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comparatively modern date, as, in giving to
Prayer I. their church the prior existence they signi- “In the beginning, when there was the ficantly assert, that Nestorius—“the man who died about A. D. 435-followed them, and five elements had begun to resolve, or the Sun
great Chaos, dark and undigested, before the not they Nestorius.”
and the Moon to shine, when in the void I can only add further here one word in there presented itself neither form nor sound; conclusion, as to the persecutions with which
-Thou, O mysterious Sovereign, camest forth Rome has to this day continued to follow in Thy presidency; and first Thou didst sethem. Take the following, in Mr. Layard's parate the grosser parts from the ethereal. own words, on this point:" By a series of Thou madest Heaven, Thou madest earth, the most open frauds, the Roman Catholic Thou madest man. All things were produced emissaries obtained many of the documents by thee.” which constituted tbe title of the Chaldean Patriarch, and gave him a claim to be recog
Prayer II. nised and protected as the head of the Chal- This is a concluding prayer in the Ritual dean Church, by the Turkish authorities. A from which it is selected :system of persecution and violence, which “ Thus have our rites been performed, and could scarcely be credited, compelled the our prayers presented. Sovereign Spirit, Chaldeans of the plain to renounce their faith, youchsafe to accept them. Every form has and to unite with the Church of Rome. A rival been observed; and nine times has the music patriarch, who appropriated to himself the resounded. O God, grant me Thy wise protitles and functions of the Patriarch of the tection, and great will be the happiness of my East, was elected, not by but for the seceders, house. The music peals, and the gems give and was put forward as a rival to the true
forth their sounds, while mingles with them head of the Eastern Church. Still, as is the the tinkling from the ornamented robes of the case in all such forced conversions, the attendants. Spirits and men rejoice together, change was more nominal than real; and to while they praise the Sovereign God. We this day the people retain their old forms have celebrated Thy great name, Thou unand ceremonies, their festivals, their chro- searchable, immeasurable One. Everlasting, nology, and their ancient language, in their firm, exalted, and wide is Thy perpetual rule prayers and holy books. They are even now
and presidency. Thine insignificant servant engaged in a struggle with the Church of (imperator loquitur) bows his head; he lays Rome for the maintenance of these last relics it in the dust. Let him be bathed in thy of their race and faith.” I hope to return to grace and light !" this subject, and to complete the present
Dr. Legge adds, justly, “ Poor prayers, it paper in your next Number.
will be said ! Yes, but who must He be of C. R. H. whom these things are said ?”
REMARKS TO HIS LATE TOUR.
THE REV. J. J. FREEMAN'S CONCLUDING
During my tour of two years and a quarAs the result of Mrs. James Legge's late ter, I had learned many things abroad; and account in the Magazine, of her Chinese Girls'
now, on my return, I found I had many also School, at Hong-Kong, Dr. Morison has re
to learn at home, and not the least, the moveceived £10 from the Rev. George Moore, at ment on the Papal question. Lewes, to be appropriated for their support; a The last news I had heard on leaving Eng. Missionary Box, from Mrs. Tapp and friends, land, at the close of 1848, was, that the Pope of Hull, has arrived at the Mission House for had fled from Rome, and was at Gaeta! The the same object; and other intimations have first news on my return was, that of the Papal been given by various friends, that they are aggression—the appointment of a cardinal for preparing Boxes for the support of this inter- Englishmen, in the middle of the nineteenth esting institution. For this expression of in- century, and the aroused spirit of English terest in his daughter's labours, Dr. Morison Protestantism in resisting the imposition of offers his most grateful thanks.
