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thyself, nor to walk in the commandments of God, and up with pleasure, answered, “God helping me,” I will try to serve Him, without His special grace.” Let me ask to become worthy of so happy a lot. you to mark attentively three words which are inserted in 1 And here I close my short and simple narrative with a that pledge to which you are about to offer your name. fervent prayer that He who can work by the weakest as The Matron pointed to the words, “ Goil helping me." well as by the strongest instrument, may be graciously My young woman, continued the same sweet voice, we pleased to cause the blessing to shine upon this humble insert those words because we would not have any one to offering; making it profitable to those female servants make a resolution in their own strength; knowing full who are passing their young and active years of labour well that such resolutions are but rarely performed : we within the walls of my dear native city of Chester, by inwould have then this promise made in the strength of the ducing them to admire the conduct of Mary Dalton and Lord. Yes, she continued with gentle energy, and we to “ go, and do likewise.” would have you keep it in the strength of the Lord, we Christian servants, you who are in reality what you would haye this pledge occur to your recollection in the profess to be, followers of the Lord Christ, and who are bour of temptation; in that trying hour we would have consequently leading a godly, righteous, and sober life, an earnest, though it may be a silent prayer go up to can [conclude without addressing a few words to you? heaven from the heart of every one whose hand has signed No, I cannot, for it has occurred to me that some among this written promise. I fear not to tell you that our you may perhaps say within yourselves why should I join gracious and merciful God will never fail to hear and to this society ? I am in a comfortable situation and not help those who seek to put the mselves out of the way of likely to be required to change it. I grieve over the ungodly temptation, and who, when they are unavoidably thrown practices which I cannot but know are going on among into it, cry earnestly to Him for lieavenly assistance. I some pour mistaken young women, but I do not follow pray, she added, that the Lord may cause the dew of His them. I do not enter into the path of the wicked, I avoid blessing to rest upon the few feeble words which I have it, I pass not by it, I turn from it, and pass away. And as spoken, that they may be as 6 bread cast upon the waters,” for play-houses and races and wakes, I thank my God, that may be found " after many days "-Amen, said Mary that for vears past, I have been enabled to take no pleaDalton in a low voice, as she took the pen which was sure in such things, I cannot go to them now that I am presented to ber by the Matron.
the Lord's servant-Jesus Christ Himself has told me, Kind lady, she said, wlien she had signed her name, and mine eye seeth it, and mine heart feels it, that I canI thank you very gratefully, I hope I have attended to not serve God and Mammon. Yes, I understand what Your words, I hope I am indeed making this promise in you mean by saying you cannot delight in such amusethe strength of the Lord. I could go on to speak of Mary ments now that you are in earnest serving your heavenly Dalton- I could tell how reluctantly she became house Master. The cannot, says a faithful pastor of a Chrismaid in a family where the servants were permitted, and tian flock in this city, and one too I may tell you, who where every servant in the house availed herself of the takes no slight interest in the prosperity of the Chester permission, to have what they termed their “Sunday Female Servants' Society," the cannot is only that the out"-I could tell how she was laughed at, and teazed, christian himself cannot consent-It is not only, he conand persecuted, when it was found that she was not to be tinues, you shall not on God's part, or I must not on the prevailed on to join them. I could tell how in her pri christian's part, but the servant of God feels, that the Lord vate devotions she prayed in sincerity and truth" for says—if you really prefer my service, you cannot, you strength to come off a conquerer. “Lord, hold thou me have no inclination to unite with it, one that is utterly up," was her constant petition, and with all the holy, and entirely opposed to me."-But wherefore, you say, joyful confidence of a believing child of God, she added, need I to promise that which I already perform ? Let me "and I shall be safe."
