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EXAMINATION FOR REGISTRATION.
The following Circular on this subject has been issued from the Office of the Committee of Council on Education :
SIR,-Your school has been inserted in the list of those from which her Majesty's Inspectors will be directed to receive candidates at the examinations for registration which are to be held in the course of the current year.
The Examination of Masters will be held on Tuesday, the 10th of April, at—
Bristol, in the Hannah More's (Boys) National School, by the Rev. E. D. Tinling, her Majesty's Inspector.
Chester, at the Chester Diocesan Training School, by the Rev. J. P. Norris, her Majesty's Inspector. London, in the St. James's, Piccadilly, National School, 45 Marshall Street, Golden Square, by the Rev. W. H. Brookfield, her Majesty's Inspector.
Newcastle-upon-Tyne, in the St. John's National School, by the Rev. D. J. Stewart, her Majesty's Inspector.
York, in the Diocesan Training School, by the Rev. F. Watkins, her Majesty's inspector.
The Examinations of Mistresses will be held on the 10th of April, at—
Bristol, in the Hannah More's (Girls) National School, by the Rev. H. W. Bellairs, her Majesty's Inspector.
London, in the Home and Colonial School Society's Training School, Gray's Inn Road, by the Rev. F. C. Cook, her Majesty's Inspector.
Newcastle-upon-Tyne, in the Castle Garth (Girls') School, by the Rev. T. Wilkinson, her Majesty's Inspector.
Preston, in the St. James's National School, by the Rev. W. J. Kennedy, her Majesty's Inspector.
It will be sufficient to enter the requisite particulars opposite to the three heads* in the annexed fly-leaf, and to detach this fly-leaf when so filled up, and return it to this Office. No further steps need then be taken, except to provide that the candidates present themselves at the time and place appointed.
You are requested to be careful in observing that separate examinations are to be held for male and female candidates, and in selecting the place of examination appropriate to the candidate from your school.
The examination will commence at each of the places selected, on the 10th of April, at 11 o'clock in the morning. The examination will be conducted in writing; and it will be necessary that every candidate should make arrangements for daily attendance during the 10th and two following days.
It will be also necessary that your teacher should procure lodgings in the town in which the examination will occur.
Her Majesty's Inspector will provide stationery for the use of the candidates. It will however be desirable, to prevent all chances of delay or inconvenience, that each candidate should come provided with a penknife, pencil, piece of India-rubber, a portable inkstand, and, if they write with steel pens, a supply of those pens which they generally use, and a holder for them.
Candidates desirous of passing an exercise in drawing should also bring a box of mathematical instruments such as would be used in exercises on perspective. I have the honour, &c. R. R. W. LINGEN.
GENERAL EXAMINATION OF TRAINING SCHOOLS.-CHRISTMAS 1854.
The following Papers complete the series, a part of which appeared in the February and March Numbers of this Paper. The Papers for Queen's Scholars are, for want of space, unavoidably postponed till next month.
MALES. First Year.
CATECHISM, LITURGY, AND ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY TO THE COUNCIL OF CHALCEDON. SECT. I.-1. Give texts of Scripture illustrative of the four last articles of the Apostles' Creed. 2. Write out the address of the catechist to the child on repeating the Lord's Prayer, and give texts of Scripture illustrative of it.
3. State what is required of those who receive the Sacraments respectively, and prove the answers from Scripture.
SECT. II.-1. Mention texts of Scripture to show that "we ought at all times humbly to acknowledge our sins before God, but chiefly when we assemble and meet together," &c.
2. What are the principal parts of the public worship of God as stated in the "General Exhortation," and what scriptural authority have we for each of these forms of worship?
3. "Wherefore let us beseech Him to grant us true repentance and His Holy Spirit," &c. What blessings are stated in "the Absolution' to be consequent on these gifts?
* The three heads referred to are, 1. The name of the school; 2. The name of the teacher; 3. The place amongst those appointed at which the candidate will attend.
SECT. III.-1. Write out the collect "for Grace" at Morning Prayer.
2. How may the supplications in the Litany be divided? Write out one in each division.
3. With what clause do the prayers of the Church usually terminate? Give texts of Scripture illustrative of that clause.
SECT. IV. 1. What reasons are there for believing St. James to have been the first Bishop of Jerusalem ?
2. Give some account of the history of the Church of Palestine after the death of St. James. 3. Who were the Apostolic Fathers? Give an account of one of them and of his writings.
