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REVIEW OF RELIGIOUS PUBLICATIONS, &c.

Organic Remains of a former posing any species of creatures lost, World : an Examination of the we cannot say; but considering the Mineralized Remains of the Ante.

great variety of changes, produced diluvian World, generally termed by mixtures among some species of Extraneous Fossily. By Js. Par animals, it is surely possible, as great kinson, Horton. Vol. II. 4to, varieties may have been produced Price 21. 12s. 6d.

', among the Zoophytes at the bottom

of the sea. Wonderful transformaBooks of Science come under our tions also must have taken place in Review only when they support or the process toward the fossil state illustrate the truths of natural and (see p. 24, 78, and 89) not to say revealed religion. By turning to that so small a part of the bosom of our Magazine for 1805, p. 80, the the ocean has yet been examined, that reader will perceive the general plan many thousands of species may yet of this work was to produce and il. remain undiscovered, to reward ihe Justrate the ruins and remains of a future enquiries of naturalists aud formier wordt; and hence to exhibit navigátors (see p. 91). But when irrefragable proofs from nature, of the author talks (p. 24) of countthe extent and antiquity of the less ages,' he seems to have foi gotten universal deluge. The first volume his dala. A convulsion of nature, was confined to vegetable fossils : like the deluge, which reduced our this advances a step farther, and ex. globe almost to a second chaos, amines the next class of fossils from must have produced effects far beZoophyles, or that class of natural yond the regular course of nature ; productions which copnect the ve- yet it is impossible to say what that getable and animal creation, - a might have effected in the progress class, though till lately but little of nearly 4000 years! noticed, perhaps scareely less nu. Mr. P. reverts frequently to the merous than the others.

dissimilarity between the creatures - This volume differs from the for- of this and of the former world,' as mer, in being thrown into the epis- a circumstance wholly inexplicatolary form. The various species ble. It however furnishes us,' he of coral, in all their beautiful and thinks, with a strong argument fantastic forms,'come first under ex- against that theory which supposes amination, and several curious spe- the changes which this planet has cimens are given of the genus lubi. undergone, are all attributable to pora, or coral in the form of tubes, the constant, regular, and gradual supposed to be the residence of varic processes of nature, which have been ous kinds of polypi.

acting from an indefinite period of Some of These specimens are ex- time, and is of course friendly to tremely curious; and on one he the Mosaic History. makes this remark, p. 19, “ To what In speaking of the analogy bea remote period of past time, and to tween the animal and vegetable what astonishing changes, in the worlds, Mr.P. remarks, this wonderstructure at least, of the surface of ful and close analogy offers to our this globe, does this circumstance adiniration a plain demonstration, direct our contemplation! A body, not only of the power and wisdom differing from any animal substance of our great Creator, but of the now known, has been formed, by the rich infinity of resources from which energies of aniinal life, in the depths he has been enabled to diversify his of the ocean of a forner worid; works. and is now found imbedded in a Unable to copy any of the beaurock, many miles inland, and at a tiful and expensive plaies, many of considerable height above the sea.. them delicately coloured from naHow far we may be justified in sup: ture, it is impossible to convey, to

our readers an adequate idea of the with more that is evil. The design subjects here treated; but, upon wbich this writer proposes to acthe whole,' we are highly gratified complish is, To raise the Church of with this as a work of curious and England from its present state of useful science; and, we think, these declension ; - to impress upon the studies calculated to enlarge the minds of the clergy the necessity of mind, and lead to admiration of the animated zeal in the performance of Creator; while, at the same time, every parochial and clerical duty: they furnish, when attentively con- and thus to check the fearful prosidered, strong corroborative evic, gress of immorality and Sectariandence of the truth of sacred history. ism : and, had the author confined

himself to these subjects, had he The Chemical Catechism, with Notes,

indulged himself in no unfounded Illustrations, and Experiments. censures, had he been satisfied By Samuel Parkes. 3d edit. 8vo,

with pointing out, deploring, reproprice 12s.