refer you to the fifth chapter of St. Matthew's Gospel, Mary Dalton was a hard working and diligent servant, the fourteenth, fifteenth, and sixteenth verses; and then I but I could tell how she found time never to let a day pass will give you, not my observations on this passage of without reading, marking, and inwardly digesting, at least Scripture, but those of an eminent minister of Christ, long a few verses of the word of God, that food more necessary since entered into his rest. We ought most carefully for the imperishable soul than is meat and drink for the and frequently, says Scott, to consider the vast importance perishing body, I could tell all this, and more than this, of the Christian character, recollecting that we are “ the and I can ask without fear-without possibility of contra salt of the earth, and the light ol the world :" many eyes diction, did ever any thus ask, and not have, did ever any will be upon us, many will derive good or harm from thus seek, and not find, did ever any thus knock, and it their observations on our conduct. We should then was not opened unto them? Oh, it is not our God who endeavour to stem the torrent of impiety and wickedness, will not bear, it is our reluctant hearts that will not pray. to diffuse the savour and light of divine truth, and “to Mary continued in the same family, until circumstances | adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour;" letting our light occurred to induce the master to leave England ; her meek shine before men," that our good works, as living sermons, and cheerful, and obliging behaviour had won the hearts may convince our fellow sinners of the excellency of renot only of her fellow servants, but also of her Master ligion, aud to conduce to the glory of God, and the benefit and Mistress. She left this situation with an irreproach of mankind. On this account also the Christian must by able character. Mary Dalton once more entered the no means conceal his sentiments; for God does not enServants' Home, and the sweet voice again spoke words lighten the minds of his people, that they should put the of kindness and of love. Young woman, that gentle lady | light under a bushel, but that they should hold it forth said, I am myself in need of a housemaid ; are you will for the benefit of others. Nor are they required, or even Inig to enter into my service ? Mary curtsied, and with a allowed, to retire into cloisters or deserts, or any secret countenance beaming with gratitude, and an eye lighted' recesses, or to bury themselves in obscurity ; but to till
up their stations in families, in society, and in the church, | male. The married servants, namely, a head shepherd, so as to glorify God in the sight of men. We should | and a hind or two (as the married plougbmen were termtherefore seek to shine, by professing and adorning the
ed), -occupied cottages apart; as likewise did the cotters, gospel, in our circle, whether large or small, that we may
who were rather a sort of farm retainers than servants,
being hound only to give the master, in lieu of rent, their answer the end for which God has called us out of dark
service at bay-time and harvest, and at other stated ness into his marvellous light.
periods. The whole however, especially in remote situ. Let others then have the benefit of your example. A ations, formed a sort of little independent community of pious servant is not without influence. Some, it may be, themselves, deriving their subsistence almost exclusively will be stimulated to follow an example so well worthy of from the produce of the farm. The master's household imitation, and although you are all the while aware that alone usually amounted to fifteen or twenty souls; and the you are yourselves but unprofitable servants, and that your
whole population of the farm, or onstead, to double or tre
ble that number: a number considerably greater, perhaps, best services are nothing worth in the sight of God, yea,
than will now be commonly found on a farm of the same that your “righteousnesses themselves are but as filthy
extent; but maintained with much frugality, and always rags,” yet surely love and gratiinde to your foroiving
industriously occupied, though not oppressed with labour. Saviour will constrain you to rejoice in every opportunity “ Little of the jealous distinction of ranks which now of saying openly and dec ded.y, i an on the Lord's side. subsists between the farming class and their bired ser
vants, was then known. The connexion between master
and servant had less of a commercial, and more of a COUNTRY LIFE.
patriarchal character. Every household formed but one Though we suppose it likely that the Christian Beacon is at pre
society. The masters (at that time generally a sober, sent circulated chiefly in towns, and in the manufacturing pro.
virtuous, and religious class,) extended a parental care vinces, we hope to bring before our readers in the agricultural over their servants, and the servants cherished a filial districts of our native land, a series of papers on Country Life affection for their masters. They sat together, they ate We would preface the subject by a sketch of rural life in the together, they often wrought togetber; and after the south of Scotland, written, we believe, by a friend whom we valu labours of the day were finished, they assembled together ed highly, in his preface to the Memoirs of a truly good and around the blazing fire, in the farmer's ha',' conversing single-minded Minister of Christ. We recommend the account over the occurrences of the day, the floating rumours of the to the consideration of our honest English Farmers. We have
country, or auld warld stories ;' and not unfrequently known a few to whose household habits, with some slight varia
religious subjects were introduced, or the memory of tions, it might apply. But having lived much in Country
godly men, and of those wbo, in evil times, had battled Parishes in many parts of England, we are obliged to own that
or suffered for the right, was affectionately commemo. we have often thought of the homely, yet deeply interesting,
rated. This familiar intercourse was equally decorous account; and sighed when we contrasted it with the actual state of things in too many an English Farm-house.
