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1827.) Chiddingly Place.- Denton Font, Sussex.
497 be acceptable. His LoP said ywas all it to ye good providence of God for ye one, ye offer would stop many mouths thing to find its own issue; to ye I as well as his, weh I think was well commend you and yours, and am, consider'd. I will say no more of my- madm, yours by all possible obligations, self, but only thank your Lap for your
J. TILLOTSON. good advice, wch I have always a great If M. Johnson refuse ys offer, and it disposition to follow, and a great deal should be my hard fortune not to be of reason, knowing it to be sincere as able to get out of ys difficulty, weh [ well as wise. The King has set upon will, if it be possible to do it without me again with greater earnestness of provocation, I know one will do more persuasion than is fit for one who may for M Johnson y" was desired of ye command. I beg'd as earnestly to be King, for any thing y he shall know, consider’d in ys thing, and so we parted but still as from ye King, but I hope upon good terais. I hope something some much better way will be found will happen to hinder it." I put it put y' there will be neither opportunity nor of my mind as much as I can, and leave occasion for this.
HIDDINGLY PLACE, in the Until that Jefferay was born,
Who built it more stately,
of the Queen's Majesty."
On the other side: painting upon glass, which was a “If Christ, who does the stars uphold, few years ago preserved in one of the
The splendid walls support, windows of the present residence. There may the builder build his house, Beneath the arms and crest of Jef. In Jarge and ample sort; feray was the following inscription :
An everlasting house, in which,
Tbe just and godly may “Je fferay que diray.”
Their praises of their God set forth,
For ever and for aye.” It would seein that the house was re-built at this time, for over the porch
This mansion is situated about a there were remaining, within the me- quarter of a mile west of the Church; mory of Mr. Lashman of Chiddingly, but is now reduced to a moderately some Latin verses, of which that gen- sized farm-house, and in the occupatleman has preserved the following tion of its respectable proprietor, Mr. translation.
Thomas Gray. Within the memory
of many now living, the building was On the one side :
much more extensive than at present, • This antient house still Aourishing,
and some of the rooms exhibited reIn name of Jefferay,
mains of considerable magnificence. Thro' length of time was fractur'd much, The Hall, which was standing half a And long in ruins lay.
century ago, and was then in a voler. GENT. MAG. June, 1827,
(June, able state of preservation, was very vour to lay them before the public in capacious, having at one end a deep your columns; I am desirous of excitgallery, and enriched with carved working the attention of our literati to the admirably executed. The view in subject. Plate II. was copied for Mr. Hors- Whatever may be the custom in our field's “ History of Lewes and iis Vi- polished idiom, it is indubitably true cinity," from a drawing by Grimm. that two negatives in our western dia
Adjoining the house is a lofty build- lect are used almost invariably to ing, now used as a barn. Tradition strengthen the negation. I sholl niver reports it to have been the private zee na moor-I shall never see you chapel of the Jefferay family, and the
So much does this kind of nename it has loug borne, Chapel Barn, gation seem to be fundamental, that I seems to give countenance io the re- really wonder so many pains have been port; as do also the peculiar form of taken to weed it out of our refined lanihe large windows that are still pre- guage. It appears to me one of those served, and the traces of a gallery unfortunate affectations introduced by which was taken down some years those who have been more anxious to ago
latinize our language, than to pulish The most curious object in the vil. it consistently with its actual siructure. lage Church of Denton, Sussex, is a The effect 100 has been occasionally fine old barrel-shaped Font, which bad; as our grammarians have taught stands at the western extremily of the us that two negatives destroy the nebuilding, raised upon a half-decayed gation, or are equivalent to an affirmaslab, about eight inches in thickness. cive, some of our more fastidious wriIt is large and circular. The inside ters occasionally attempt an affirmative is lined with lead; the outside carved by the use of two negatives ; hence with fret-work, between an upper and they are often understood to say the two lower bands of roundlets. It very reverse of what they intend ; thus much resembles one in St. Anne's Mason : Church, Lewes, noticed in the first volume of Mr. Horsfield's “Lewes," of music and of song; or, painting, thioe
“ Nor did he not employ the siren powers p. 267; and in our review of that Sweet source of pure delight." Work, in vol. xciv. ii. p. 340. By
English Garder, favour of Mr. Horsfield, we are en
For although a classical ear and taste abled to give representations of both these early fonts. (See Plate II. and might perceive and relish the latinism, the Vignelte in p. 497.)
the unsophisticated Englishman will be very likely to misunderstand it.
