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Society. The school of that Society at Behala stands upon ground belonging to one of Keshab's uncles; and for about a year after the establishment of the school (before it had been determined to erect a building for the purpose), the pupils were regularly taught in the dalán, or large hall in the house of the same gentleman, usually appropriated to pujas and religious ceremonies. Several of Keshab's relatives—his brothers and cousins—have received instruction in that school, and continued to do so till the events of the last few weeks led their friends to take them away. It will thus be seen that his family have most gladly availed themselves of the instruction given gratuitously on their own premises to the youths of that village; the benefits of which they, in common with a large number of the inhabitants of the place, gratefully acknowleged on the occasion of the annual examination a year or two ago, by a letter of thanks addressed to the Superintendent Missionary, and published at the time in the Christian Advocate. They were glad that their families should benefit by the instructions of the school, so long as that benefit was confined to mere secular matters; but now that some of the fruits of that instruction have been produced, and a member of their own family has come forward to declare himself a Christian, they are filled with anger against all connected with the school, and would gladly, if they dared, destroy it altogether. “It was chiefly by the reading of the Word of God, and the explanations given of it by his teachers in the Institution at Bhowanipore, and also by reading it in private, with prayer to God for his teaching and his help, that Keshab was led to the conviction of the truth of Christianity and of his duty to profess it. He prayed much in private that God would help him to understand that Word, and show him which was the right path; and he testifies that the more he thus prayed, the better he sound that he could understand that Word, and the more was his heart drawn towards it; —a sign, it may be hoped, that the Spirit of God, the Author of that Book, was by its means drawing him unto himself. “For some months his mind was thus exercised upon these subjects. On finding that some of his class-fellows were under similar
impressions, he had much conference with them; and the result was that, after some time, they determined to act out their convictions, and declare themselves the followers of Jesus Christ, whom in their hearts they regarded as their only Saviour. After repeated interviews with the Missionaries connected with the Institution, they came to the house of Mr. Storrow, on Saturday, April 12th. Of the five who thus came, three were persuaded to return for a short time, as before stated. Among these was Keshab, who was led to do this, not from any change of mind as to his duty in this matter; but because he was told that his mother was very ill, almost dying, in consequence of his intention to become a Christian, and that if he would go and see her for a little while, and comfort her, he should be at full liberty to return and carry out his purpose, if he so desired. Who can wonder that this appeal to the tenderest affections of our nature—the love of her who bore him—should have induced him to go and see her, in the full belief that he would be permitted to return the next day? “He went, but (as had been expected by his Missionary friends) he did not return so soon. During the time that has intervened, he was kept under strict surveillance, and could not move about anywhere without the knowledge of his friends. It is true that on application being made on his behalf to Mr. Elliott, magistrate of the Twenty-four Pergunnahs, that gentleman sent two officers to inquire into the case, with instructions to set him at liberty if in confinement, and to enable him to act as he thought proper in the matter. But he felt, even then, that, surrounded as he was by all his family and neighbours, he was scarcely able to do as he desired, and replied to the inquiries of the officers that he was prepared for the present to remain where he was. That it was well known by his friends that his purpose was not changed, is evident from the fact, that he was still closely guarded by them, and that they thought it necessary to use all sorts of persuasions and promises in order to bring him round. All was, however, in vain. He remained firm; and declares that he never felt the slightest inclination to give way, and to go back into that system of soul-destroying crror which he feels it to be his duty, and his only means of safety, to renounce for ever. The trial he has thus been enabled to stand may, it is hoped, be regarded as another indication that the work is of God, and will by him be carried on unto the end in the heart of this young disciple.
“After this statement of facts, several questions were put to the candidate, as to the motives which had led him to renounce Hindooism, and to declare himself a Christian, and as to his views of Christian truth and Christian duty; to these, brief but satisfactory replies were given. Mr. Parker then admistered to him the ordinance of baptism in the name of the One God—Father, Son, and Holy Spirit—receiving from him his poita or Brahminical thread, and giving him in exchange a copy of the Word of God, as the guide of his future course in life, and the warrant of his hopes for eternity. Prayer was offered up for him that he may be kept in the way he has now entered, and made faithful unto the end, and that God's blessing may rest upon that Institution to which he belongs, and bring forth from it many others who are now halting between two opinions.
“This is now the fourth youth who has been admitted to the profession of Christianity from among the pupils of the Institution at Bhowanipore, since the services in connection with the commencement of the new building only a month ago. For a long season there appeared to be no spiritual fruit of the labours there put forth. But now the Lord has been pleased to “reveal his arm, and to show he is with his servants, and that his blessing is upon their efforts, These manifestations of his favour and approval, coming especially at a time when they are seeking to enlarge their sphere of labour, are most refreshing to their hearts—often “faint yet pursuing' amidst many difficulties; and beholding these tokens of their Lord's approval, they would ‘thank God and take courage. May his blessing be given yet more largely, even ‘showers of blessing, according to his promise!”
