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ena depend upon what the Creator movements, and all their concerns has constituted essential qualities with ceaseless care ; and yet never of matter, I would not for a moment suffers the least particle of matter attempt to deny. But, to the ques- to deviate from his laws ;-and as tion, whether they are not inde

the poet says ; pendent on the immediate agency

“ His eye, while comprehending in one of the Deity, I should feel no hesita- view tion in replying with a modern poet; The whole creation, fixes full on me.”

Though we may look through every " No-had he thus withdrawn His active power immediate from the part of nature up to nature's God; worlds,

nothing else, like this, will bring Created by his might, and hid himself the Deity before us, arrayed with Above the highest, careless of them all, How in an instant had they burst their majesty so awful, with power so terbond

rible, with knowledge so profound. Of sweet attraction, flying all apart,

Nor is he limited to present care Systems and constellations mingling and present knowledge. While wild

he guides unnumbered worlds, and And far asunder vanished into nought, Like parted bubbles by the whirlwind guards the happiness of universal driven !

being, he surveys, with a single Or how had they together rushed and glance, all his works, from an etersunk,

nity past, through an infinite duraA mass of ruins, in a vortex, formed

tion yet to come. However the By their own motion, into the abyss !

first slight survey of this subject Had he once turned his countenance

may affect the mind, he must be away From this fair earth, and from these neth- more stupid and sottish than the beast er skies,

of the field, who is not, by continAnd risen to show its light no more ued contemplation upon it, overbelow,

whelmed and lost in its immensity. Darkness and chaos had returned amain, Closed in behind him even to his throne.

A. W. B. And should he now depart: no long fixed

laws Could still preserve the spheres in har


In a late journey of several hun. And in accustomed orbits roll them on

dred miles in the New-England Through regions wide of unsubstantial air."

States, I met with two public hous

es without bar-rooms; and it gives Any other supposition would me pleasure to say that these were place the Creator aloof from his the best conducted inns I met with works; would derogate from his in the journey. For neatness, comperfections, and would give even fort, and quiet, they differed in no to inanimate matter, and especially respect from a genteel private to created intelligences, an inde. dwelling. Liquors might be bad pendence which we cannot con- if wanted for refreshment, but they ceive it possible for them to pos- were only brought forward when sess. If these sentiments are cor- asked for, from a sideboard or a rect, with this view of the universe closet, and were not set out to view before us, what ideas must we be in many a labelled decanter, obtruirresistibly led to entertain of the ding themselves upon you in the wisdom, the power, and the majes. first room you entered. As there ty of that Being, who pervades un- was no bar, there were of course limited nature with his presence,

no bar-haunters. All the guests you who holds an infinitude of worlds saw were travellers like yourself, in his grasp, and regulates all their stopping for refreshment and rest. VOL. 1.--No. X.




Bar-rooms are by no means a am confident it can be, in a good necessary appendage to a tavern, as these instances may show. On Suppose that Society should give the contrary they are a great nuis- the influence of its public approba

How annoying to travel- tion to every inn-keeper who should lers, especially to ladies, to know keep a house of the description I that in one part at least, of the have commended—who should conhouse in which they are to pass the vert his bar-room into a neat parnight, filth and tippling are privi- lour, or at least into a decent sitleged, if not even revelling and ting room for his humbler guests, profaneness. Many a lady, not to and for the reception of baggage, speak of her fellow-travellers of and should banish from his house the other sex, eats her meals with the very semblance of dissipation. a poorer stomach for the dirtiness Houses thus patronized might be of the bar-room, and sleeps the less pointed out to travellers by a parlightly for the voices that she hears, ticular sign which should be desig" or thinks she hears,” from the nated by the Society. Such houses same apartment. Why should would be encouraged. Travellers the house of repose-the professed would prefer them from a regard “home of the stranger"-be made to their own comfort, if not from the haunt of dissipation.

moral motives. The American How much bar-roons are the Bible and Tract Societies might source of idleness and intemper- lend some attractiveness to them, ance every villager knows. The by furnishing their apartments with fact is proverbial. On this account copies of their publications. Agthey ought to be prohibited by the ricultural societies, also, might give same legislative act which grants them their countenance. licences to taverns. But this is If this plan is not practicable, let not to be expected in this age of some other be suggested. The legislative indifference to the pub- object can be effected : it is surely lic morals. So long as our repub- desirable that it should be, and the lican representatives grant inilul- salutary excitement which is begin. gences to theatres, and lotteries, ning to pervade the public mind on and to various other public sins, it the subject of intemperance, is, I is not very likely they will see any hope, a pledge that it will be effectharm in bar-rooms.

ed. Let the public sentiment be But cannot the evil be reached brought to bear upon it, and every in some other way? I propose the landlord who respects himself, will query to our Temperance Socie- soon put out of sight his disgusting ties. By what one measure could show of bottles. He will be as the American Society for the Pro- much ashamed of allowing intemmotion of Temperance take so large perance and other tavern vices in a step in the accomplishment of its his house, as if it were an ordinary object as in the doing away of bar- dwelling.

