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APES.

(OMITTED UNDER QUADRUPEDS.)

Of all animals, these bear the nearest resemblance to the human form. They walk erect on the hinder legs, and use the fore-legs like arms; the paw is divided much in the same manner as human fingers; the feet also bear a near resemblance, except that the toes are longer. There are several species. Those properly called apes, are without tails, have fleshy posteriors, and calves to their legs. Those with short tails are called baboons, and those with long tails, monkeys. There is also a considerable difference in the form of the head and face, some kinds having a long head, like that of a dog; others, a round broad head, and flat nose; there is, however, in all, a general resemblance to the features of a human countenance. The females have paps, and when suckling their offspring, (of which they bring forth but one at a time,) they hold it in the same attitude, and present the breast in the same manner as a human nurse to her infant. Some apes have a pouch on each side of the jaw, in which they secrete whatever they would keep. They commonly live on the tops of trees, and leap from branch to branch with dexterity. They are mischievous and frolicsome, but not sanguinary. The whole tribe

discovers a remarkable propensity to imitate whatever they see done by human beings; hence a habit of mimicry, or an impertinent imitation of superiors in dress and habits, is commonly denominated "aping."

In idolatrous Egypt, the ape was an object of worship, and continues to be so to the present day, in many parts of India. Maffeus describes a magnificent temple of the ape, little inferior to the Pantheon

at Rome.

When the Portuguese, in 1554, pillaged Ceylon, they found, in a magnificent temple, a small box full of gold and jewels, with an ape's tooth, which the kings of the country, who worshipped it, were desirous of redeeming, even at an immense price; this however, was very properly prevented by the bishop, who caused the tooth to be burned, and the ashes thrown into the sea. The inhabitants of Goa are no less superstitious; they would not on any account kill either an ape or a serpent, which they believe to be the residences of spirits created by God, to inflict on mankind punishment for their sins. They are mentioned in scripture as among the curiosities of foreign merchandise imported by Solomon, (see 1 Kings x. 22. 2 Chron. ix. 21.) for what purpose it is not easy to conjecture. We may, however, hope that, if for mere curiosity, it was of a laudable kind, and that Solomon sought acquaintance with creatures of various kinds, with a view to investigate and admire the works of the great Creator, who “in wisdom made them all."

FINIS.

ADAMANT...... 643 Birds,harmless.. 281 | Cypress

Adder or Asp 353 Bitumen...

...

614

646 DARNEL

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wild but harmless 38 Carbuncle.
of uncertain clas- Cassia
ses.......... 177 Caterpillar

Anise

Antelope

Ant....

Antimony

...

......

Apple-tree

....

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506 Cedar

......

61 Cerastes
441 Chalcedony
645 Chamois

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71 Elephant...... 177
534 Emerald

...... 650

492 FITCHES ...... 496

647 Fig-tree

......

600
630 Fir-tree 624 Fish 325

413 Fitches or Vetches 496

610 Flag 493.. Flax.517

.. 354 Flea 452.. Fly.. 437
....647 Flint 651.. Fox.. 28
63 Frankincense 631

560 Chesnut-tree 560 Frog.................... 388

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Apes 663..Ash. 623 Chrysolite
Ashkoko....... 65 Chrysoprasus

Asp 353..Ass.. 104 Cinnamon,

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38 Citron-tree ..... 561 Goat 157..Gold .633
648 Gourd 502. Grass 454
417 Grasshopper. 411
649 HARE 65..Hart 46
.....354 Hawk 265. Hazel 559
Coney 65 Heath

Bat........... 279 Cockatrice

Barley

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...... 558
8 Coral 649. Crane. 281 Herbaceous plants496

495 Crocodile ...... 196 Hornet...... 387
649 Heron 279..Hog 168
. 507 Horseleach.
279 Horse 88 Husks 512

Bear 23..Bee.. 423 Crystal,
Beetle
413 Coriander.
Behemoth
194 Cuckoo
Beryl ........646 Cucumber
Birds of prey... 214] Cummin...

387

..... 498 Hyssop........ 508
506 IBEX 56..Iron 10

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Leptiles

Leopard

Leviathan.

Lice

641 Ostrich ....... 237 Soap..

497 Osprey

.......

234 Sparrows

.......

......

.....

304

495 Ossifrage ...... 234 Spiders.... 448
267 Spikenard.. 536

17 Owl

125 Steel 641..Stork 271

......

196 Ox.....

....

452 PALM-TREE.... 593 Sulphur..

....... 660

Lign Aloes .... 618 Partridge
Ligneous-shrubs 558 Peacock

309 Swallows

317 Sycamore

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...... 296
......607
.......496
269 Teil-tree
...622
625 Thorns & Thistles 540
554 Thyine wood....631
562 Tin 642.. Topaz 660
623 UNICORN..... 188
493 VEGETABLES .. 453
64 Vermilion......660
311 Vermin..... 208
250 VetchesorFitches 496
482 Vine..........565

383 Viper

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524 Vulture........229
654 WEASEL

480 Weeds

........ 470

586 Whales........

340

655 Wheat

.....470

659 Wild-boar

.....

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ibid Wild grapes....

660 Wild-ox

ibid Willow......

383 Wolf

........ 626

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348 Worm.... 393

........

65 Wormwood

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