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faith deserves an instant's notice, much more extensive. It proceeds more especially as Mr. Scott has on the notorious mistake that the inadvertently mistated a little the Protestant doctrine denies or weakexact case. The passage is thus ens the necessity of good works : given in the parliamentary debates it takes for granted, contrary to all for April 1825, in the report of the experience, that Popery insists more speech of Mr. Canning, on the 21st than Protestantism on the imporof that month :

tance of human actions : it insi“ The next objection which has nuates, or rather asserts, in face been insisted upon, and it is one of the real fact, that Protestants do which I certainly did not expect to not teach the necessity of good have heard, is, that the Roman Ca- works, as a part of their religious tholics ascribe an overweening merit creed, but consider themselves to and efficacy to human actions. Be be governed by an inexorable fate, it so. But we who are considering and therefore to be irresponsible for these several tenets only as they at their actions. If such deplorable fect the state, may perhaps be per. mistatements should be often made mitted to ask, Are those who lay so in a Protestant legislature, and much stress on works, likely to be should pass current amongst the worse or better subjects than those nobles and rulers of our country, who believe that good works are of the worst effects may be expected no avail, but that faith alone is all to follow. But we have been insenin all ?' I presume not to decide sibly drawn into too great length which is the more orthodox opinion; on this topic. Our design was to but for a good subject of a state point the attention of our readers whose safety I am to provide for, 1, to the real character of the Romanfor my part, would unquestionably Catholic Church, as delineated in prefer the man who insists on the the volume before us, and the surnecessity of good works as part of prising effect which the Reformation his religious creed, to him who con- has produced, and is producing, disiders himself controlled in all his rectly and incidentally, upon it. actions by a preordained and inex

We now leave this first general orable necessity; and who, provided

division of our remarks, which was he believes implicitly, thinks himself to furnish such specimens of the irresponsible for his actions." Mr. work, as might convey a just imScott somewhat misapprehends this pression of the period of the Hispassage when he observes,

tory under review; and shall pro**The doctrine of the merit of works," ceed, in our next Number, to shew We have lately heard it pronounced, and the manner in which the duties of that by Protestants high in office, 'is less an ecclesiastical historian have been to be dreaded than that of justification by performed by our author. faith only! The error of the statesman was

(To be continued.)

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Literature and Poetry of Poland; by PREPARING for publication :-A Popular Mr. Bowring ;-The Widow's Tale, a Esposition of the Epistle to the Romans, Poem, by Bernard Barton, founded on the by the Rey. R. Wilson ;-The History of melancholy Loss of the Five Wesleyan the Charch of England from the Reforma Missionaries in the Mail Boat, off the tion; by the Rev. J. B. Carwithen ;-His. Island of Antigua ;-The Principles of tesy of France, by Mr. Hawkesworth ;- Physical, Intellectual, Moral, and Religious

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no arms.

areeda machine-pribnunch may be Z 62 punases - The 2nd be pries to the

Education; by W. Newnham, Esq.;-Me- In consequence of the wide diffusion of moirs of the Life of the late Rev. Wm. a taste for reading, publishers are begin. Grimshaw, compiled from his Diary and ning to find their

account in printing in. other Original Documents; with a Volume teresting works, at a very cheap rate. An of his works from Original MSS. ; by the extensive series of this kind is now in a Rev. J. Everett.

course of periodical publication, from the In the press :-Systematic Morality; by Edinburgh press; the first article of which W. Jevons ;-A Tour through Columbia; is Captain Hall's Voyage to Loo-Choo. by Colonel Hamilton ;-Letters of S. S., Captain Hall has added, in this edition, the during her last Illness.

particulars of an interview to which he

was admitted with Bonaparte, at St. HeIt gives us much pleasure to perceive lena. Bonaparte was greatly perplexed at the great demand which exists for publica- hearing that the Loo-Choo islanders had tions, both of a popular and a learned cha

“ No arms !-you mean no racter, for the systematic study of the -they have muskets.” “No-not sacred Scriptures. Mr. Horne's invalu- even muskets.”

