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which they were administered.” ing that it was a case which re
To the above judicious obser. quired the assistance of a physi. vations, may be added some fur. cian rather than that of a cler. ther remarks on the same sube gyman, her husband replied, ject, by the Rev. Mr. Cecil, in Sir we sent to you, because it his Memoirs of the late Rev. is a religious case: her mind has John Newton.--Having occa. been injured by constanıly read. sion to advert to the mental in. ing the Bible.'-I have known disposition of Cow per, the poet, many instances, said 1, of per. he states the following:
sons brought to their senses by 66 The malady, which seemed reading the Bible ; but, it is pos. to be su bdued by the strong con. sible that too intense an applica. solations of the gospel, was still tion to that, as well as to any latent ; and only required some other subject, may have disor. occasion of irritation to break dered your wife. "There is ev. out again, and overwhelm the ery proof of it,' said he ; and patient. Any object of constant was proceeding to multiply his attention that shall occupy a proofs, till his brother interrupt. mind previously disordered, ed him by thus addressing me ; whether fear, or love, or science, “Sir, I have no longer patience or religion, will not be so much to stand by and see you so im. the cause of the disease as the posed on. The truth of the mataccidental occasion of exciting it, ter is this : My brother has for. Cowper's Letters will shew how saken his wife, and been long much his mind was occupied at connected with a loose woman. one time with the truths of the He had the best of wives in her, Bible; and at another time by and one who was strongly attacha the fictions of Homer; but his ed to him : but she has seen his melancholy, originally a consti. heart and property given to tutional disease,-a physical dis. another, and, in her solitude and order, which, indeed, could be distress, went to the Bible, as the affected either by the Bible or only consolation left her. Her Homer; but was utterly distinct health and spirits at last sunk in its nature from the mere mat. under her troubles, and there ter of either. And here, I can. she lies distracted, not from reada not but mark this necessary dis. iog her Bible, but from the infia tinction; having been often wit. delity and cruelty of her husa ness to cases where religion has band.' been assigned as the proper cause Does the reader wish to know of insanity, when it has been what reply the husband made to only an accidental occasion in this ?-He made no reply at all, the case of one already affect. but left the room with confusa ed.
ion of face !" “I have been an eye-witness The opponents of Evangelica of several instances of this kind al religion will do well to remem. of misrepresentation ; but will ber, that the agonies of mind detaip the reader with mention. under which some persons have ing only one. I was called to labored, who were unjustly Visit a woman whose inind was called Fanatically Insane or disordered ; and, on my obsery. Melancholy Mad, were occa.
sioned by their sense of moral Lucian's Dialogues of the Dead, turpitude, independently of any he diverted himself with invent. peculiar religious tenets newly ing several jocular excuses which embraced ; and they should also he supposed he might make to recollect, that our public hos. Charon, and in imagining the very pitals and mad.houses are filled surly answers which it might with patients of every class and suit the character of Charon to character, with but comparative return to them :-“ Upon fur. ly few individuals oppressed by ther consideration,” said he, “I hypochondriacal delusions. thought I might say to him,
Evan. Mag. "Good Charon, I have been cor.
recting my works for a new edi. . tion. Allow me a little time,
that I may see how the public DEATH OF HUME.
receive the alterations ? But
Charon would answer, “When The following admirable re. you see the effect of these, you marks on the death of the cele. will be for making other altera. brated in fidel, David Hume, are tions. There will be no end of extracted from a critique on such excuses ; so honest friend, Ritchie's Life of Hume : in the please to step into the boat.” Eclectic Review. His death,' But I might still urge, Have a as the Reviewer observes, ' will little patience, good Charon: 1 probably be admitted, and even have been endeavoring to open cited, by infidels, as an example the eyes of the public. If I live of the noblest and most magnan. a few years longer, I may bare imous deportment in the pros. the satisfaction of seeing the pect of death, that it is possible downfal of some of the prevailing for any of their class to main. systems of superstition.' But tain : an example, indeed, which Charon would then lose all temvery few of them ever, in their per and decency. “You loiterserious moments, dare promise ing rogue, that will not happen themselves to equal, though they these many hundred years. Do may deemn it in the highest degree you fancy I will grant you : en viable. It may be taken as lease for so long a term ? Get quite their apostolic specimen, into the boat this instant, you standing parallel in their histo. Jazy, loitering rogue." ry to the instance of St. Paul This anecdote is accompanied in the records of the Christians, with the following just and strik.
