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• In the Scriptures we are required to love, worship, and serve, that is, to exhibit our love in different forms to a God of love, and to such a God only.

• God has informed us in the Scriptures, that there is beyond the grave an immortal state of retribution ; in which whatever seems irregular in the present state will be adjusted according to the most exact dictates of benevolence and equity.

• The benevolence of God is strictly infinite. • In the divine Mind every attribute is necessarily co-extended with the greatness of that mind. The benevolence of God is as truly thus extensive, as his knowledge or his power. To his love of happiness existing, to his desire of happiness as a thing to be produced, no limit can be affixed. Intense and glowing beyond degree, although perfectly serene and complacent, it furnishes the most solid foundation for the truth of that remarkable declaration in the text; God is love ; or Infinite Love is the Infinite God.

• The benevolence of God cannot but be ever active.'

In the former part of the discourse, the proofs from reason, of the Divine benevolence, are exhibited in the same naked manner, as unsupported propositions. Sometimes these may seem to approach to the character of self-evident truths; as, for instance, that God can have no possible motive to be • malevolent.' But to perceive the force and bearing of an assertion like this, a reader would need have been trained to habits of close thinking. And after all, the expressions are far from being unobjectionable.

Art. XII. Statement in Regard to the Pauperism of Glasgow, from

the Experience of the last Eight Years. By Thomas Chalmers, D. D. Minister of St. John's Church, Glasgow. 8vo. pp. 78.

Glasgow. 1823. DR.

R. CHALMERS alludes, in the preface to this pamphlet,

to' a pretty general imagination,' that he had relinquished his charge in Glasgow, because of the misgiving of his schemes for the extinction of pauperism. He has met this injurious and unfounded suspicion with substantial facts. Our readers will perhaps recollect, that Dr. Chalmers's undertaking was, on being allowed to appropriate the whole of the weekly collec. tion made at the church doors of St. John's, (at that time 4001. a-year,) to the support of the poor of that parish, — to send • no new poor, either casual or permanent, to the Town Hos*pital.' 'To meet the new cases, the evening collection was presumed to be sufficient; and the result has so far justified the expectation, that, from September 1819 to June 1823, all the new applications have been met with a sum not exceeding


801. a-year, arising from this fund. During the same period, comprising three years and nine months, the number of paupers admitted on the ground of general indigence, is thirteen, at a monthly expense of 2. 13s. 4d., or 321. per annum. The cases of extraordinary and hopeless disease are two; one a lunatic, the other, deaf and dumb-monthly expense ll. 4s. 8d. or 141. 16s. per annum. Two illegitimate children and three families of run-away husbands, have been admitted on the same fund—monthly expense 1l. 12s. 6d.; per annum 19. 10s. Total, 20 regular paupers at a monthly expense of 5l. 10s. 6d., a yearly expense of 661. 6s. In the mean time, the old sessional poor, which, in October 1819, were 98, have sunk down (by deaths and dismissals) to 57 ; making, with the new cases, 77: a diminution in the total of 21. The total yearly expense of maintaining the poor of this parish, the population of which is upwards of 8000, is 3081. But this includes the Town Hospital cases, and the relief of paupers received from other parishes.

The most extraordinary circumstance connected with the success of this management, is, that it has been effected at a very inconsiderable sacrifice of time and labour on the part of the individuals in whom was vested the charge of the evening collections which were to meet the new cases. The details contained in the reports of the several deacons, printed as a note, form a mass of testimony highly deserving of attention. They shew how much may be accomplished, under any system of management, by a prudent and well-principled discharge of the office, towards reducing the expenditure, and, at the same time, promoting the best interests of the poor.

Still, while we warmly congratulate Dr. Chalmers on the success of his philanthropic experiment, we see no reason to retract the opinion, that his general deductions with regard to the Poor Laws of England are unsound,

proceeding on a limited and mistaken view of the subject. The mere substitution of church collections for an assessment in this country, we should esteem no improvement. The total abolition of a parochial fund is happily too visionary a scheme to be thought of: it would be as iniquitously unjust as it is impracticable. The evil lies in the management, and this evil is not less susceptible of remedy on the English system than on the Scotch. The circumstances of the two countries are totally dissimilar, as regards not only the physical and moral habits of the population, but their resources. It is stated that the population of Glasgow, which in 1820 was 73,796, was in 1821, 72,765,an inconsiderable decrease, but yet, proving that the surplus population of Scotch towns more readily finds vent, than, we apprehend, is possible in England.


A Prospectus has been issued of a new In the press, a second edition of Sabedition very considerably enlarged, of baths at Home. By Henry March. Memoirs and Correspondence of Du. In the press, a Present for a Sunday plessis Mornay, relatiog to the history School, adapted for the Capacities of of the Reformation and the Civil Wars little children. By a Minister of the in France onder Charles IX., Henry III. Established Church. Henry IV., and Louis XIII., from 1571 A new edition of Mr. Alaric A.Watts's 10 1625; published from the original Poetical Sketches, with illustrations, is manuscripts in the possession of the preparing for publication, which will inprince of Montmorency-Robecq, and elude Gertrude de Balm, and other adthe marquis de Mornay ; to which will

ditional poems. be prefixed, Memoirs of her husband, Preparing for publication, a Practiwritten by Madame de Mornay, for the cal Guide to English Composition; or, instruction of her son. By P. R. Augius a comprehensive system of English and A. D. de la Fontenelle. In 15 vols. grammar, criticism, and logic; arranged 8vo. This edition will contain the mato and illustrated upon a new and imter suppressed in the four volumes of proved plan; containing apposite printhe original publication, besides a great ciples, rules, and examples, for writing number of unpublished letters frein correctly and elegantly on every subHenry IV., Queen Elizabeth of Eng- ject; adapted to the use of schools and land, the Prince and Princess of Nassau, of Private Students. By the Rev. Peter &c. &c. The work will be published Smith, A. M. by subscription, and will be brought out In the press, and to appear early in two volumes at a time.

