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Society of ANTIQUARIES.
pocket; and the Pistol, invented in the March 22. Henry Hallam, esq. F.R.S.
time of Henry VIII. V.P. in the Chair,
The ensuing weeks being chose of Pas
sion and Easter, the Society then adjourned The report of the Auditors appointed to
to the 23d of April, when the Anniversary examine the Society's accounts, was read by Dr. Meyrick; from which it appeared Meeting for the election of officers, &c.
took place. that the balance of the last accounts, and the receipts for the past year, together
EGYPTIAN MUMMY. amounted to 28501. ; and that the disburse- The operation of opening an Egyptien ments during the same period had been mummy was lately performed in che gallery 20931. leaving a balance now in the Trea- of Egyptian Antiquities at Paris ; and her surer's hands of 7571.
Royal Highness the Dauphiness, together A Letter was read, addressed to Mr. El
with a number of scientific persons, attended lis by S. R. Meyrick, LL.D. F.S.A.; con
to witness the process. The linen bands taining a minute description of some le
encircling the body from head to foot being gends of saints and devices, engraved on a
unrolled, the muinmy was found to be in suit of steel armour for man and horse, in
wonderful preservation. The nails on the the horse armoury in the Tower, the armour
hands were remarkably long; the hair was and arms in which Dr. Meyrick is re-arrang- quite perfect, and had preserved its flasen ing, by the direction of the Master-general colour untarnished; eyes of enamel had and the Hon. Board of Ordnance. The en
been substituted for the original, a singugravings on this suit, which has always been larity which has been observed only once
before. stated to have belonged to Henry VII. were
The most curious circumstance, concealed hy a coat of black paint, which
however, was the discovery of two papyrus after his discovery of them, Dr. M. caused manuscripts, one rolled round the head, the to be removed. They evince the suit to
other round the breast; they were in such have been really made for Henry VIII. on
preservation as to allow of being deciphered, his marriage to Catherine of Arragon.
by M. Champollion, jun.; the body by this The legends engraved on this suit of means was found to be that of Tete Müthis, armour are various portions of the life of St. daughter
to the keeper of the Temple of George, the tutelar military saint of Eng- Isis, at Thebes ; different marks and ornaland; of that of St. Agatha, &c. &c.; and
ments also denoted she had been one of the devices comprise the Basilisk, the Dra- high consideration among the Egyptians. gon of Cadwallader, and many others. Trac
It is supposed that the mummy cannot be ings of the whole, on fifteen sheets, made
less than 3000 years old, notwithstanding by Mr. Lovell, accompanied the paper, and
which the skin has preserved in a great were exhibited to the Society.
measure its elasticity, and even its humidity March 29. The President in the Chair. in some parts. An attentive perusal of the
A paper by Mr. Blore was read, descrip- manuscripts will no doubt bring to light tive of the specimen of ancient art recently
some curious facts. The operation was discovered by him in Westminster Abbey, managed by Doctors Delatre and de Ver
neuil. and noticed in our last number, p. 251.
The reading of Dr. Meyrick's notices of ANCIENT BURIAL PLACE, CARLSRUHE. military writers concerning Hand Fire-arms Very remarkable antique graves, 137 in was also continued.
number, have been discovered on the mounApril 5. Thomas Anyot, esg. F.R.S. Cain Schonberg, near Freiberg, on the BrisTreasurer S. A, in the Chair.
gall. Skulls, ornaments, daggers, spears, The reading of Dr. Meyrick's paper was swords, &c. of very ancient appearance, have further continued. The weapons described
been found in them. The arrows and spears in this portion of Dr. M.'s interesting com- are of iron, the swords half iron, half steel, munication, were the following: the Petro- the daggers of the finest steel, which resists nel or Poitrinall, so called from its being the file. The most remarkable, however, is applied to the breast when fixed, and dis- the coloured glass, which is frequently set tinguished from the Long Dag only by its in silver, especially a sky blue, such as, perwidth at the but ; the Bluuderbuss, invented haps, was never before seen. There are also in Germany; the Hand-mortar, for throw- red and purple beads, and large pieces of ing grenades; the Dragon, a piece shorter amber. All the graves are turned towards than the Carbine, and carrying a musket
the East. It is estimated that these buryball, from which the troops who carried it ing grounds contain 500 tombs formed of were successively termed Dragonniers and large flat stones. An account of these curiDragoons; the Dag, of which there were osities, with lithographic plates, will be pubthree kinds, the long, the short, and the lished by Mr. Schneiber of Freiburg.
