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Self-love, the spring af motion, acts the soul ; “ Reason's comparing balance rules the whole : “ Man but for that no action could attend,
And but for this were active to no end."
143. That refers both to persons and things: as, “the man that I respect; the thing that I want is not here."
114. The relative pronoun, who, whose, or whom, is used, when we speak of persons only; which, when we speak of things, or want to distinguish one of two or more persons or things : as, I am bound to respect a man, who has done me a favor! though he be chargeable with vices, which I hate. Which of the men? Which of the roads will you choose?”
145. Who and what also are used in asking questions : who, when we inquire for a man's name: as,
“Who is that man ?" What, when we would know his occupation,&c. as,“ What is that man ?"
146. The adrerh is always placed immedi. ately before the adjective, but most commonly after the verb: as, a very pious mao prays frequently."
147. The comparative adverbs, than and as, with the conjunctions, and, nor, or, connect
like cases : as,
she loves him better than me; John is as tall ces 1 ; he and I went together ; neither he nor she came; bring it to me or her.”
148. The conjunctions, if, though, except, &c. implying a manifest doubt or uncertainty, require the subjunctive form of verbs: as, though he slay me, yet will I trust in him; I will not let thee go, except thou bless me; kiss the son, lest he be angry; if he but speak the word ; see thou do it not.”
149. Prepositions always govern the accusa. tive case of a pronoun immediately after them : as,
"&c. 150. After verbs of shewing, giving, &c. the .preposition, to, is elegantly omitted before the pronoun, which, notwithstanding, must be in the accusative: as, · gave him the book," for
I gave to him the book.” 151. The preposition, to, is always used before nouns of place, after verbs and participles of motion : as, I went to London; Lam going to town,” &c. But the preposition, at, is al. ways
used when it follows the neuter verb in the same case : as, “ I have been at London ; I am at the place appointed.” We likewise say, " he touch'd, arriv’d, lives, &c. at any place.”
NOTE 148. This form seems to be elliptical, and may be thus resolved ; Though he should slay me; lest he should be angry; see thou must do it not," &e.
152. The preposition, in, is set before coun. tries, cities, and large towns; especially if they are in the same nation : as, he lives in London, in France, &c.” At is set before villages, sin. gle houses, and cities, that are in distant countries : as, “ he lives at Hackney,” &c.
153. The interjections, 0, Oh, and Ah, require the accusative case of a pronoun in the first person: as, “ O me, Oh '
me, Ah me:" but the nominative in the second : as, O thou, O ye."
No exact rules can be given for the placing of all words in a sentence: the
flow and the perspicuity of the expression are the two things, which ought to be chiefly regarded.
PLURAL. 1. I wrote or did write 1. We wrote or did write 2. Thou wrotest or didst 2. Ye wrote or did write write
3, They wrote or did write 3. He wrote or did write
PLURAL. 1. I have written
1. We have written 2. Thou hast written 2. Ye have written 3. He hath or has written 3. They have written
To have written.
PERFECT AND PLUPERFECT TENSES.
PLURAL. 1. I might have written 1. We might have written 2. Thou mightest have 2. Ye might have written written
3. They might have writ3. He might have written ten
The other modes and tenses follow the regular form.
PLURAL, l. I saw or did see
1. We saw or did see 2. Thou sawest or didst see 2. Ye saw or did see 3. He saw or did see 3. They saw or did see