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phantasies no optics save their own can spy_let political heart sick," no doubt, but in my case evil deferred doth ofteneconomists prate about public problems, till other people's times as much. The substantial presence of danger for me, pates are nearly as addled as their own_let flaming patriots before its fearful imminence—the real onset of a canine crew, propound and placid placemen promise this, that, and t’other, before the terrible suspense of passing the open den in which as grievous burdens or great concessions ; but let men of haply they lay wait, the shrill gamut of attack splitting your sense give heed to things of substance--let them exclaim with ear worse in apprehension than in action. But attention! me, "Vut upon all abstract gammon-out upon all squabbling yonder is the first position. Egad! I'm in luck to-day; the about what we can only hear, but neither see nor feel, taste coast seems clear, and—the pacific now prevails amain-poor nor smell-bodily boons—real redress—and first and fore- devils, I won't make any ruction. most, ' to the lamp-post' with the curs !" I have suffered more

“Ever follow peace at their teeth, both in blood and broad-cloth, than all the benefactions I have ever received at the hands of any government

If you'd live at ease,” would balance. The inviolable independence of British sub- saith the tuneful proverb, and I'll pass inoffensively if I can. jects, forsooth! the parental guardianship of the constitution, | Ay, i'faith, I may well say if I can, for if my eyes are worth the security for life and person-faugh !_away with the big a turnip, yonder is an outpost stretched before that sty. No, inanities, so long as a peaceful pedestrian cannot take an airing I'm wrong, it is a young pig-worthy little fellow, would I along a highway, much less adventure on a devious ramble, had the craft of Circe to change every cur in the land into without exposing person and personalities to the cruel mercies your similitude! A grunt before a snarl, a snore before a of a tribe of half-starved tykes issuing from every cabin, snap any day. But what am I gabbling about ?-_there is evil

I scrambling over every half-door, and almost throttling them at hand indeed, for yonder is a lurching devil squatted behind selves in their emulous ambition to be the first to tatter the that stone, and no mistake. But softly: be seems asleep, and ill-starred wight who has stumbled on their haunts. Let no I may perchance steal past unnoticed-about as probable, my one urge in their behalf that they are faithful to the misguided present experience assures me, as that you could ring my men who own them : so much the worse, since in their small well-bred friend Piggie without an acknowledgment--he is sole system, fidelity to one must needs manifest itself in malice, sentry, and if I can but bilk him, I'll do. Vain hope—he is hatred, and uncharitableness to every creature else, dead or waking, he is giving a preparatory stretch to his limbs and to alive. No, there is no redeeming trait-they are curs, essen- his jaws, and, miserable sinner that I am! I'm in for it. But tially biting, barking, cantankrous, crabbed, sneaking, snarl- there is yet a single chance—I'll try the magic of the human ing, treacherous, bullying, cowardly curs, and nothing else. eye: there is wonder-working, majesty, they say, in it. Did I This, under all circumstances, I undertake to maintain against not myself see Van Amburgh's brutes blench before it ?-am all gainsayers, though at the same time I am free to confess not I too a man ?-ay, and I'll let them see it. Whereupon, that I write under considerable excitement, having just re. with the most astounding corrugation of my brows I could turned from the country (whither_besotted mortal not to be accomplish, I fixed my grim regards upon the cur, expecting content with the flag-way of a street, and the scenery of brick to see him sneak in awe away as I drew nigh. But, alas! for and mortar-I had repaired, forsooth, for air, exercise, and the majesty of man, in a pinch like this let me tell him it is but rural sketching) with a couple of new coats, to say nothing of a sorry safeguard—the veriest whelp in the land will bandy trousers, curtailed beyond recovery, a bandaged "shin smart. surly looks, and haply something worse, in its despite: a cuding beyond description, and a host of horrid hydrophobic fore- gel or a “hardy," I now say, on such an emergency, before bodings consequent thereon. It chanced that in an evil hour the