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lency or evil of the case in ques- fully consulting all the refertion; or by comparing the differ- ences. ent language of scripture used This commentary is free from on the same subject, he may a very considerable inconvenimore readily see the true inter- ence, to which the paraphrast is pretation, especially on contro liable ; the inconvenience of erverted subjects. The meaning pounding every passage. Many of scripture phrases may also be parts of scripture need no explaoften fixed by comparing the nation, Their meaning and several places where they are their connexion are as plain, as used."
they can be. Some parts admis Mr. Scott observes, that “al- no explanation. They have a though he has for many years sacred majesty, force, and beauty, studied the scriptures, as his one which appear best, in the unadulgrand business; he can truly terated language of inspiration. aver, that the insight he has al. To explain is to weaken. To al. ready obtained into many parts, ter, in any way, is to degrade. which before he had not so care. Even the pious and learned Dod. fully noted, is such as abundant dridge, in his justly admired ly to repay his labour, and to Family Expositor, sometimes - convince him, that, along with obscures the glory of scripture,
other means, consulting margin- He took upon him a very needal references forms one of the less and unnatural incumbrance best helps for fixing the word of by introducing into his paraGod in the memory, leading the phrase all the words of the orig: mind to a just interpretation of inal text. Under this incum. it, and in many cases rendering it brance, together with the gener. most affecting to the heart. It al one of a paraphrase, he not tends powerfully to counteract all unfrequently injures the excelsceptical doubts, when every lence of scripture. He expands, part of scripture is found like the till he enervates. He'takes away stones in an arch, to support the animation and strength of and receive support from the inspired brevity. He some rest, and to constitute one grand times sinks the sublime; brings whole. It serves also to satisfy down divinity to humanity, and the mind as to the meaning of heaven to earth. This fault, disputed passages, when one
is not so directly sense is found manifestly to ac- chargeable upon the amiable and cord with the rest of the sacred useful author, as upon the plan word, and other interpretations of his work, An attempt to evidently run contrary to it.” paraphrase many parts of scrip
To those who desire to study ture is, from the nature of the the scriptures accurately and thing, dangerous. For instance : deeply, especially to young men, Who can read, without painful either intended for the sacred disgust, a paraphrase of the ministry, or newly engaged in it, direct words of Jehovah, of Mr. Scott earnestly recommends of such a story, as that of Joseph, to set apart an hour, or half or that of Jesus Christ? 'From houi', every day, and regularly to the peculiar inconveniences atgo through the scriptures, cáre- tending a paraprase, Scott's com.
mentary is free. On passages, pressive language of revelation, which need no illustration, he or to remarks, which tend to makes no remarks. Thus time elucidate, to honour, and to imis saved to the writer and the rea- press the word of God. der, and the attention of both directed either to the pure, im•
(7 be continued.)
We have received from the Secre. shall superintend this important misbüry of the London Missionary Socie. sion. Accordingly a letter has been ty, an " Abstract of the proceedings written to the Dr. informing him that of their Director's, since their last the Society intend to send two Annual Meeting, to Feb. 20th, 1806 ; more Missionaries to the Prince of from which we have derived the fol. Wales' Island, with a view to the lowing information.
translation of the Holy Scriptures in
to the Chinese language, and to a OTAHEITE.
Mission to the empire of China, and Letters had been received from the requesting him to take the charge of Missionaries at Otaheite, dated 12th conducting it. of December, 1804, with eight Journ. als of their itinerant labours, in vari.
EAST INDIES. ous parts of the Island, during two years preceding that date. These Journals are intended to form the A Letter of a very pleasing and 14th No. of Missionary Transactions. satisfactory, nature has been lately
received by the Directors of the Mis.
sionary Society, from the Brethren The Mission in South Africa con. George Cran and Augustus Desgrantinues to flourish through the pious ges, dated Vizagpatnam, Oct. 16, care and faithful and indefatigable la- 1805, together with their journal, bours of Dr. Vanderkemp, Mi. Read, from March the 4th to September the and the other Missionaries associated 8th. with them. One of the natives, named Their first residence in India was at Kruisman, has been baptized. He is Tranquebar, where they had opportu. a person of great zeal and activity; nity to consult with the worthy Breth. and hopes are entertained of his ex- ren of the Danish Mission, and to tensive usefulness among his country- commence the study of the language men. Gov. Jannsen is very friendly of the country. In the beginning of to the Missionarics.