"a yoke," that neither we nor our fathers
could bear. SHANG-TE," EXTRACTED
Assuredly I had seen nothing in all my
tour to shake my faith or principles as a Pro DR. LEGGE sends the Editor the two fol- testant, nothing to make me willing to surlowing prayers to Shang-T'e, which greatly render one particle of civil or religious freecountenance the view which he and our other dom, to give up one atom of liberty of conChinese Missionaries take of the propriety of science, or of the right of placing the Sacred employing Shang-Te, and not Shin, as the term Volume in the hands of every man beneath for God. The prayers are, to say the least, the skies. I came home with the deepest remarkable.
impression, that wherever Popery advances, the
TWO PRAYERS TO
FROM THE RITUAL OF THE MING DYNASTY.
interests of humanity recede: that the Pro- | proceeded, they have been most deeply intertestant faith is the bulwark of English liberty, esting, and likely to deepen the conviction and the guarantee of Britain's elevation; and on behalf of the peace-movement. The Hall that, if that faith perish from our land, politi- was quite crowded: a great air of intelligence cal anarchy, social degradation, and moral marked the countenances of the people; and ruin must as inevitably follow, as the shadows a more than ordinary attention was paid of evening and the darkness of night follow to the several speakers. Principles of high the setting of the sun.
and permanent importance were advocated, I have now closed the sketch of my“ Tour," with great eloquence and moral power; and and offered, in passing, the incidental remarks the countenance of every auditor seemed to which I thought expedient. I forbear to de- indicate a feeling of the folly, guilt, misery, tain my readers longer. I will only say: and unreasonableness of war, as the means of
1. If I have failed to awaken an interest adjusting national misunderstandings. We in Christian Missions, there is verily a fault cannot but believe that there is a great bless
The Missions themselves are not a ing in this hallowed combination. failure, or “then the world is a failure, and The first day's meeting, 22nd July, was everything is a failure.” The native tribes of presided over by Sir DAVID BREWSTER, South Africa are indebted for their preserva who is well known as a man of distinguished tion, their liberty, their intelligence, their so science, and a friend of vital Christianity. cial advantages, and their religion, to Chris. The Congress was addressed by the Presitian Missions.
dent; the Rev. H. Richard, one of the Secre2. I shall deeply lament if I have not taries; the Rev. John Angell James; the shown cause for Britain's interference on be- Rev. W. Brock; the Rev. Dr. Aspinall; Mr. half of the coloured races of South Africa. I Cocquerel, a French Protestant pastor; Don long to see introduced wiser and better Marino Cubii Soler, a Spanish gentleman; methods of treating them, and the “qule Mr. M. J. Delbink; Mr. R. Cobden, M.P.; made absolute,” that the power which Britain | Mr. Visschers; the Rev. Dr. Beckworth, from would not dare employ in offering an affront America; and the Rev. John Burnet. The to any one of the civilized nations of Europe two Resolutions passed at the first meeting that could defend itself, shall not be abused in of the Congress were the following: robbing or crushing one of the meanest tribes I. " That it is the special and solemn duty of Africa, that cannot resist or defend itself. of all ministers of religion, instructors of
3. I see that in the onward movements of youth, and conductors of the public press, to Divine Providence immense fields for the employ their great influence in the diffusion Christian enterprise of the British churches of pacific principles and sentiments, and in are opening in Africa and Asia. Let no man eradicating from the minds of men those heredeem the work too vast for accomplishment, ditary animosities, and political and comfor God is on our side. Let no man count mercial jealousies, which have been so often his own efforts too mean to be of value, for the cause of disastrous wars." God works through feeble instrumentality. II. “That as an appeal to the sword can An infant hand may plant the acorn-germ settle no question, on any principle of equity of the future and majestic oak of the forest ; and right, it is the duty of Governments to only, “ Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, refer to the decision of competent and imdo it with thy might.”
partial Arbitrators such differences arising 4. I trust that Egypt and Palestine may between them as cannot be otherwise amishare the thoughts and sympathies of many cably adjusted.” in our land, as well as Southern Africa. if We must defer further particulars till next the outline of my tour in those lands of in- month, and must also content ourselves by delible interest, shall tempt some of my minis- furnishing our readers with a few extracts terial brethren and friends to visit them, and from Sir David Brewster's admirable opening aid them, I shall have rendered them and address. those countries valuable service.