most confounding countenance that ever frowned beneath I made an engagement with an ailing friend, whose house was a diadem. The foe, then, recking but little my display of the situate in what I may emphatically term a most canine locality, tremendous, gave a fierce alarm, while in the vehemence of his which constrained me to make several calls upon him. Unhap- wrath he described three circles, his hind legs being the cenpily it was only approachable by one road, the sides of which tre, which brought the whole posse of aids and abettors fast were here and there dotted with a clutch of cabins, each of and furious into view. And now commenced the fray in earwhich was maintained a standing force of the aforesaid pests. nest : beleaguered on every side, my blood, not to speak boastThis ambushed defile, about three miles in length, dire necessity fully, rose with the great occasion : my tongue gave vigorous compelled me to traverse thrice, and nover did general more utterance to my fury, and my cane swept gallantly from right considerately undertake a march through a hostile country, to left and from left to right, though from the wariness with or an enemy more vigilantly guard a pass therein, than did í which, 'mid all their fuss and clamour, the war was waged by and they respectively. On each and all of these occasions my assailants, it was but seldom that a shrill yelp piercing have I debated with myself whether I should not fetch a secure through the din announced its collision with flesh and blood. though sinuous compass through the fields, even with the addi- Never was man more thoroughly put to it. As I made a dash tion of a few miles and other discomforts to my walk; but as forward upon one, my unprotected rear was promptly invested often--with honest, though, as I look upon my leg, with me. by another : my only security lay in the rapidity of my evolulancholy pride I write it did my pluck preserve me from so tions, and considering I am a man five feet five in height and disgraceful a detour. What ! my indignant manhood would fifteen stone in weight, I fairly take credit to myself for perexclaim, shall I, one of the lords of the creation—shall I, who formances in this line, which poor Joe Grimaldi himself were have dared and have accomplished so and so-recalling some he alive could not eclipse. But a man's sinews are not of of my most notable exploits by flood and field, in crossing the steel, nor are his lungs as tough as a pair of bellows, and under Channel and cantering in the Park-shall I, one of her majesty's my extraordinary exertions I speedily began to think of valiege subjects, a grand jury cess-payer and a freeholder to cating a field whereon nothing but a barren display of prowess boot, be driven from the highway which I pay to support, and without satisfaction was to be reaped. Accordingly, all my obliged to skulk like a criminal from view, scramble over walls craft in strategy was put in practice, and by a most dexterous and splutter through swamps, daub my boots, rend mayhap combination of manæuvres-now advancing, now receding, my tights, and risk other contingencies, and all by reason of now stooping as if to seize a stone (incomparable among such vile scrubs ? No, perish the thought !-though their expedients in canine encounters), for the road here of course Dame be Legion, and their nature impish, I will face them, ay, was as bare of them as a barn-floor, and now feigning to fling and write the fear of me upon their hides too, if they dare it-1 at length contrived to draw the battle from their own molest me--that I will. Thus spoke the man within me, as I ground, and their pugnacity being inversely as their distance fiercely griped my cane; and if, as I cooled, an occasional from home, had the relief, for by this time I was blowing like shrinking of the calves of my legs in fancied supposition of a a grampus, of seeing them retire in detachments, giving voltooth inserted therein, betokened aught like quailing, I recalled | leys in token of triumph and defiance so long as I remained in Marlborough's saying on the eve of battle," How this little view. This brisk affair concluded with the loss only of a mouthbody trembles at what this great soul is about to perform !"ful or two of my coat-tails, and the gain of a few trifling transand felt that I too was exemplifying that loftiest courage in parencies in the legs of my trousers-thank my boots, I have which the infirmity of the flesh succumbs to the vigour of the not to add in those of my person-I proceeded to the scene of spirit.