353 SALES OF COINS AND MEDALS. Shilling Piece of Charles I., was knocked Some unique specimens of English coins, down at 17 guineas and a half, to Mr. Bolin gold and silver, were lately put up for sale land, the barrister, who also bought, besides at Mr. Sotheby's rooms, in Wellington- many other lots, the Proof Guinea of Geo. street. Among them were the following III., by Pingo, of the date of 1774, as English coins, from the conquest:-Ste- 21. 16s. phen, with Horseman's Mace, sold for 13. The collection of curious coins, &c., beEdward the First's Groat, “Civitas Luo- longing to the late John Terwin, Esq. was don," weighing 84 grains, and in gond pre- lately sold by Mr. Southgate, of Fleet-street: servation, 51. 15s. 6d. These two were It included the following :-Queen Elizasaid to have been formerly in the collection beth's Twenty-five Shilling Piece, which was of Thomas Hollis. Richard the Third's knocked down at 31.; the Ten Shilling Piece Half Groat, inscribed “Ricardus," &c.- of Charles I., struck during his residence at “Civitas Cantor,"aunique specimen, weigh- Oxford, 11. 11s. 6d. ; the Pontefract Shilling ing 23 grains, sold for 71. 10s. Richard the of Charles I., date 1643, II. 145.; the ShilThird's Penny, struck at Durham by Bishopling of the Commonwealth, by Blondeau, Sherwood, well preserved, 4l. 4s.' Henry 31.; the Crown of Oliver Cromwell, 21. 155.; the Seventh's Penny, with the Arched and the Half-crown and Shilling of Oliver Crown, the first coinage struck at Canter Cromwell, 11. 145. There was great compebury, a very fine specimen, and said to be tition for many of these lots, and particularly of great rarity, 61. 85. 60. Perkin Warbeck's for tbe four last. Groat, said to have been struck by the Du
POMPEI. chess of Burgundy, sister to Edward the Fourth, dated 1494, sold for 211. Henry A beautiful fountain has lately been discothe Seventh's Shilling, with numerals, 31. vered in this city, the interior ornamented Ils. Heory the Seventh's Groat, inscribed, with mosaic, and with shells arranged in “ Henri Septim." &c. a unique specimen, somewhat a whimsical manner. Four Co101. 5s. There were also some beautiful rinthian columns are introduced as ornaments, specimens of gold coins, many of which pro- and the whole is so beautiful, that the King duced very large sums; as did also some cu- of Naples has paid a personal visit to Pompeii rious and interesting coins of Charles I., to see the fountain. In the immediate neighsaid to have been struck during his troubles. bourhood of this fountain have since been Among these latter were the Half Groat, discovered five glass bottles, which have been struck at Aberystwith, with the date of deposited in the Borbonico Museum. Upon 1646, and the Exeter Half Crown, type of clearing them, one was found to contain a the Oxford money, 1644 ; the latter of great sort of buttery or oily substance, which aprarity and interest, as proving that all the pears originally to have been olive oil. In Exurgat money was not coined at Oxford. acother were found a quantity of olives preThere were, besides, about two dozen speci- served in a species of buttery' slime.—These mens of the siege money of Charles I. and olives, which must have been plucked in the II., including Blondeau's Half Crown, and reign of Titus, are in as perfect a state of the famous petition Crown of Charles II., by preservation, as if they had been taken from Thomas Simon. The Broad, or Twenty the tree in the reign of Francis I.
Presented 10 JOHN MARTIN, Esq. on his
Illustrations of “ Paradise Lost."
By JOHN ABRAHAM HERAUD. Of Genius the creative eye,
Sees visions not in sleep, Air-drawn by waking phantasy,
In day-dreams wild and deep,
In long procession, pass
He formed the formless, and the mass,
Creation Chaos --Hell-
Power-Passion-and Fate's spell !