I have fought a good fight, ing reflections on the part of the &c.
Reviewer :- 1st. Supposing & "For a short time previous to certainty of the final cessation ol his death, he amused himself with conscious existence at death, playing at cards, making whim. this indifference to life, if it was sical legacies, and other triling not affected (which indeed we occupations. As an instance of suspect it to have been in part) his sportive disposition,' not. was an absurd undervaluation of withstanding the prospect of a possession which almost all ra. speedy dissolution,' bis biogra. tional creatures, that have not pher relates, that, when reading been extremely miserable, bave
held most dear, and which is, in one that could be in unison with its own nature, most precious, the contemplation of such a To be a conscious agent, exert. change. There was, in this in. ing a rich combination of woj. stance, the same incongruity derful faculties, to feel an infi. which we should impute to a nite variety of pleasurable sensa. writer who should mingle buf. tions and emotions,-to contem. foopery in a solemn crisis of the plate all nature to extend an drama, or with the most momen. intellectual presence to indefi. tous event of a history. To be pite ages of the past and future,- in harmony with his situation, in to possess a perennial spring of his own view of that situation, ideas,-to run infinite lengths of the expressions of the dying phi. inquiry, with the delight of ex. losopher were required to be dig. ercise and fleetness, even when dified ; and if they were in any pot with the satisfaction of full degree vivacious, the vivacity attaioment,—and to be a lord ought to have been rendered over inanimate matter, compell. graceful, by being accompanied ing it to an action and an use al. with the noblest effort of the in. together foreign to its nature, tellect, of which the efforts were to be all this, is a state so stu. going to cease for ever. The pendously different from that of low vivacity of which we have being simply a piece of clay, been reading, seems but like the that to be quite easy and com. quickening corruption of a mind placent in the immediate pros. whose faculty of perception is pect of passing from the one to putrifying and dissolving, even the other, is a total inversion of before the body. It is true, all reasonable estimates of things; that good men, of a high order, it is a renunciation, we do not have been known to utter pleas. say of sound philosophy, but of antries in their last hours; but common sense. The certainty these have been pleasantries of a that the loss will not be felt af. fine, ethereal quality,--the scin. ter it has taken place, will but tillations of animated hope, little sooth a man of unpervert. the high pulsations of mental ed mind, in considering what it health,—the involuntary more. is that he is going to lose. ments of a spirit feeling itself
62. The jocularity of the phi. free even in the grasp of death, losopher was contrary to good the natural springs and bound. taste. Supposing that the ex- ings of faculties on the point of pected loss were not, according obtaining a still much greater to a grand law of nature, a cause and a boundless liberty. These for melancholy and desperation, had no resemblance to the low but that the contentment were and labored jokes of our phi. rational; yet the approaching Josopher, jokes so labored as transformation was, at all events, to give strong cause for suspi. to be regarded as a very grave cion, after all, that they were of and very strange event; and the same nature, and for the therefore jocularity was totally same purpose, as the expedient incongruous with the anticipa. of a boy on passing through tion of such an event :--a grave some gloomy place in the night, and solemn feeling was the only who whistles to lessen his fear, or to persuade his companion preserving to appearance an en. that he does not feel it.
tire self-complacency, idly jest. 53. Such a manner of meeting ing about his approaching disso. death was inconsistent with the lution, and mingling with the in. skepticism to which Hume was sane sport his references to the always found to avow his adhe. fall of “superstition :'-a term rence; for that skepticism neces. of which the meaning is hardly sarily acknowledged à possi. ever dubious when expressed by bility and a chance that the re. such men. We behold him at ligion which he had scorned last carried off, and we seem to might notwithstanding, be found hear, the following moment,from true, and might, in the moment af. the darkness in which he vanish. ter his death,glare upon him with es, the shriek of surprise and all its terrors. But how dread. terror, and the overpowering ful to a reflecting mind would accents of the messenger of ven. have been the smallest chance of geance ! On the whole globe meeting such a vision ! Yet the there probably was not acting, philosopher could be cracking at the time, so mournful a trage. his heavy jokes ; and Dr. Smith dy as that of which the friends could be much diverted at the of Hume were the spectators, sport!