my next “passage at arms,” about half a mile off. So ruffled Decided by some such discipline to run the gauntlet, and in was I that at first, after a few score peghs and puffs restoraa state of temper alternating between war and peace, inclining, tive, I bustled bravely on, desiring nothing so much as an as I remarked, strange contradiction! to the former when the opportunity of wreaking my wrath on some of the odious race, latter was in prospect, and to the latter when the former, 1 to which purpose I providently deposited a few pretty pebbles proceeded in guarded vigilance. “Hope deferred maketh the l-in my pocket.




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But I am pre-eminently a reasoning man, in whom the reign would fain be thought ; and as, i'faith, I have no notion of being of passion is but brief, and discretion had so far recovered its made sport of by such small ware as you, I'll just try if I cannot rightful ascendency as I drew nigh the next “ picket,” that give you a lesson worth the learning With that I again I began to think it more prudent, more benevolent I mean, showed him my heels, which relieved him of his rather awk to bottle up, or repress I should say, my indignation, and try ward suspense, and, turning round a corner, dexterously

I what the “gentle charities," a benign demeanour and a plea managed in a few moments to have my lad ensconced in a sant salutation, might avail in the way of securing a peaceful pretty angle, with a deep pool behind him, and a high stone wall transit. With this aim I threw a prodigious amount of amia- on either side. Even in the height of my triumph and wrath, I bility (if somewhat more than I felt, Heaven forgive the hypo- could not help noticing the extraordinary mutations the outcrisy) into my countenance, and accompanied a few familiar witted ettercap underwent at this astounding juncture. The fillips of my finger with a most honied, and, as I thought, cap- last yelp perished incomplete : a dismal wonder-what-ails-him tivating phraseology of address, to a sinister-faced wretch bewilderment, horror, cowardice, despair, supplied a sort of who lay recumbent on the nearest threshold. But it would prelibation of " the condign” my injured honour and outraged not do : up bounced the vile ingrate with obstreperous bay; rights craved in expiation. Before him I flourished my cane his myrmidons were forthcoming on the instant, and in a jiffey in a fashion that made the very thought of contact therewith I, a grave, reserved, and middle-aged man, a short, stout, and terrible_behind him lay the expectant plunge-bath of which not very well-winded man, was in the melée once more, yerk- he, in common with all his tribe, entertained a most hydroing my heels out fore and aft, whacking right and left, puffing, phobic horror. Thrice he seemed to contemplate an eruption, blowing, and altogether cutting such uncouth capers as verily and thrice my waving weapon turned him to the watery gulf it shames me now to think upon. Whether or not it was that behind, and in mortal misery he appeared to balance their my resentment, and proportionably thereto my prowess, were respective terrors. A cogent persuasive delivered rearward aggravated by the flagrant ingratitude displayed, I distributed in handsome style, created a partial preponderance in favour my "dissuaders” on this occasion with such distinguished em- of the latter. One paw was passed over the fearful brim; a phasis as well as science, as speedily to create a considerable timely reiteration sent the other after ; the avenging rod was diversion in my favour, and make more than one repentant sin- upraised to give the grand finale, when his outstretched tail ner yelp out "devil take the hindmost," in such vigorous style suggested a device, which I rapturously seized on to prevent as to bring a bevy of grandam fogies in wrath from their chim- that gradual fulfilment of inevitable fate which the cowardly ney corners. An' what are yees abusin' the poor craythurs for, caitif seemed to meditate. In the fervour of my career I eren that wouldn't harm nobody in the world at all at all, barrin' laid hands on this appendage of my once so dreaded foe, and a pig or so?. It's a wonder yees been't ashamed to treat the swinging him aloft, to give him a proper elevation, as well as poor dumb (!) brutes that way, that niver did an ill hand's turn a momentary view of the murky abyss to which a few aërial to us nor one belonging to us, an' it's longer we're acquaint evolutions were to bring him, dismissed him by a most rightwith them than you. Come here, Trig-come here, Daisy-in eous retribution to his fate. A gurgling yelp announced the there, Snap_down there, Peerie,” and so forth. Recrimina- crisis of the plump, and a few moments after, snorting and tion on such opponents was out of the question; and this brush kicking, wriggling and splashing, in a perfect frenzy of amaze, over in rather creditable style, I made all speed from the the culprit emerged, and made way like mad for the bank. united clamour of the offended crones and their injured inno- Tempering justice with mercy, with a noble magnanimity I cents.

allowed him to scramble up to the road, which he did with The next sore point I happily passed in the company of an most astonishing alacrity, and, without even a shake to his iron-nerved, long-thonged carman, whom I providently en bedraggled coat, or more than a glance of horror at myself, gaged in conversation at the crisis. This fellow minded them scurried homeward at a rate with which even his pursuit could no more than if they had been so many sods of turf, nor in not compare: he never troubled me again. With this beautiful truth did they, having probably tasted erewhile the crusty illustration of retributive justice_oh, that I could but make it quality of such a customer, pay much regard to him, although universal !—I will wind up the relation of my misfortunes and not a few ill-favoured glances were cast askew at my poor self, feats on this plaguy but memorable day, which I have selected as under bis lee I stoutly stumped along; and some ill-sup- —may my vanity be pardoned—as exhibiting myself, though I pressed growls and spiteful grins gave me to understand that say it who should'nt say it, in rather a distinguished point of I owed my safety solely to my company. A jolly beggarman view, as being devoid of certain humiliating circumstances with -alack-a-day! that I should ever stand in need of such a which on most other occasions my lot was accompanied, and as convoy—to whose nimble fictions I gave ear for the nonce with being at the same time sufficient, without wanton trifling with singular philanthropy, was my next protector, and a sixpence my own feelings and those of others, to make the resentment of paid for the safe conduct, at which rate I am pretty confident, alt who are susceptible of sympathy with their kind burn fierce had he seen how matters lay, he would have offered to trudge against these pestiferous persecutors of our race. I have said it at my elbow far enough, for the sturdy rogue cared not a enough to show, that if we care to maintain that native supresnuff for them had they been twice as numerous ; and in a macy which these contumacious rebels make but light of ques. few seconds after, I saw him with a flourish of his duster tioning, if we wish to rescue our order from the disgrace and enter a hut in the midst of them all.

