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The Manner of giving the Royal Assent. The royal assent is given in this sort: After some solemnities ended, the clark of the crown readeth the titles of the bills in such order as they are in consequence; as the title of every bill is read, the clark of the parliament pronounceth the royal assent according to his instructions given him by his Majesty in that behalf; if it be a publick bill to which the King assenteth, he answereth, Le Roy le voet; if a private bill be allowed by the King, the answer is, Soit fait come il est desire. If a publick bill which the King forbeareth to allow, Le Roy se amsera. To the subsidy bill, Le Roy remercie ses loyaulx, subjects accept benevolence et ausi le voult.
To the general pardon.
Les prelates seigneurs et commons en cest present parliament assemblies, en nom de tours voutre autres subjects, remercient tres humblement vostre Majestie, et preut Dieu vous donere eu suite bene vie et longe.
viz. The bishops, lords, and commons, in this present parliament assembled, in the name of all your other subjects, do most humbly thank your Majesty, and beg of God to give you a long and happy reign.
COPY OF AN ORDER
IN THE HOUSE OF COMMONS,
Upon Friday the Eighteenth of June,
Wherein every Man is rated according to his Estate, for the King's Use.
Baronets and Knights of the Bath, thirty pounds.
Livery-men of the first twelve companies, and those that fined for it, five pounds.
Livery-men of other companies, fifty shillings.
Every Merchant that trades by sea, inhabiting in London, ten pounds.
Every Merchant Stranger that trades within land, five pounds.
Every English Merchant residing in the city of London, and not free, five pounds.
Every English factor that dwells in London, and is not free of the city, forty shillings.
Every stranger protestant, handy-craft trade, and artificer, two shillings.
Every papist stranger and handy-craft, four shillings.
Every one of the King's, Queen's, and Pţince's Council, twenty pounds.
Every Doctor of Civil Law, and Doctor of Physick, ten pounds.
Every Parson or Vicar at one hundred pounds per annum, five pounds.
Every office worth above one hundred pounds per annum, to be referred to a committee, to be rated every man that may spend fifty pounds per annum, thirty shillings.
Every man that may spend twenty pounds per annum, five shillings.
Every person that is above sixteen years of age, and doth not receive alms, and is not formerly rated, shall pay six-pence per pole.
A DISCOURSE BETWIXT TWO SCHOLARS ;
Both of them relating their hard Condition, and consulting which Way
to mnend it.
Interpone tuis interdum gaudia curis.
[From a Quarto, containing thirteen pages, printed in the Year 1641.]
Master Needham. I am heartily glad to see you here, how have you canvased the course of the world this many a day, good Master Poorest.
Mr. P. Good Sir, take the pains as to walk into St. Paul's church, and we will confer a little before sermon begins.
Mr. N. With all my heart, for I must not so suddenly leave your company, having not enjoyed your society this long time.
Mr. P. Good Sir, telline, are you resident in Cainbridge, in the college still; I make no question but the university, and your merits, have preferred you to some good fellowship, parsonage, or the like good fortune.
Mr. N. Alas! good Master Poorest, this is not an age for to bestow livings and preferments freely ; it is now, as it was said long ago : Si nihil attuleris, ibis, Homere, foras. I tell you, it is a pity to see, how juniors and dunces take possession of colleges; and scholarships and fellowships are bought and sold, as horses in Smithfield. But I hope you are grown fat in the country, for there is not such corruption there, as there is among the Muses.
Mr. P. I will deal plainly with you. I staid in the University of Oxford, till I was forced to leave it for want of subsistance. I stood for three or four several scholarships, and though I was found upon examination sufficient, yet I do seriously protest, that one time I was prevented by half a buck, and some good wine, that was sent up, to make the fellows merry; and, another time, a great lady's letter pre-' vailed against all ability of parts, and endowments whatsoever; a third time, the warden of the college had a poor kinsman, and so he got the major part of the fellows on his side, for fear, and flattery, that there were no hopes to swim against so great a stream ; and so I was forced to retreat into the country, and there turn first an usher, and at last was made curate, under a great prebend, and a double-beneficed ricla
man, where I found promises beyond performances; for my salary was inferior hy much to bis cook, or his coachman, uay, his barber had double my stipend; for I was allowed but eight pounds per annum, and get my own victuals, cloaths, and books as I could; and when i told him the means were too little, he said that, if I would not, he could have his cure supplied by another, rather for less than what I had; and so I was yoaked to a small pittance, for the space of twelve years.