EFFECTS OF THE MOVEMENT ON THE
“The neighbourhood of Bhowanipore and Kálighât continues in a very excited state. Rumours have been afloat that the Institution is to be burnt down, and the Behala schoolroom broken to pieces. The parties who advocate the latter injury, are, however, perfectly well known. Messages have reached the Missionaries, that if they go into the Kálighât bazar, or to Behala, they will get their heads broken, &c.: messages illustrative of the amount of toleration existing among the Hindoos, and of their respect for liberty of conscience. A school is to be established at Kálighât on the 1st of May; one existing in Bhowanipore has put forth a few symptoms of activity and abundant promises of good teaching; while Mr. Scott, of Russapugla, has hoped, by the tempting bribe of four scholarships, to draw away some students of the first class in the Missionary Institution, to his own expiring school. A meeting of all the great Babus in Bhowanipore was held a few days ago at the house of Babu Rámkomal Mukarji, to take the state of affairs into consideration. It was agreed to, mem. con, that the Missionary school was a dangerous place, and the Padris a bad set. Also, that any gentlemen sending their sons, nephews, &c., to that school should be put out of caste [a most harmless resolution, which they dare not enforce]. Thirdly, that it was very desirable to establish a school of their own, in which no danger should be feared from Christianity. Fourthly, one gentleman suggested, that a good school would cost a large sum of money, and asked who was willing to subscribe towards it. A great deal of advice was offered, and the meeting speedily broke up.
“The Institution has, of course, suffered from all these agitations, but out of six hundred, not more than one hundred and fifty have for the present been withdrawn; the majority of whom, strange to say, are young boys. This number is so distributed among all the classes, that it has made no interruption in the regular work of the school.”
INDIsPENSABLE and increasingly important as the employment of Native Agency for giving wider diffusion to the Gospel in India has avowedly become, it cannot but be regarded as a most gratifying fact, that the devoted men who embark on this great enterprise are so commonly treated with courtesy and respect, even by those who have not hearts to discern the priceless value of the boon they have to offer. In connexion with the European Missionary, the Native Evangelist has at times to en counter opposition and cavilling; but, instead of being hated and derided as an apostate from the creed of his ancestors, as might have been expected, his motives and objects appear to be growingly estimated by his heathen countrymen: the truthfulness of his statements, and the candour and modesty of his demeanour, disarm their prejudices; and while listening to his earnest exhortations, many a heart is found to respond, and not unfrequently by the utterance of the lips—“Almost thou persuadest me to be a Christian.”
The following brief sketches of the labours of three of the Native Teachers employed at Cuddapah, furnished by the Rev. E. Porter, our Missionary at that Station, under date March 18th, ult, will form a
pleasing commentary upon the foregoing remarks:–
“REpoRT of NATIVE TEAchER, “Joseph sortAIN."
“This teacher has been diligently occupied during six months of the year in preaching the gospel to the deluded Mussulmans of the town of Cuddapah and its neighbourhood. During the last six months he has been stationed at Muddunpilly, preaching to the Mohamedans of that town and neighbourhood. In some places he has met with a good reception; at other times he has been much abused. Of all classes of people in this strange land, there is none so difficult to convince of the truth of Christianity as the followers of the false prophet.
“From his report I extract the following, as exhibiting the peculiar state of the Mohamedan mind:—‘March 23rd. I went to a mosque in the town, and preached the word of God to some Mussulmans. A man, called Mushabuek, came to me and said, “All that you preach is true and good; but there are some faults in your religion, such as, you have no circumcision, no bathing at particular times, no utterings of prayer when you kill a sheep or fowl, and various other things. By these irregularities we are displeased with your religion, especially with the eating of
pork.' I replied, that Christians are obeying the order of baptism, instead of circumcision, because Jesus Christ has appointed it. Also, the apostle Paul tells us that the outward circumcision is not the true one, but the inward circumcision is the principal thing. About washing, I said, the chief thing is to have the heart cleansed from sin, and unless that is cleansed, our thoughts and actions will be bad. About prayer at the killing of animals, I said, we must not only utter prayers with our lips at that time, but thank God with all our hearts for his great benefits to us. About eating pork, I said, God commanded the Jews not only to abstain from pork, but from eating the flesh of camels and hares. But you Mussulmans eat camels' and hares' flesh, and blame those who eat pork. Besides, I showed that after Jesus came into the world, he fulfilled the old testament, and in the new testament he has per
mitted his followers to ent what they like;
but his followers must not abuse one another
about eating and drinking. I then showed
him the true way of life through Jesus Christ
Similar visits were paid to, and conversa
tions held in, the bazaars, markets, mosques,
&c., generally with the like results.
“‘September 26th. The Reddy, from Rateepoor, came to Muddenpilly to inquire about the Christian religion. I read and explained to him parts of the Holy Scriptures, especially the Gospel by John, and the Psalms. He said to me, “Sir, what a new and good religion is this! I never heard of such a Saviour as Jesus. I have read my own books for a long time, but I cannot find any way for sinners to be saved in them.” Also, he told me that he would read the Gospel, and pray to Jesus to make his way clear, and take him as his child. He stopped with us two days, and when he was going, promised he would come again for instruction.’