contumely from such vile sources cast upon it, the time for But it is needless to dive any farther into the budget of ad- action, systematic, conjoint, national action, has now arrived. ventures which then and there befell me, except to mention, “ Union,” say the sages of the rostrum with admirable discernas a sort of set-off, a notable retaliation that I right happily ment, “Union is strength.” Let us act on the profound disachieved on one of my tormentors. After a scuffle, contested covery ; let combination be the order of the day; let the cry on both sides with considerable toughness, I was retiring of Down with the cynocracy!" ring resistless through the from a sort of drawn battle, when espied a short-legged, land ; let pistol pellets and pounded glass be in every one's long-backed, crook-knee'd, lumpish-looking rascal scuttling possession ; let the legislature be simultaneously bombarded ; along through a field at a prodigious pace. He had heard let the squire whose game is incontinently gobbled up in emthe well-known gathering-note when at a distance with some bryo, the wayfarer whose person and all that hangs thereon turf-cutters in a bog, and, eager for sport, namely, a pluck at is supinely compromised, the philanthropist who would aug. myinexpressibles, lost no time in making for the scene. The ment human happiness, the humanist who would diminish affair was, however, over before he arrived upon the ground; dumb-brute suffering, the vindicator of the pig, the cat, the but determined that his “trevally" should not be for nought, donkey, and all the tribe of cur-bebitten animals, ay, even he gave me immediate chase up tħe road, reserving his fire as the friends (if such besotted beetleheads there be) of the deif intent on close combat alone, and altogether showing such tested breed themselves, who hold it better “not to be" than an earnest business-like way with him, as made me set him “to be” in semi-starvation, in mangy malevolence, in spiteful down as a singularly crabbed customer. On he came at a pugnacity, in the perpetual distribution of snarls, bites, and rate that soon left me nothing for it, was I ever so much dis- barks, and receipt of cuffs, kicks, and cudgels—let all and inclined, but to face about and stand at bay. Hereupon, every of these great and various parties agitate, agitate, agihowever-so conversant with currish character was I now be- tate, petition, petition, petition, that such comprehensive meafome_a much increased ostentation of action upon his part, sures as the enormity of the case demands be forthwith accompanied with a much diminished rate of progression, and adopted for the correction, abatement, or abolition of this a most superfluous discharge of barks, let me into a gratifying national scoarge, by taxation, suspension, submersion, decapilittle secret. Ha, my gentleman,” thought I, “is this the tation, or deportation, as to the “collective wisdom" may way the land lies ?' You're not just so stout a hero as you most advisable appear.


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LUOJ5h Na seulgu.

though he is obliged to succumb to the stern indignation of

the « Warrior Bard.” POEM OF THE CHASE.

Leaving the further consideration of this subject for the

present, I proceed to give an analysis of the Poem of the THERE are many poems of great beauty and interest in the Chase, from which the reader may be enabled in some degree Irish language, several of which have become known to the to judge how far Spenser is justifiable in affirming that the English reader through the medium of a translation. Of poems of the Irish bards “savoured of sweet wit and good those poems there is a particular class known to Irish scho- invention." lars by the name of the “Fenian Tales"- '-an appellation which

The poem commences by Oisin asking St Patrick if he had they derive from Finn, or Fionn, the son of Cumhail (the Fin- ever heard the tale of the chase ; and on receiving an answer gal of Macpherson), and his heroes the Fionna EIRONN. in the negative, accompanied with a request that it may be Fionn, renowned for his martial exploits, Nourished about the told truly, he feels indignant at the suspicion that he or any beginning of the third century, under Cormac,* of whose of the Fionna Eironn could ever deviate from the strictest forces he was the commander-in-chief. He has been to the veracity, and retaliates by declaring how much he prized his Milesian bards what King Arthur was to the Britons, the former friends, whose virtues he records, beyond Patrick and theme of many a marvellous achievement and poetic fiction. all his psalm-singing fraternity. Patrick, in reply, exhorts Oisin, his son, was equally celebrated as a warrior and a poet; him not to indulge a strain of panegyric which borders on and of him it might be said, as of Achilles, Æschylus, Alfred, blasphemy, and extols the power of that great Being by whom Camoens, Cervantes, and many another, that “one hand the all the Fenian race had been destroyed. The mention of his sword and the harp employed.” Numerous poems have friends' extinction calls forth a fresh burst of indignation from been ascribed to him ; but there is no proof that he has a Oisin, and leads him to compare the pleasures of the days legitimate claim to any composition extant. . As for the im- gone by with the melancholy occupations of psalm-singing postures of Macpherson, they have been sufficiently exposed ; and fasting. Patrick requests him to cease, and not incur and no one who has taken pains to investigate the subject, or the impiety of comparing Finn with the Creator of the uniwho has the least knowledge of Irish history, antiquities, or Oisin replies in a style more indignant, and after language, will pretend that he is worthy of the slightest cre- reciting a number of the glorious exploits of the Fenians, asks dence. The date and origin of the Fenian Tales, from which by what achievements of Patrick's Deity they can be matched. he drew many of the materials of his centos, are altogether The saint, justly shocked by such daring, accuses him of uncertain. It may seem, however, not unreasonable, from frenzy, and tells him that Finn and his host have been doomed slight internal evidence, to conjecture that some of them may to hell-fire by that God whom he blasphemes : but this only have been composed soon after the introduction of Chris- provokes Oisin to make a comparison between Finn's generotianity, though they must since have suffered many changes sity and the divine vengeance; and as for himself, it is a suffiand modifications. In few countries, if in any, did the Chris- cient proof of his sanity that he allows Patrick and his friends tian religion win its way more easily than in Ireland ; and yet to wear their heads. Patrick, as if tacitly admitting the vait can scarcely be supposed that its triumph became universal lidity of his argument, pays him a compliment, and requests without some reluctance on the part of the people, whose him to proceed with the promised tale. Oisin complies, and habits it condemned, and to whose superstitions it was stre- informs him that while the Fenian heroes were feasting in the nuously opposed. It attempted to produce such a complete tower of Almhuin, Finn having withdrawn from the company revolution in their tastes and occupations, that it would be and spied a young doe, pursued her with his two hounds surprising had not various objections been started to its re- Sceolan and Bran as far as Slieve Guillin, where she suddenly ception. The quiet and devotion of the monastic life formed disappeared. While he and his hounds are left in perplexity, a melancholy contrast to the spirit-stirring excitements of the he hears a sound of lamentation, and looking round espies chase, and to those games of strength and skill in which the a damsel of surpassing beauty, whom he accosts, and with heroes of the Ossianic age delighted. They who rejoiced in friendly solicitude asks the cause of her grief. She replies that the clash of arms, in the music of hounds and horns, and in she had dropped her ring into the adjoining lake, and adjures the feast and the revel, could have small taste for the chiming him as a true knight to dive into the water to find and restore of bells in the services of religion, for the singing of psalms, the lost treasure. He complies, and succeeds; and while handand still less for fasting