as it was kindly,-for decent order and due subordination
were strictly maintained. It was the great concern of “ This valuable order of busbandmen constituted a very
masters and mistresses, when new servants were required, considerable proportion of the population, they were dis.
to obtain such as were of sober and religious babits : if tingnished by frugal habits, simple mappers, and an ardent any one of a different character got in, his dismissal, at regard for evangelical doctrines. In addition to a regular the first term, was certain. Serrants in those days never and exemplary attendance on the public ordinances of Di. thought of changing masters, unless something occurred vine worsbip, they faithfully performed the exercises of which rendered the change indispensable. devotion in their families, and laboured, with patriarchal " At ordinary meals, the master (or good-man as be diligence, to instil into the minds of their children and do was termed,) took his seat at the head of the large hall mestics the principles of sound doctrine and a holy life. table, the mistress sitting on his right hand, the children The strict and regular observance of the duties of family on his left, the med-servants next in station, and the religion, appears to bave been one chief cause of the high maid-servants at tbe bottom, -one of the latter serving. eminence in scriptural knowledge, in sobriety of manners, The use of tea was then unknown, except in the houses as well as in every domestic virtue, for which the northern of the gentry. Porridge was the constant dish at breakpart of Great Britain was then justly celebrated."
fast and supper; at dipper, broth and meat, milk, cheese, “ The habitation of a Scottish busbandman in the south and butter. Twice in the year, exclusive of extraordinary ern counties, sixty or seventy years ago, was generally a occasions, there was a farm festival, in which every inplain substantial building, holding a middle rank between habitant of the place partook ; namely, the kirn, or the residences of the inferior gentry and the humble
harvest home, at the close of autumn, and celebration of cottages of the labouring peasantry. The farm-house, the new year. On these occasions, an abundant feast of with the small window's of its second story oftev projecting | baked and boiled cheered the heart of the humblest through the thatched roof, occupied, for the most part, the labourer on the laud, and was closed with decent hilarity one side of a quadrangle, in which the yonng cattle were by a cheerful beaker or two of home-brewed ale. folded; the other three sides being enclosed and sheltered “ But the religious order of the family was the distinby the barns, stables, and other farm offices. A kitchen guishing trait. The whole household assembled in the garden stocked with the common pot-herbs then ip use, hall (or kitchen) in the morning before breakfast, for and sometimes with a few fruit-trees, extended on one family worship, and in the evening before supper. The side, sheltered perhaps by a hedge of boortree or elder, good-man, of course, led their devotions, every one having and often skirted by a few aged forest trees; while the his Bible in bis hand. This was the stated course eren in low, thatched dwellings of the binds and cotters stood at a seed time and harvest : between five and six in the morning little distance, each with its small cabbage-garden, or was the hour of prayer in these busy seasons. kail-yard, behind, and its stack of peat or turf fuel in “ On Sabbath all went to church, however great the front.
distance, except one person, in turn, to take care of the “An upland farm, of the common average size, extend house, or younger children, and others to tend the cattle. ing to about four or five hundred acres, partly arable and After a late dinner, on their return, the family assembled partly pastoral, usually employed three or four ploughs; around the master, who first catechised the children, then and the master's household, exclusive of his own family, the servants. Each was required to tell what he rememconsisted of six or seven unmarried servants, male and le bered of the religior's services they had joined in at the
honse of God; each repeated a portion of the Shorter | anybody. We will see about that presently, I said. Catechism; and all were then examined on heads of divi Meanwhile, can you tell me of any good that you have nity from the mouth of the master. Throughout the done ? Why my neighbours will tell you that I am a whole of the Sabbath, all worldly concerns, except such as peaceable man, and have done them many neighbourly necessity or mercy required to be attended to, were strict
turns, and have helped the poor to something comfortable ly laid aside; and nothing was allowed to enter into con now and then. There is Ralph Isaacs that I sent in a versation save subjects of religion.