“ Well, but chey must able “ Introduction” is in the hands of have spears, or at least bows and armost biblical students; and has greatly rows." " No, neither.” “Nor poignards?" assisted in widely awakening a taste for cried he with increasing vehemence. “No, those studies which it is so well calculated nothing of the kind." He clenched to promote. A work of similar character, his fist and raised his voice to a loud divested of learned details, was still wanted pitch : “ No arms !-how can they fight for general reading : to supply which, Mr. then ?They never fight-they have Carpenter has just published a volume, no wars. “ No wars !" returned he with entitled “ A Popular Introduction to the scorn and incredulity; as if the existence Study of the Holy Scriptures, for the Use of a people who did not wage war was an of English Readers,” with maps and anomaly in the creation. plates. 16s. The work is divided into From a table drawn up by the House of two Parts. I. Directions for reading the Commons' Committee on the Poor Laws

and II. Helps towards a right Un- in 1818, and lately ordered to be reprinted, derstanding of it. The Second Part is it appears, that the money raised for the divided into eleven chapters. I. Prefa- poor during 1776, was to that raised for tory Observations on the several Books of the same purpose in 1815, as 17 to 81; Scripture. II. A Sketch of Sacred Geo- from 1785 to 1803, the rate was in the graphy. III. Political Antiquities of the proportion of 21 to 53; and from 1803 to Jews. IV. Sacred Laws of the Jews, 1815, in the proportion of 53 to 81. The and their Sanctions. V. Sacred Festivals total number of persons relieved in 1803 of the Jews. VI. Sacred Places of the and 1815, was as 7 to 9. Thus it appears Jews. VII. Sacred Things of the Jews. that the expenditure for the poor had inVIII. Members and Officers of the Jewish creased four times in 40 years, or doubled Church. IX. Of the Corruption of Reli- itself in 20 years. The law expenses had gion among the Jews. X. National and been doubled in a period of every 12 years. : Domestic Customs of the Jews. XI. The increase of paupers between 1803 and Scripture Allusions to various Customs 1815, was nearly one-third, and that of and Opinions. This work is, in a great the population of England and Wales bemeasure, an unacknowledged plagiarism tween 1776 and 1815, was gradual from of Mr. Horne's “Introduction;" and seven and a half millions, to 10,000,000, we are therefore glad to find that Mr. or about a third. Horne has been induced himself to give At a late meeting of the Royal Society the world a compendium of his own work of Literature, a paper by Sir W. Ouseley (see our list of New Publications), which was read, in which several fabulous stories we strongly recommend to our readers as relating to Alexander the Great, and genethe most useful book of the kind in the lan- rally considered to be of Eastern origin, guage. It would be superfluous for us to are attributed by Sir William to Julius detail its contents, as our readers are Valerius, who wrote in the third or fourth doubtless familiar with the larger work, of century. Sir William claims, in favour of which it is an abridgment.

kasar baring be2 Dong te cuesciesstaters, the flowing

aan up for early da xede vi East-India 003d sieges beaten up 2 Gawa together, zirane, three quarters of : amoan of as it rises.

raste, may be boilCzy water, fur ul, und saged through

a dear and Zn be used at the hilor ali domestic 27 subotute for the

Bible ;


boa supar. than which kerte siderably cheaper." ? Tripot tree, lately

ligger he island of Cegion, ossession of a clergyman

Fast deten feet in et 2705s its widest ofza in circunference. sliti sa copy to defend and the sun 25 beste rezulate the duties en bon the 5th of Ja.

bu bia bandangas are to zitie; and plain taffe

22 uses los. the pound wioneed or taboured,

am completed at Aiminsto sare yards, at two Po be sent as a present

de Grand Seignior of

the Oriental writers, several popular ficThe list of works of the late literary tions ; such as Pope's January and May, veteran, Mr. Nichols, the editor of the Parnell's Hermit, the Tale of Whittington Gentleman's Magazine, amounts to no and his Cat, and Shakspeare's Taming of less than sixty-seven. The Bishop of the Shrew. Salisbury, Dr. Burgess, has just completed At a meeting of the Mechanics’ Instituhis hundredth publication.