“ The principle for which we claim your Finally, the more I have seen of other sympathy," said Sir David, “and ask your lands, the more grateful I am for Britain; I support, is, that war undertaken to settle the love her laws, her institutions, her govern differences between nations is the relic of a barment, her freedom, her Sovereign, her religion; barous age, equally condemned by religion, by and if I have whispered of things, or spoken reason, and by justice. The question, What plainly of things, that need correction, it is is war?' has been more frequently asked than not because I love those less, but because I answered ; and I hope that there may be in this love these more.
assembly some eloquent individual who has seen
it its realities, and who is willing to tell us PEACE CONGRESS, EXETER HALL. what he has seen. Most of you, like myself, While we are going to press, this Congress know it only in poetry and romance. We have is holding its sittings. As far as they have wept over the epics and the ballads which
celebrate the tragedies of war. We have fol- family the sovereign or the minister who shall lowed the warrior in his career of glory with- send the fiery cross over tranquil Europe, and out tracing the line of blood along which he summon the bloodhounds of war to settle the has marched. We have worshipped the demi- disputes and gratify the animosities of nations. god in the Temple of Fame, in ignorance of *** The principle of this Congress to settle the cruelties and crimes by which he climbed national disputes by arbitration has, to a certain its steep. It is only from the soldier himself, extent, been adopted by existing powers, both and in the language of the eye that has seen monarchical and republican; and it is surely its agonies, and of the ear that has heard its neither chimerical nor officious to make such shrieks, that we can obtain a correct idea of a system universal among the very nations that the miseries of war. Though far from our have themselves partially adopted it. If these happy shores, many of us may have seen it views have reason and justice on their side, in its ravages and in its results, in the green their final triumph cannot be distant. The mound which marks the recent battle-field, in cause of peace has made, and is making, rapid the shattered forest, in the rased and desolate progress. The most distinguished men of all village, and, perchance, in the widows and the nations are lending it their aid. The illusorphans which it made! And yet this is but trious Humboldt, the chief of the republic of the memory of war—the faint shadow of its letters, whom I am proud to call my friend, dread realities--the reflection but of its blood, has addressed to the Congress of Frankfort a and the echoes but of its thunders. I shud- letter of sympathy and adhesion. He tells der when imagination carries me to the san. that our Institution is a step in the life of naguinary field, to the death-struggles between tions, and that, under the protection of a sumen who are husbands and fathers, to the perior Power, it will, at length, find its conhorrors of the siege and the sack, to the deeds summation. He recalls us to the noble exof rapine and violence and murder in which pression of a statesman long departed," that neither age nor sex is spared. In acts like the idea of humanity is becoming more and these the soldier is converted into a fiend,
and more prominent, and is everywhere proclaimhis humanity even disappears under the fero- ing its animating power." Other glorious names cious mask of the demon or the brute. To sanction our cause. Several French statesmen who reason, and who feel while they men, and many of the most distinguished reason, nothing in the history of their species members of the Institute, have joined our appears more inexplicable, than that war, the Alliance. The Catholic and the Protestant child of barbarism, should exist in an age en clergy of Paris are animated the sacred lightened and civilized, when the arts of peace cause, and the most illustrious of its poets have attained the highest perfection, and when have brought to us the willing tribute of their science has brought into personal communion genius. Since I entered this assembly I have nations the most distant, and races the most received from France an olive-branch, the unfriendly. But it is more inexplicable still symbol of peace, with a request that I should that war should exist where Christianity has wear it on this occasion. It has lost, unforfor nearly 2000 years been shedding its gentle tunately, its perishable verdure,-an indicalight, and that it should be defended by argu- tion, I trust, of its perennial existence. The ments drawn from the Scriptures themselves. philosophers and divines of Germany, too, When the pillar of fire conducted the Israel have given us their sympathy and support; ites to their promised home, their Divine Leader and in America, every man that thinks, is a no more justified war than he justified murder friend of universal peace. In pleading for a by giving skill to the artist who forges the cause in which every rank of citizens has a stiletto, or nerve to the arm that wields it. greater or a less interest, I would fain bespeak If the sure word of prophecy has told us that the support of a class who have the deepest the time must come when men shall learn stake in the prosperity of the country, and in the art of war no more, it is doubtless our the permanence of its institutions. The holders duty, and it shall be our work, to hasten its of the nation's wealth, whether it is invested fulfilment, and upon the anvil of Christian in trade or in land, have a peculiar interest truth, and with the brawny arm of indignant in the question of peace. In the reign of reason, to beat the sword into the ploughshare, peace, wealth will flow into new channels, and the spear into the pruning hook. I am and science will guide the plough in its frucashamed in a Christian community to defend tifying path ; and having nothing to fear on Christian principles the cause of universal from foreign invasion, or internal discontent, peace. He who proclaimed peace on earth we shall sit under our vine and our fig-tree, and good will to man, who commands us to to use the gifts and enjoy the life which Pro. love our enemies, and to do good to them who vidence has given—to discharge the duties despitefully use us and persecute us; He who which these blessings impose, and prepare counsels us to hold up the left cheek when for that higher life to which duty discharged the right is smitten, will never acknowledge is the safest passport.” us as disciples, or 'admit into His immortal
FRONT ELAVATION AND GROUND PLAN OF THE NEW MISSION CHAPEL AT SHANGHAR.