cart, and paid turnpikes and all, the other day to the “ These homely details may perhaps seem, at first sight, Doctor, when he broke his leg. And how came he to calculated to corroborate, in some respects, the exagger break his leg? Why John Dickins broke it for him. And ated notions which prevail in England respecting the reli how? Why they were fighting. That is quite enough, I gious austerity of the old Presbyterians; and readers, said. And did you tell him he had been wrong in quarellooking exclusively to the strictness of their discipline, ling and fighting, and had well deserved the wages he their alledged 'proscription of all amusements,' the limited got? No. John was wrong. He took advantage of poor education, the want of books, and, above all, the want of Ralph being in liquor. It was a shame for a sober man refinement which, according to our modern notions, might do such a thing. But Ralph is a spirited lad. I'm right be expected to be the necessary result of familiar associa glad he had his revenge. And so this you reckon among tion with menial servants,---may possibly picture to them. your works of Christian charity, do you? Do you think selves a state of society altogether clownish, melancholy, that Christ was in your heart when you did this? Do you and monotonous. Yet this would be a very false estimate count yourself among his blessed peacemakers ? I will of the real character and condition of the old Scottish not ask you for any more instances after this. You must tenantry."
confess that the love of God and Christ was not the reason
of your doing them. Why I might not be thinking of The following scene in the sick chamber of a farm them at the time. But I do love them. Yes! just as house is well suited, we think, for our Country you love your Bible. Now I tell you plainly that Belial was Readers.
in your heart. And thus we have come to the end of your
good. Now let us see if you have done no harm to any. I never did harm to anybody.
body. According to these words your example should
have been one of uniform strictness, so as never to have “I feel very comfortable, God be thanked ! for I never did laid a stumbling-block in the way of anybody. You any barm that I know of to anybody," said old Giles dever can have encouraged riotous amusements by your Dykes, as he lay on his bed, expecting his summons to the presence, you never can have made use of objectionable next world. But that is not what you rely upon, I hope,
language, you never can have been seen but in a state of said I. Ono! I trust that I have done a little good too.
calmness and sobriety. Now indeed, sir, he here cried out, Bat I hope that you neither place any reliance there, I re you are too hard. At this rate there is no such tbing as a joined. No! he said, after a pause and a gaze at me, I harmless man, within my knowledge. Well, then, I relook to the Lord. He is all mercy. And when a poor plied, you confess that your example has done some harm. man like me has done his best in his poor way, he will be How much I will now leave to your own conscience. But merciful. That is my belief. My good friend, I replied, harm is done towards a neighbour not only by doing what I do not see, as far as you have now gone, any difference we should not do to him, but also by leaving undone what between your hopes and those of a heathen, and to con we should do. Suppose a large property, left to a father, vince you of it I will sist your notion of having done your with the express order that he should both maintain him. best in your poor way, and of never having done harm to self in his proper station to the fulness of its requirements, anybody. You can read. Yes, thank God! Then I see and should educate his children accordingly, and take such no reason why your way should bave been poor, for you care of the property, that it might descend to them and bad the same guide as the best and richest, the rule of theirs unimpaired. But that the father, so far from looking God's Word. And if you did your best you gave all the after it, let it run to waste, and living in a disreputable time that you could to the reading of that word, to the poverty, brought up his children in corresponding igright understanding of it, to the taking the impression of it norance and low station. Wbat would you say of such a on your heart. And you regularly prayed for God's grace father? I should call him a wretched scoundrel, said to enable you to do all this. You read, no doubt, at least Giles, with much warmth. I approve your sentence, said a chapter daily, before going to bed, perhaps. Why I I. Now, have not you brought up a family? Yes, I have, cannot say I did all that. But I love the Bible, and I four sons and three daughters. But some of them have believe it every word. When you love a thing, do you not plagned my heart sadly. And I will tell you why they always keep it as much as you can in sight, and before you have done so. God gave you a rich inheritance in putting believe every word of a book, at least in any available you in possession of his Holy Word, together with ample sense, must you not be well acquainted with it ? Now I
