyhound is nearly extinct : it is much taller such a fine description of dog, and which would prove so thana mastiff, but more like a greyhound, and for size, strength, useful to them in a newly established settlement, and that too and shape, cannot be equalled. Roderick, King of Connaught, at a period when hunting was not merely an amusement, but was obliged to furnish hawks and greyhounds to Henry II. one of their main occupations, and their main source of sub- Sir Thomas Rue obtained great favour from the Great Mogul sistence. The Irish wolf-dog was thus carried into Scotland in 1615 for a brace of Irish greyhounds presented by him. and became the Highland or Scottish wolf-dog, changing in Henry VIII. presented the Marquis of Dessarages, a Spanish process of time his name with his country; and in the course grandee, with two goshawks and four Irish greyhounds." of ages when the wolves died out of the land, his occupation I have now adduced, I think, a sufficient number of auþeing no longer the hunting of those animals but of deer, he thorities to demonstrate the identity of the Irish wolf-dog became known no longer as the Highland wolf-dog, but as the with the Highland deer-hound. I might adduce many more, Highland deer-dog, though indeed he is to the present called but want of space prevents my doing so. I may however, by the former of these appellations by many writers both ere concluding, take the liberty of extracting from the exIrish and Scottish. In Ireland the wolves were in existence cellent paper of Mr Haffield, already alluded to as having longer than in Scotland; but as soon as the wolves ceased to been read before the Dublin Natural History Society, the exist in this country, the dogs were suffered to become extinct following communication, received by that gentleman from also, while in Scotland there was still abundant employment Sir William Betham, Ulster King at Arms, an authority of for them after the days of wolf-hunting were over, for the very high importance on any subject connected with Irish andeer still remained ; and useful as they had been as wolf-dogs, tiquities. Sir William says :-“From the mention of the wolfthey proved themselves if possible more so as deer-hounds. dogs in the old Irish poems and stories, and also from what
That the Irish wolf-dog was a tall rough greyhound, similar I have heard from a very old person, long since dead, of his in every respect to the Highland dog of the present day, I having seen them at the Neale, in the county of Mayo, the beg to adduce in proof the following authorities :-Strabo seat of Sir John Browne, ancestor to Lord Kilmaine, I have mentions a tall greyhound in use among the Pictish and Celtic no doubt they were a gigantic greyhound. My departed nations, which he states was held in high esteem by our ances- friend described them as being very gentle, and that Sir J. tors, and was even imported into Gaul for the purposes of the Browne allowed them to come into his dining-room, where they chase. Campion expressly speaks of the Irish wolf-dog as a put their heads over the shoulders of those who sat at table; “greyhound of great bone and limb.” Silaus calls it also a they were not smooth-skinned like our greyhounds, but rough greyhound, and asserts that it was imported into Ireland by and curly-haired. The Irish poets call the wolf-dog Cu,' the Belgæ, and is the same with the renowned Belgic dog and the common hound Gayer ;' a marked distinction, the of antiquity, and that it was, during the days of Roman gran- word • Cu' signifying a champion.” deur, brought to Rome for the combats of the amphitheatre, The Ilighland or Irish wolt-dog is a stately majestic animal,
extremely good tempered and quiet in his disposition unless | benumbed with the chilly air, was beginning to fall into a kind when irritated or excited, when he becomes furious, and is, in of sleep, when at that instant the dog with a roar leaped consequence of his tremendous strength, a truly formidable across him, and laid his mortal enemy upon the earth. The animal. The size of these dogs has been much exaggerated. boy was roused into double activity by the voice of his comGoldsmith asserts that he saw several, some of which were panion, and drove the spear through the wolf's neck as he four feet high! We cannot of course credit this, but there is had been directed, at which time Carragh appeared, bearing no doubt that they were larger than most other dogs, and in the head of the other. deed the Highland deer-hound is now the tallest dog in exis- I have not been able to ascertain with certainty the date of tence.
the death of the last Irish wolf, but there was a presentment This animal is nearly extinct. Even Glengarry, whose for killing wolves granted in Cork in the year 1710. I am at dogs were once so famous, has not one genuine specimen present acquainted with an old gentleman between 80 and 90 left, and but a few remain scattered here and there through years of age, whose mother remembered wolves to have been the north of Ireland and the Highlands of Scotland. Mr killed in the county of Wexford about the year 1730-40; and Nolan's dog “ Oscar," whose portrait heads this article, is the it is asserted by many persons of weight and veracity that a finest specimen of the kind I have ever seen, standing 281 wolf was killed in the Wicklow mountains so recently as inches in height at the shoulders ; their average height in 1770. I have other legends on the subject of wolf-hunting in their very best days seems to have been about 30 inches. The Ireland in former times, but want of space compels me, for colour of these dogs varies, but the most esteemed are dark the present at all events, to conclude, which I do, trusting iron-grey, with white breast. This is the colour of Oscar. that what I have already written will gratify my readers. They are, however, to be found of a yellowish or sandy hue, An ancient Irish harp, popularly known as the harp of brindled, and even white. In former times, as will be seen Brian Boriumha, still preserved in Trinity College, Dublin, from Lord Falkland's letter quoted above, this latter colour is ornamented with a figure of the wolf-dog, which, as reprewas by many preferred. One of the most remarkable senting him under the form of a rough strong greyhound, facts respecting the size of this dog, is the great disparity precisely similar to the animal now known as the Highland which exists between the sizes of the male and female of the deer-hound, furnishes an additional argument to the correcto breed, many of the latter being very diminutive, while their ness of the position above advanced.