“REPORT of NATIVE TEACHER, “Josepsi ANTRIM WEBB.'
“J. A. Webb has been assiduously engaged during the past year in preaching the gospel in the town of Cuddapah and its adjacent villages. His time has also been partly occupied in instructing candidates for baptism, and in conducting Divine service in the Mission chapel during my absence. He has also been occupied in itinerating to the villages north-west and east of Cuddapah. During these tours he has visited several large towns. From his reports I subjoin a few of the most interesting extracts:—
“‘On the 27th of May I went to Thurgutupullee, and preached the gospel to a number of persons, who heard the word with great attention. The same night there was a large feast in honour of Vishnoo. When they brought out the idol on a large car, I went near and preached to the people, and said, “Why are you all looking at that idol? If you speak to it, will it speak to you? and if you set fire to it, will it not be burned?” I then declared the glory, power, and goodness of he great God, and of the salvation which he had wrought out by Jesus Christ for poor sinners. The people replied, “What you say, sir, is very good: our idols are vain, and can do us no good. You must come, sir, from time to time, and declare to us these good words." When asked by the catechist why they came to the feast, if they did not believe in the idol, they said, “We only come to look at the sight, and laugh; but we have no faith in the idol. We believe in one God; we have read your books, and like the wisdom they contain.” At Zeypuralu I went
and preached the word; one man came and embraced me with great affection, and said, “Are you a disciple of our Lord Jesus?" To this I replied, “Yes." He then took me to his house, and lodged me for two days, and heard the Word of God with great attention. He told me that he had heard about this true religion some time ago at Cuddapah, and that ever since that time he had left off the worship of idols, and was in the habit of praying to God. He also begged me to stay and instruct his children; or, if I went away, to send some one in my stead to instruct them in this good way.” “REPORT of NATIVE TEACHER, “sAMUEL.’ “This teacher has been diligently engaged in preaching the gospel in Cuddapah and its neighbourhood for eight months of the year. During four months he has been employed at Muddenpilly and its neighbourhood, in distributing tracts and conversing with the people, great numbers of whom came to our bungalow for instruction. I am happy to be able to report favourably of the correctness of his conduct, and of the advance he has made in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. “From his report I make the following interesting extracts:—‘January 11th. I jourmeyed from Chenoor to Mitho Kooroo, a village about eight miles from Cuddapah. I read here “Strictures on Hindooism,” and preached the Word of God. As I was going to Chintu Koontah, a man, called Nursiah, followed me. I preached to him of the vanity of the world, of the state of sinners, and the need of salvation through Jesus Christ. The man heard me with great attention, and desired me to tell him the name of the Saviour, that he might pray to him for salvation. I taught him how to pray in that name. He also told me that for a long time he had been worshipping idols and false gods; but that from this time he will not do so, but pray to Jesus to cleanse his heart and make it holy. So I went on my way, praying that Jesus would save his soul, “‘12th. I went to Door, a large village forty miles north of Cuddapah, and preached the gospel of Jesus. One man there (Unkannah) heard me well, and received me kindly into his house. He said, “Sir, so long a time have I been keeping my mind on idols, but I have got no profit by them, but only trouble and
fear. I also believed that the sun, moon, and
word of life. I read and explained the 15th and 16th chapters of Luke, and the 3rd of John. We then knelt down and prayed to God. They all knelt down with us and prayed, and appeared much interested in what was said to them. One man of the assembly, called Parvah, said, “Sir, I am very desirous to embrace the Christian religion, because I have searched many Hindoo books, but have not found such precious words as these.” He said also, “Sir, since you visited us nine months ago, I have not had any comfort in my heart, on account of my heathen ways; and though I have often intended to come and see you, yet I have been hindered on account of my family; but now you are come, I am very glad." He and some others wished to embrace the Christian religion, and to have their children instructed in this good way. This inquirer followed me to Cuddapah, and stayed there for ten days, and received instruction in the Christian religion. Besides this man, there is another in the same village, who appears sincerely desirous to embrace the truth. They are very anxious to have a Christian school established amongst them.’”
ORDINATION OF Mr. ALEXANDER JANSEN. THE subject of this notice, a Mulatto, was in early youth brought to know and love the Saviour, and on arriving at the age of sixteen was admitted a member of the church at New Amsterdam, then under the pastoral charge of the Rev. John Wray, the father of the Society's Mission in this colony. Pondering over some striking passages in the life of the apostolic Brainard, Mr. Jansen conceived an earnest desire to devote himself entirely to the work of Christian instruction. A way was at length opened to him, in the providence of God, for the gratification of this desire, and in 1836 he was appointed to the office of Catechist at Hanover Station, then under the superintendence of the Rev. Jas. Howe. Thence he removed to Rodborough Station, where he laboured for ten years, and afterwards to Brunswick, where he has continued till now in sole charge of the station. Since the retirement of the Rev. Samuel Haywood, late of Orange Chapel Station, from the colony, Mr. Jansen has received an unanimous invitation from the church and congregation to become their pastor; and the measure having met the cordial