means for understanding it, both to your own proht, and do not see a Bible anywhere in sight, I am quite certain that of your children. But you never took the pains, as from the way in which you speak that you are not very you confessed just now, to understand it even for yourself, well acquainted with it. Where is your Bible? Yonder, much less for the instruction of your children. You let be said, pointing with some confusion to a dark corner of the inheritance ran to waste, and brought up your children the room. I went, and found a heap of old books, and, in beggary. Neither have your servants nor your neighas some were much of the size and appearance of a com bours benefited by you. Now answer me---bave you done mon octavo Bible, I opened them to see their titles. no harm to anybody? He stared at me in silence for some "Clater's Farrier," that is not it, I cried. No! no! time, and then said, frankly and mournfully, Indeed, sir, I Look lower down. I went three lower. No! no! Lower did not think of all this. You are very right, and I have still. Only three remained. So with a shrewd guess I been wrong. I thought I had done my work. I have went to the lowermost. And it was the Bible, sure enough. been a bad, unprofitable servant. Would to God I could My good friend, I said, I see you put in force the old say that I had done no harm to many and many. Oh, may proverb, of truth being at the bottom of the well. So this He have mercy on me! Pray with me, and pray for me, you call doing your best in your poor way? And now sir. I prayed the Lord to make a flame of this spark of baving convicted you of not having done your best, can the light of self-conviction, and then left him to his re. you tell me of any good at all that you have done? What, do flections on our conversation, with a joyful expectation of a you take me for a bad man? I never did any harm to much more satisfactory dialogue on the morrow.
The Christian's Beacon. Gen. iv. 7. “If tbou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? WHEN wind-girt storms, with loud, and sullen roar, and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door, &c.” The The heaving bosom of the Ocean swell, Hebrew word “batah” means both sin, and a sin offer. And angry breakers, foaming o’er the shore, ing, "rovetz“ signifies “ to lie or couch as a beast does ;" Of perils on the troubled waters tell; therefore the whole phrase "la pethah hatath rovetz"
When, as around the shades of night are spread, may be thus translated “a sin offering coucheth or lieth
Wrapt in the sable mantle of the clouds, at the door," i. e. for thee to make atonement with.
Deep pealing thunders roll above the head, Verse 13—“My punishment is greater than I can bear,”
And vivid lightnings flash along the shrouds; « gadol awoni mi-ueso” will admit of such translation as
Oft will the sailor's iron-bound spirits fail, the following—“Is my iniquity greater than to be for
As, to and fro, he walks the reeling deck, given ?” awon in its strictest sense meaning rather
Lest, tempest-tost---the sport of ev'ry gale--iniquity than punishment, and neso to bear in the sense of
His vessel strike---and split, a stranded wreck! to bear away, i. e. forgive.
Verse 15.–And the LORD set a mark upon Cain, lest In such an hour---fraught with the liveliest fear-.. any finding him should kill him”-wa-yasem yehowah A light streams forth---behold! yon Beacon blaze le-qayin oth, and Jehovah gave to Cain a sign, (i. e., Beckons the ship, and tells a Port is near, worked some miracle to convince him) that any finding Bearing aloft the hope of brighter days. him should not slay him. Oth occurs also in the second
Thus, when the Christian, in life's troubled tide, verse of the tenth chapter of Exodus, where it clearly Rides 'mid conflicting storms upon the wave, signifies miracles.
His wakeful thoughts pursue some steady guide, Verse 23.-“For I have slain a man to my wounding,
From rocks and shoals his wandering bark to save. and a young man to my hurt.” That is, "for wounding
What light from Pharos e'er revolv'd so true, me," and "for hurting me," the pronominal affixes being taken passively as well as actively: in the same manner
As God's own Word ? the safest and the best... be-dato, Isa. lii. 11, “by his knowledge" does not signify,
That Sacred Beacon, opening on the view, by the knowledge he possesses,” but, “by the knowledge
Points to the haven of ETERNAL REST!