That doutle negatives were comMr. URBAN,
-9, Dalby Terrace, monly used to strengthen the negation
City Road, May 6. in the time of Shakspeare, the followI AM greatly obliged to your Re- ing passages prove :
viewer for the handsome notice he has taken of my work on the Somerset No squire in debt, nor no poor knight,
“ When every case in law is right, Dialect in your last Supplement, a When slanders do not live in tongues, work to me of no profit whatever, al
Nor cut-purses come nol to throngs.' though of considerable labour. When
King Lear, Act 3, Scene 2. ever it shall please the public to call for a second edition of it, I shall take words into the mouth of a rool; but
It is true Shakspeare puts these care that it shall undergo a complete this proves, it appears to me, what our revision; and I have many additions unadulterated language in regard to which, to the philologist, will, I dare say, prove acceptable. As, however, it negatives then was, and I may add
now also is, is not very probable that a second edition will be very soon called for, and Merchant of Venice is given to the
The following passage from the as some observations which I have
Jew Shylock: made on double negatives, appear to me important, will you do me the fa- “ So I can give no reason, nor will I not,
More than a lodg'd hate, and a certain luathr # Horsfield's “ Lewes,” vol. II. pp. 64–
I bear Antonio, that I follow thus [ing, 66; reviewed in our number for May, p.
A losing suit against him."
There are also besides, six other
Φοινιαισι χτεσιν. .
1827.) Double Negatives. Beauties of the Ancient Poets. 499 passages in the same play, with double in modern English writers for an afnegatives.
firmation, an affectation at once peAgain, in As You Like il :
dantic and intolerable.
Yours, &c. James JENNINGS. “ Nor shall not till necessity be serv'd."
Act 2, Scene 7. See also Henry the Fifth, &c. &c. BEAUTIES OF THE Ancient Poets. I very well remember, more than
No. I. thirty years ago, that I had a conversation with one of our most eminent Trunslated from Sophocles, Edip. Tyr.
beginning at poets about the meaning of the double negative, in the following passage of Τις οντιν' α θεσπιεπεια Milion's Paradise Lost, Book 1.
Δελφις είπε πετρα “They heard and were abash'd, and up they 'Αρρητ’ άρρητων τελισαντα
sprung Upon the wing, as when men wont to watch
STROPIE I. On duty, sleeping found by whom they dread,
Who is he whose fated name Rouse and bestir themselves ere well awake. Pealed through Delphi's rocks sublime ? Nor did they not perceive the evil plight
Who is he whose deeds of shame In which they were, or the fierce pains not
Stain'd his purple hands with crime? feel.”
Swift the tempest-footed steed And it was contended that the two Bid him urge a swifter speed,
Flies from threatening fate above, vegatives here used, were designed as Bid him fly the son of Jove. an affirmative. To me, however, they Arm'd in lightuing, rob’d in fire, appear most decidedly to strengthen Mounts he now the winged wind, the negation ; and I have no doubt Onward leaps the god with ire, that Milton so intended them. If we Wildly stalk the fates behind! can for a moment suppose the mean
ANTISTROPHE I. ing 10 be affirmative, that the demons From Parnassus' crest of snow suddenly roused from sleep, and over- Peal'd the fatal voice on high, come by the dread of being discovered Trace him through the realms below, sleeping, perceived the evil plight in Who from day and man would fly. which they were,' the simile is point. Speeds he through the tangled groves, less, not to say nonsensical, as applied Hides he in the caves unknown, to them: on the other hand, the dread Like the wandering bull he roves, at being so discovered, absorbed in Wretched, fugitive, alone. their minds every other consideration, What, though dies he from the sound, so that they did not even perceive the
Thundering froin earth's central bed,
Still the voice of Fate around evil plight in which they were, nor
Hovers deathless o'er his head. did they feel the fierce pains. Surely,
STROPHE II. therefore, the two negatives here used by Milion are still negative, and tend Oh! what doubts the fateful word to strengthen the negation; although Wakes tumultuous through my brain ! it must be admitted that sometimes Shall the prophet's voice be heard? these double negatives are merely
Shall his voice be heard in vain ? pleonastic.
Through my breast now hope flits fast,
Now alternate doubts and fears, It may be said in answer to all this,
Dubious darkness veils the past, “ These double negatives are very val
Dark the present hour appears. gar and often inelegant.”. I reply, Ne'er knew I what mortal hate they sometimes are so, but we can Shook the Theban tyrant's throne ; hardly expect to refine any language Why then strain the words of Fate ? by proscribing a fundamental idiom; Why doom (Edipus alone ? it is better to adopt such idiom, and
ANTISTROPHE II. endeavour if possible to find out and establish some rule by which it may
Though almighty Jove be wise, be used with force and elegance; that
Though Apollo's eye be keen,
Yet trace not prophetic eyes double negatives may be occasionally More than mortal sight hath seen. thus used in our language, there can Man might merit Wisdom's wreath, be, I think, no question. I trust, Yet 'tis not like Fate unmovid; therefore, we shall never again see, as Trust not then the sland'rous breath in Mason, above quoted, two negatives Ere the calumny be proved.