SECT. V.-1. Under what emperors did the Church chiefly endure persecution, and at what dates ? 2. Give a particular account of the persecution of the Church under one of the Roman emperors. 3. What testimony is borne by heathen authors to the early spread of Christianity, and what as to the nature of the religious worship of Christians and their morality? What reasons were alleged for their persecution?
SECT. VI.-1. Give some account of the life of Constantine the Great.
2. What great doctrines did the first four Councils severally affirm, and in opposition to what heresies?
3. Give some account of Julian the Apostate.
MALES. Second Year.
1. The 15th and the first half of the 16th centuries. 2. The Reformation in England. SECT. I.-1. Give some particulars of the life of one of the following persons: Wickliffe, Huss Erasmus.
2. Give some account of those communities of Christians who before the Reformation repudiated fundamental doctrines of the Church of Rome.
3. What circumstances in the political state of Europe, and in the progress of knowledge and the arts of civilisation, towards the close of the 15th and the beginning of the 16th centuries, favoured the Reformation, and in what way?
SECT. II-1. Give some account of the early life of Martin Luther.
2. Who were the three principal sovereigns of Europe at the time of the Reformation in Germany? What were their characters respectively, and in what relation did they stand to each other?
3. Who were the popes during the first quarter of the 16th century? Give some account of their history. Name the great commercial state of that age, and state who were its greatest merchants, writers, and artists.
SECT. III.-1. Give some account of one of the following reformers: Zuinglius, Farel, Calvin. 2. What were indulgences? Give some account of the measures taken by Tezel to promote the sale of indulgences in Germany, and their results.
3. What means were taken by the Pope to silence Luther? Who were his chief antagonists? Give some account of his appearance at the Diet of Worms. What testimony does his early life afford to the existence of piety and learning among the monastic orders in Germany?
SECT. IV.-1. What before the reign of Henry VIII. had been the chief grounds of collision between the popes and the sovereigns of England? What were the objects of the statutes of Provisors and of Præmunire?
2. What measures were taken for the suppression of Wickliffe's translation of the Scriptures? Give some account of the history of the Lollards in the reigns of Henry IV. and Henry VII.
3. What general councils were held in the 15th and 16th centuries, and under what circumstances? SECT. V.-1. Give some account of one of the following persons: Sir T. More, Tyndal, Latimer. 2. Give some account of the books issued by authority in the reign of Henry VIII. By whose authority were they issued? What three great principles of the English Reformation were established in that reign?
3. What bishops of Henry VIII.'s reign were on the side of the Reformation; and what on the side of the Pope? How did Cranmer act in regard to the Six Articles? What did he advise in regard to the revenues of the monasteries?
SECT. VI.-1. How long did the reign of Edward VI. last? What were the first acts of his reign in favour of the Reformation?
2. Give some account of the history of the Liturgy in the reign of Edward VI. What controversy was raised by Hooper, and with what results?
3. Give some account of the history of Cranmer during the reign of Mary?
[The Committee of the National Society are thankful for any communication likely to assist SchoolManagers and Teachers, or otherwise promote the work of Church Education; but they do not necessarily hold themselves responsible for the opinions of the Editor's correspondents.]
To the Editor of the National Society's Monthly Paper.
NOTES ON THE FIRST EIGHT CHAPTERS OF THE PROPHET ZECHARIAH. The date of the prophet Zechariah is very clearly marked in Scripture. He flourished during the rebuilding of the temple, and was contemporary with Haggai, who began to prophesy in the second year of Darius, king of Persia, B c. 520 (Ezra v. 1; vi. 14). We know nothing of his family, except the names of his father and his grandfather; he was the "son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo the prophet" (Zech. i. 1; Ezra v. 1). Whether he was the same person as the Zechariah spoken of by our Saviour in Matt. xxiii. 35, has been a question in all ages; it is impossible to determine the matter with certainty, nor does it seem necessary here to enter into the arguments on either side. It may suffice to say. that the reasons against his being so seem to be the most cogent.
The prophecies which bear his name are evidently divided into two portions; the first including the first eight chapters, the second extending from chapter ix. to the end. These two portions differ considerably in their structure and subject-matter. The dates of the several prophecies in the first portion are specially marked, not so in the latter. The prophecies of the first portion bear manifest reference to the scenes in the midst of which the prophet uttered them, i.e. the rebuilding of the temple, and the restoration of its services; those of the second refer mainly to the later history of the people, and there is no trace in them of any connection with the historical facts of the times in which Zechariah flourished.