J. H. of bim; and hamaci a my violence” means “a violence
LUKE XXIV. 17. committed against me." Jer. li. 35.
“ And he said unto them, What manner of communications are these Verse 26.-" Then began men to call upon the name of
that ye have one with another, as ye walk, and are sad ?" the LORD.”-chatal, when applied to sacred things, more
What! Christian brows with sadness shaded! commonly signifies, “ to profane, to pollute, &c, as in Lev.
What! Christian hearts in grief bow'd down ! xxi. 4, 9-so this passage may here mean, to call pro
Has Heaven's reserved heir-ship faded ? fanely. Some writers suppose it to mean, that believers, in order to distinguish themselves from idolaters, began
What man bath ta’en tby crown? to invoke God by the name of JEHOVAH: it being very
Shall Christian lips give voice to sorrow? probable that the name “Elohim” had become equivocal.
To live is Christ-to die is gain. being applied both by believers and idolaters to their
Do cares the Christian's temples furrow? respective gods. In the contest between Elijah and the “ There shall be no more pain." propbets of Baal, 1 Kings xviii. Elijah saith v. 21, to the Well may their grief astonish 'Thee, people, If Jehovah be God (Heb. “ Ha-Elobim” the, i. e. O Prophet, Priest, and King; ihe true Elobim), follow bim: but if Baal, then follow him. Who robb’d the Grave of victory,
Chap. vi. 3.--- And the LORD said, My Spirit shall not And took from Death its sting. always strire (or rule, direct, yadon) in man.
O were our faith more firmly rooted, Verse 6-.." and it repented the LORD.” In this, and
() were our love more like Thine own; several other passages, God is said to repent (nachem) when he acts in such a manner as men do when they
Our base alloy would be transmuted, repent or alter their designs, and consequently changes
Our dross refined down. his method of proceeding; though in truth He changeth
But since not yet thy children's weakness not, but his creatures. See Num. xxiii. 19; and compare
Can wholly feel all tidings “glad;". : 1 Sam. xv. 11, with ver. 29.
Return, Oh Lamb of Love and meekness,
Lines written in 1746. of the last century, Peter Jansen, a Dutch merchant,
Hail, sacred volume of eternal Truth! caused a ship to be built for him answering in its propor
Thou staff of age! thou guide of wandering Youth ! tions to those of Noah's ark, the length of it being one
Thou givest the weary rest, the poor man wealth, hundred and twenty feet, the breadth of it twenty, and
Strength to the weak, and to the Lazar health the depth of it twelve. At first this was looked upon as
Lead me, my King, my Saviour, and my God! no better than a fanatical vision of this Jansen, and while
Through all those paths thy sainted Servants trod; it was building Jansen and his ship were made all the
Teach me thy twofold nature to explore, sport and laughter of the seamen, as much as Noah and Copy the human, the Divine adore, bis ark could be. But afterwards it was found that ships
Give me to know the medium of the wise, built in this fashion, were, in the time of peace, beyond
When to embrace the world, and when despise ; all others, most commodious for commerce, because they
To want with patience, to abound with fear, would hold a third part more, without requiring any
And walk between presumption and despair; more hands, and were found far better runners than any
Then shall thy blood wash out the stain of guilt, made before. Accordingly, the name of NAVIS NOACHICA And not in vain, for even me, be spilt. is given by some to this sort of vessel.--- Parker's Biblio. theca Biblica, Vol. i. p, 235, 236.
LONDON: PUBLISHED BY SIMPKIN, MARSHALL, & Co.; HAMIL
TON, ADAMS, & Co.; AND R. GROOMBRIDGE; BANCKS & Co. Errata in last No. Gen. i. 4. for “Kindles," read Kindlers.
MANCHESTER; H. PERRIS, LIVERPOOL; J. SEACOME, CHES
TER; WRIGHTSON & WEBB, BIRMINGHAM.