And both in extacy;
In words and tones of harmony
Each lofty form conceive,
The elegance of Eve,
[April, of persons to the spot, though some of the they proceeded to Carlisle, where a letter neighbours state that the smoking appear- was sbewn her as from Mr. Grimsditch, the ance has been partially visible at intervals, family solicitor, desiring her “to shew the for the last three years. On the shore un- same fortitude that her father had evinced derneath, a great ponderous stone, having on the occasion of his losses ;" that she was the metallic appearance, is found, which is thus induced, under the influence of terror used for ships' ballast, and is commonly at the impending destruction of her family, called iron stone, having much the appear- to accompany Edward to Scotland, and is ance of that metal. This phenomenon is no the hope of preserving them from ruin the doubt the result of martial pyrites, a species marriage at Gretna took place. Mr. R. of coal composed of sulphur and iron, which, Turner and Mr. Crichley, two uncles of Miss becoming decomposed by the late rains, “Turoer, and Mr. Grimsditch, proved follow combustion (its natural characteristic) hasing the parties to Calais, and bringing ber taken place. The Dorset. County Chronicle home. Mrs. Wakefield was implicated in states, that on the 29th of March, smoke the conspiracy, by advancing money to her was observed to issue from four apertures, sons-in-law to carry their objects into efbesides those already mentioned. On the fect, and by gaining information as to the 31st a considerable quantity of the cliff fell absence of Mr. Turner from home.- Whea into the cratere the smoke thus received a Miss Turner was called on to give her evitemporary check; but on the 3d inst. it depce, Mr. Scarlett objected, as she was burst forth with renewed vigour. Hutchins “legally the wife of one of the defendants;" mentions a like smoking appearance of the but Mr. Baron Hallock decided that he cliffs at Charmouth, about three hundred should admit her evidence, even if this was years ago, and supposed from a similar cause a valid marriage, as there were cases where as the above, pyrites being found on the the evidence of wives against their hushands spot. Near the town of Wednesbury, in was'admissible, and to reject her evidence Staffordshire, and Dudley, in Worcestershire here (said the learned Judge) would involve (says Parkes) there are masses of coal on an incongruity, of which the law cannot cerfire, which have been burning for ages, ow- tainly admit: the young lady was then exing probably to the decomposition of pyrites. amined, and proved the facts as stated; she We read also of a combustible ground of this admitted that she repeated her consent to kiud near Baku, in Persia, where the follow the marriage before several persons, and that ers of Zoroaster perform their devotions. she believed herself the lawful wife of EdThe carbonated hydrogen gas that arises ward-Gibbon Wakefield, till informed to the from this ground is so abundant, that the contrary by her uncles and Mr. Grimsditch priests have conducted it by hollow canes at Calais.- For the defence, the principal into one of their temples, where it burns reliance was, that by the law of Scotland the continually, and is looked upon to be the sa. marriage was legal; and several witnesses cred flame of universal power.
were called to prove that Miss Turner ap
peared throughont the journey as a free March 23.-A trial, which had long pre- agent, that she had acted from inclination, viously excited much public interest, on ac- and had had no restraint put upon her.count of the respectability of the parties, and The trial lasted till eight in the evening, the peculiar circumstances of the case, came when Mr. Baron Hullock proceeded to charge on at the Lancaster Assizes. The three de- the Jury. In adverting to the separate cases fendants, Edward-Gibbon, William, and Mrs. of these defendants, he thought the Jury Wakefield, with Edward Thevenot, a French- could entertain little doubt of the guilt of · man, were indicted for a conspiracy in un- the two Wakefields; but the case as relawfully carrying off Elleu Turner, (an garded Mrs. Wakefield stood on a different heiress to considerable property,) and with ground, as she might not have known precausing the said Ellen to contract matrimony cisely the arrangements and full intentions with Edward Gibbon Wakefield, against the of all the other parties, when she advanced consent of her father, &c. Witnesses were the money, and made the inquiries as to Mr. called to prove that the defendants, by stat- Turner's 'absence. His Lordship was proing Miss Turner's mother to be extremely ill, ceeding to sum up the evidence in detail, had induced the Misses Daulby, of Liver- when he was informed by the Jury that they pool, where she was at school, to suffer her had made up their minds upon the facts. to accompany Thevenot (representing him- After a conference among Coupsel, it was self as the servant of a Dr. Armstrong) for agreed to take a verdict of Not Guilty upon the purpose of going home; that the two the third count of the indictment, which irWakefields mes them at Manchester, and sinuated the use of force, there being no there Edward represented to Miss Turner evidence to sustain that part of the charge. that her father was ruined by the failure of The Jury retired for twenty minutes, and banks, at the same time offering to advance returned with a verdict of Guilty against the 60,0001. to relieve him from his embarrass- three Wakefields. (Thevenot has absconded.) ments if she would marry him ; it appeared The two male prisoners were then committed that before she would decide, she desired to to Lancaster gaol, to be brought up for judysee her father, which was agreed to, and ment on a future day.
