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M. A: Sidney College. Taxors. The humanity, of giving money to street-
Rev. Joseph Gibson Whaley, M. A. beggars, or to the class of mendicants,
Peterhouse; the Rev. Thomas Jephson, who apply by letter or petition, with-
M. A. St. John's College. Moderators- oat' a thorough investigation of each
The Rev. Mitex Bland, M. A. St. John's particular case. In the case of street-
College ; the "Rev. W. French, M. A: beggars, indeed, it may be assumed as
Pembroke Hall. Scrutators – The 'Rev. an unquestionable fact, however wretch-

Daniel "Cresswell, M. A. Trinity Col. éd' may be their external appearance, lege; the Rev. T. Dickes, M. A. Jesus that they are' impostors;" who beg beCollege." - The Capit --The Vice-Chanc canse they are idle and profligate; not cellor.The Rev. Wm. Chaty, D. D. because they are perishing from want, Sidney, Divinity. - The Rev. E. D. but that they may riot in excess and deClarke, LL. D. Jesus, Law.-Sir J. baachery. This may be best exempliPevnington, M. D. F. R. S. St. John's, fied' by a few extracts from the evi. Physic.-The Rer. S. B, Vince, M.A. dence itself. King's, Sen. Non. Reg.-The Rev. G Joseph Butterworth, Esq.—“ I have Haggitt, M. A: Christ; Sen. Reg. for several years past taken an active - The University of Cambridge has tc. part on the Committee of the Strangers' ceived from Government; during the Friend Society, which has led me to be last seven years, as a drawback for acquainted with the general state of paper printed within it, the sum of the poor throughout the metropolis. 13,0871. 7$. 6d. ; the University of Os. In the course of my observations I have ford, the sum of 18,658). 2s.6d.The toticed the condition of mauy beggars: number of Bibles printed at Cambridge, their cases have been inquired into, during tbe last seven years, was 392,000; and in the general way they have been of New Testaments, 423,000'; of Prayer found to be impostors; and I am per. books, 194,000. At Oxford, the num suaded they are the most profligate and ber of Bibles printed, of all kinds, was

idle description of character: I am con. 460,500 ; of Testaments, 386,000 ; of viuced that very few, if any, Common · Prayer Books, 400,000 ; of industrious, and sober people ever Catechsims, Psalters, &c. 200,000.- have recourse to begging. In the What a satisfactory reply does this neighbourhood where I live there is a increased impression of Prayer-books great resort for beggars; and I hasé furnish to the moanings of the enemies made some inquiries into their condi. of the Bible Society!

tion. There are two public-houses in • The Regent's Canal, Mary-le-bone, Church-lane, St." Giles's, whose chief proceeds rapidly. Workmen have been support depends upon beggars; one some time past employed in excavating called The Beggar's Opera, which is a basin within a few yards of the Hamp- the Rose and Crown public-house, and stead-road, around which warehouses the other the Robin Hood. The numare to be built, and facilities afforded ber that frequent those' houses 'at va før landing goods of all sorts. By this rious times, are computed to be from arrangement the expense of land car- two to three hundred, I have been siage, which has hitherto been so great credibly, informed, they are divided to the villages in that peiglibourhood, into companies; and each company is will be much reduced. Another basin subdivided into what are called walks, is to be excavated near Pancras, and at and each company has its particular various other populous districts on the walk: if this walk be considered bene. line of the cut to Limehouse. There are ficial, the whole company take it by to be several collateral cuts from the tarns, each person keeping it from half main stream to more distant villages. an hoor to three or four hours: their

receipts at a moderate calculation can. MENDICITY,

not be less than from three to five shil“ The Minutes of the Evidence taken lings a day each person, frequently before a Committee of the House ap- more. They cannot be supposed to pointed in the last Session, to inquire in- , spend less at night than balf-a-crown, to the state of Mendicity and Vagrancy and they generally pay sixpence for in the Metropolis and its · Neighbour their bed. They are to be found in hood" have been published, and are those' houses throughout the day, but deserving of general attention, They in great numbers from eight to nine establish beyond the possibility of dombt o'clock in the morning, and late in the Alle impolicy, and we may add the-ipó excoing. It is their custom to sally