tion, the President announced, that the


BEBE, according to

dans of pastors

a texte 21 years of age

be admitted to the Esperous formality,

a that they desire to die Prestant worship

purse of ten pounds, for writing the best

GERMANY. essay on one of the mechanic powers, had In Germany, for a population of about been adjudged to Thomas Holmes, a jour- thirty-six millions, there are twenty-two neyman shoemaker. He had attended the universities; six belonging to Prussia, three lectures regularly; and the result of his to Bavaria, two to the Austrian states, assiduity was an essay, which the Presi- two to the grand duchy of Baden, two to dent characterised as containing one of the the electorate of Hesse Cassel, and one to best explanations of the properties of the each of the following states-Saxony, Wirbent lever he had ever seen. The purse of temburg, Denmark, Hanover, the great ten guineas, for the invention of the most duchies of Mecklenburg Schwerin and useful machine, was adjudged to George Saxe-Weimar, and Switzerland. The RoLyne, who had invented a machine-prin- man-Catholic part of Germany, containeipally for cutting combs, but which may be ing about nineteen millions of inhabitants, applied to numerous other purposes. The possesses only six universities; while the Duke of Sussex delivered the prizes to the Protestant part, for seventeen millions of successful candidates.

inhabitants, has no less than seventeen. The use of East-Indian sugar having become very extensive among the conscien

PRUSSIA. tious opposers of slavery, the following Professor Brandos, of Breslau, states, directions have been drawn up for clarify- that he has traced the course of thirtying it :-Take six pounds of East-India two of the meteors called falling stars, and sugar and the whites of six eggs beaten up concludes from the phenomena that they are in a quart of water. Mix all well together, probably subject to the earth's attraction, and simmer it for about three quarters of and that they have a motion of their own, an hour. Take the scum off as it rises. but that the greater part of their motion The scum (to prevent waste) may be boil. is only apparent, and arises from the earth ed again with half a pint of water, for passing near them in its annual circuit about half an hour, and strained through around the sun. a cloth. This will produce a clear and

ITALY. delicious syrup, which may be used at the The highly intolerant spirit of the see breakfast and tea table, and for all domestic of Rome is strongly shewn in a circular, purposes, as a complete substitute for the just issued by the pope, ordering all Jews best refined West-India sugar, than which to dismiss their Christian servants, feit will be found to be considerably cheaper.” males as well as males, not excepting such

A leaf of the Tallipot tree, lately of the former as may be employed as brought over from the island of Ceylon, nurses. This papal bull also prohibits and now in the possession of a clergyman introducing into the houses of Jews, any at Hampstead, measures eleven feet in Christian for the purpose of lighting fires length, sixteen feet across its widest on Friday evenings, on Saturdays, or on spread, and forty feet in circumference. any Hebrew festival whatever. The vioIn Ceylon it is used as a canopy to defend lators of this inquisitorial order are liable the natives from the rays of the sun. to severe penalties, to be inflicted “at the

By the late Act to regulate the duties pleasure of the Supreme Holy Congregaon silk manufactures, from the 5th of Ja- tion.” nuary, 1827, East-India bandannas are to

INDIA. pay Is. each handkerchief; and plain taffe- Amongst the presents made to the muties and China crapes, 10s. the pound seum of the Calcutta Asiatic Society, are weight; and crape, flowered or tamboured, various drawings of Buddha sbrines and 11. 4s. the pound.

temples in Nepal : the drawings are the A carpet has been completed at Axmin. work of a native artist. The artists of Nepal ster, measuring 400 square yards, at two commence their education at ten years of guineas per yard; to be sent as a present age, and hence acquire great manual dexfrom his Majesty, to the Grand Seignor of terity: their apparatus is only a piece of Turkey.

charcoal, an iron style, and one small GENEVA.

brush made of goat's hair. The governIt is stated that the company of pastors ment have agreed to make over to the bare come to a resolution, according to Asiatic Society, for publication, all docuwhich all persons above 21 years of age ments of a description calculated to illusmay henceforward be admitted to the trate the geography, statistics, or history communion without any previous formality, of India. on the mere declaration that they desire to The grand jury of Madras, amidst vaparticipate in the Protestant worship. rious other grievances, have taken the liberty to present, as a nuisance, " the ex- possible demand, for a period beyond pense of law proceedings !"

computation. BURMESE EMPIRE.