bating, and suggesting effectual and

scriptural remedies for the evils CAEMISTRY is certainly not our

which exist in the National Church, province; yet, when a book on

he would have obtained the approthis useful science is so written, as

bation of all good men. Instead of to promose religion rather than

this, he has indulged himself in oppose it, which is too frequently

grossly misrepresenting the political the tendency of philosopbical trea.

and religious tenets of Dissenters, tises in the present day, we think

and in obliquely impeaching the it not improper to notice it. This

character of the evangelical miniswork possesses considerable merit,

ters of his own church. In fact, and contains a vast accumulation of

he has joined the Hue and Cry curious and interesting facts; from

against what may be justly termed which the author, throughout, draws 1

ws the Reformation of the Eighteenth inferences which, though not directly

Century; and which the world has evangelical, are calculated to lead the

been pleased to stigmatize with the mind to the God of nature; and be

vague appellation of Methodism! --does this is a manner that cacnot

But, while he gives up the evandisgust any considerate person; and

gelical clergy in general to popular may excite serious thoughts jo the

odium and contempt, he would exminds of many readers. ;

cept a few serious, laborious, paro

chial ministers, like himself, who, Zeal without Innovation; or the he is afraid, are included in the uniPresent State of Religion and

versal censure. It is not for us to Morals considered, with a l'iew to be the apologists of any party, or thc Dispositions and Measures rea of any

'n of any class of men.
laai of men.

There is quired for its Improvement: to

enough of error and of human

none which is subjoined, An Address to frailty anong ihe inost exemplary Young Clergymen; intended to of our kind, to give some colour to guard them against some preva. the invectives and reproaches of lent Errors. Price 78. 6d. those who choose to fill the chair of

A reader of this volume will be the scorner; and, we are not wiil struck with many glaring inconsis. ing to palliale or soften the impertencies, which he will not fail to dis. fections which realiy exist ainong cover as he attentively considers its evangelical Christians; but, when pages. Christian philanthropy and mere human frally, which belongy. Sectarian bigotry, -- Professions of to the best of non, is represented candour, connected with the most as consiitutiog the principal fea'ure unjust treatment of worthy and ex- of the characier; when this is excellent nien, form the general cha. hibited to the world, as an enor. racter of this singular production. mous crime, and the good which We are persuaded that, by whomso. predoininates, and which foring the ever peened, it is of dangerous ten- general principle of action, is stil , dency : --- that, though it contams diousiy kept out of sight, it ben much that is good, it is polluted comes the imperious duly of the

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friend of trulh and of human na- the existence of the monarchy
ture to denounce the writer, who aod, that it promotes the debase-
is equally the enemy of both. It ment of the Christian ministry, by
is the fate of every man who im lay-preaching. · We are of opinion,
bibes a party spirit, and who iden- That no clergyınan should' view
tifies his own peculiar views of with indifference the declension
Christianity with Christianity itself, of the church to which he is at-
to be thas upjust in his treatment tached from principle, and which
of those who may differ from him feeds him with his daily bread;
in their religious sentiments. The but, surely, no fears, no alarms
Sauthor of Zeal without lonovati. for the safety of the church, can
ons,' happens to be warınly attached justify an improper mode of defend-
to the Established Church, in its con- ing it, or of opposing those wbo
stitution, in its forms and ceremo. may choose to dissent from it. To
pies, and in its discipline. It is, in consider separation from the church
his view, the appointment of Hea- as the powerful and efficient cause
ven, the ark of religion, the which threatens its destruction,
.bulwark of the state; and, though betrays great weakness of mind.
he is forced to acknowledge that it is Emigration tends to impoverish a
practically so inefficient in reform country of its most valuable riches,
ingithe people as to be abandoned its citizens, which are its glory
by the multitude, and to have little and its strength; - but when emi-
odno hold upon the public mind, yet, 'gration takes place to any alarming
at any rate, it is to be extolled; the extent, there must be some oper-
prejudices of its worldly clergy ative, pre-disposing cause existing
against spiritual religion, whether in the governmin, or men would not
in the Establishment or out of it, leave their homes, and snap asunder
are to be excused, if not to be jus- the dearest connexions, to seek an
tified. Much more tolerance is 'asylam amvis strangers on a disa
shewn to the spirit of the world, tant continent... In this case the
and the persecuting bitterness of the government must be charged with
slanderous tongues àod libellous effecting its own ruin; and thus,
pens of the enemies of all personal even should the period ever arrive,
religion, than to the infirmities of * when,' as the author expresses, it,
good men, who may think it right, it shall become a question whe-
in times of very shocking declen- ther the Church of England shall
sions from piety, to be a little more any longer have the Support of
irregularly zealous as clergymen the State,' we may be assured it
thañ this writer approves ; or who will have only itself to blame ; for
inay conscientiously dissent from nothing but the most gross defici.
that Establishinent, of which he encies in her ininisters cao operate
delights to be considered as a mem- against that powerful infiuence
ber.

