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Since that time ten years have now nearly elapsed, during which the Bequest has been exerting its influence. It might hence be concluded, that its effects, if any, upon the education of the Dis
, trict which comes within its sphere should now be apparent. The Trustees accordingly hope that influence has been beneficial, and its effects salutary. They can claim—and for themselves they claim no more—an unbiassed and earnest desire to do their duty, and to carry out the benevolent intentions of the Founder; and they cannot but fondly hope that—through the exertions of their Clerk, and the willing co-operation, generally speaking, of Presbyteries and individual Clergymen, as well as of the Schoolmasters themselvestheir desire has been fulfilled, and the funds left at their disposal have been so distributed as to prove effectual, in some degree to promote, as was intended by Mr. Dick, the elevation of the literary character of the Parochial Schoolmasters and Schools in the Counties of Aberdeen, Banff, and Moray.
It was the wish of the Trustees that the present Report should not only embrace a statement of the present condition of the Schools which enjoy the benefit of the Bequest, but also give a view of the object of the Trustees in its management and distribution, and of the means by which it was hoped that object had been to some extent attained.
The Trustees wished also, with a view to the benefit and improvement of the Teachers, that the Report should go more fully than might seem absolutely necessary in such a document, into the views and observations which had occurred to their Clerk upon the general subject and science of Teaching. He has, accordingly, in compliance with that wish, given such views and observations; and although the Trustees are aware that they have been the production of only such portions of his time as he could occasionally spare from the active pursuits of business, and cannot hence pretend to the maturity and completeness of a systematic Essay on the subject, they yet trust that they will fulfil their intention, and be found useful and instructive by those Teachers, for whom they were more immediately intended, and whose
proceedings are more immediately embraced in the Report. They believe, too, that these remarks may likewise be perused with advantage by others occupied in the same important duty of giving public instruction.
The Trustees, actuated by that belief, have resolved to give the Report a wider circulation than would have been attained even by the distribution which they contemplated among the Clergy and Schoolmasters of the Counties which are benefited by the Bequest. They have therefore directed that the Report should be offered for general sale.
EDINBURGH, March 1844,
Terms of Schoolmasters' Act-Claims from Teachers in Royal
Burghs—in Side Schools—in Parliamentary Districts—Condi-
tions of Admission of Additional Schools, and Number ad-
mitted-Allowance partly dependent or Amount of Salary-
Duty of Trustees to have regard to the Literary Qualifications
of Claimants, from Terms of Bequest Elevation of Literary
Character not fully attainable through Electors, or Presbytery
-Resolutions as to Age-Absence from Duty_and Examina-
tion of Claimants-History and Nature of Examination-its
Results-Connection between Scholarship and good Teaching
Settlement contemplates Improvement of Schools-Presbyterial
Reports-Clerks' Visitation and Reports-Trustees' Visits-
Object of each Ordinary Lesson-Transference of Author's Ideas
to Pupil's Mind—This done by taking first the leading Thoughts,
and then the Details—Preparation by Teacher-Both Reple-
nishes and Interests Him-His Duty to form the Mind, as
well as instruct it—Exercises must be pertinent to the Lesson
-Art of Reading not to be sacrificed to Acquirement of General
Knowledge--But the one to subserve the other-Short Les-
sons necessary_Schoolmasters in Three Counties peculiarly
favoured for realizing good Teaching-Improvement of late
Years—Exertions and Letter of Old Schoolmaster-Reference
METHOD OF TEACHING-ENGLISH-continued.
Obstructions to Success—1. Failure to distinguish between Me-
mory and Understanding-Remarks cited from former Report
-Examples—2. Examination in Words of Book-Minutiæ-
Want of Pertinence-Examples—3. Examination by Sugges-
tion-Examples-4. Want of Tact and Pliability-Examples
-5. Where Method defective, there also Lessons too hard-6.
Variety of Expression should be studied—7. Teacher speak-
ing too much-Examples—8. Where short Attendance, should