March, 1805, Mr Cran and Mr. Des. granges judged it best to remove to
Madras, where they arrived on the The Directors, in consequence of 6th of that month, and had a pleasant some valuable information received meeting with the Baptist Missionaries, by them, contemplate a mission to who have since left that place for SeChina, and are educating Mr. Mor- rampore. rison for the purpose, who is now At Madras they met with very kind learning the Chinese language in friends, some of whom occupy the London, from Yong Saam Tak, a na- most respectable stations, and who tive of China. He is transcribing a were of eminent service to them in Harnony of the Gospels, and other forwarding their Missionary views. parts of the New Testament, in that After consulting with gentlemen of language, from a M. S. copy in the the best information, earnestly seek. British Museum. It is proposed that ing direction from above, and mature. Dr. Vanderkemp, if he will conseut, ly weighing all the circumstances of
the case, they determined to leave encouraging, that we are persuaded Madras, and to proceed northward it will be highly gratifying to our to the Gentoos. One inducement to friends. this decision was, that they might not “We cannot close this Journal, seem to interfere with any Missions dear Fathers and Brethren, without already established in that neighbour- laying before you the importance of hood. The good providence of God the situation in which we are placed, eminently favoured their views and earnestly entreating you to send out sanctioned their decision ; for they more Missionaries to assist us. In procured such excellent recom- the town where we now reside, there mendations from persons high in are above 20,000 inhabitants, perish. office, that they were very cordially ing for lack of knowledge. Within a received by the principal Europeans few miles of us, on all sides, there at Vizagpatnam, where they arrived are numbers of large villages, where July the 18.1. A worthy English gen. thousands of the heathen live in the tleman (a magistrate) had been in the grossest idolatry, and who claim our habit of performing divine service pity and compassion. This place is himself in the Court House, before nearly central, which makes it most the gentlemen of the settlement, the favourable for branching out into any soldiers of the garrison, and a number part of the Circars. We hare hun. of half-cast people: the Missionaries dreds of miles to the right and left of were immediately requested to under- us, where we may labour with freetake this office in his stead, which they dom, and where we shall have no willingly assented to ; and have since Brethren to complain that we interbeen reinunerated by a small salary. fere with their mission. Its being on
The town of Vizagpatnam contains the coast, and continually cooled by about 20,000 inhabitants, chiefly idol- the sea breezes, makes it advantageaters, and the neighbourhood is also ous for the health of the Missionaries very populous. Here, then, under the on their first entrance into the coummost favourable circumstances imag- try. An European going into the ininable, our dear Missionary Brethren terior of India, immediately after his have sat down, and will commence arrival, is likely to have his constitutheir labours, in a country full of in- tion impaired for life; by having the habitants, and with every recommen
Missionary station on the coast, they dation that can be desired, as soon as will necessarily be detained there a they have made themselves masters year or more, while learning the lan. of the Telinga, or Genton language, guage, which will tend to inure them spoken in those parts. While at Mad. to the climate, without endangering ras, they had diligently studied the their health. While they are attainTamulian language ; which they had ing the language, they may be very soon the mortification to find differed useful by preaching in English, teachconsiderably from that spoken among ing schools, and other Missionary emthe Gentoos, where they now are. ployments, which will relieve those There can be no doubt, however, that Missionaries who have attained the their pious industry will soon language, and enable them to itinerate mount every difficulty of this kind, through the whole of the Circars; and that they will shortly be able to also to Hydrabad, Golconda, and Ban. preach among these poor, supersti. galora, where the Telinga la zuage is tious, idolatrous heathens “the un- spoken. This spot is not less favour. searchable riches of Jesus Christ.” able for entering the Cattack and Their study of the Gentoo language Mahratta countries. We understand will be happily facilitated by a manu- that there is but little difference in script dictionary, providentially put the languages. The Mahratta couninto their hands by a gentleman who try appears to us an important field was about to return to England. In for Missionary exertions. On this the mean time, they have the privi. account we rejoice that a mission is lege of preaching every Lord's day about to be established at Surat. Our to the white people in the fort, who opposite situation will afford an opporamount to about sixty persons. tunity of Missionaries being sent from
The conclusion of the Journal from both these stations into the Mahratta the Missionaries is so animated and country. These may meet each otk.
er in the centre, and bid "God speed." promising field, we, with the greatest It is many days' journey from hence.
pleasure, dear Fathers and Brethren, “Glorious things are spoken of the subscribe ourselves your very sincere, city of God.” Zion shall break
very affectionate Brethren and Fel. forth on the right hand and the left! low-Labourers in Christ, When we read the animating pros. pects presented to us in the sacred
George CRAN, Scriptures, of the whole world becom.
AUGUSTUS DESGRANGES." ing subjects of Christ's kingdom, we are sure we are not straitened in God; and, therefore, think it would be sin.
On the 25th June, 1805, when the ful to be straitened in our own souls.
Brethren Cran and Desgranges were We are aware that the conversion of preparing to leave Madras, they had the inhabitants of those extensive
the great but unexpected pleasure of countries which we hope to traverse, meeting with Dr. Taylor and Mr. will not be the work of a day, but of Loveless (appointed to the Surat Misyears. . It was a work of years which sion) who arrived safely and in health the Missionary Society was founded
at Madras ; and were introduced to to accomplish; and we doubt not, if them at the house of a friend, where present advantages be embraced with they were invited to dine. These sufficient energy, that many of its
Missionaries were also kindly receiv. Members will live to see the blessed
ed. Dr. Taylor intended to proceed day, when the Sun of Righteousness shall shine with such resplendent glo- Missionaries. In the mean time Mr.
to Bengal, to confer with the Baptist ry on the millions of India, as wholly Loveless will stay at Madras ; anch to dispel the dark clouds of Idolatry, proceed with Dr. Taylor, on his rewhich at present overshadow them,
turn to Surat. and diffuse among them an unspeakable measure of the light of the glorious gospel! But more Missionaries are wanted.