without being aware that it was 64. To a man who solemnly any tragedy at all.' believes the truth of revelation, and therefore the threatenings of divine vengeance against the des. EXTRACTS FROM BISHOP HORSpisers of it, this scene will pre LEY'S CHARGE TO THE CLERsent as mournful a spectacle as GY OF THE DIOCESE OF ST. perhaps the sun ever shone upon. DAVID'S AT HIS PRIMARY We have beheld a man of great VISITATION IN 1790. talents and invincible persever. ance, entering on his career with That faith and practice are the profession of an impartial in- separable things is a gross misquiry after truth, met at every take, or rather a manifest con. stage and step by the evidences tradiction. Practical holiness and expostulations of religion is the end : faith is the means ; and the claims of his Creator, and to suppose faith and prac. but devoting his labors to the tice separable is to suppose the pursuit of fame and the promo. end attainable without the use of tion of impiety, at length ac. means. The direct contrary is quiring and accomplishing, as he the truth. The practice of redeclared himself, all he had in. ligion will always thrive in pro. tended and desired, and descend. portion as its doctrines are geding toward the close of life erally understood and firmly re. annidst tranquillity, widely-ex. ceived ; and the practice will den tending reputation, and the hom. generate and decay in propor. age of the great and the learnert. tion as the doctrine is misunder. We behold him appointed soon to stood and neglected. appear before that Judge to whom he had never alluded but Religion and science are very with malice or contempt ; yet different things, and the objects
of different faculties. Science is error. Their moral works, if the object of natural reason; re. they be not done as God hath ligious truth of faith. Faith, willed and commanded such like the natural faculties, may works to be done, have the na. be improved by exercise ; but ture of sin ; and their religion, in its beginning it is onquestion. consisting in private opinion and ably a distinct gift of God. will-worship, is sin, for it is
Religion and morality differ heresy. not only in the extent of the duty they prescribe, but in the That man is justified by part, in which they are the same Faith, without the works of in the external work, they differ the law, was the uniform doc. in the motive. They are just as trine of the first reformers. It far asunder as heaven is from the is a far more ancient doctrine ; earth. Morality finds all her it was the doctrine of the wbole motives here below ; religion college of apostles. It is more fetches all her motives from ancient still; it was the doctrine above. The highest principle in of the prophets. It is older morals is a just regard to the than the prophets ; it was the rights of each other in civil so. religion of the patriarchs. And ciety. The first principle in re, no one, who hath the least acligion is the love of God; or, quaintance with the writings of in other words, a regard to the the first reformers, will impute relation, which we bear to him, to them more than to the patri. as it is made known to us by archs, the prophets, or apostles, revelation. Hence, although re. the absurd opinion, that any ligion can never be immoral, man, leading an impenitent, wick. because moral works are a part ed life will finally upon the mere of the works of religion, yet pretence of faith (and faith con. morality may be irreligious. For nected with an impenitent life any moral•work may proceed must always be a mere pretence) from mere moral motives apart obtain admission into heaven. from all religious considerations. It is not by the merit of our History records, I think, of faith, more than by the merit of SERVETUS, SPINOZA, and HOB- our works, that we are justified. BES, that they were men of the strictest morals. The memory of the living witnesses the same The peculiar doctrines of rep. of Hume. And history, in some elation are the trinity of persons future day, may have to record in the undivided Godhead, the the same of PRIESTLEY and incarnation of the second per. LINDSAY. But let not the mor. son, the expiation of sin by the ality of their lives be mistaken Redeemer's sufferings and death, for an instance of a righteous the efficacy of his intercession, practice, resulting from a per- the mysterious commerce of the verse faith ; or adınitted as an believer's soul with the divine argument of the indifference of Spirit.
VOL. II. New Series.