( 355 )
PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT. HOUSE OF COMMONS, March 20.
since been obliged to interpose to allow of
the importation of grain. Much bad been On the Duke of Devoushire presenting a said of agricultural distress; but in truth, petition from the Roman Catholics of Ab- agriculture was not such a ruinous occupabey Leix, the Lord Chancellor gave a short tion as many asserted. A stronger proof history of the Roman Catholic question dur- could not be given that agriculture was ing the last 20 years, and showed from the worth following at the present time, than failure of all the arrangements proposed (a that much capital was investing in it. A failure arising ont of the incompatibility of great deal of money had lately been laid out political power in the hands of the Roman
in the improvement of under-draining; and Catholics, with the safety of the Church and the importations of manure were increasing Constitution) that to pretend to take the every year. The Hon. Gentleman conclusuhject iuto consideration would be but a
ded with stating the prices of corn in various vain delusion, exciting unfounded hopes in foreign countries, in order to shew that fothe Roman Catholics, and well-grounded eign grain could not be imported into this fears in the Protestants.
country in such quantities, and at such rates,
as injuriously to interfere with our agriculMarch 23. On the re-committal of the ture.—Ms. Western objected to the Bill, CORN TRADE BILL, Mr. Grant explained and thought it would be better to encourage that the resolutions bad been made to cor- agriculture at home.—Mr. Whitmore spoke respond with the difference between the in favour of the Bill.—Mr. Bankes thought Winchester and Imperial measures. They that it would be much better for the landed bad been pow altered according to the scale interest and the country at large, to stand of the Imperial measure. According to the by the law of 1822, than to accept the calculations he had made, it would be proper present Bill.—Mr. Portman was of opinion to have a scale, the basis of which would be, that, with a few alterations respecting the that when Wheat was at 60s, the quarter of averages, the present Bill would be highly Winchester measure, the Imperial quarter useful.--Sir T. Gooch said, that his chief obwould be 61s. 101d.; but which he took at jection to the Bill was, that, whenever it 62s. The corresponding duty would be 20s. passed into a law, it would have the effect of 74d.; but which, for obvious reasons of stimulating foreigners to bring poor lands convenience, he took at 20s. 8d. Thus the into cultivation. price of the Iinperial quarter being 62s., the The House then divided, when there duty would be 20s. 8d., rising or decreasing appeared for the second reading, 243; for 2s. by each variation of 1s. in price.
the amendment, 78; majority, 165. April 2. On the order of the day for the April 3. Sir John Newport called the second reading of the Corn Duties Bill being attention of the House to the state of the moved, Sir T. Lethbridge rose to oppose Church Establishment in Ireland, and it, and stated that, instead of being called a moved, “That it appearing from an Irish bill for the protection of corn, it ought ra- Statute of 12 George I. cap. 9., that many ther to be entitled “A Bill for the more of the Parish Churches in that kingdom (Ire effectual encouragement of speculation—the land) were then (1726) in a state of such more rapid discouragement of producing great decay that Divine Service could not grain in Great Britain, and for the more cer- be performed in them—and that it having tain promotion of corn production in all fo- been stated, that the necessary repairs could reign countries." The Hon. Baronet moved, not be effected, in consequence of the oppoas an amendment, that the Bill be read a sition of the Popish Inhabitants out-voting second time that day six months.—Mr. C. the Protestants in vestry—the Act went on Grant vindicated the Bill. He contended to declare, tbat no Popish Inbabitants should that an alteration was imperatively called for have a right to vote at such a vestry; that in the high prohibitory system of the Bills although the power under that Statute was of 1815 and 1822. In fact those Bills had vested in Protestants only, nevertheless utterly failed in practice, because they were many churches and steeples continued to be erroneous in principle; and, in their result in a state of the most ruinous decay, until on British manufacture, they might be con- they had become absolutely dangerous ; that sidered a kind of premium on the manufac- it appeared in the highest degree unjust, tures of foreign countries. As a proof of that those churches should be rescued from the futility of the Bill of 1822, he might re- dilapidation only at the expense of those, mind the House, that the Legislature had wbó, constituting the great majority of the 356 Proceedings in the present Session of Parliament. [April, population in most of the parishes of Ire- by Lord Wharncliffe ; and, after a slight land, were, by the Act of the Legislature, opposition from Lord Ellenborough, carried excluded from voting for the levying of the by a majority of 28 to 19. sums necessary for such purposes ; and that The Game Laws reform Bill was then leave be given to bring in a Bill to provide re-committed ; and the House continued for the building and repairing the Parish occupied with the discussion of its several Churches in Ireland in a manner more clauses for nearly three hours, in the course equitable."
