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envy which

too firmly established among mankind | ings; it behoves me to be more cauin its excellence and beauty, to be uproot- tious for the future.” Now, the necesed, it sides in the general opinion, and sity or desirableness of caution, once joins in its praise, -not without reserve, admitted into the mind, the however, which it hopes will tarnish, at heart, the transparent smile, the anxleast, some of its present lustre. It is ious desire after friendly intercourse, is regretted, that “one otherwise so per- at an end: “Ichabod” might be fect, should bear even the taint of sus- written on that friendship, for truly picion.” And again, “the injustice of the glory will have departed;" and those who breathe of such things” is there will follow, perhaps, sundry comcondemned. This is a species of that ments on this or that circumstance,

this or that transaction; in short, the “ Withers at another's joy,

individual becomes, from the moment And hates the excellence it cannot reach." of such-like insinuation, a person to be

Truly is it said, that “Envy follows talked of, and at, rather than to : in a Merit as its shade." What is there too word, he is a victimized man! This base for its achievement? It has is only one class of evils incident on ruined individuals; it has broken up envy. family concord; it has crushed the But we will further expose this despirit of the joyous ones; it has broken moniac power to our readers; for which bearts ! Oh, envy is the fruitful purpose we will again draw our illusparent of a malignant progeny ! Its trations from Scripture,—in the case of slimy brood, snake-like, hide themselves Cain and Abel, for example. In this from view, that they may unseen effect early age of the world's history, envy their wily purpose upon unsuspecting was discoverable. So soon as superiorvictims! The wickedness of its course ity existed, envy was born; and this, we

; is, however, more easily felt than de- think, substantiates what we have stated scribed. Alas, that there should be so as to its being an essential element of many, who must, if honest to their own the heart of man. What moved the consciences, bear testimony to its hand of Cain to slay his brother? Was tyranny in their heart,--must own that it not envy? " His own works," we are it nullifies their judgment, as to any told, “were evil, and his brother's rightpractical steadfastness. Yes, there are eous." What occasioned the wife of the self-discovered discrepancies in all, of patriarch Abraham to hate the faithful which we feel ashamed; while we suffer Hagar? Was it not the remains of them, it may be unwillingly, yet which envy lurking still in her bosom? What we suffer to usurp an indue sway over raised the displeasure of the amiable our actions. A report, for instance, Rachael against her own sister ? It detrimental to the character of an indi- was envy. In fine, what delivered our vidual, is raised; and what is the effect Saviour into the hands of his enemies? on the party whose ear it reaches? We are told that “ Pilate knew that for Just this: The judgment remains un envy the Jews wished to have Jesus dechanged, it may be; but the feelings livered into their hands." Although are so disturbed as to occasion a giving there was a noted robber, who for sediway of the confidence. And what, at this tion and murder was sentenced to death, moment, is the reasoning process ? yet was there heard the remorseless cry, This: “Well,” says A., “I cannot the demoniac yell, Crucify him, crufancy B. is not what I have always cify him!Here envy, as it were, thought him. Yet this person who reached its climax! here the depravity has alleged so and so against him, of the buman heart was fully revealed! knows more than I do of his proceed. | How humiliating to the pride of man


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is such a picture ! Yet, how consoling the equivocally as by him, who, on the first fact, that man, thus fallen from original opening to a brother's humiliation or righteousness, having lost the Divine disgrace, would eagerly seize upon it, image of his Maker, his glory laid in and rejoice in the hold that he had gotruins, may, in virtue of the obedience, ten—who would now delight himself sufferings, and death of Christ, be re- with the ignominy of him, on whom he instated into all the honours, all the was wont to lavish the hypocrisies of immunities of a citizen of the New Jeru- bis seeming friendship; and like that salem. We must not suppose, however, great father of lies, to whom he bears a that this best gift to man precludes the family resemblance so strikingly approdisplay of Almighty wrath against such priate, would convert the base advanoffenders as we have described— the tage into an instrument by which he crime of envy He abhors. His Word might tyrannise, and entangle, and declares of such, “Lord, when thine destroy." hand is lifted up, they will not see; but they shall see and be ashamed for their “Oh! better 't were to live in some lone cell, envy of the people, yea, the fire of thine

And breathe existence out from human ken,

Than on this fair and lovely earth to dwell, enemies shall devour them.” And again,

The sport of envy and of malice fellof the judgments of Mount Seir, for And be the victims of our fellow-men. their hatred against Israel, it is said, 'Tis base--'tis ignoble-to idly tell, “ Therefore as I live, saith the Lord

With venom'd tongue, the foibles of each

other; God, I will even do according to thine

'T were better far, as sister and as brother, envy, which thou hast used out of thine Frail members all of one great family, hatred against them, when I have judged In charity and love to step between, thee.” These, and similar passages,

And try each other's frailty best to screen.

