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sume the ungodly fires of sectarian bit. terness and jealousy, and we shall have but this one rivalry of love,--who shall be most zealous in the cause of God's salvation and the world's peace.
The REV. S. D. WADDY, of Sheffield, after some preliminary observations, said, -Sir, it seems to bave been received, although it is a most fearful conclusion, that the aboriginal population of these distant countries must of necessity fade away before the European. There is no question that the numerous causes of difference which arise between the set tlers in distant lands and the inhabitants of those countries, must, except under very powerful control, sooner or later lead to war. In war the advantage is always found on the side of civilization; its arms, its skill, its perseverance, Whatever may have been, in the first instance, the real success of the invaded against the invaders, in the end the settlers bave gained the ascendancy, and the population has faded away before them. The New-Zealanders have offered no exception to this hitherto fearful state of things ; although it did appear, from the organized opposition that was made, that they were not likely so speedily to become victims to European encroachments as the natives of some other colo. nies. I am quite confident, in my own mind, that no number of examples, arising from the history of past times, in which such depopulations have taken place, will justify a Christian assembly, or Christian men, in believing that it is the intention of the Most High, that whole races of the human family should be swept away, before the approach of a more civilized people. We cannot for a moment entertain the belief, and must look on the results which have attended the colonization of these countries, as arising, not from some great necessity, but from some fearful want of a proper understanding as to the mode in which such colonization should have been commenced and continued. I most heartily participate in the expression of thanks which have already been proposed by the mover of the Resolution; and which will, no doubt, be conveyed to the distinguished individual to whom we feel indebted for his communication on the matter in question. The treaty made in 1840, which was designed to secure to the New Zealanders the possession of their own land, while it gave up the dominion of the island to the crown of this country, was a treaty which, in the maintenance of it, was likely to promote
the best interests of that people ; and to try at least for once fairly whether there could not be the introduction of an European population, and the gradual amendinent of the native population, without that destruction to which I have adverted, and which we must all deplore. I am inclined to think, in reference to the heathen world, that there is one Scripture consideration which we frequently quote, but the force of wbich we do not admit, or else lose sight of. The heathen world is looked upon as a sort of uninclosed and uncultivated common, on which every man is at liberty to mark out a portion, which he may take to himself, and there carry out his own principles and institutions ; or any number of men, forming themselves into a company, may take these unreclaimed and waste lands from their uninstructed population, appropriate them to themselves, to promote their pecuniary interests. All these views, representing the heathen world as open, as in the market, to be bought up by any speculator, leave out altogether the great scriptural truth,—that the heathen world is not a saleable, not a disposable commodity ; that it forms a great part in the covenant under which we dwell, the promise that Jesus shall have the Heathen for his inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for his possession; and all schemes not based on the advancement of His glory, must sooner or later fail. It is not for us to say through what changes of war or commerce, or what philanthropic systems, other countries may have to pass before they come to their ultimate destination ; but to that ultimate cestination they must come. Christ has suffered for them, and to him their knees shall bow, and their tongues shall confess. I have no doubt that, if this principle were recognised, if all the attempts made in reference to these barbarous portions of the world were made upon a Christian basis, if we were to look upon Christi. anity not as an advantage secondarily to be introduced, something wbich commerce might bring in her train, something which probably may be sown in the country after the ravages of war have subsided,,if we were to look on Christianity as the great basis, (and that is the great object of Missionary Soci. eties and of their success, see king first the kingdom of God, and allowing other things to be added,) instead of seeking commercial advantages, and leaving Christianity to be brought in at a remote
period as a contingency doubtful and ligations under which we are labouring ; uncertain,- We should see that these por- and I feel, Sir, before we can entertain tions of the world might be evangelized, the question, whether we have or not and might be civilized ; and that there done a fair proportion of this great work, did not exist the fearful necessity of ex. we must go further than we have done. terminating the inhabitants to make Let us aim, at all events, to make up the room for a Christian population. I contributions in Great Britain forthwith heartily concur in the sentiment of the to the sum of £100,000 ; and then, perResolution, which I have no doubt will haps, we may look round and consider be passed unanimously. In making one how much farther it is necessary to go, or two further observations, I would beg to fulfil our duty and quiet our conto direct your attention to the Report. sciences on this important matter. But I must say, that I concur mainly in the if a hasty consideration of the Report is observations made by my excellent friend calculated to give an exaggerated view of and brother, (Mr. Arthur,) as to the un- your contributions, I do not think it can desireableness of debt; and although I present to us an adequate idea of the would not sound a note of discord, and amount of success with which it has express despondency where all