SANDWICH ISLANDS. Among the chief natural products of So great is the progress of civilization the Burman empire, which are articles of in those South-Sea islands which have emexportation, or likely to become so, are braced Christianity, that a missionary at rice, cotton, indigo, cardamoms, pepper, the Sandwich Islands states, that for the aloes, sugar, saltpeter, salt, teak timber, last three years, not less than one hunsticklac, terra japonica, areca nuts, fustic, dred ships have annually visited this group, honey, bees'-wax, ivory, rubies, and sap- mostly whale-ships; and the government phires. The mineral products are iron, have employed one or two vessels of their copper, lead, gold, silver, antimony, white own, in the sealing business, with toleramarble, lime-stone, and coal. The teak ble success. Sandal wood and salt are forests are described to be equal to any the only exports.


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SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING cally said, that the strength of tha

CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE. Christian cause in India was there :' In the Appendix to our last volume we “ That the society, being anxious to rehave presented our readers with an abridg- cord its sense of the zeal and energy of tent of the society's last Report, and with this lamented prelate, is of opinion, that some extracts from the excellent and im- the best tribute which it can pay to his pressive sermon preached before the so- memory will be, to prosecute the imciety at its last anniversary, by the present portant measures which come recomBishop of Llandaff. There are several mended to its adoption as his last wishes : very interesting appendices to the Report “That the society, having reference to which we may take another opportunity a desire strongly expressed by the late of noticing.

Bishop of Calcutta, that members of the We have great pleasure in laying before Asiatic Episcopal churches not in subotour readers, the following resolutions dination to the see of Rome, should be passed unanimously at a numerous meet- admitted into Bishop's College, do agree ing of the friends and supporters of the to place the sum of 2,0001. at the disposociety held on the 6th of December, for sal of the Society for the Propagation of the purpose of considering what steps it the Gospel, for the foundation of two was necessary to take in consequence of scholarships for that purpose-provided the lamented death of the late Bishop of they be for ever called Bishop Heber's Calcutta. The chair being taken by the Scholarships : Archbishop of Canterbury, the secretary “ That, in deference to the further read a report relating to the death of Bishop suggestion of Bishop Heber, the Madras Heber, and to the exertions he had made district committee be authorised to draw in India for the propagation of the Go- upon the society for a sum not exceeding spel; also letters from India, recommend- 2,0001., for the enlargement of the church ing two scholarships to be established in at Tanjore ; and for building, repairing, Bishop's College, Calcutta, and stating that and enlarging churches, schools and houses the episcopal duties in that country re- for schoolmasters, catechists, and missioquired the exertions of three instead of naries, in other parts of Southern India : one bishop. It was then resolved unani- “ That Bishop Heber having likewise mously,

strongly recommended an extension of the “ That the society deeply deplores the society's printing establishment in Southsudden death of the late Bishop of Cal- ern India, and it appearing that such a eutta, which has deprived this iustitution measure may greatly conduce, as well to of a valuable friend, the Indian diocese of the immediate advancement of native eduan unwearied and truly primitive prelate, cation, as to the future support of native and the church at large of one of its schools, it be further agreed, that a sum brightest ornaments :

not exceeding 5001., be expended out of “That this loss has been peculiarly ag- the native school fund, in enlarging the gravated to the society by its having society's ancient press at Vepery; and occurred at a time when the effect of that the profits be applied, under the diBishop Heber's presence was beginning rection of the Madras district committee, to be felt in the missions in Southern for the benefit of native schools in that. India, so long under the superintendence presidency: of the society of which he often emphati- “ That the society, in thus testifying its

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