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The Effects of personal entering into the Covenant of Grace, are, Deliverance out of the Estate of Sin and Misery, and being brought into a State of Salvation. The Bands of our Sin and Mi. sery are loosed in the Covenant of Grace, through our being set free from the Covenant of Works : Rom. vii. 5. 6. ' For when we were in the flesh, the
motions of sins which were by the law, did work ' in our members to bring forth fruit unto death.
But now we are delivered from the law, that being • dead wherein we were held ; that we should serve
in newness of spirit, and pot in the oldness of the letter. I Cor. xv. 56. 57. The sting of death is fin; and the strength of fin is the law. But thanks • be to God, which giveth us the victory, through
our Lord Jesus Christ.' And we are settled in a State of Salvation in the Covenant of Grace, through our being married to Christ : Rom. vii. 4. forecited. Col. ii. 9. 10. 'For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily. And ye are compleat in him.'
Now, God thus brings his Elect out of the Enate of Sin and Misery, into a State of Salvation by a Redeemer. A Redeemer, in Scripture sense, is one who delivers another by Price or by Power: Lev. xxv. 51. ' If there be yet many years be' hind; aceording unto them he shall give again the price of his redemption, out of the money
that he was bought for.' Exod. vi. 6. ' Where'fore say unto the children of Israel, I am the
Lord, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will rid you
out of their bondage and I will redeem you ' with a stretched-out arm, and with great judg.
ments." And such a Redeemer was necessary for the Elect, as should redeem them, both by
Price and Power. It was necessary that they should be redeemed by Price, because they were Debtors to Justice, and Criminals in Law: Heb. ix.
• Without shedding of blood is no remission.' It was neceflary that they should be redeemed by Power, because they were in Bondage to. Sin and Satan: Luke i. 74. ' That he would grant unto
us, that we being delivered out of the hands of
our enemies, might serve him without fear.' And such a Redeemer was provided for the Elect, in the Covenant of Grace: Psal. lxxxix. 19. Then • thou spakeft in vision to thy holy One, and
faidst, I have laid help upon one that is mighty: « I have exalted one chosen out of the people.'
Queft. 21. Who is the Redeemer of God's Ele&t?
Anf. The only Redeemer of God's Elect is the Lord Jesus Christ, who, being the eternal Son of God, became Man, and so was and continueth to be God and Man, in two distinct Natures, and one Person, for ever.
Ε Χ Ρ LI C Α Τ Ι Ο Ν. The Redeemer of the Elect is the Head of the Co. venant of Grace, the Lord Jesus Chrift. And there is no other Redeemer besides him, he is the only Redeemer : Afts iv. 12. 'Neither is there • salvation in any other : for there is none other
under heaven given among men whereby we must be saved. The first part of his Name,
to wit, the Lord, signifies JeHOVAH, the true God, the Most High: If. xlvii. 4. ' As for our Re.
deemer, the Lord of hosts is his name, the holy One ' of Ifrael.' Chap. xlviii. 17. ^ Thus saith the Lord
thy Redeemer, the holy One of Israel,' &c. 1 Cor. xii.
3. 'No man can say that Jesus is the Lord, but by the Holy Ghost. But the Titles our Lord, one Lord, and the like, denote his Dominion: Acts *.36. • Jesus Christ is Lord of all.' The second part of his-Name, viz. Jefus, fignifies a Saviour : And he is so called, because he saves his People from their Sins, and consequently from Wrath : Matth. i. 21. And she mall bring forth a son, and thou 'fhalt call his name Jesus : for he shall save his
people from their fins i Thel. i. 10.- Jesus r which delivered us from the wrath to come.' The third and last Part of his Name, to wit, Christ, signifies Anointed: And he is so called, because he was anointed by the Father, with the Holy Ghost : AEts x. 38. God anointed Jesus of Naza
reth with the Holy Ghost, and with power;' that is to say, the Father folemnly defigned him, and withal furnished him, 'for his Office, by the Holy Ghost remaining on and in him : John i. 33. He that ' sent me to baptize with water, the same said un
to me, Upon whom thou shalt fee the Spirit de
fcending and remaining on him, the fame is he which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost.? Chap. iii. 34. “For he whom God hath sent, speaketh
the words of God : for God giveth not the Spirrit by measure unto him. The true Interpretation then of the Name of our Redeemer, the Lord Jesus Christ, is, Jehovah, the Saviour, the anointed one. He was the fit Person to mediatc between God and Man, because of his com-.
mon Relation to both, peculiar to himself. His Relation to God, was, that he was the eternal Son of God; and that by eternal Generation of JeHOVAH the Father : Heb. i. 5. 'For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me
a Son?' His Relation to us, was, that he was our near Kinsman : Heb. i. il. For both he ' that fanctifieth, and they who are sanctified,
are all of one: for which cause he is not ashamed
to call them brethren. He is then our Kinsman. redeemer, who redeems by Right of Kin : Job xix. 25. I know that my Redeemer liveth.”. Compared with Ruth iii. 12. 'And nuw it is true,
that I am thy near kinsman: howbeit there is a• kinsman nearer than I.' Now, the eternal Son of God came to be our Kinsman, inasmuch as he became Man: Gal, iv. 4.' But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his
Son made of a woman. By his becoming Man, he was both God and Man: Matth. i. 23. 'Be
hold, a virgin Mall be with child, and Mall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Em
manuel, which being interpreted, is, God with cus. And he will continue to be God and Man for ever : Heb. vii. 24. 25. ' But this Man, be' cause he continueth ever, hath an unchangeable
priesthood. Wherefore he is able also to save • them to the uttermoft, that come unto God by
him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them.'
Our Redeemer then hath two Natures ; namely, the Nature of God, and the Nature of Man: Rum. ix. 5. Whose are the fathers, and of whom
as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. He was God from all Eternity; but not Man, till he came in the Flesh, about the four thousandth Year after the Creation of the World: Mic. v. 2. ' But thou, * Beth-lehem Ephratah, though thou be little a
mong the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee "Thall he come forth unto me, that is to be ruler ' in Israel: whose goings-forth have been from of . old, from everlasting.' Matth. i. 17. ' So all the
generations from Abraham to David, are fourteen generations : and from David, until the carrying away into Babylon, are fourteen generations :
and from the carrying away into Babylon unto • Christ, are fourteen generations. The divine and human Natures were in no ways turned into one Nature, in Christ becoming Man, but they remain for ever two distinct Natures, having each of them their own distinct Properties: 1 Pet. iii. 18. - For
Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, (that he might bring us to God), being put to death in the flesh, but quickened
by the Spirit." Yet are they not divided neither ; but they are united in his Person: Jesus Chrift our Redeemer is not then two Persons, but one only: Eph. iv. 5, 'There is one Lord.? 1 Tim. ii.
There is one Mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus. It was necessary, that our Redeemer should be Man, that he might be capable to suffer Death in our Nature, who had sinned: Heb. ii. 14. Forasmuch then as the chil
dren are partakers of flesh and blood, he also hitself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him thai had 'the power of death, that is, the devil. I Cor.