appears pleased God to bless the labours of the to be the rejoicing of cheerful antici. Society. The Report confines itself to pation, yet I think it quite possible we facts; those things which can be put may imagine we are doing more in the down as statistics, and presented in a way of contributions than we really are. palpable and tangible form. Your ReI do not suppose the items to which I port can present very little of the prorefer have escaped your observation, but gress of sentiment and feeling. It can they have perhaps escaped serious copsi. report any distinct case of the abandonderation. It has been announced, that ment of idolatry, but it cannot report the the contributions during the past year process by which that abandonment has amount to £103,600. Now I have a been preceded. With respect to India, strong conviction that, although we have the nature and constitution of society is heard the amount contributed for the such, that a very extensive under-current past year, we have not given sufficient must be moving and moving long before attention to that statement. We are there shall be any extensive manifestalabouring under the delusion, that the tion on the surface. There must be a Wesleyan-Methodist churches of Great very wide-spread system of dissatisfacBritain have, during the past year, con. tion with things matured for centuries, tributed £103,600 towards the conver before any extensive departure from sion of the heathen world. If such be the old system is adopted. If, in days your impression, it is an erroneous one; of old, many were Christ's disciples, and the error is likely to exert a para- “but secretly, for fear of the Jews," so lyzing influence on your exertions during in our country, and especially in others the ensuing year. If we really had where there is not the religious freedom raised that amount, considering our num- and liberty which we possess, there will bers, considering the many things we be many secret disciples exerting more have to do, considering the claims of our or less of influence. I would not prelocal charities, considering the special tend to defend that secrecy, or say that and peculiar claims for the support of they ought not to come forth at all risks your own Ministers and the erection of and proclaim themselves believers in the your chapels and schools,-if we really Lord Jesus ; but, without presuming to had raised £103,600, there might be judge them in this matter, without some ground to imagine that we had knowing the precise circumstances in raised a tolerably fair proportion for one which they are placed, or how much object. But we have not raised that they actually have endured for the sake money. If you deduct the amount con- of Christ, there must be a very wide tributed by foreign Stations ; if you con- and extensive diffusion of the truth as sider the amount under the head “Mis. it is in Jesus, before they could make cellaneous," including sums which any great external manifestation. We have been returned, having been ad- are too apt, in turning our attention vanced on loan in other times, you will to the success of Missionary operations, find the amount contributed is but to confine that attention to mere details. £82,000 by the Methodist churches of We must have them. They cannot be Great Britain. This sum, I am confi- prepared with too much care, or predent, is not equal to the claims and sented with too much accuracy. I should necessities of the institution, nor the ob protest against any interpretation of the
remark I am now making, which would leave the impression that I disregard the positive success of our Missions in any department. I dare not speak slightingly of the salvation of a single soul. Our great object is to save the souls of men; and where one is saved the end is so far accomplished. And there have now passed before us, into the skies, hundreds and thousands of those who have been brought to God through the instrumentality of our Missions; and the success in their case is abundantly suffi. cient to warrant all you have given and done. While I would impress upon you the importance of details of positive and palpable success, I would nevertheless say, that the great success of Missionary operations should be looked at as bearing on the whole Missionary scheme,-the great purpose of Jesus Christ in bringing the world to himself. The limit of our existence on earth is confined. The longer we live, and the more seriously our minds become impressed with the importance of our duties, the more we are likely to be brought under the influence of Missionary zeal. The whole Christian work is not committed to this generation, nor to any distinct church. It is the work of the world's age, it is the work of the world's history, it is the great work which Jesus Christ came to perform. Only one single scene of the great drama, it may be, is that in which we are permitted to appear and play our parts ; and we must pass away, and give the work, perhaps in a different form, to those who, in their generation, and with the obligations under which they are laid, shall carry it on to a greater extent, and with greater success. The question with us is, Are we, in our age, considering the work as it exists, endeavouring all we can to accomplish the purpose God has placed in our hands, and to do that part of the great work which has been assigned to us? Prophecy has predicted its triumphs, and history has recorded some of them. I was delighted with the remark of my friend, (Mr. Arthur,) that there seems to be a general impression on the minds of the men of France, that there is an overruling power, and that God has to do with these things. What is now passing is a mere instrument in the hand of God, who is overruling and guiding and regulating all things according to his will. It is not necessary that we should defend everything, and say everything is right. Is it possible, that the great foe of God shall not attempt to