For who can see the mote in his own eye?' proclaim aloud the displeasure of God Ah! better 't were, indeed, to cease to be, towards those who are swayed by this Than live encircled round by calumny!" monster passion. What the late Dr. Chalmers said of slander, is equally true More than enough, we think, has of envy, for envy is the mother of slan- been exhibited to convince our readers der. “The complacency,” observes that not only of the odiousness and wickedgreat man,

which is felt by some on ness of envy, but also of the misery and the discovery of a neighbour's weakness the self-persecution which, when cheor his crime, savours of the spirit and rished, it entails on the spirit which is the morale of Pandemonium; the zest the subject of its corroding and peacewhich is so currently felt when scandal destroying properties. We would, theremixes up its infusion with the gossip of fore, most affectionately exhort any who an assembled party, are the distinct may peruse these pages, especially such traces of a contagion from below. There as may be conscious of the workings of is a secret exultation of heart on some this insidious foe in their own bosoms, humiliating exposure of an acquaint- to resolve, with Divine aid, to dethrono ance, which is absolutely fiendish. In the monster, and instead, to strive to the hateful temperament which I am possess themselves of that godlike benenow labouring to expose, there is, upon volence which makes to delight in the the sight or the report of such iniquity, happiness and prosperity of those a hellish joy-a gleam of malignant tri. around us, however depressing our inumph, that is peculiarly hideous; and dividual circumstances. The tyrant is were I called to fasten on the one trait to be expelled! The writer knows of that forms the most sure and specific an instance in the circle of her friends, indication of a satanic heart, I would where defeat was achieved. say, that never is it given forth so un- Miss -----, who in every other respect

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was truly amiable, yet, whenever brought furnishing a bright specimen of the into collision with superior talents, overcoming influence of the religion of always showed signs of an envious and Jesus Christ. Oh! it is this which discontented state of mind. This, in- sanctifies the whole nature, body, and deed, rarely occurred, for the individual soul, and spirit, and makes the once referred to was herself highly gifted, proud and rebellious heart a fit resiand possessed beside many admirable dence for the Holy Ghost. qualities of mind and of heart. On such occasions, however, there might

“ These weapons of the holy war, be seen the struggles of mortification

Of what almighty force they are,

To make our stubborn passions bow, and wounded pride with the better prin- And lay the proudest rebel low! ciples of grace and love. The clouded Great King of grace! my heart subdue, brow, the flushed cheek, the stifled sigh,

I would be led in triumph too, the resistless tear, the petulant reply,

A willing captive to my Lord,

And sing the victories of his word." all told the triumph of envy. But, to the praise of grace be it told, after long May all our readers seek to possess and frequent battles between these an- themselves of these spiritual weapons ! tagonistic principles-envy and grace- Then shall envy, hatred, malice, and all the latter prevailed. And now, hand uncharitableness, flee away, and give in hand, and heart in heart, walks forth place to love, kindness, gentleness, and this excellent and happy individual, liberality, and the cause of truth and alike weeping with those that weep, and righteousness be exalted in the earth. rejoicing with those that rejoice : and

S. S. S.



GLORIOUS REFORMATION. Ye offer polluted bread upon mine altars, and say, Wherein have we polluted thee ?" -Mal i. 7.

“Remember therefore from whence thou art fallen, and repent, and do the first works; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will remove thy candlestick out of his place, ercept thou repent.”-Rev. č. 5. RISE, England's Church! and cast away

The unclean, unholy thing Which brands thy services impure,

And taints thy prayers with sin. Let not the blood of martyrd saints

Cement thy walls in vain;
Let not apostate actions slay

The “Crucified" again.
Hurl from thy fold the sheep-clad wolves,

Which enter but to kill,
And captive lead the silly flock

Obedient to their will;
The fiend-form'd creed of Baptism's

Regenerating power,
And that the Eucharist can save

In life's departing hour;

That self-styled priests—frail, faulty men

Can mediate on high,
And bring the soul, by them confess'd,

To God, its Maker, nigh.
Rise, England's Church! and hurl thee back

Such deadly, dire deceit;
Rise! gird thee for the conflict now!

Arm thce for battle meet!
Plant Faith's pure standard prondly free

On battlement and tower,
And from each altar, pulpit, font,

Proclaim its unshared power.
Tell of the sinless, sole Iligh Priest

A righteous God can heed;
Then point to Calvary's cross-crown'a

As all a sinner's need.
Thus trample down Delusion's lie,

The arch-fiend's mock to lure
Unwary souls, who, blindly led,

Seal their damnation sure.
Arise and shine! Bride of the Lamb!