ont early in the morning, and those Friend Society, on the eastern part of who have any money left of the pre. the town, report, that they never knew ceding day's earnings, treat the rest any worthy characters found in the with spirits before they begin the ope streets beggings I have known several rations of the day. I have been in instances of persons obtaining consi formed, that

they have a kind of com- derable sains, daily, by begging: mittee to organize the walks to be About two months ago some children, frequented by each person, and they in Russell-sqnare, attracted my atten. generally appropriate the best walks tion: I inquired particularly into their to the senior beggars, in rotation, history, and I found the mother mapThere is an Irishman who pretends to ported by a daughter, a girl about be a sailor, and frequently cuts his twelve years of age, who also appeared legs to excite compassion: he begs very dirty and offensive: I desired the shoes, and then sells them: he is a girl to bring her mother to my house, most audacious fellow, and has several when I inquired more particularis inte times been imprisoned. Another man, the case, and I found the child eamed, half naked, and who generally appears upon

an average, about eighteen pence in that condition, has, I am credibly a day, I inquired of the mother when informed, a considerable sum of money ther the child had any instruction, in the funds: he is a young man with she said, she had not, and she gave as a long beard, he frequently has flowers the reason, that she had no suitable in his hand, and limps: he will not act clothes to go to school in: the mother with the gang, but preserves his own was furnished with money to procura independence, and is one of the great suitable clothing, and the child was est boxers in St. Giles's. I understand, sent to the Sunday School in Drarythat after the business of the day is lane, which she frequented two or over, they frequent those houses, and three Sundays; but, like many other partake of the best food they can ob. similar cases, she then absented her tain, and they spend their evenings in self. A boy, aged abont fifteen years, à very riotous manuer: the food that is was placed by his mother, by the given them by benevolent persons they wall near Whitechapel work-houses do not eat, but either throw it away or On application to his mother, entreatgive it to the dogs. Women have been ing her to let him be taken into the frequently known to assume an appear-work-honse, she would not consent; ance of pregnancy, in order to obtain unless they would allow her thirty-sis childbed-linen, which in many cases or thirty-eiglet shillings a week, as slie they have done eight or ten times over, stated that, upon an average, was but I know a sober hackney-coachman, a part of his gains. I conceive it in upon whose veracity I can depend, general to be a misapplication of cha: who has frequently conveyed beggarsrity, to give to street-beggars, that ne to their lodgings; and formerly, when plan of relieving the poor is so effeche plied in St. Giles's, has been called tual as that of visiting them at their to the houses I before mentioned, to own habitations, and even then inquiry take them from thence, being so in- must be made of their peighbours to toxicated they could not walk home. know their real characters; as persons A fact lately came under my own ob- in the habit of begging are adepts in servation, of a person in Charles-street, the art of imposition. I would beg to Drury-lane, who, with his wife, ob- state to the Committee, that from much tained their living by begging: she observation I am satisfied that Sunday lately lay-in : a benevolent neighbour Schools, if properly conducted, are of perceiving

that she had no bed or bed. essential importance to the lower classes stead, furnished her with one of eacli; of society. I have had occasion to but he soon found that they were not inspect several Sunday Schools for some used. The bedstead was cut up, and years past, and I have particularly made into a rabbit-hatch; and the rear observed the children, who at first son assigned by the beggar, was this, come to the schools dirty and ragged, that benevolent persons would occa. in the course of a few months have sionally visit them, and finding they become clean and neat in their persons had neither bed nor bedstead, would and their behaviour, from my own obe be more disposed to give them money, servation, and report of a great numis and he wished to appear as mean as ber of teachers, has rapidly improved possible. The visitors of the Strangers I allude to those schools where the


once atquired; I have often had peti. to make soldiers' clothes : I called a post tions of three and four years old, with the mother; she was so offensive from real signatures, and those petitions' drinking spirits, I could scarely stand three and four times over.I wonld near hér.". also add, that there are many persons www.r of To be continued.). who live by writing letters aud peti o tions: a man in Rose-street, Long Acre,