which she derives from the State.
The second section of the first A churchman must and ought to
chapter of this work, contains a think that separation is an evil.
strange mixture of religion, sophis. But how is this evil to be remedied?
try, and bigotry; and, as our limits It is the disgrace of this writer, and
will not suffer us 10 examine and of many of his brethren, that, in-
to refute the errors and calumnie's stead of turning their whole atten-
of the whole book, we shall con- tion in the ieformation of the
fine our subsequcot remarks to this clergy, and the renioving of what is
section, which is a fair specimen of evil in the church itself, they are
the entire production. It is on the constantly looking, with a jealous
increase of Separatism; the evils eye, on the Act of Toleration,
of which, according to the author's There is a liole in the 20th page,
views of the subject, are forcibly which betrays as much ignorance
described. We are told, That Se- as intolerance: ---
paratism goes to the annibilation of "It (the Toleration Act) was in.
ine Esablished Church, as a na- tended to give relief to conscien-
tsonalissiitution ;--that it threatens tious mind's; and for that, it does

honour to the wisdom as well as representing them as dangerous to bumanity of the age in which it was the state. My Lords, the contrary passed. To sce it, however, turned is the truth. Those who are upperto another kind of purpose, that is, most, and have the power, are the to make Dissenters, not merely to men who do the mischief, while the satisfy those who are already such; Schismatics only suffer and complain. - to see it employed as an engine I am not afraid of those tender and against that church who, by her scrupulous consciences, who are legislative representatives, consent- over-caulious of professing or beed to this benign law; these abuses lieving too much. If they are siaof the intention of the legislature, cerely in the wrong, I forgive their he cannot view without regretting errors and respect their integrity. that they were not provided against; The men I am afraid of, are the which, no doubt, they would have men who bclicve every thing and been, by those who framed and subscribe every thing.' passed the act, had they been fore When God is pleased to make the seen.. His regret is heighiened by Church of England infallible, and to . a fear, that the present wanton .confer infallibility upon her minisabuse of the Act of Toleration may ters, there will be some grace in her

as may be attended with great dan consciences; and some plea for her. ger to liberty, and little benefit to depriving her fellow • churches of religion. Let them who carnot be their civil rights and religious pricontented with the relief which the' víleges, because they will not bow law, as it now stands, affords to con. at her altar : but while she is huscientious minds, take warning by man in her constitution, and while this hint.'

her sons are liable io err like other These are the enlightened views men, it would be decent and proof a Protestant clergyman of the per, if she would content herself by nineteenth century, on the subject labouring to do all the possible good of Toleration !!! As far as the dis- she can within her own pale, and semination of religious sentiments is permit the churches of the Separa. concerned, if the manner adopted tists to do the same. be merely persuasive, the toleration The charge of promoting Demoact cannot be abused. The act of cracy, which is alleged as another Toleration recognizes the right of argument against the Separatists every man to think for himself, in from the national church, is not matters of religion; and to propa. new. It was manufactured at the gate his tenets by every reasonable forge of Calumny long before this method in his power. We cannot writer could hold a pen, or invent forbear opposing to this curious a sophism; and little did we exnote, the language of Dr. Shipley, pect that a charge, so frequently Bishop of St. Asaph, on this very and so fully refuted, should be subject :