of which no less than five divisions took Mr. Goulburn opposed the motion, ob- place : the result of the divisions was serving that it was very true, the Protestant geverally favourable to the Bill; the MarParishoners only had the right of voting the quis of Londonderry was its most decided rates for the building and the repair of opponent, and he succeeded so far as to Churches ; but it ought to be recollected, have the further discussion of the measure that, ia exercising that power of imposing a put off to the 7th of May. tax on the Catholics, they at the same time must lay a tax on themselves to a similar amount. Was it not reasonable, therefore,
In the House of COMMONS, the same to suppose, that the Protestant would avoid day, the Chancellor of the Exchequer moved taxing himself rather than rejoice in the to postpone the Committee of Supply; and, power of taxing the Catholic? He begged in answer to a question proposed by Mr. A. to inform the House, that since he had com- Ellis, he admitted that it is designed by anenced his connexion with Ireland, he had Ministers to appropriate the house recently dove much to mitigate the pressure arising erected for the lamented Duke of York, to from the building of Churches. Much had the Royal Society, the Antiquarian Society, been done in the way of mitigation within and the National Gallery. the last five years-Parliament had lent much money for the purpose, and without demanding interest. In consequence of the
House of COMMONS, April 10. Parliamentary grants, six hundred and sixtyfour Churches had been built, and five Mr. Hobhouse presented a petition from hundred and twenty-five glebe houses. the Shareholders in the County Fire Office, Thus, instead of parishes destitute of complaining, in the first place, of various Churches and residences for the Ministers, defamatory statements published by the Ireland bad places of Protestant worship Commissioners of Revenue Inquiry, particuthat were weekly filled with still increasing larly in their fourteenth report ; - and congregations, and a respectable clergy, who secondly, of the obstructions which those brought, among other benefits, the advan- Commissioners had thrown in the way of the tage of a residence among their parishoners. legal proceedings by which the Directors of
Mr. Plunkett and Mr. Peel strongly the County Fire Office had sought to vindiopposed the resolution.
cate their character. The Hon. Gentleman Sir J. Newport having replied, and ob- spoke at some length in support of the tained leave to withdraw his resolution, petition. Sir R. Wilson, Mr. Hume, and moved for leave to bring in a Bill for amend- Sir F. Burdett, spoke in support of the ing the laws for building, re-building, and petition.-Mr. Wallace, the Allorney and repairing Churches, and for relieving the Solicitor General, and Col. Davies, deoccupying tenants of land in Ireland from fended the Commissioners of loquiry.—The the burthen of Church Rates, in certain petition was ordered to be printed.
Mr. Hume moved for, and obtained leave to bring in a Bill to abolish imprisonment
for debt upon mesne process. House of Lords, April 6.
Mr. H. Grattan also obtained leave to The report of the Spring Guns Bill bring in a Bill to prevent the destruction of was brought up. Some conversation occurred
Roman Catholic Chapels in Ireland. relative to the propriety of permitting the use of spring guns in houses, hot-houses, April 12. Mr. C. W. Wynn moved that walled-gardens, &c. Two divisions took that the Speaker do issue his Warrant for a place ; the first, on a clause proposed by new Writ for the election of a Member for Lord Ellenborough, permitting the use of the Borough of Newport, in the room of spring guns in gardens; this was rejected by the Right Hon. George Canning, who has a majority of 39 to 17; the other, upon a accepted the situation of Chief Commisclause proposed by the Marquis of Lansdown, sioner of his Majesty's Treasary.- This allowing of the use of these engives in dwel- announcement was received with cheers; ling-houses ; this was carried by a majority and a new Writ was accordingly ordered. of 29 to 27.
The two Houses this day adjourned ; April 9. The third reading of the the House of Lords to the 2d of May, and SPRING Guns prohibition Bill was proposed the Commons to the 1st of May.