The first portion. The prophecy contained in ch. i. 1-6 was delivered in the eighth month of the second year of Darius, B.C. 520, two months after Haggai began to prophesy (Hag. i. 1). In the eleventh month of the same year, and on the twenty-fourth day of the month, were shown to the prophet the several visions, or symbols, nine in all, contained in ch. i. 7-vi. 15. In the fourth year of Darius, B.C. 518, and in the ninth month, were delivered the prophecies in chs. vii. and viii. These are mainly didactic, as the preceding are mainly symbolical. The larger portion of these prophecies is very obscure; the symbols used by the prophet are difficult of interpretation. It is not attempted in this abstract to venture on any detailed explanation of these symbols, but rather to point out the general scope of the prophecies, and their connection with the times of their delivery. The principal features of those times were, 1. The troubled condition of the Jews from the attacks of their heathen adversaries, who weakened their hands, and hindered them in the building of the temple (Ezra iv. 1-24); and 2. Their own faintheartedness in consequence, their remissness in proceeding with God's house, and their building and decorating their own houses instead (Hag. i. 2, 4). The remembrance of these features will help to the clearer understanding of the prophecies.
1. Thus the first prophecy (ch. i. 1-6), which seems to stand as a preface to the succeeding visions, is especially directed against their remissness; containing, as it does, exhortations to repentance by the example of their forefathers, to whom the earlier prophets had spoken in vain (compare 2 Chron. xxxvi. 14-17, Lam. i. 18).
2. The first three of the succeeding visions, that of the man riding among the myrtletrees (ch. i. 7-17), that of the four horns and four carpenters (v. 18-21), and that of the man with the measuring line (ii. 1-13), are intended to convey to the Jews in their troubles the promise that Jerusalem should certainly be rebuilt, and that God would dwell in her again, and be her defence (i. 16; ii. 4, 5, 11, 12); that the remnant of their brethren, still in Babylon, should return to their own land (ii. 6, 7: compare Ezra vii. viii.); and that the nations which had afflicted them in their captivity, and those which were now impeding their work, should themselves be scattered abroad (i. 15, 19, 21; ii. 8, 9: see Jer. xxv. 12-14); but that eventually many of the heathen nations should be joined unto the Lord, and become His people (ii. 11).
3. In the next vision (ch. iii.), Joshua, or Jeshua, the high-priest at the time of the return from captivity (Hag. i. 1; Ezra iii. 2, v. 2) is shown to the prophet as resisted by Satan (v. 1), perhaps charged by that great adversary of negligence in his duty, and of being thus the main cause of the people's remissness. He is acquitted by the Lord, is clothed with change of garments in token of that acquittal, and a fair mitre, the badge of the high-priest (Exod. xxix. 6) is set upon his head, and a promise is made him that in his person the office of high-priest over God's house should be restored (v. 2-7). This mysterious scene may find its earthly counterpart in the accusations brought against the Jews by their adversaries (Ezra iv. 5-16), which were all eventually overruled; but in his solemn inauguration into his office of high-priest, the prophet is directed to point out the foreshadowing of Him, whose name is the Branch, Jesus Christ, the true HighPriest, the corner-stone of the Church, the remover of her iniquity, and the giver of peace (v. 8-10).
4. The next symbol, that of the golden candlestick, with its furniture (ch. iv.), though difficult of interpretation in its details, yet conveys a clear prophecy, viz. that Zerubbabel should, by God's help, finish that house, the foundations of which his hands had laid (v. 9 see Ezra iii. 10-13); that all the opposition of his enemies, which seemed to stand like a great mountain in the way, should vanish (v. 7: see Ezra iv. 4, 5, 23, 24 ; v., vi. 1-15); that the people, who, from the first laying of its foundations up to this time, i.e. for nearly fifteen years, had entertained feelings of sorrow, and even contempt, at its comparative meanness (v. 10: see Ezra iii. 12; Hag. ii. 3), should yet rejoice at its completion, and that that completion should be an evidence that Zechariah was a true prophet of God (v. 9, 10). This prophecy was very soon accomplished; for in four years from this time, i.e. in the sixth year of Darius, B.C. 515, the house was finished, and its dedication kept with joy and gladness (Ezra vi. 15-22). The two olive-trees (v. 11-14), representing the two anointed ones, point probably to Zerubbabel and Joshu