Thy light shall surely come;
And soon the glory of thy Lord

Shall bear thee gladly home.


Review of Religious Publications.

A. Fullarton and Co.

FATHERS of INDEPENDENCY in SCOTLAND; | lishment to plans and agents who were deemed

or, Biographical Sketches of early Scottish irregular, and which, in some instances, were Congregational Ministers, A.D. 1798-1851. branded as a traitorous conspiracy against Small 8vo. pp. 476.

the peace and good order of society, awakened

inquiry, and, after a time, brought the leaders In the annals of Religious Revival, the of the movement to feel that if they were to Congregationalism of Scotland must ever oc- enjoy liberty for a free publication of the cupy a conspicuous place. It was itself the gospel

, and a further promotion of Christian, in child of such revival ; and it became the opposition to worldly communion, they must instrument of an impulse which was power- come out from the Establishment, and form fully felt from the Scottish border to the societies instinct with the spirit of self-governfurthest limits of the Shetland and Orkney ment. In this state of things, it is impossible Isles. In looking back to the closing period to say how much this incipient movement, of the French Revolution, it is not a little which was now beginning to convulse and interesting to find that, both in England and agitate all Scotland, was indebted to the provi. Scotland, there was a noble band of religious dence of God for raising up to its aid the men on whose minds God was graciously Messrs. Haldane, men of apostolic spirit, who acting to prepare them for producing a great were willing to consecrate their time, their impression upon the age in which they lived. talents, their property, for the evangelization

The era was signalised by the publication of their native country. of the EVANGELICAL MAGAZINE, and the We are old enough to remember the Penteformation of the London Missionary Society. costal times in which these events occurred. These movements, originating with a few Everywhere were the Missionaries, as they apostolic spirits, full of zeal for a new and were opprobriously styled, spoken against; better state of things in the churches of yet everywhere did they prevail. The slumChrist, drew around them the great body of bers of the Establishment, and of other reevangelical men, north and south of the ligious bodies, were thoroughly disturbed. Tweed; and the Revival of Religion which The clergy fulminated, but the people would followed was shared alike by the friends of hear the itinerant preachers; and few were Christ, both in Scotland and England. They the districts in all Scotland in which many were, indeed, from the first, in close cor- precious souls were not “ called out dark. respondence with each other, and were acted ness into marvellous light.” It was " a time upon by circumstances by no means dissi- of refreshing from the presence of the Lord,” milar in their ecclesiastical character and in which all rejoiced and sympathised, except tendency. In the South, High Churchmen, those who were wedded to pure formalism, or and frigid Dissenters, looked on with nearly where ecclesiastical prejudices took the lead equal scorn and derision upon efforts which of their better feelings and convictions. We they deemed to be irregular and enthusiastic; could wish nothing better for the indepen---and in the North, the cold-hearted bigotry dency of Scotland and England, than to see of Moderatism fulminated its anathemas upon the return of such “days of the Son of man," all, in and out of the Establishment, who when thousands flocked to hear the gospel of ventured to disturb the repose of spiritual Christ; when “the Word of the Lord had free death, All honour be to the men, north and course and was glorified;" when dead and south of the Tweed, who came "to the help of lifeless members of churches were led to disthe Lord to the help of the Lord against the cover their false position; when hardened mighty." The names of Newton, Hawes, and sinners “ were pricked to the heart," and Venn, and Scott and Eyre, in the Episco- were heard crying, " What must we do to be pate; of Hill, Wilks, Burder, Bogue, Waugh, saved ?" and when the gospel was extensively and Hardcastle, among various bodies of Dis- propagated and settled, where, for many a senters, in England; and of Drs. Erskine, Bal- long year, the trumpet had given an uncerfour, Davidson, and Wardlaw, and Messrs. tain sound. There may have been some misEwing, Innes, Haldane, Aikman, and others takes in the early management of Scottish in Scotland, will be had in everlasting remem- Congregationalism ; but, take it altogether, brance.

we see, as in the light of a sunbeam, after the When the flame of holy zeal for the salva-experience of fifty years, and when nearly all tion of perishing souls was kindled on the its fathers and founders have fallen asleep, bleak mountains of Caledonia, no express plan that it was God's express ordinance for arresthad been formed for the establishment of ing the progress of Moderatism and clerical churches on the Congregational plan. But bigotry; and for reviving the spirit of primithe opposition which sprung up in the Estab- tive religion in the land of Knox, and Ruther