RUSSIA. gets his living entirely by that emplog 1 Count Nicolas Romanzow, a pribliement; he is nevertheless so idle, that spirited Russian nobleman, -has at his he frequently will not write letters when 'owy expense built and equipped a ship applied for, and the money brought to for a new voyage of discovery. This be paid to him at the time. There is vessel sailed from Cronstadt on the 31st also another person in the Broadway, of July last, and has since touched a Westminster, who gets his livelihood in Plymonth on her way out. She is called the same manner. I bappened last the Rurik, carries the Russian military night to see a girl in the street, of the Aag, and is commanded by Captain name of Cafe, aged twelve, whose-case Kotzebue (son to the celebrated author I mentioned yesterday. She informed of that name), a lieutenant in the Rusme she had been six years engaged in sian Navy, and who has already sailed begging for her motlier; that on some round the world in the Nadeshda, Capdays she gets three and four shillings, 'tain Krusenstern. Dr. Eschholz of the and often gets, to use her own expres university of Dorpat, M. Chammisso, sion, a silver sixpence or a shilling, be the naturalist from Berlin; the Danish sides copper; that ouChristmas-day naturalist, Wormskild; and the Russian last, she earned four shillings and six- painter, Choris, aecompany the expedisi pence; that she usually gets about eigh- tion. The expedition will visit in the teen-pence a day, the very common South Seas those places which have not days a shilling ; that all the money she been as yet sufficiently examined; till earns is spent at night; and notwith- coast along the inner shores of Americs standing what was lately given to her to Behring's Straits, and return by the mother, she bas no clothes to attend the Straits of Torres, to the Cape of Good Sunday School. The mother pretends". Hope.

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BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE founds its claims to the cordial support SOCIETY.

of every real friend of God and man; We have never been insepsible to the unless they can prove that it does not services of those distinguished indivi- circulate to an extent unknown before duals who have andertaken the public the life-giving Gospel of Jesus Christ vindication of the British and Foreign amongst all nations, and kindred, and Bible Society from the calumnies with people, and tongues ; unless it can prove which it has been assailed; neither have either that it has not distributed upwards we been backward in expressing our gra- of fifteen hundred thousand copies of the fitude. They have done much to frus. Scriptures in little more than ten years, trate the efforts of bigotry and prejudice, or that by this distribution it has done and to secure the free circalation of the evil, and not good ; unless, in short, it Word of Life in this and every lagd. can prove that the light of Heaven is We have, nevertheless, always felt that darkness. On this account, we hail the most powerful plea in favoar of this with satisfaction every fresh record of Society, a plea which speaks directly the progress of this mighty institution, and forcibly to the heart, and leaves and eagerly embrace the opportunity far behind the slow and more labøured of giving it publicity.-These obser: deductions of argumentation, is the sim- vations suggested themselves to our ple tale of its beneficence: Thus and minds as we perused a sheet of “ Ex. thas has the Society done. “One thing tracts from the Correspondence of the I know," may the weakest of its friends British and Foreign Bible Society since reply to the most subtle reasoning of the pablication of the Eleventh Report," its most powerful adversaries -- "One which has recently reached us, and the thing I know, that it has done, and is substance of which we have much plea. doing incalculable good; and is a mighty sure in laying before our readers. instrument in the hand of the Almighty 1. The first article is a letter of for spreading the knowledge of his will

. thanks from the Sheriff of a district in I should not dare to oppose such a Iceland (the North Pole itself is not Society, being as sure as facts can safe from the penetrating influence of make me that I should be opposing this Society), in the name of the whole the work of God. Even in not sup- population of the district," for the Iceporting such a Society, shall I he en- landic Seriptures seat there in the tirely gọiltless? The assailants of the summer of 1814. The letter was off British and Foreign Bible Society, cially communicated throngb the Bishop therefore, may be assured that, how. of the island. ever goodly may be their array of ab. 2. A letter from the Rev. J. Pater, stract reasoning, and prospective appre- soo, dated St. Petersburgl, April 24, hension, and solemu warning, and epis. 1815, assures the Committee, that the copal denunciation-however keen their 2001. allowed by them for distributing satire, and however loud their anatbe. Swedish Bibles among the Swedish ini mas-they will find all their opposing habitants of Finland, had prodaced the forts vain, unless they can disprove happiest effect is awakening a desird the facts on which chiefy the Society for the Scriptures, and that he hoped, CHRIST. OBSERV, No. 167.


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