ing her the ring, is suddenly metamorphosed into a withered the waster gaunt and grim,

old man. That of beauty and strength robs feature and limb. Mean time the absence of their chief begins to create some

Caoilte The bards, it may well be imagined, who were always not fears for his safety in the breasts of the Fenians. oply welcome but necessary guests at all the high festivals of expresses his apprehension that he is irrecoverably lost, when the chiefs and princes, would be among the first to lament a

bald Conan, the Thersites of the Fenian poems, rejoicing at

The change of manners by which their pleasures and honours the idea, boasts that he will in future be their chief. were abridged or abolished ; and to give more effect to their Fenians having indulged in a laugh of scorn to hear such arrocomplaint, as well as to conceal its real authors, they put it gance from one they contemned, proceed in quest of Finn, and into the mouth of Oisin, their great master, by poetic licence, discover the old man, who whispers in the ear of Caoilte the though in violation of chronology. They ascribed to him those story of his strange metamorphosis. Conan, on hearing it, sentiments which they thought he would have expressed, had

waxes valiant, and utters some bitter reproaches against Finn he really been the contemporary of Saint Patrick. At the and the Fenians. He is rebuked by Caoilte ; but still contisame time it must be admitted, that in the Poem of the Chase nuing to vituperate and boast, he is answered at last by the at least, such a description of the creative power of the Deity sword of Osgar. The Fenians interfere, and having put an is given by the saint, as is worthy of a Christian missionary, end to the strife, and learned the cause of Finn's


they search the secret recesses of Slieve Guillin, and at length Cormac Ulfada," grandson of “Con of the hundred battles.” He find the enchantress, who presents a cup to Finn, of which he reigned forty years, and was honoured as a wise statesman and a philosopher. drinks, and is restored to his former strength and beauty.

+ The reader who feels an interest in this subject, and in the Ossianic Miss Brooke, a lady to whose genius and taste Irish literacontroversy, is referred to the essays by the Rev. Dr. Drummond and Mr ture is greatly indebted, bas given a translation of this poem O'Reilly in the fifteenth volume of the Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy. In the Transactions of the Hiberno-Celtic Society Mr O'Reilly in her “Reliques of Irish Poetry," published in 1788. Every observes, that “many beautiful poems are extant that bear the name of Oisin, Irish scholar is bound to speak with respect of her patriotic but there are no good reasons to suppose that they are the genuine compo literary labours, and the present writer would be among the sitions of that bard. If ever they were composed by Oisin, they have since suffered a wonderful change in their language, and have been interpolated so

last to pluck a single leaf from the chaplet which adorns her as to make the poet and St Patrick contemporaries, though the latter did not brows commence his apostolic labours in Ireland until the middle of the fifth cen. tury, when by the course of nature Oisin must have lain in his grave about

neque ego illi detrahere ausim one hundred and fifty years."

Hærentem capiti multa cum laude coronam.-HOR. Since this paper was sent to the press, the author has been assured by a most competent Irish scholar that there are manuscript poems attributed to

Not from her head shall I presume to tear Oisin not less than a thousand years old in the Library of the Dublin Uni. The sacred wreath she well deserves to wear.–FRANCIS. versity. It is much to be wished,

for the honour of ancient Irish literature and for the light which these poems may throw on some dark and disputed To Miss Brooke is due the well-merited praise of having topics of Irish history, that they may before long be properly analysed and been the first to introduce the English reader to a knowledge presented to the public.