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furd, and Boston, and Erskine, and Willison. / ander Arthur, of Dalkeith ; John Hercus, of We most thoroughly believe, that Scottish Greenock; William Orme, of Camberwell ; Congregationalism did more to help forward | John Martin, of Forres ; John Aikman, of the religious reform in the Establishment, Edinburgh; John Elder, of Leven; Alexander which issued in the disruption, than the most Kerr, of Shetland; Archibald Miller, of Gategenerous of the Free Church party are dis- house ; John Smith, of Blackhills; George posed to admit. Be this as it may, we hope Douglas, of Elie; William Henry, of Tooting; that now all good men in Scotland, whether John Campbell, of Kingsland ; Greville ranking in the Establishment, or belonging to Ewing, of Glasgow; William Lindsay, of communities supported by voluntary contri- | Letham; Richard Penman, of Aberdeen; bations, will agree in thinking that the John Cleghorn, of Edinburgh; James Dewar, Fathers of Scottish Independency are worthy of Nairn ; John Watson, of Musselburgh ; of a monument to perpetuate the hardships Thomas Just, of Newport; George Reed, of they endured, the toils they encountered, the Lerwick; Francis Dick, Edinburgh ; David virtues they displayed, and the good they Russell, D.D., Dundee ; Alexander Dewar, of effected throughout the length and breadth of Avoch ; Alexander Knowles, of Linlithgow; their native land.

Robert Aikenhead, of Kirkaldy; Peter MacWe thank Mr. Kinniburgh for his season- laren, of Edinburgh ; Robert Caldwell, of able effort to carry down the names and the Howden ; and James Alexander Haldane, excellences of his brethren to posterity. He Edinburgh. All the Memoirs are arranged has done a good work, which will not only according to the order in which the deceased add to the peace and joy of his evening hour, brethren were called to their rest. but which will cheer and comfort many a Few volumes of the modern press are more Scottish fireside, while fathers and mothers fitted for a wide and useful circulation than read to their children the simple annals of the “Fathers of Scottish Independency." these “men of God," to whom they were indebted for the light and sanctity of their reli- THE LIFE or Francis LORD Bacon, Baron gious life. If the author of this volume, of Verulam, Viscount St. Albans, and Lord dedicated to the memory of the “Fathers of High Chancellor of England. By the Rer. Independency in Scotland,” has not attempted JOSEPH SORTAIN, A.B., of Trinity College, a series of original Biographies, he has at Dublin. Small 8vo., pp. 306. least availed himself of all authentic written

Religious Tract Society. documents extant, and has shed much light The veritable history of Lord Bacon has upon the path of his heroes, by observations in it all the characteristics of a romance. In and facts which have come within the scope intellectual stature he was the prodigy of his of his own knowledge. The work is care- age, and, all things considered, perhaps the fully edited, and will prove extensively use- greatest man that England ever produced. ful and acceptable. We have read many of Yet how strangely dwarfislı were his moral its pages, with great emotion, as we have qualities, and what remarkable vicissitudes thought of men, once familiar to us, but whom attended his personal and political career! we shall never meet again till the heavens We have always, by some unaccountable ten

But they still live; and the dency of our nature, been struggling to hide work of their hands shall never perish. May from ourselves, or to explain away, the moral we be followers of them who through faith phenomena of Bacon's life;- but, in spite of and patience inherit the promises !

ourselves, we have been compelled to sit in The Memoirs are Thirty-eight in number. judgment and to condemn; and have been We could have wished to see some other driven to the melancholy conclusion, that names of the deceased included, such as the great mental power, even when associated late Rev. Joseph Gibb, of Banff. But the with the most ardent and diligent application, author very justly apologises for this omnission has no necessary connexion with a right state by stativg that he was unable to procure the of the heart, and a due regulation of the moral requisite facts.

faculties. The notices, all interesting, are devoted to We fear it is impossible, with truth as our the following individuals, some of whom were guide, to rescue the character of Bacon from men of the highest oriler of sanctified hu- the worst suspicions. With all his magnifimanity, and all of whom were greatly useful cence of intellect, with all his power of inin their day and generation :

ductive discovery, with all his just views of The Rev. Messrs. James Garie, of Perth ; much that pertained to religion, with all the G. Cowie, of lluntly ; James Hill, of Haddinge noble principles which he announced and inton; James Clerk, of Thurso; Peter Grant, culcated upon others, he was, nevertheless, the of Blairgowrie; Thomas Paton, of St. An- victim of infirmities, which, but for his great drew's; John Dunn, of Dumfries; George parts, would have covered him with everlast. Cowie, of Montrose ; William Brown, of In- ing scorn and contempt. It is impossible to verury; Thomas Smith, of Garliston ; Alex- | deny his craving ambition, his over self

are no more.

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