VIATOR. rooms--if it can be effected, as I


PRECEPTS TO PREACIIERS. from famishing hunger, or who will

not cast a pittance through the You know how you would feel grates of a prison to such subjects and speak in a parlour concerning a of anguish. If any should attempt friend who was in imminent danger to do it, the seal of infamy would of his life, and with what energetic be set on his character, and no elopathos of diction and countenance

quence would be able to shield him you would enforce the observance of from the vengeance of public exthat which you really thought would ecration. be for his preservation. You could There is a great difference benot think of playing the orator, of twixt the proposal for redress of studying your emphasis, cadence, present suffering, and of plans and gesture : you would be your which involve a proposal for redress self; and the interesting nature of of future suffering. The former your subject impressing your heart, plan draws the rich into closer conwould furnish you with the most tact and connexion with the poor, natural tone of voice, the most thus softening their hearts, and proper language, the most engaging augmenting all the feelings of ten. features, and the most suitable and derness ; whilst the latter presents graceful gestures. What you would a barrier against true sensibility, thus be in the parlour, be in the and supersedes the necessity of pulpit, and you will not fail to affection. The latter applies only to please, to affect, and to profit. the understanding, the former to the Garrick.

bowels of compassion and of love.

The plan which proposes to proWHICH SHOULD REGU- vide for future distress, forces the

great stream of public charity into Charity should be regulated and a bottomless pit ; whilst the former controlled by the discernment and supplies channels wbich would exsensibility of the higher principles tend through the reservoirs of priof reason and revelation, which no vate society. The entireness and Christian ought to suffer to be efficacy of benevolence is preservcried down by any, either male or ed in the former case, in the latter female, sentimentalist. True Chris- it is changed into the slow and retian charity would go on the er- luctant current of compulsion. rand of search and discovery The act of legislation alters the amongst the haunts of wretched

pearance of charity, ever living, ness, and would not suffer the flood beautiful, and glowing, into that of of liberality to be shifted, or the a dead and pale statue. heart to be hardened, or the pier- The first is coeval with the law cing cry of a brother to be silenced of revelation and of the heart ; the in the agony of despair, by an al- other is a deviation from nature, by ledged reason from the possibility which the wisdom of man encroachof imposition. A real disciple of

A real disciple of eg on the wisdom of God, and the Christ will not only consent, but torch of truth is exchanged for the offer to relieve misery, holding the firebrand of discord ; nay, the very existence of distress, seen or un- feelings and the aspirations of the seen, a sufficient claim upon his heart are weakened by the entancharities. No person can be found glement of its sophistry. of that strength of nerve which will The opponents of this system enable him to withhold support have the advantage of appealing to






the mere sentimentality of their course shall germinate afresh. Oh, hearers or readers, without candid- that we duly considered this—thal ly examining the arguments on we thought more of our latter end! which it rested. On our plan, The recollection of our mortality charity grows as a distinct plant in would abase the pride of human every heart where it will shed its reason, and lead us to bow with innumerable fruits and leaves resignation and praise to the deamongst a half-starved population. crees of the Almighty, and to reOn the opposite system, it stands a joice in the ground of confidence monumental body without and hope, “that is laid for us in breath of charity. Charity must Christ Jesus.” We should then be, therefore, reinstated on the aim to become Christians indeed! free

system of nature, and the gos- that is, not merely to believe in the pel, from which it has been so long Saviour, but to study to imitate torn by the regulating grasp of the that pattern of infinite excellence hand of legislation, before it can and unparalleled goodness.-AROR. exhibit its natural vigour and effiorescence.-Chalmers.

THE CHRISTIAN WATCHMAX. The faithful watchman, watches for seasons when peculiar doc

trines may be best inculcated, and We flutter, as it were, a day in particular duties may be best enfor. the sun-beam of existence; the ced. He watches for opportunities shades of evening speedily close when instruction can be most wisearound, and then we mingle ly imparted, consolation most affecwith the things that have been! tionately administered, conviction Man drops the mask of mortal- most powerfully deepened, reproof ity, from life's great drama. The most discreetly given, and sin most petty distinctions of life attend strongly condemned. He watches him no further.