Thus Horace exposes the arts of the parasites and fortune-hunters of of these compositions. But that province of translation into Rome in a dialogue between Tiresias and Ulysses.

which she led the way is open to all, and no one has a right




to claim it as his exclusive property. Chapman translated Still, I fear, the chief cause why art has not flourished Homer: he was followed by Hobbes, Hobbes by Pope, Pope hitherto, must be attributed to the continued excitement of by Cowper, Cowper by Sotheby. Who will be the next com- religion and politics; to judge from collateral evidence, the petitor in this fair field of fame? How many translators have influence of this excitement is happily on the decrease, for I we of Virgil, of Horace, of Anacreon, and of all the most have seen framed prints in several cottages, and observed in eminent Greek and Latin poets, each advancing a claim to many dwellings, where paintings would be an extravagance, some kind of superiority over his rivals ? Would that we had volumes of beautiful engravings displayed as the chief treamore such honourable rivalship in translations from the Irish ! sures of their country homes. Miss Brooke has been faithful to the sense of her originals ; On our late pilgrimage through the beautiful and romantic but it appears to the present writer that she not unfrequently “ Kingdom of Kerry” we encountered a native artist, who errs by being too diffuse, that several passages are weakened beguiled us of an hour, and interested us deeply. We had by unnecessary expansion, and that the spirit of the whole lingered long in the beautiful vale of Glengariff

, and still can be better preserved in a more varied form of versification longer on the mountain road which commands a view of the than in the monotonous quatrains which she adopted. The magic bay and its golden islands, that seem lifted by earth toprevalent fault of most poetical translations is diffuseness or wards heaven as a peace-offering ; and when we passed through amplification, by which the thoughts are weakened and their the tunnel, which is still regarded by the mountaineers with spirit lost. Much allowance, however, must be granted to evident astonishment, the sun was sinking behind the huge those who attempt to clothe in English verse such composi- range of Kerry mountains, which looked the more bleak when tions as the Irish Fenian tales ; and any one who makes the contrasted with the memory of the exceeding fertility of Glenexperiment will feel the difficulty of preserving a just medium gariff. We

'e were then literally amid both clouds and mounbetween a loose paraphrase and a strict verbal translation. tains, and the only sound that disturbed the awful stillness of It is almost if not altogether impossible to translate into the scene was the scream of an eagle, which issued from berhyme without an occasional accessory idea or epithet on the hind a tower-like assemblage of barren rocks, where most one hand, and the omission of some unimportant adjunct on the probably the eyrie of the royal bird was placed ; the sound other. The great object should be to preserve the spirit of added greatly io the effece of the scenery, and we drew up the original_to be “true to the sense, but truer to his fame” | that we might listen to it more attentively; it was several --nec verbum verbo reddere fidus. Some passages could not times repeated, and almost at the same instant a fresh breeze be understood, others would not be endured by any reader of dispersed the mists which had in some degree obscured the taste or refinement if rendered word for word.

glory of the departing sun; and the valley beneath the pass In my next communication I shall send you a translation became literally illuminated wherever the breaks or fissures in of the first part of the Poem of the Chase--namely, the intro- the opposite mountains permitted the brightness of the sun, as ductory dialogue between Patrick and Oisin. This shall be it were, to pass through. I had never seen such an effect of followed by the succeeding part of the poem, should you deem light and shade before, for the mountain shadows were heary such compositions suited to the pages of your “Journal," as night itself ; I feel I cannot describe either the brightness which I hope will be eminently useful in promoting both the of the one or the intenseness of the other. I am sure the literary and moral taste of the people of Ireland. D. scene could not be painted so as to convey any idea of its

reality. Any attempt to depict the extravagance of nature is

always deemed unnatural. DEAF AND DUMB_A MOUNTAIN SKETCH. We are weak enough to bound the Almighty's works by

what has come within the sphere of our own finite observa

tions. How paltry this must seem to those who dwell amongst It has been a general and certainly a well-founded complaint the mountains, and read the book of ever varying nature amid against Ireland, that the arts, whose influence has extended the silent places of the earth! so much over England and Scotland during the last half cen- I had been gazing so earnestly upon the scene below and tury, have made but little progress in “ the Emerald Isle." around us, that I had not noted the sudden appearance of a It * has sent forth painters, but encouraged none.” This I lad upon a bank, a little to the left of the place on which we fear is true, though lately I have been delighted to observe stood; but my attention was attracted by his clasping his some very happy exceptions to the rule.