Mr. Frey continues to preach a Our number is small. While we are Weekly Lecture to the Jews, every laying the foundation, we trust that Saturday Evening: our Friends in England will not delay A Committee has been appointed to send out numbers to raise the su.
to superinted Mr. Frey's services, to perstructure of a work, in the accom
provide him with suitable books and plishment of which God, Christ, the
accommodations, and to consider what Holy Spirit, and all who bear the di
measures can be adopted more effecvine image, are so deeply interested. Would to God that all the ministers Jews to Christianity, and to excite
tually to engage the attention of the in our native country,--the students
the regard of the public more fully to at the different Seminaries, and the this important object ; and it appearReligious Public, could see what we
ing to be a matter of great considerasee, and hear what we hear! Every tion, that a Series of Essays, address.. man bowing to a stock of wood, or to
ed to the Jews, on subjects at issue a stone, would prove a new argument between them and Christians, should to “ Come over and help us.” The horrid noise of thousands of idolaters
be prepared and published under the at the celebration of their festivals, the unanimous and earnest request of
patronage of the Missionary Society, would sound like thunder in their
the Directors has been communicated ears. “ Haste ! haste to the help of
to the Rev. Greville Ewing, of Glas. the Lord against the mighty !” And
gow, that he would undertake this those who could not themselves come, important work; and he has kindly would have the number and ardour
acceded to their wishes. of their addresses to the throne of grace Several pleasing instances have increased an hundred fold.
lately come to the knowledge of the Not doubting that your zeal for the Directors, of Jews, who appear to be glory of God will actuate you to take under serious impressions; and of our situation into consideration, and the conversion of some of them there to send out more labourers into this is no reason to doubt.
Vol. I, No. 12. Z 22
In January, 1806, a Society was be the final issue of these terrible ca. formed in London, by the name of lamities. Late accounts describe the “ the HIBERNIAN SOCIETY for the present situation of the inhabitants of diffusion of Religious Knowledge in that country as infinitely worse than Ireland. Their object is to extend it was during the summer. A friend divine knowledge in Ireland, by the of mine wrote a few weeks ago from ministry of the gospel, by the disper. Erfurt, as follows: sion of the Holy Scriptures, and relig- « We flattered ourselves, that our ious tracts, by the formation and sup- situation would be a little more tole. port of schools, and by every other law- rable after the harvest ; but, alas! furt and expedient measure calculated the scarcity is far greater than it to promote pure religion, morality and was, and an army of 50,000 men is loyalty.
collecting in our neighbourhood. Sometimes distress would tempt us
to doubt of a Divine Providence. Yet FURTMER ACCOUNT OF TAE
it is our comfort that God still lives,
and extraordinary evils lead often to DISTRESS IN GERMANY.
extraordinary means of relief." (Continued from Panopliet, p. 467.) Another friend, of the same neigh
bourhood, writes ;-" assure you London, Dec. 23, 1805. we are in a dreadful embarrassment, At subsequent meetings of the and I do not know what we are to do. committee, the following intelligence The people are in despair. If was received, which, agreeably to the things do not soon change, we shall intimation before given, they now have a general revolution, for the communicate to the public. The greater part have nothing to live on, first information is derived from the and the little that is left, must be Rev. C. E. A. Schwabe, minister of given to the military.” the German St. George's church,
C.E. A. SCHWABE." Goodman's-fields, London.
The committee felt great interest
in the above communication, and or" Aylife-Street, Dec. 17, 1805. dered some relief without delay. “ During my stay on the continent in the months of July, August, and The following is translated from a September last, I witnessed, particu- printed paper, published and circu. larly in Saxony, affecting scenes of lated by the mercantile body at Ulm, distress. Bread had risen to three dated Nov. 19, 1805, some copies of times the price at which it had been which have been sent over to their a twelvemonth before, and in several correspondents in London. places could scarcely be obtained. “Since the end of September, our The governinents were obliged to country has been overrun with solhave the houses searched, and to diers--indeed, with whole armies, force those, who had a little store unprovided with any stores. Ulm it. left, to bring it to market. An arti. self was in the course of five weeks cle of food, to which nothing but the compelled to maintain 15,877 officers, danger of being starved could induce 347,415 privates, and 41,739 horses. men to have recourse, was given to More than 20,000 men were quarter. the poor for bread. The country ed at a time in the city, which of it. people cut down the corn before it self contains only 13,000 inhabitants, was ripe, and brared the prohibition and less than 1600 houses. The disof the government with the exclama. tress occasioned by it, is indescriba. tion, “Give us bread for our fami. ble ;- the town seemed to be nothing lies !” Distress led great numbers to but barracks and stables, Sick commit various depredations. In people were obliged to give up one small town, Sondershausen, not their warm
solless than sixty persons were, at the diers. time when I passed through it, con. “By day and night watch-fires fined in dungeons for setting fire, in were kept burning, both within and a state of despair, to several houses without the walls of the city. Thus and villages. Contagious diseases, not only all the fuel in the city was were apprehended, and must, I fear, consumed, but the soldiers also took