The undistin- for providences, under which the guished bourne of futurity is unas- minds of men, being softened, sailable by terrestrial splendor and alarmed, or excited, may be most pageantry. The dross of the world deeply impressed with trutb, most must yield precedence to moral easily prompted to duty, or most worth zealously exercised in the effectually roused to exertion. sure and certain hope of its ex- Having sworn at the altar of God, ceeding great reward. “Thou, o eternal war against the world, the Lord, changest his countenance, flesh, and the devil, he watches conand sendest him away.” The sum- tinually, lest the secret seductions mer's sun will shine in brightness or the open assaults of these spiriton the spot where he lies low and ual foes should distress or destroy forgotten ; but its beams will give his people. He is always in luis neither light nor heat to the lonely watch-tower, and he watches in all tenant of the grave. The leaves things. No enemy can approach of autumn will fall, rustling and the camp without an alarm being mournful on that clod-emblem sounded. how striking of his fate, who once trod with pride upon the dust The most faithful minister may which now covers him! Winter's well fear that among the people of dreary snow shall veil the neglect- his charge there will be found at ed spot, and nourish into existence the last day some wicked man, the green herb that springs from his whom he had not faithfully warned, ashes. Spring, too, shall return, -some backslider, whom he had but not a leaf of his sublunary not tenderly admonished,-some

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hypocrite, whom he had not skil- reconciled not only the things on fully unmasked,—some contemner earth, but also the things in heavof God, whom he had not fearlessly They are now sent to earth on withstood. Well also may he fear messages of benevolence; and we lest there should be found in the are led to believe, that there are day of account, some ignorant soul, multitudes of them in the assem whom he had not plainly instructed, blies of the saints ; that they are

some sorrowful spirit, whom he continual observers of the thoughts had not gently comforted,—some and actions of the human race ; weak brother, whom he had not that they witness the effects of the seasonably strengthened, -or some gospel upon the hearts of sinners; thoughtless wanderer, whom he had that they notice and rejoice at the not diligently reclaimed.

What, success of that process upon charthen, may be the dread, and what acter, which conforms them to the certainly will be the doom, of the image of Jesus Christ, and that blind, or the ignorant, or the dumb, they are the joyful heralds of the or the greedy, or the sensual, or good news of repentance to their the slumbering watchman, who has fellow spirits in the celestial world. neither warned the wicked, nor ad- The text clearly intimates, that monished the backslider, nor un- the repentance of a sinner is a pemasked the hypocrite, nor with- culiar cause of joy to the angels ; stood the infidel? Who has nei- that it is a cause of joy superior to ther instructed the ignorant, nor all others. Who can conceive the comforted the sorrowful, happiness of angels? Who can strengthened the weak, nor re- measure its magnitude ? Their claimed the wanderer ? Who be- past knowledge, their exalted viring a mere "hireling,' and not a tues, their celestial refinement, the shepherd, cared not for the sheep, infinite variety of causes of joy, all but left them to be scattered, and adapted to their nature and characto perish? 'Woe to the idle shepherd ter, and corresponding with the that leaveth the flock! the sword magnificence of their capacity, shall be upon his arm, and upon his these would seem to render their right eye ; his arm shall be clean happiness beyond augmentation ; dried up, and his right eye shall and still there is “ more joy”be utterly darkened.'--Cawood. there is an increase even of their

blessedness, when they witness the THE JOY OF ANGELS OVER REPENT- delightful effect of repentance. ING SINNERS.

They have long basked in the Why is there more joy in heav- effulgence of the beatific vision. en, over one sinner that repenteth, Their views are more extensive ; than over ninety-nine just persons they look farther into the vast prothat need no repentance ? In the spective of eternity ; their searchtenth verse of this chapter the ex- abilities are infinitely more exquipression is somewhat different : site, and their hearts glow with in

Likewise, I say unto you, there finitely more fervor, and still their is joy among the angels of God joy is increased, when they behold over one sinner that repenteth.” repentance springing up in the The doctrine implied is, that the hearts of sinners. blessed spirits of heaven take a We are a great deal more affectlively interest in the affairs of man- ed by recent than by remote causkind. It is one of the blessed re- es. Now, it is probable, that all sults of the gospel dispensation, beings have a great similarity in that angels stand in a nearer rela- this respect, and as repentance is tion to the church of Christ, who a thing of recent occurrence, as it

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