hands together, and laughing, or rather shouting loudly, in There are many reasons why art and artists have not flou- evident delight at the scene. There was nothing in his aprished in Ireland. The greater number of those who have the pearance different from that of many young goatherds we means to patronise talent are absentees, spending in foreign had passed, and who hardly raised their heads from the lands the produce of the riches bestowed by the Almighty on purple heath to gaze at our progress. His sun-burnt limbs their own-—while the minds of the residents are usually so were bare below the knee ; but his long brown hair had pre-occupied by religious or political controversies, that they been cared for, and flowed beneath a wide-leafed hat, which have no time to bestow, or attention to give to anything else. was garnished, not untastefully, with a couple of wreaths Another reason I would urge, even at the hazard of being of spreading fern. His garments were in sufficient disorcharged with national pride, is, the country so overflows der to satisfy the most enthusiastic admirer of “the picwith natural beauty, that in the matter of landscape painting turesque;" and although we called to him repeatedly, it the Irish gentry are hard to please. To those who doubt was not until a sudden diffusion of cloud had interfered bethis, I would simply say, come and see; and if any English tween him and the sunset, so as to diminish the light, and of artist does not discover good cause why they should be fasti.course lessen the effect of the shadows, that he noticed us in dious, all I can observe is, that I shall be very much asto- the least ; indeed, I do not think he would have done so at all, nished. Even the highways are crowded with antiquarian but for the unexpected appearance of another "child of the and picturesque beauty; but road-makers do not seek these mist,” in the person of a little tangled-looking, bright-eyed so much as convenience ; nor are the most-talked-of places girl_literally one mass of tatters--who sprang to where the those where a “landskipper," as I heard an artist called in boy stood, and seizing his hand, pointed silently to us. He Kerry, will reap the richest harvest.

descended immediately, followed by the little girl, and after There are hills and lakes, rivers and glades, of most exqui- removing his hat, stood by the side of our carriage, into which site beauty, profusely scattered over the country-far away he peered with genuine Irish curiosity. from the highroads, in the fastnesses of the mountains__and To our question of "Where do you live?" the mountain even within hearing of the roar of the wild ocean are dells and maid replied, “ Neen English,” which experience had previously little valleys, cascades, lawns of greenest hue and softest grass, taught us signified that she did not understand our lanwhere Druids' altars hang upon their mysterious points of' rest, guage. We then addressed ourselves to the boy, when the girl and the breeze whispers amid mouldering towers-memorials placed her hands on her lips, then to her ears, and finally of the troubled past. Still, eyes accustomed from their opening shook her head. “Deaf and dumb ?" I said. Upon which to really fine scenery are not likely to be satisfied with aught she replied, “Ay, ay, deaf, dumb_deaf

, dumb." The little that falls short of perfection; and, as I have said, I find such creature having so said, regarded him with one of those quick of my countrymen as really love art very hard to please in looks so eloquent of infant love; and seizing his hand, lifted landscape, particularly in Irish landscape : they have become up her rosy face to be kissed. He patted her head impatiently, familiar with the same scenes from many points of view—the but was too occupied examining the contents of our carriage artist can only record one, and it is at least likely that the one to heed her affectionate request. His eye glanced over our he has chosen is not the favourite.

packages without much interest, until they rested upon a


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small black portfolio, and then he leaped, and clapped his as he stood, his little sister clinging to his side, waving his hat hands, making us understand he wanted to inspect that. His on a promontory, while we were rapidly descending into the little companion had evidently some idea that this was an valley. I thought the memory of such a meeting in the mounintrusion, and intimated so to the boy; but he pushed her tains was worthy of preservation. from him, determined, with true masculine spirit, to have his own way. Nothing could exceed his delight while turning over a few sketches and some engravings. He gave us

IMPROPER CONDUCT IN PUBLIC PLACES. clearly to understand that he comprehended their intent-There is scarcely anything by which a stranger is more looking from our puny outlines to the magnificent mountains forcibly struck on visiting Paris and other continental cities, by which we were surrounded, and smiling thereat in a way than meeting at the museums, libraries, palaces, menageries, that even our self-love could not construe into a compli. and other places of exhibition, crowds of private soldiers, ment; he evinced more satisfaction at a sketch of Glengariff, artizans, and persons of inferior degree, who with the greatest pointed towards the district, and intimated that he knew it attention, and in the most decorous and orderly manner, inwell; but his decided preference was given to sundry most spect the various objects presented to their notice; and who, exquisite drawings, from the pencil of Mr Nicoll, of the ruins judging from the intelligent manner in which they discuss the of Aghadoe, Mucross Abbey, and a passage in the gap of merits of these objects, would appear to derive the greatest posDunloe. I never understood before the power of " mute elo-sible advantage from the privileges they enjoy. Amongst this quence." I am sure the boy would have knelt before the crowd of people it was not an unfrequent sight, a year or two objects of his idolatry until every gleam of light had faded since, to observe some well-dressed individual poking at a from the sky, if he had been permitted so to do.

picture with his fingers, as if his eyes were on the points of Nor was his enthusiasm less extraordinary than the purity them, teasing the animals in the menagerie, or possibly inof his taste; for he turned over several coloured engravings, scribing his worthless name on some pillar or statue. You brilliant though they were, of ladies' costumes, after a mere might have safely addressed the person whom you saw thus glance at each, while he returned again and again to the draw- employed in English as one from our own dominions; and if ings that were really worthy of attention.