throw into this movement the elements of mischief and misery ? Will there not be the most constant attempt to bring that about which is erroneous and destructive, when there is a movement in which the saving of man is designed, by casting down all the barriers in the way of the progress of truth? Whatever may be the immediate aspect of particular countries of Europe, he who believes in the prophecies and declarations of God, and he who has attempted to see, in a religious light, the bearing of these things on the great religious institutions of the world, must see the hand of God in them, especially in the removal and exclusion of Popery. There can be no doubt that the vial of indignation is poured out upon Popery : whatever other result there has been, one is the uprooting of Popery, and the destruction of its power. Who could have antici. pated so glorious a thing as the banishment of the Jesuits even from Rome itself ?-banished from Rome, and held up to the universal infamy of all nations, by an advocate of their own, for in no other light can I understand the ex. pressions used by Lord Beaumont the other night in the House of Lords. He says there are but two nations, Turkey and England, in which the Jesuits can find refuge ; and that we are not to judge of the Jesuits in England by the enormities they have committed in other countries. It amounts to this, that the Jesuits have been expelled from all other countries for their enormities, and that we are to attribute it to Enga land being England, and not to themselves, that they are not as bad here as anywhere else. I concur in the remark, that England is regarded as a place of refuge and protection, and in the expression of confidence that it will remain so. It is, however, a different thing to open a door for the protection of the houseless wanderer, and to allow him to come here and plant his institutions on our soil. I regard the coming of the Jesuits with great jealousy, and feel that they ought to be subject to great watchfulness and care. Whilst on this subject, I will just make one remark with reference to Popery. I think we are much to blame in exaggerating their successes, and depreciating our own. I confess my own mind has been considerably hurt, when I have seen in the religious newspapers of the country such frequent and detailed accounts of conversions to Popery. It has been trumpeted forth as a matter of some importance, when some romantic
and poetical young persons have turned days, and then very rarely, and the over to the Church of Rome; and the numbers who do attend of the other sex Christian church has been called on to are exceedingly small : they are infidels deplore another defection, the defection already. It is not the abandonment of of persons who are of no consequence to Popery that makes them infidels, but it any body but themselves, and whose ex- is the taking away an external and ampple no man in his senses would fol. formal religion, which has been imposed low. We hear nothing of the progress upon them by political restraint and of Romanism in Papal countries; but conventional vsage ; and when you take we hear of entire villages there turning away that veil, you merely expose to the from Popery to Protestantism. The world what they previously were, and converts to Protestantism from Popery what had previously been hidden from are a hundred, if not a thousand, to one, your view. There may be, however, a as compared with converts from Protest- much longer time required for the build. antism to Popery. There are a few in ing up and establishment of a right our own country, here and there; but faith, than for the destruction of a wrong look at the Continent at this time, one. One is speedily and easily done. They are turning, in almost uncounted Men feel the oppression of the tyranny numbers, from the errors and supersti. under which they are labouring ; and tions of Popery. I would leave all the when the opportunity is presented to successes of Popery to be chronicled in them, with one mighty heave they cast the “ Tablet" among its congenial trash; the tyranny from their shoulders. Who but let not the religious press of this does not see, that you must give some country give a temporary dignity to the time for the adoption of right principles, names of individuals who were destined and the embracing of a true and correct by Providence never to escape from ob faith? And even if it were the case, scurity. I also wish to say, that I can which it is not, that infidelity must of not exactly concur in the opinion which necessity succeed, it would only for a appears to be pretty generally received, time, and that for a very short time, that the abandonment of Popery, even succeed the abandonment of Popery by in the Swiss cantons, and other parts of those who have been led astray by it. the south of Europe, is of necessity pro- They would embrace the truth ; one ductive of infidelity. That is the no- truth after another would flash on their tion,-a notion which is by no means understandings; and they would rise up warranted by the mere fact, that you in the glorious liberty“ wherewith find infidelity where previously Popery Christ makes his people free." It is to existed. There is a great fallacy in this. my mind a great consolation, in conLet any man look at this time at Italy; templating the present state of Germany let him go to the very city of Rome; I and other countries, I have a convicsay nothing whatever at this moment of tion on my own mind, which to me is the Swiss cantons; but I go where cheering and satisfactory, that men Popery exists in all its pride, and pomp, will, by and by, lay aside their heresies, and power. If Popery were to be de- as they have laid aside their great and stroyed in Rome to-day, you would have leading errors; that truth will supersede a city of infidels ! Why? Because falsehood; and that they will be brought, the men have been infidels for the last as Luther was in his day brougbt, to the century. Go through their churches, acknowledgment of the truth as it is in you do not find a man in their congrega. Jesus. tions, except on some of their festival
We are reluctantly compelled to conclude our report of this most interesting and influential Meeting. The remaining Resolutions were severally proposed and supported by the Rev. John Jaffray, Secretary of the Missionary Board of the Free Church of Scotland ; Revs. Thomas Waugh, Robert Young, Thomas Jackson, John Scott, the President of the Conference, John Nelson, and John Martin ; also Samuel Hill Smith, Peter Rothwell, and Thomas Farmer, Esqrs.
LONDON: PRINTED BY JAMES NICHOLS, HOXTON SQUARE.