the new year, Tales and Sketches of the A Sketch of the System of Education West of Scotland. By Christopher at New Lanark, by Robert Dale Owen, Keelivine. To joclude a Sketch of is in the press, and will appear in a few Changes which have ocourred during the days.

last half century in that part of ScotMessrs J. P. Neale and J. Le Keux land, intend publishing the First Number of George Phillips is printing a Compentheir Original Views of the Collegiate dium of Algebra, with Notes and Deand Parochial Churches of Great Britain, monstrations shewing thc Reason of on the 1st of February, 1824.

every rule, designed for the use of In the press, and shortly will be pub- schools, and those persons who have not lished, in 8vo. The Plenary Inspiration the advantage of a preceptor; the of the Holy Scriptures asserted, and In- whole arranged on a plan calculated to fidel Objections shewn to be uufounded, abridge the labour of the master, and by new and conclusive evidence. In facilitate the improvemeut of the pusix lectures now delivering at Albion pil. Hall, Loudon Wall. By the Rev. S. In the press, a Discourse on Prayer, Noble.

explaining its nature, enforcing its imIn the press, Sacred Tactics, an at- portance, and unfolding the advantages tempt to develop, and to exbibit to the which flow from it. By the Rev. Joho eye by tabular arrangements, a general Thornton. rule of composition prevailing in the Early in January will be published, Holy Scriptures. By the Rev. Thomas in 1 vol. 8vo, a Narrative of a Journey Boys, A. M.

from La Guayra to Bagota, and thence The Rev. Greville Ewing has in the to Santa Martha, performed between press, a second edition of his Essay on February and July, 1823. Baptism, considerably enlarged.

In the press, Aureus, or the AdvenPreparing for publication, in 12mo. tures of a Sovereign, written by himself. Poptism not Baptism, and Wasbing not In 2 vols. 12mo. Burial, in Reply to Mr. Ewing's Essay On the 1st of February, 1824, will be on Baptism ; containing an address to published, the first part (to be conthe numerous members of pædobaptist tinued quarterly, in parts) of the Anichurches who hold antipodobaptist sen. mal Kingdom, as arranged conformably Linents, By F. A. Cox, A. M.

with its organization, by the Baron Cuvier; with additional descriptions of 'brated Zoologist will be translated in all the species hitherto named, and of this undertaking: but the additions will many not before noticed. The whole of be so considerable, as to give it the chathe · Regne Animal of the above cele racter of an original work.

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EDUCATION. Scholastic Education; or a synopsis The Doctrines of General Redempof the studies recommended to employ tion, as held by the Church of England the time and engage the attention of and by the early Dutch Arminians, exyouth; a suggestion of the most efficient hibited in their scriptnral evidence, and methods of tuition; and a notice of the in their connection with the civil and authors which may be advantageously religious liberties of mankind. By Jas, used in a Scholastic Course By John Nichols. In 1 vol. 8vo. 16s. Shoveller, LL. D. 8vo. 5s, 6u.

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Art. I. 1. View of the past and present state of the Island of Jamaica;

with Remarks on the Moral and Physical Condition of the Slaves, and on the Abolition of Slavery in the Colonies. By J. Stewart,

late of Jamaica. 8vo. pp. 374. Price l'Os. 60. Edinburgh, 1823. 2. A Letter to M. Jean Baptiste Say, on the Comparative Expense of

Free and Slade Labour. By Adam Hodgson. 8vo. Second Edi

tion. pp. 60. Liverpool, 1823. 3. Substance of the Debate in the House of Commons on the 15th of

May 1823, on a Motion for the Mitigation and gradual Abolition of Slavery throughout the British Dominions. With a Preface and Appendixes containing Facts and Reasonings illustrative of Co

lonial Bondage. 8vo. pp. xl., 248. London, 1823. 4. The Jamaica Planter's Guide ; or a System for planting and ma

naging a Sugar Estate and other Plantations in that Island, and throughout the British West Indies in general. Illustrated with interesting Anecdotes. By Thomas Roughley, nearly twenty

Years a Sugar-planter in Jamaica. 8vo. pp. 420. London, 1823. 5. Thoughts on the Necessity of improving the Condition of the Slaves

in the British Colonies, tith a view to their ultimate Emancipation ; and on the Practicability, the Safety, and the Advantages of the latter Measure. By T. Clarkson, Esq. Third Edition, corrected.

8vo. pp. 58. London, 1823. EVERY VERY friend to the cause of humanity must have exulted

in the result of the memorable debate on Mr. Buxton's motion on the 15th of last May ; when his Majesty's Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs was himself the mover of Resolutions which recognised the necessity of immediate measures for meliorating the condition of the slave population of our Colo. nies, with a view to their eventual participation in those civil

rights and privileges which are enjoyed by other classes of his Majesty's subjects.' If Parliamentary Resolutions could secure the effectuation of their object, little would remain for VOL XXI. N.S.


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