you looked around, you would have seen an expression of While he was thus occupied, his little companion, struck by anger in the countenances of the native spectators, or have some sudden thought, bounded up the almost perpendicular heard them muttering their just contempt of the ignorance mountain with the grace and agility of a true-born Kerry mai- and rudeness displayed in thus wantonly injuring or defacing den, until she disappeared ; but she soon returned, springing that which, being publicly exhibited for general advantage, from rock to rock, and holding the remnants of her tattered becomes so far public property as to appeal strongly to the apron together with evident care. When she descended, she honour of all well-thinking individuals for its protection. In displayed its contents, which interested us greatly, for they our own country, a few years since, it required no ordinary were her brother's sketches, five or six in number, made on generosity, and no little sacrifice of selfishness, to place with the torn-out leaves of an old copy-book in pale ink, or with a in the reach of our people any works of art or curiosity in the still paler pencil. Two were tinged with colour extracted shape of exhibitions ; and our government contributed very from plants that grew upon the mountain; and though rude, little assistance towards forwarding the great work of nathere were evidences of a talent the more rare, when the tional improvement by such means. Truly melancholy was circumstances attendant upon its birth were taken into consi- it then to see the mischief wantonly done to the property of deration. The lad could have had no instruction--he had the few liberal individuals who offered to share their pleasures never been to school, though schools, thank God! are now to with their less fortunate fellows ; one instance of which (próbe found in the fastnesses of Kerry-the copy-book was the bably one that has wrought much to induce good conduct) property of his eldest brother, and he had abducted the leaves may perhaps be worth narrating here. In certain beautiful to record upon them his silent observations of the magnificence pleasure grounds, freely opened to the public, there was to be of Nature, whose power had elevated and instructed his mind, seen, a few years since, a board bearing the following inclosed as it was by the misfortune of being born deaf and scription :-" This mound was planted with evergreens three dumb, against such knowledge as he could quire in so wild times, and as often trampled down by thoughtless individuals a district. We should not have read even this line of his sim- admitted to walk in the grounds : it is now planted a fourth ple history, but for the opportune passing of a Kerry dra- / time." This was the delicate but touching reproof of the goon”-a wild, brigand-looking young fellow, mounted be- worthy proprietor, who may now, however (having suffered in a tween his market-panniers on his rough pony–who proved to good cause), congratulate himself on the amended habits of be the lad's brother, although he did not at first tell us so. the people, brought about by the increasing enlightenment on

“ We all," he said, “live high up in de mountain ; but I the subject of the necessity and utility of admitting the humbler can't trust Mogue to look after de goats by himself. His orders to places of rational and instructive recreation, aided whole delight is puttin' down upon a bit of paper or a slate by their improved education and temperate habits, which hold whatever he sees. I'd ha' broke him off it long agone; but he forth great encouragement to those who possess the power to was his mother's darlin', and she's wid de blessed Vargin extend the privileges still too scantily accorded. these seven years, so I don't like to cross his fancy; besides, indeed satisfied that a most decided improvement in the habits de Lord's hand has been heavy on him already, and it does and feelings of the humbler classes of the community has really no harm, no more than himself, except when any of de chil- taken place within the last few years, and that under judidre brake what he do be doing; den he goes mad intirely, and cious arrangements they might now be admitted safely eren strays I dunna where; though, to be sure, de Almighty has to exhibitions of objects of great intrinsic value; and in proof his eye over him, for he's sure to come back well and quiet." of this opinion we may state, that about two years since, when,

The lad at last. closed our portfolio with a heavy sigh, and on the occasion of the Queen's coronation, the Royal Hiberdid not perceive until he had done so that his little sister had nian Academy opened the doors of their annual exhibition to spread out his own productions on the heather which grew so the public gratuitously for one day, though thousands took abundantly by the road-side. He pointed to them with some advantage of this free admission, not the slightest accident to thing of the exaltation of spirit which is so natural to us all the property or impropriety of any kind whatever occurred. when we think our exertions are about to be appreciated, and If proofs of the utility of thus disposing of the spare time be bent over them as a mother would over a cherished child. of the people be required, one answer will be, that they are His triumph, however, was but momentary-it was evident thus at least “kept out of harm's way;" and in accomplishthat his having seen better things rendered him discontented ing this (quite a sufficient object for exertion when man's with his own, for while gathering them hastily together, he propensities to evil are taken into account), a great deal more burst into tears.

of good is achieved, for a spirit of inquiry is thus induced, Poor mountain boy! I do not think his tears were excited and a talent for observation cultivated, which are the parents by envy, for be returned to our folio in a few moments with of true knowledge, and which, combined with the habit of the same delight as before; but his feelings were the more in-concentrating thought and reflection, must open up the sources tense because he could not express them; and he had been of wisdom, and produce an enlargement of understanding in taught his inferiority, a bitter lesson, the remembrance of the fortunate possessor, which older and still too prevalent which nothing but hope, all-glorious hope, that manifestation methods of education are eminently calculated to repress. It of immortality, can efface.

has been observed, until the observation has become trite, We gave him some paper and pencils, together with a few that “knowledge is power," and it is therefore the duty of all engravings, and had soon looked our last at Mogue Murphy, I who are sensible of the value of mental developement to encou

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