H. D. R. male offspring invariably attain the full stature of its race. Why will not some of our Irish gentlemen and sportsmen turn their attention to this splendid breed of dogs, and seek Mosaic WORK.-The art of mosaic work has been known to prevent, ere it be too late, its total extirpation ?
in Rome since the days of the republic. The severer rulers Now, readers, there may be some among you who have of that period forbade the introduction of foreign marbles, thought my paper somewhat dry and prosy; and in case you and the republican mosaics are all in black and white. Under should forget the many times I have amused you before, and the empire the art was greatly improved, and not merely by cast me forth altogether from your good graces, I shall con- the introduction of marbles of various colours, but by the include with an authentic statement of how the last wolves ex- vention of artificial stones, termed by the Italians smalti, isting in the county Tyrone were destroyed by means of the which can be made of every variety of tint. This art was Irish greyhound ; my account is taken from a biography of a never entirely lost. On the introduction of pictures into Tyrone family published in Belfast in 1829. I thus venture Christian temples, they were first made of mosaic; remaining to abridge the note to page 74.
specimens of these are rude, but profoundly interesting in a In the mountainous parts of the county Tyrone the inha- historical point of view. When art was restored in Italy, bitants suffered much from the wolves, and gave from the mosaic also was improved, but it attained its greatest perfection public fund as much for the head of one of these animals as in the last and present century: Roman mosaic, as now practhey would now give for the capture of a notorious robber on tised, may be described as being the production of pictures the highway. There lived in those days an adventurer, who, by connecting together numerous minute pieces of coloured alone and unassisted, made it his occupation to destroy these marble or artificial stones; these are attached to a ground of ravagers. The time for attacking them was in the night, copper by means of a strong cement of gum mastic, and other and midnight was the best time for doing so, as that was materials, and are afterwards ground and polished as a stone their wonted time for leaving their lair in search of food, would be to a perfectly level surface; by this art not only are when the country was at rest and all was still; then issuing ornaments made on a small scale, but pictures of the largest forth, they fell
on their defenceless prey, and the carnage size are copied. In former times the largest cupolas of churches, commenced. There was a species of dog for the purpose of and not unfrequently the entire walls, were encrusted with mohunting them, called the wolf-dog; the animal resembled a saic. The most remarkable modern works are the copies rough, stout, half-bred greyhound, but was much stronger. which have been executed of some of the most important In the county Tyrone there was then a large space of ground works of the great masters for the altars in St Peter's. inclosed by a high stone wall, having a gap at each of the These are in every respect perfect imitations of the originals ; two opposite extremities, and in this were secured the flocks and when the originals, in spite of every care, must change of the surrounding farmers. Still, secure though this fold was and perish, these mosaics will still convey to distant ages a deemed, it was entered by the wolves, and its inmates slaugh- perfect idea of the triumphs of art achieved in the fifteenth tered. The neighbouring proprietors having heard of the century. The government manufactory in Rome occupies the noted wolf-hunter above mentioned, by name Rory Carragh, apartments in the Vatican which were used as offices of the sent for him, and offered the usual reward, with some addi- Inquisition. No copies are now made, but cases of smalti are tion, if he would undertake to destroy the two remaining shown, containing, it is said, 18,000 different tints. Twenty wolves that had committed such devastation. Carragh under- years were employed in making one of the copies I have mentaking the task, took with him two wolf-dogs, and a little boy tioned. The pieces of mosaic vary in size from an eighth to only twelve years old, the only person who would accompany a sixteenth of an inch, and eleven men were employed for that him, and repaired at the approach of midnight to the fold in time on each picture. A great improvement was introduced question. “Now,” said Carragh to the boy, as the two into the art in 1775 by the Signor Raffaeli, who thought of prewolves usually enter the opposite extremities of the sheep- paring the smalti in what may be termed fine threads. "The fold at the same time, I must leave you and one of the dogs pastes or smalti are manufactured at. Venice in the shape of to guard this one while I go to the other. He steals with all crayons, or like sticks of sealing-wax, and are afterwards drawn the caution of a cat, nor will you hear him, but the dog will, out by the workman at a blow-pipe, into the thickness he reand positively will give him the first fall; if, therefore, you quires, often almost to a hair, and now seldom thicker than are not active when he is down to rivet his neck to the ground the finest grass stalk. For tables and large articles, of with this spear, he will rise up and kill both you and the dog. course, the pieces are thicker ; but the beauty of the work. So good night.”
manship, the soft gradation of the tints, and the cost, depend “I'll do what I can,” said the little boy, as he took the upon the minuteness of the pieces, and the skill displayed by spear from the wolf-hunter's hand.
the artist. A ruin, a group of flowers or figures, will employ The boy immediately threw open the gate of the fold, and a good artist about two months when only two inches square, took his seat in the inner part, close to the entrance ; his faith- and a specimen of such a description costs from £5 to £20., ful companion crouching at his side, and seeming perfectly according to the execution ; a landscape, six inches by four, aware of the dangerous business he was engaged in. The would require eighteen months, and would cost from fórty to night was very dark and cold, and the poor little boy being fifty pounds. This will strike you as no adequate remune