2 M VOL. XX.
OPENING OF THE NEW CHAPEL AT SHANGHAE. From an early period of their labours in this important city, our Missionary brethren have suffered serious disadvantage from the want of an edifice for the service of God, which, by its favourable site, adequate dimensions, and neatness of exterior, might command the attention of the native population. In our Number for February, 1850, an appeal was made to the friends of the Chinese Mission on behalf of this special object; and we are now happy to announce, that, from the proceeds of that appeal, together with the amount of local and other contributions, a sanctuary has been reared which, should it please the Most High to vouchsafe the gracious token of his presence, may prove a blessing not only to the present generation, but to multitudes yet unborn. Of this temple to the only true God, erected in a city heretofore wholly given to idolatry, may it be recorded, “ This and that man was born in her: and the Lord shall count, when he writeth up the people, that this man was born there"!
In a letter dated 18th Feb. ult., the Missionaries make the following gratifying statement :
“While the new chapel has been in progress, chiefly, we take this opportunity of attributwe have at different times communicated ing the success with which this arduous work particulars respecting it, which we thought has been crowned ; so that, although it is might be interesting to you. And we doubt devoid of those ornaments and attractions not that the announcement of the building that may belong to some of the chapels rehaving been completed and opened for preach cently built in this place, it is second to none ing, will be received by you, as it is now made for neatness of style, solidity of structure, and by us, with feelings of unmingled satisfaction. adaptation to the end proposed. Very fortu
“We herewith inclose a pencil sketch (see nately, the building was completed, so that Frontispiece, page 177) and brief description * it could be opened on the first Sunday in the of the building, with which Mr. Wylie has fur Chinese new year. Arrangements were acnished us; to whose skill and superintendence cordingly made for holding public worship in
* In the form of the ground plan we have had it on the afternoon of February 2nd, and we little choice, the building covering near the whole of our lot of ground. The length inside is 63 are happy to inform you that our first services feet, width 34 feet, height, from floor to ceiling, 20 feet, being the greatest span of roof in Shanghae,
were conducted in the new building under unsupported in the centre. Four hundred and fifty the most auspicious circumstances. persons may be conveniently seated. The foundation of solid brick-work, three feet thick and the
“No season, indeed, could have been more same in height, rests on thick slabs of granite all round, above three feet wide, the ground having
appropriate for opening the place than thisbeen first rendered firm by driving from seven to
the only period of the year in which all grades eight hundred six feet piles. The wall of the
and classes of the people rest from their toil. superstructure, also of solid brickwork, is two feet thick at the base, gradually diminishing to one
The concourse was, in consequence, large; foot six inches at the top. There are five arched windows on each side, and two smaller ones in
and, for an assembly of heathens, who are front; a large front door, and two smaller ones, be wont to muster together in their temples in sides two small doors behind, one leading into a side building, and the other into a lane. Between every
great crowds, and, amid noise and uproar, to two of the side windows there is a pilaster, but go through their religious exercises with levity rather for strength than ornament. The roof is constructed on the English principle of building,
and heedlessness, the order, decorum, and being supported by six common queen post truss. frames, while it was necessary to conform to
quiet they maintained throughout was remarkthe Chinese rule in the application of the tiling.
able; evincing that many in the congregation