THE PASTOR AND THE MECHANIC. “I HAVE long wished to see you," said the Pastor to a discovered and unfathomed before him, is to many of our young man, who was passing the door of his study with modern pretenders to philosophic wisdom, merely shallow light but quick steps. The young man stopped, but he water, and as for employing themselves with the - shells looked uneasy. “Come in,” said the Pastor, "and sit and pebbles on the beach, they will boast to you that they you down. I have sent several messages to you, but have been successful pearl-divers, though they have you have been prevented coming, I suppose.” The man brought up nothing but mud and rubbish in their hands. murmured something about press of business, being But to drop this figure of speech," said the aged Pastor, much occupied. “I wished to see you,' said the Pastor. “I may tell you at once, that I am amazed at the pre“I have a book for you, one which I promised to get for sumptuous ignorance of the Owenites, or Socialists, and you.” The man, who was a Whitesmith, and had been at grieve to the heart to learn that you are one of them. Is work in the house, put down his basket of tools. He it so ? is it the truth that you have joined those deluded looked as if he did not quite understand what the Pastor men ? If you have gone so far as to enrol yourself among meant ; in fact, he did not wish to understand, he had them, tell me the truth, that I may know how to address no desire to prolong the interview, but he could not re.. you. If you are one of them, you can have no fear of fuse to take the book which was so kindly and courteously God before your eyes, and you will not scruple to declare held out to him. “Is it a religious book, Reverend Sir," your opinions to me. said the man, and his manner was confused, though re “Well, sir," said the man, and he looked the Pastor specuful. “ I did offer to lend you religious books at any resolutely in the face," it is of no use telling a lie, I am time,” replied the old Clergyman, “but this is not a re a Socialist. I desire to see, and to promote a new ligious book. It is the life of a very wise man and a order of things. You must agree, sir, that every thing is very good man. The life of a Philosopher, and one of out of order in the world around us, and needs to be rethe greatest Philosophers that ever lived." The man organized. Society, in all its ranks, is corrupt." opened the book, and looked earnestly upon the title « Here we are agreed,” said the aged man.“ No one, I page.“ The name of Sir Isaac Newton is one of the will venture to say, is more deeply convinced than I am highest in philosophy and science, is it not ?” asked the that things in the moral world are in a fearful state of Pastor. "Indeed it is, Sir, and I am sure I feel truly disorder, that the state of society is corrupt, that we need obliged to you for such a present,” “ Do you remem a new moral world; Lut what would you think of a body ber," said the Pastor, “my talking to you of the humili of men if they were to rise up and declare publicly, that ly of heart that distinguished some of the wisest of man because the physical world in which we live is out of kind? My recommending to you,” he continued mildly, order, because parts of the earth are barren, and because but gravely, “ that same disposition of heart ? for, my savage beasts and poisonous reptiles are to be found upon friend, I think it right to be plain-spoken with every one. | its surface, they had drawn up a scheme for melting, or It too often happens, that according to his ignorance, a otherwise dissolving the elements of earth and air and man is self-opinionated and presumptuous, while the water, and then reorganizing them into a new physical truly wise are as often the most lowly in their own eyes. world? What would wise and scientific men think of such Now I do not apply what I say about ignorance to you, a scheme for the improvement of the material world ? or God has given you superior abilities, but I have often How would they estimate its wisdom or its possibility ? vished to see some sign of a more humble heart. It was But a plan of this kind would be about as reasonable in account of some passages in that volume, that I wish as the schemes of those who are for constructing a new d to put it in your hands. Will you open it at the moral world. Where have these Socialists gained their place where it is marked ? The remarks in that passage wisdom? What is the date of their experience that they Fere made by the great Philosopher a short time before are fitted for the work ? [ find, however, the leader of his death. I do not know what I may appear to the | your party thus pompously announcing his pretensions; world; but to myself I seem to have been only like a I have proceeded, step by step, until the most important boy playing on the sea-shore, and diverting myself in laws of our nature were unfolded, for I early perceived low and then finding a smoother pebble, or a prettier that a knowledge of these laws would soon unveil the hell than ordinary, whilst the great ocean of truth lay | three most formidable prejudices that ignorance of II undiscovered before me.'"
these laws had made almost universal. These pre“Now that which this man of first rate genius looked judices arising from early education are distinct, or ipon as the great ocean of truth, with its vast depths un- | as he afterwards calls them, conflicting religions, in