Mr. N. Isit possible that there should be such a concurrence of hard fortunes ? It was no otherwise in our university, when I stood for preferment; for, at first, a lawyer's sun had the scholarship, because his father had done some business for the college at common law; and a doctor of physick's son was preferred in my place to a fellowship, because his father had cured the master's wife of a tympany; and so, finding all hopes gone there, I went home to my friends, and, within a while after, I was made a minister, and served a cure.
Mr. P. Where, I pray you, is your charge?
Mr. N. It is in a little poor parish, hard by Pinchback, in Lincolnshire, where the church warden is scarce able to give the minister more than a barley bag-pudding to his Sunday's dinner. Where are you placed ? Mr. P. I serve a cure hard by Hungerford, in Wiltshire; where
my allowance is so short, that, was it not more for conscience to be in this my calling, I had rather be a cobler, and sit and mend old shoes.
Mr. N. I protest, I think we curates are worse dealt withal by the rich double beneficed-men, than the children of Israel were by the Ægyptians; for, though they made them work hard, yet they allowed them straw, and other materials, and good victuals; for they longed after the flesh-pots of Ægypt, which proves they had them a long time; but we are forced to work, and yet can get nothing; and yet these should be either fathers or brethren to us, but they were enemies to them; and yet they dealt better with them, than these do with us.
Mr. P. They deal as badly with us, as they do with their flocks, I mean their parishioners ; for they starve their souls, and pinch our bodies.
Mr. N. I wonder how these lip-parsons would do, should there be but once a general consent of all the curates to forbear to preach or read prayers but for one three weeks, or a month only, how they would be forced to ride for it, and yet all in vain; for how can one person supply two places at one time, twenty miles distance?
Mr. P. By my consent they should have, for every benefice, a wife; they should have variety of pleasure, as well as of profit; but, withal, I think that course would quickly weary their bodies and purses too.
Mr. N. Wives! oh strange! no, I would not live to see that day, for, if they be so fearfully covetous, having but one, I wonder what they would be, having so many.
Mr. P. Oh, Sir, I tell you, they might, by this course, in time stand in no need of curates, nor clarks neither; for, if they could speak as much in the church as at home, they might serve the turn; and they are all masters of art, to gather up the small tithes and Easter. book, as well as the clark.
· Mr. N. Nay,, now since we are fallen upon it, I will tell you, our parson hath a living in London, as well as here, and his wife is so miserably proud, that both livings will scarce suffice to maintain her; insomuch, that she takes out of the curate's wages, as, half of every funeral sermon, and out of all burials, churchings, weddings, christenings, &c. she hath half duties, to buy lace, pins, gloves, fans, blackbags, sattin petticoats, &c. and towards the maintenance of a puny servitor to go before her; nay, she pays half towards the maintenance of a coach, which she either gets from her husband, or else from the curate, by subtracting his allowance at the quarter-day; and, what is inore, she made her curate in London to enter into bond privately to her husband, to leave the place at half a year's warning; or else her husband, the parson of the place, would not have granted him li. cense for the place.
Mr. P. Oh strange! Is it possible, that this old remainder of popery should be yet upheld by our clergy, to have such Pope Joans to rule the church. I have heard say, there are three places in which a woman never should bear any sway; the buttery, the kitchen, and the church; for women are too covetous by nature to keep a good house ; and too foolish to rule a church.
Mr. N. Alas! Master Needham, there is a necessity in this, for I think our parson hath scarce wit enough to do it; and though he had, yet his wife's tongue would put him out of his wits, if he should not let her have her will.
Mr. P. What care I how she punished him, so that she did not intrench upon our liberties; but, alas! she breaks her husband's back, and pinches our bellies.
Mr. N. Such a piece of correction hath our parson too; for I bought one new cloke in six years, and that money too was given me in legacy by a good parishioner; and she, oh how she envied my felicity, and intorined her husband, that I waxed proud; and advised him to get another in my place.
Mr. P. Is it possible! and yet our she-regent is not unlike her; for she frets fearfully to hear that a worthy gentleman, who lives in the parish, loves me so much ; it gauls her to the quick, if the parishioners, out of their loves, give me any thing to mend my salary; oh she thinks all is lost that goes beside her hands!
Mr. N. Well, but what does your great parson with all his wealth ? Does he keep good hospitality? Or is he charitable to the poor, what's his name? Dr. Proud.
Mr. P. Alas nothing less; he weareth cassocks of damask, and plush, good beavers, and silk stockings : can play well at tables, or gleek, can hunt well, and bowl very skilfully; is deeply experienced in