brought forward again in this en• It is the duty of magistrates,' lightened age. The Separatists besays this enlightened prelate, it is lieve that Jesus Christ is the only indeed the very end of magistracy, Lord of Conscience, - that he has to protect all men in the enjoyment made known his sovereign will in of iheir natural rights, – of which the Scriptures; and they think that the free exercise of their religion is they are to read the sacred volume one of the first and best. All bisfor themselves ; – that they are to tory, my Lords, is full of the mis- choose their own teachers, and to chiefs occasioned by the want of to manage their own spiritual concerns, leration; but no one tias ever yot under the sole direction of the New pretended to shew, that any public Testament, and it is argued by this evils have been occasioned by toler- sophist, that acknowledging an ab-' ation. The ruling party is always solute sovereign in things spirilual, very liberal in bestowing the title of infallibly leads to a democratic form Schismatic and Heretic on those who of government as things temporal ; differ froin them in religion ; and in and he morcover concludes, That as

soon as men lose a blind reverence denominations, occasionally meet for things that are established, mere- at the friendly board of a candid Jy because they are established, they gentleman; and, we think that, if must therefore reject, on examina- the author had enjoyed the same tion, the excellent form of the privilege, it would have served to British Constitution. - Whatever rub off some of those sharp angles force there may be in this reasoning, of party,' which are now so visible in the estimation of those who wish in his whole performance ; for alto rouse the suspicion of the Legis- most every page is deformed by Jature against those who take refuge high church and illiberal prejudices, under the act of toleration, it is die We deeply regret that this is too ametrically opposed by facts. Our much the spirit of the times. It is appealis to the page of history, and a spirit which many clergymen im to the testimony of our own times. bibe, from whom we might expect Dissenters from the national church, better things, ard it is a spirit which viewed collectively, have always will do a million times more injury been the warmest and most distin. to the national church than the com guished friends of the House of Han- bined exertions of all the sectaries Over, and of the Government of the in the kingdom. people by King, Lords, and Com- On the whole, we are constrained muns. They are now the most to say that, although the work aployal subjects in his Majesty's domi- pears to be the production of an abia nions; and their loyalty is not to be and, we hope, pious man, yet it suspected, for it is perfectly disin- seems to us to contain a greater lcrested.

sum of evil than we remember to We have already extended our have witnessed in any publication observations to a length which pre- of a religious nature; for it has cludes our reluting the next charge a direct tendency to revive that re. which is levelled against lay-preach. ligious animosity which subsisted ing. This, we are told, has a ten- in former days, and to counteract dency to debase the character of the that mild spirit of Christian can, Christian ministry. It may, in the dour whichi, we fiaitered our, eyes of those who view Christian- selvos, had lately increased. One ity through a worldly medium; but good effect, however, of a private this idea will only excite the smile of nature, it will very probably pro: those who have studied their reli- duce, - raising the writer from the gion at the feet of the fishermen of rank of a humble curate, to that of Gallilee. Al present, we shall only a wealthy rector, say, That lay-preachers in general understand much more of religion, The Christian's View& and Reflecand are far more useful, than miany tions during his last Illness; with of those who affect to despise them. Anicipalions of the glorious In

Separate from the intolerance, the heritance and Sociely in the leas partiality, and the prejudice which venly World: to which are an. this volume exhibits, it contains nexed, Two Sermons. By the late many useful hints, which the clergy Rev. S. Reader. Published from would do well to regard. But we do the Author's MS. by the Rev. B. got admire the author's recommen - Cracknell, A. M. of Weymoulh. dation of reading serinons lill the Second Edil. 1 2ino, 3s. 6d. preacher needs spectacles, p. 335 ;

The author of this work was a and we sincerely abbor that bigotry

pupil of Dr. Doudridge; aiter which which he displays in page 366,

he was ordained over a Dissenting where he advises the young clergy

Cungregation at Wareham; to which man to avoid the table of the

congregation the editor succeeded. wealthy citizen, who may be .an

The reader will find our testimonial encourager of separatism;' and

jo favour of this work in our Kewhere he way happen to sit down

view of the first edition, in our ir with religionists of every form and

Magazine for January, 1795. We shape.' For our part, we greatly have only to add, that i his edition is Tejojcę when minisiers of various recommended by the Roy. Messis.

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